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having passed their very brief sojourn in this country at the creation of a similar rent, without pecuniary Osborn's Hotel, John Street, Adelphi.”

equivalent, so late as 1715 ; when a cottage and This fixes the place of their sejour when in Eng- garden on the waste were granted by rent of two land and of their burial. It would appear from capons, power to distrain for them being reserved the interesting newspaper extracts at p. 105 that to the lord.

W. C. W. their deaths were in great measure hastened by change of climate and diet, and the restraint of TENNYSON'S CROSSING THE BAR' (8th S. ii. European dress. It would be interesting to know 446 ; iii. 137).-The similarity between the 'Charge whether they did really bring with them the bones of the Light Brigade' and the Battle of Aginof Capt. Cook, who was killed at Owhyhee in court' was pointed out in print so long ago as 1779; and, if so, what became of them.

1875, by the late Mortimer Collins, in one of his In Hood's amusing poem 'Lament for the weekly Adversaria,' which were to be read in Decline of Chivalry,' which appeared originally in the St. James's Chronicle, that did not long survive the 'Bijou 'of 1828–a time when most of the good him. He cites, as does MR. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON, writing in this country found its way into the the last stanza of the 'Agiocourt'; and takes annuals—the death of the king seems to be alluded occasion to observe that “Agincourt was as much to in the following stanza :

greater than Balaclava as Drayton than Tennyson "; Our Cressys, too, have dwindled since

concluding by asking if “you see where Tennyson To penny things—at our Black Prince

gets metro and thought." W. F. WALLER. Historic pens would scoff ; The only one we ever had

“ SACERDOTES CORONATI” (8th S. iii. 128).Was nothing but a Sandwich lad, And measles took him off.

Dugdale, I quote from the third and latest edition, I can remember some amusing lines which and Canons of St. Paul's by Sir William le Baud,

has some account of the grant made to the Dean appeared at Oxford as a parody on the Newdegate knight, in the reign of Edward I., of a doo on the prize poem 'The Sandwich Isles,' by Samuel feast of the conversion of the patron saint, and of Lucas, of Queen's College :

a buck in summer on the feast of the commemoraThey brought him slices thin of ham and tongue, With bread that from the trees spontaneous bung,

tion of St. Paul. He says that,-
Pleased with the thought the gallant captain smiles, “The reception of the doe and buck was, till Queen
And aptly names the spot the Sandwich Isles.

Elizabeth's days, solemnly performed at the steps of the

Quire, by the Canons of this Cathedral attired in their
Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

sacred vestments, and wearing garlands of powers on

their heads; and the horns of the buck carried on the Allow

me to inform your correspondent N. E. R. top of a spear, in procession, round about within the that I was a lad of sixteen when these people as the learned Camden, upon his own view of both,

body of the Church, with a great noise of horn-blowers, visited London in 1824, that I shared in the affirmeth.”—P. 12. excitement produced by their presence, and approved

His reference is not very full, being only to of the epitaph suggested at the close of their career:

" Camd. in Mid.” The two festivals of St. Paul “ Waiter ! two Sandwiches !" cried Death. The Royal Darkies then resigned their breath.

are, of course, January 25 and June 30.

Dean Milman, in his ‘Annals' (second edition,

p. 252), observes that “these gifts were always * ONE HEARTH Hen” (86 S. iii. 109).—Hens received at the west door of St. Paul's, conducted and eggs often went to make up rents, when these without, about, within, the Church up to the High were paid in kind. “ Hearth"hen"'is probably Altar with poisy merriment." He quotes a passage an equivalent of “smoke hen," a rent paid for from Machyn's Diary' (p. 141, anno 1557), fuel-rights

. In the Plea Roll for T. T., 27 Car. II. modernizing that estimable person's eccentric (Q.B. j.s., 1233), it is said that all the customary spelling. I will venture, however, to restore it ; tenants of certain ancient messuages in Loughton, though, the original MS. being defective, the editor co. Essex, were wont to cut necessary estovers on

of the Diary has been compelled to complete the the waste, each paying upon requisition a hen entry from other sources:called a

smoak hen.' And in a Court Roll of "[The last day of June, Saint Paul's day, was a goodly about the same date (penes dominum) is record procession at 8. Paul's. There was a priest of every) of a presentment that smoke hens had been paid bishop) of Londun wayreng ys myter; and after cam (a

parryche of the dyo8ses of London (with a cope, and the from certain ancient tenements until within the fat buck] and yg bed with the hornes borne a-pone a preceding six or seven years. From a Survey baner (-pole, and] xl hornos blohyng a-for the boke and (D. of Lanc., Div. 3 and 4) made in 10 Jac. I., it be-bynd." appears that there were as many as twenty-nine “Imagine Bonner," says Dean Milman, "mitred copybolders of the manor who each paid a "Smok in the midst of this strange tripudiation. Pleasant Henn," or in lieu thereof for overy hen, 12d. The relaxation from burning heretics ! Have we not Loughton Court Rolls furnish also an instance of got back to our Diana worship ?”


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I ought to have said above that the said buck

Miscellaneous and doe were given by Sir William "in lieu of

NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. twenty-two acres of land, lying within the lordship of Westlee, in com. Essex," belonging to the Canons Sanchi and its Remains. By General F. C. Maisey, of St. Paul's, “and by them granted to him and NEARLY three-quarters of a century have elapsed since

H.M.'s Indian Army. (Kegan Paul & Co.) his heirs, to be enclosed within his park of Toring- Capt. Fell, an officer of the East India Company's Army, ham, whereanto they lay adjacent. So Dugdale, paid a visit to the celebrated Stupa, or Tope, of Sanchi, loco citato, with many additional details.

in Central India, and recorded bis impressions in one of W. SPARROW SIMPSON.

the early volumes of the Journal of the Asiatic Society

of Bengal. About thirty years later the ruins attracted The following passage occurs in Southey's 'Com- the attention of two officers of the old Bengal Engineers, mon Place Book, iv. 414. The reference is “ Cam-Capt. J. P. Cunningham, the historian of the Sikhs, den, p. 315":

who was the political agent at Bhopal, and his brother,

the present Sir Alexander Cunningham, who still sur. “ I have heard that the stag which the family of Baud, | vives as the doyen of Indian archæologists. The latter in Essex, were bound to pay for certain lands, used to be officer, in conjunction with the author of tbis handsome received at the steps of the quire by the priests of the quarto, made a careful survey of the remains, and the church, in their sacerdotal robes, and with garlands of results of their labours were embodied in The Bhilsa flowers about their heads."

Topes,' a work of the highest scientific value, which has My late friend the learned Dr. Rock says :

now become a rarity. This undertaking was a labour of

love on the part of these officers, for the practical genius " There was another, though less usual kind of adorn- of Lord Dalhousie took little or no interest in antiquarian mont, of which our native antiquaries seem unaware, research, and the Begum of Bhophal, in whose state the and no modern liturgist

has taken any notice; on parti- remains are situated, regarded them as merely the relics cular occasions the custom

was in England for the clergy of a barbarous creed which it was anathema to a pious to wear a garland twined about the head. Crowned

Mugsulman to endeavour to preserve. The consequence with roses and honeysuckle and other sweet-smelling flowers, the canons and vicars of some of our Cathedrale, was that the monuments fell into decay,

the fine gateand the clergy in not a few of our parishes, walked forth ways remained as they had fallen, exposed to the vicis

situdes of wind and weather, and vegetable underin solemn array at the great processions of the year; growth gradually undermined and disjointed the careful and on the festival of the saint under whose name their morticing of the stonework. Thirteen or fourteen

years dear old church was dedicated to Almighty God; and besides this, went through all the Divine service of the ago this state of things was brought to the notice of the

Government of India by the political authorities in day baving on these wreaths of blooming flowers. Such a becoming practice was not confined to Eng. Central

India, and the Curator of Ancient Monuments

was commissioned to clear away the jungle and restore land; Germany, France, and Italy followed it; and as

80 far as possible to their original appearance the fallen the clergy of those countries went forth, bearing in triumphant gladness the body of our Lord in the blessed portions of the enclosure and gateways of the principal

structure. Eucharist, through the streets and squares of the densely

The primary object of General Maisey's work is “to peopled city, or along the highways and boy ways of the place on record a full and connected description of the lowly village and the little bidden hamlet of a rural Sanchi memorials, and to show their connexion with parish, they had nothing on their heads but a wreath of religious systems antecedent to what is now called Budroses; and the old men and the young, the choir of singing-boys, and the youthful maidens clad in white latter part of his design may, perhaps, be questioned.

dhism,” Whether be has succeeded in effecting the ...... were all garlanded with roses. In some towns abroad was it the custom for the good parish priest The position that the great stupa at Sanchi belonged to go every year, his brow entwined with newly; and Elemental

worship" is strongly combated by

to a religion which was “ closely allied to Sun, Firo, gathered buds of the rose and orange-blossom, and General Cunningham in an introductory note which he holding in his hand a posy of the sweetest

roses nicely has contributed to General Maisey's work. There aro arranged, with his loved and loving flock crowded about him, to do homage to the bishop seated on his episcopal points on which

it is not likely that archæologists will

ever come to any definite conclusion, but it may be chair in the cathedral : in other places, did he who had been just called to the priesthood, walk with a crown of regarded as certain that the largo Stupa is one of the flowers around his head to the altar upon which he was elaborate sculptures which ornament the gateways afford

earliest monuments of Buddhism in India, and that the then about to offer np, for the first time, the holy and valuable representations of life in an Indian Court two adorable sacrifice of the Mass.”—'Church of our Fathers,' thousand years ago. Except in one important particular, vol ii. pp. 72–77.

it is remarkable how little it seems to have differed The learned author gives in potes at the bottom from life in an Iudian Court at the present day. The of the pages a large body of illustrative extracts. processions, the nautches, the very beadstalls of the The late Edmund Waterton, in his 'Pietas Mariborses, and the ankus, or hook with which the mahout


guides the movements of bis elephant, might all have ana Britannica,' p. 198, also refers to this custom.

been bodily transferred to the stone from the Jaipur or EDWARD PEACOCK.

Gwalior of to-day. But the sculptures show that no Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

function, religious or festive, was considered complete

in those early days without the enlivening influence of “CROCODILE” (8th S. iii. 127).—The song of female society, and that the austerity which the practice • The Bashful Man' is at least ten years older than of Mohammedanism linked with the performance of 1850. I have it, copied by my mother before her ceremonial duties

had no part in the joyous life of these

Hindu kings of Yvetot. marriage, which was in 1840.

Architecturally these monuments are interesting from C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. the fact that no coment whatever was used in their

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construction, the whole of the stonework of the pali- the history of his country with the care that is here sade and gateways having been joined on the “mortice manifested without preferences having developed thomand tenon principle." It is, in short, an example of selves. To his readers they are, however, non-existent. “carpentering in stone on a very massive scale. Few, The bibliographical and other references with which perhaps, of the travellers who in yearly increasing each of his twelve chapters is introduced will be of much numbers pass over the plains and uplands of Central service to English students, many of whom do not know India on their way to view the wonders of Agra and what are the best authorities on the various phases of Delbi are aware that within easy access of a station on American history. There are some useful historical the Indian Midland Railway stand some of the most maps and a very good index. ancient and interesting monuments of the religious and Joan of Arc. By John O'Hagan. (Kegan Paul & Co.) social life of India at a period which was anterior to the birth of the Christian religion. To those who visit Tais monograph, contributed in 1858 to the Atlantis by India with an earnest desire to study the

present in the the late Judge of the Supreme Court of Judicature (Iro. light of the past, and to learn to discriminate between land), is reprinted by his wife. It is written from a what is essential in Indian life and what is merely acci- Roman Catholic standpoint, and its republication is dental and accessory, we strongly recommend that intended to further the beatification of the warliko

maiden. General Maisey's book should be taken as a companion and guide in their investigations. The numerous illus. MESSRS. CHATTO & WINDUS have issued, in four trations, which are faithful reproductions of drawings volumos, a new and goodly edition of Charles Reade's taken by General Maisey on the spot, add greatly to immortal story of The Cloister and the Hearth. Scott's the value of the work, and help to give it the authorita-Quentin Durward,' even, gives no such picture of life tivo character which it deserves.

at the dawn of Renaissance

as this book, as dear to the

scholar as to the general public, supplies. In its present The Lincoln Pocket Guide. By the late Sir Charles convenient and attractivo form it is likely to obtain a Anderson, Bart. Third Edition. Edited and revised fresh lease of popularity. The same firm sends a colby the Rev. A. R. Maddison. (Stanford.)

lection of the magazine articles and stories of Mr. Clark This, one of the brightest, compactest, and most Russell. These constitute, as has been said, a marine learned of guide-books, is no unworthy “ Remain" (as cyclopædia, and are the best sea sketches over supplied. it would have been styled in years gone by) of the They are, moreover, delightful reading, and beget a half venerable scholar, antiquary, and county gentleman who wish for a period of enforced leisure or convalescence, has recently passed away. And no better choice than when all could be devoured. that of Mr. Maddison for editor could have been made.

We have received from Mr. Richard Harto, of CroyThe little volume is prefaced by a brief but very sym; don, The Cryplo (patented), an instrument by which pathetic sketch of Sir Charles's life by his old friend writing in cipher that defies detection can be accomSir George Prevost. The following notes may be use. plished. Full explanations are given, and the inventor ful for the next edition. P. 80, Sheffield, Earl of Mal offers a prize to the first person who will publish the key grave, created Marquis of Normanby by William III, to a cryptogram which he uses. For those who need to was made Duke of Buckinghamshire by Queen Anne. use such devices it seems likely to be useful. On p. 148, the suggestion of making the organ serve for nave services as well has been carried out for some

MESSRS. KEGAN PAUL & Co.announce a very appetizing years.

On p. 154, the romark on wrongly removing list of books about books, in which Mr. W. J. Hardy's ibe plaster from the vault of the Angel Choir might be History of Book-plates, Mr. F. Madan's Books in made applicable to that of the Chapter House, p. 151. Manuscript,' and Mr. Gordon Duff's Early Printed On p. 163, the Dolphins almost certainly had nothing to Books' are pleasantly conspicuous. do with the Dauphin of France, Epochs of American History.-The Formation of the

Notices to Correspondents. 'Union, 1750–1829. By A. B. Hart, (Longmans & Co.)

We must call special attention to the following rolices: OUR American friends sometimes remark that they find English people deplorably ignorant of the national his address of the sender, not necessarily for

publication, but

On all communications must be written the name and tory of the Great Republic. Of Washington and the War of Independence we most of us know something, as a guarantee of good faith. and also of that terrible time, some thirty years ago,

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. when slavery perished in a sea of blood; but of the To socure insertion of communications correspondente intervening years, fruitful as they were in building up must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, the resources of a great nation, most of us have been or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the content to know but little. We would plead that in a signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to great degree this has not been our fault. "Who has there appear. Correspondents who repeat queries

are requested been to instruct us? The histories of the United States | to head the second communication “Duplicate." that have hitherto been written are, for the most part, J. E. –“ Pearl of the East," qy. Zenobia ?

* Twin dull reading. They are very long, and often very pro- Sons of Jove," qy. Castor and Pollux ? " Divine Pagan," vincial. Mr. Hart has discovered that to make his qy. Hypatia? “The Gnome King,” “The Duchess," book attractive it is necessary to have the idea of pro. Gaol Hamilton," and " First Secretary of Continental portion always before him. This is the chief character-Congress” we cannot identify, but must leave to our istic of his work. We do not know that he has told us readers, anything which we might not find elsewhere, but he has put the leading facts of American history in sequence, Editorial Communications should be addressed to “ The and only dwelt on those which have proved themselves Editor of "Notes and Queries '"-Advertisements and to be important factors in the growth of the nation. Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office,

We may further remark that Mr. Hart never writes Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lano, E.C. as a partisan. It is impossible to tell which among the We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. great names that fit before us has the greatest attracomunications which, for any reason, we do not print; and tion for him. It is impossible for him to have studied to this rule we can make no exception.

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The NEW MONTHLY PART, containing the FEBRUARY NUMBERS, contains

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in Sets, 41.; or the Volumes bound separately, 5s. each. This Edition contains Three Portraits of Mr. Browning at
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Contents :-1. Pauline; and Sordello.-2. Paracelsus; and Strafford.-3. Pippa Passes ; King Victor and King Charles ;
The Return of the Druses; and A Soul's Tragedy. With a Portrait of Mr. Browning.–4. A Blot in the 'Scutcheon;
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schwangau, Saviour of Society; and Fifine at the Fair.-12. Red Cotton Night-Cap. Country; and The Inn Album.-
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Croisic.-15. Dramatic Idyls, First Series ; Dramatic Idyls, Second Series; and Jocoseria.-16. Ferishtah's Fancies; and
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Ninth Edition. Fcap. 8vo. 58.



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JOHN C. FRANCIS, at Bream s-buildings, Chancery-lane, E.C. -- Saturday, March 4, 1893.

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