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WARBURTON MS. IV, i. 181, 182. Frail Frail skins.

Much Ado About Nothing. shins.

Pool behind.

III, iii. 22. No need of Pool beyond.

Warburton prints more V. i. 77. Most strong. Mere strong.

such vanity.

need, and corrects it to no

need. V. i. 88.

IV. i. 157. Only been Where the bee Bucks, there where the bee sucks, there

Only silent been. suck I:

suck I;

silent. In a cowblip's bell I lie; In a cowslip's bell I lie;

Merchant of Venice. There I couch when owls do Tbere I couch. When owls I. ii. 62. He hath a horse. He hales a horse. cry.

Taming of the Shrew.
On a bat's back, &c. On the bat's back, &c.

J. ii. 278, And do as ad- And do as Advocates 456
This punctuation of the

do in Law. Warburton
song is Heath's, adopted

by versaries do in Law. Capell.

adds MS, noto on passage,

“ But adversaries in Law Two Gentlemen of Verona.

are as little of this humour, I. ii, 19. Thus on lovely Pass_on_lovely gentle

all other adversaries who gentlemen. mon. So Hanmer.

decide their quarrels in a III. ii. 77. Such integrity. Warburton MS., roads

different way,

We know Sooth integrity," and adds

what the Poet meane, and M8. note explaining his

that leads us to what he alteration, "Such integrity)

said, which was surely this. such as what? There is

And do as Advocates use do nothing to wbich such is

in Law, 2. e., use to do."
either referred or likened.

All's Well that Ends Well.
We should read, sooth inte.
grity, i. e., true love or

I. iii, 229. And manifest Rather manifold.
Passion; for integrity is here experience.
used for the affection of

II. i. 207. On theo still On thee will rely.


II. iii. 224. Lord have Lord have mercy on thee,
Merry Wives of Windsor.

mercy on thee for a hen!

for thenIV. iii. 248. Come of Warburton prints Compt off, and restores the old

Twelfth Night. reading in MS.

I. iii. 7. Why, let her Why, let her except, as IV. v. lll, Villanous in- Warburton adds MS.note, except, before excepted. before excepted. Warbur. constancy. " But sure the inconstancy

ton MS. note, " A formulary of man's disposition could

in Deeds." Farmer conj.
never subject bim to any of

these inconveniences which III. i. 112. And his must And I must needs be
he might avoid by the needs be yours.

exercise of this quality.

Shakespear wrote Con-

Trinity College, Cambridge.
stancy, and the expression
is full of humour. Falstaff

(To be continued.)
would insinuate to his mig.
stresses that their ill usage
had subdued his Constancy,

which having been so un-
worthily employed in their It has long been the custom to consider that
pursuit he calls a villanous the marriage of Hugh Rose, fourth Baron of Kil-

ravock, with Joneta, daughter of Sir Robert
Measure for Measure.

Chisholm, in 1364, conveyed to the Roses the 1. i. 52. Leavened and Warburton prints "pre. direct representation of the two distinguished prepared.

par'd and level'd," and families of Chisholm and Lander. The evidence
corrects the latter to available for the support of this belief in the
leaven'd, adding also MS. Spalding Club history of the family of Rose appears
note, “If leaven'd be the
true reading, the author used to me, however, to be quite insufficient. In the
it for digested. Leaven makes contract between Sir Robert Chisholm and Hugh
a fermentation, and fermen: Rose ("Gen. Deduct. Fam. Rose of Kilr.,' p. 36),
tation produces one kind of it is agreed :-
digestion. Sh; is frequently « quod idem Hugo de Rose ducat in uxorem Jonetam
as licentious in the use of filiam dicti Roberti, pro cujus maritagio idem dominus

Robertus dabit dicto Hugoni et heredibus suis inter
Comedy oj Errors.

ipsum Hugonem et prefatam Jonetam procreatis, decem
I. ii. 145. Which princes, Which princes would, marcatas terre de Cantrabundie."
would they, may, &c.

they may.

In this case
Warburton prints as Globe

This was merely a grant of a small estate to a
ed. opposite, but corrects as

daughter on her marriage, and no other property above.

ever seems to bave passed from the Chisholms to

the Roses. Lachlan Shaw, the historian of Moray, ceeded her father in the Chisholm and Lander is quoted by Mr. Innes (op. cit., p. 121), as follows: lands, and that therefore the Roses can have no

"I do not find that Sir Robert left any issue except claim to represent these two distinguished families the Lady Kilravock; and he was succeeded by his through their marriage with Sir Robert Chisholm's brother, Jobn Chisbolm, who upon the demise of his daughter.

A. CALDER. grandfather, Sir Robert Lauder, of Quarelwood, got the lands of Quarelwood, Brightmonie, Kinsterie, &c., and took the title of Quarelwood. His son, Robert Chisholm John LISTON (DIED 1846), ACTOR.—He is said of Quarelwood, having, no issue but one daughter, to bave been lineally descended from John De Morella, she was married to Alexander Sutherland of L'Estonne (see Domesday Book, where the name Duffus, and brought into that family a rich accession of is so written), who came in with the Conqueror, lande, which had been the beritage of the Lauders. and had lands awarded him at Lupton Magna, in And the beir male of Chisholm enjoyed the proper Kent. We find a family of this name flourishing estate of that family."

Carning to Hew Rose's 'Dedaction' (op. cit., some centuries later in that county. John Delp. 42), we find that, most of the Kilravock evidences liston, knight, was high sheriff for Kent, according baving been destroyed by fire, Jobd, the sixth to Fabian “quinto Henrici Sexti"; and we trace baron, grandson of Hugh Rose and Joneta Chis- the lineal branch flourishing downwards, the othoholm, set about repairing bis title to the lands of grapby varying, according to the unsettled usage Kilravock and others, and with this object in view of the times, from Delliston to Leston or Liston, obtained a charter from " John Chesholme of that between which it seems to have alternated, till, in Ilk (designing bim nepoti suo, for he was his grand the latter end of the reign of James I., it finally uncle), opon the lands of Cantrabandie, Little

Can- settled into the determinate and pleasing distray, and Ochterurchill, with their pendicles, dated syllabic arrangement which is still retains. AmiApryle 24, 1420.” It is, of course, clear that if nadab Liston, the eldest male representative

of Joha Chisholm was either uncle or grand uncle of the family of that day, was of the strictest order of Hogb Rose, the grandson of Joneta Chisholm, he Puritans. A copy of an updoubted tract of bis, must have been a descendant of Sir Robert Chis bearing the initials only, A. L., entitled, “The holm, and not a brother of that person. And again Grinning. Glass : or Actor's Mirrour, wherein the it seems almost inconceivable that the next brother vituperative Visnomy of vicious Players for the of a man having a marriageable daughter in 1364 Scene is as virtuously reflected back upon their should bimself be living in 1420, when he could mimetic Monstrosities

as it has viciously (hitherto) have been little, if anything, short of a hundred vitiated with its vile Vanities her Votarists," was years of age. But for the statements of Shaw and in 1825 in the possession of Mr. Foss, of Pall others no one could have supposed from this Mall. The work, which is dated 1617, bears the evidence that there was a shadow of doubt as to impress of those absurdities with which the titlethe status of Joneta Chisholm. There is one point pages of that pampblet-spawning age abounded. requiring elacidation. Did the ten mark land of It followed the 'Histrio-Mastix' (1610) both in Cantrabundie, granted in 1364, include also the respect of time and virulence. It is amusing to lands of Little Cantray and Ochterarqubill granted find an ancestor of Liston's bespattering the in the charter of 1420 ? Judging from the agree- players at the commencement of the seventeenth ment in the earlier deed that

century. * in casu quo dicte terro non sunt decum marcatarum of this sketch was an only son of Habakuk Liston,

According to a MS. note penes me, the subject integrarum, refundet idem dominus Robertus dicto Hugoni de terra sua propinquiore donec habebit decem settled as an Anabaptist minister upon the patrimarcas integras,"

monial soil of bis ancestors. The following entry it may be assumed that such was the fact. We of the actor's birth and baptism is said to appear in are therefore asked to believe that the only child the parish register of Lupton Magna (?), co. Kent: and heiress of Sir Robert Chisholm received during Johannes, filius Habakuk et Rebeccæ Liston, Dig. her father's lifetime a trifling grant of land upon her sentientium, 'natus quinto Decembri 1780, baptizatus marriage, but tbat upon Sir Robert's death his large sexto Februarii sequentis; Sponeoribus J.'et W. Woolpossessions passed to his brother, leaving the heiress laston, unà cum Maria Merryweather.” of Chisholm and Lauder without any share either The term "Dissentientium" was probably inof the Chisholm or the Lauder property, while in tended by the parish clergyman as a slur upon the the next generation the daughter of Robert Chis- supposed inconsistency of an Anabaptist minister holm carried all the Lauder possessions to Alex- conforming to the child rites of the Church; but posander Sutherland of Duffus. Why, it may fairly sibly some expectation in point of worldly advan. be asked, should Joneta Chisholm be thus dis- tages from some of the sponsors might have induced inherited, if an heiress, in order that her father's this unseemly deviation, as it must have appeared, and grandfather's property might pass to her cousin, from the practice and principles of that generally Morella Chisholm? To me the conclusion seems rigid sect. The same authority further states that certain that Joneta's brother, pot her uncle, suc- Liston entered the service, nominally as a clerk, of

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Mr. Willoughby, an eminent Turkey merchant this by the fathers, because it was well understood resident in Birchin Lane, London ; at a later date that an eclipse of the sun could not take place at making more than one voyage to the Levant, as the time of the Jewish Passover, which was always chief factor for Mr. Willoughby, at the Porte. observed at the full moon. St. Chrysostom, too, in He continued in this employment until his début one of his homilies on St. Matthew, well remarks upon the Norwich boards in the season of the year that the duration of the miraculous darkness proves 1801. It would be interesting to learn whether that it could not have arisen from an eclipse of the confirmatory evidence exists of Liston's parentage sun, the totality of which occupies but a few and birth as herein set forth.

moments. Lardner observes that astronomers had

DANIEL HIPWELL. calculated that a real eclipse of the sun did take 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

place in the month of November, A.D. 29; and

this has been fully confirmed by those in our own THE LION-HEAD OF THE CENTURION. Excerpt time who have had the advantage of the more from the Saturday Magazine, March 16, 1833:

accurate tables of the moon which are now available. “In the course of last year, this Lion was removed to Amongst these we may mention the late Dr. von Windsor, as a present to his Majesty; and the following Oppolzer, of Vienna, and Mr. John Stockwell, of lines, in imitation of the original inscription, have been sent to us on the occasion of this movement:

Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. The eclipse of A.D. 29 Such was this travellid Lion's boast,

occurred on November 24, and was total about Contented with his humbler post,

noon in the north-western part of Asia Minor, While Anson sat in lordly state,

where Phlegon lived (at Tralles in Lydia). His To hear his fellow lordo debate.

works are not extant; but the fragment referring But travell'd now to Windsor's dome,

to the eclipse is quoted by severel writers, with The Lion boasts a prouder home, Which our brave sailor-king affords,

some difference of detail as to the year in which Than Anson in the House of Lords.

it took place. There seems, however, little doubt H. ASTLEY HARDINGE.

that the true reading was the fourth year of the

202nd Olympiad. But A.D. 29 was the first year EXTRAORDINARY SUPERSTITION. — Under this of that Olympiad, so that there was probably either heading the following 'paragraph appeared in the some error in Phlegon's original or errors of tranDiss Express and Norfolk and Suffolk Journal, scription in those who copied him. Oddly enough, Dec. 16:

Lardner makes one of these (Philoponus) say that "The Suffolk Coroner (Mr. Chaston) on Tuesday, held the year was in the 102nd Olympiad, though he an inquest at the Green Man Inn, Mendlesbam, touching quotes the Greek correctly in a note, which gives the death of a child named Maggie Alberta Wade, the 202nd (like the others), but the second year of it, daughter of Henry Wade, an agricultural labourer. The first witness called was the mother, Elizabeth Wade, who From this Mr.

Stockwell contends that the second stated that last Friday the deceased pulled a cup of year of that Olympiad corresponded to A.D. 29, boiling soup over herself, and was baldly scalded. She in which the eclipse took place; but as Philoponus, did not send for a doctor, but at once sent for an old in another passage in the same chapter (lib. ii. c. 21) woman living in the neighbourhood, whose name is of his De Mundi Creatione,' calls it, like the other Brundigh, who, according to witness, is possessed of

it Supernatural powers in the cure of burns and scalds. authorities who copied Pblegon, the fourth year, The old woman came at once, and said some strange words is probable that this is what Úhlegon wrote, and over the child, and passed her hands across

the injured that the error was making it the last, instead of the parts. Witness under these circumstances did not con. first year of the 202nd Olympiad. sider the attendance of a medical man necessary, but

W. T. LYNN. potwithstanding the woman's incantation the child died

Blackheath. in forty hours. Witness persisted in expressing her belief in the old woman's power, and said she was really a witch. The female referred to declined to reveal the and for the Manor of Westerbam, co. Kent,

GOODS OF FELONS.—At a Court Leet holden in words spoken, as she said she would lose her power, Other witnesses expressed their faith in the professions April 5, 1619, the jurors present that of the old woman. Eventually, after the Coroner bad

Mary Smith who was prosecuted for felony left commented on the superstition exhibited, medical evi. within the Jurisdiction of this Leet divers goods waived; dence was given to the effect that the child's life could and fled and now is executed for the said felony as this not have been saved. A verdict of ' Accidental death'Court is informed the which goods aforesaid are and was returned,"

were in the Custody of the Lord's Bailif these several F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. years and they remain to the use of the Lord as goods PHLEGON'S ECLIPSE.—It is well known that

forfeited viz;

Imprimis one Trunk lockede. Phlegon, who wrote in the time of the Emperor One Stuffe gowne layed thick with blacke redd silke Hadrian, mentions an eclipse of the sun, seen lace. nearly a century before, which some have thought

2 bands th'one laced th'other playne.

VI was no eclipse, but a heathen record of the mira

quayes. culous darkness at the Crucifixion. Little refer

iij Tyffany Cawles.

I Tyffany Crosclothe laced. ence, however (as Lardner points out), is made to iij lawne crosseclothes laced.

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I Tyffany neckclothe.

would go back to Cambridge and take his degree in 3 Holland Crosseclothes 2 of them laced.

the usual way; but the Cambridge authorities also 2 Payrs of Cuffes laced. Item one Payre of Crimson worsted Stockings.

refused him, on the ground that they could not 1 Rebate.

cast such a slur on the king's gift. He was there1 bladder with a fillet of lace.

fore shut out of practice for life. He married after 1 Fine Holland Aperne.

an engagement of thirty years, survived his wife iij Nayles of Hollande in a rompante.

thirty years, and died at the age of ninety-three. 1 russett silke girdle. 1 old stuffe pedicote.

A packet of Richard Hey's bright letters is 1 old greene wascoate.

now before me, but he only makes slight allusion 1 old greene see aperne.

to the singular circumstances related above, which 1 band.

were communicated to me in 1889 by a venerable 1 ruffe.

great-nephew of Dr. Richard Hey, now deceased. 1 old paire of gloves.

ALBERT HARTSHORNE. 1 steele. The which were seen and appraised by Richard Dawling THOMAS Gent (1693-1778), PRINTER.-It may Constable, Thomas Barges. Robert Stacye, George ffaller, be noted, as an addition to the account of him and William Plumlye inhabitants there." C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON.

appearing in 'Dict. Nat. Biog., vol. xxi. p. 121,

that his wife, Alice Guy," the fair hand-maiden CODHAM PARISH CHURCH. — Not long since of John White, printer, York, and widow of his I visited the parish church of Cudbam, in Kent. grandson, Charles Bourne, also a printer, died It was formerly interesting, but within the last April 1, 1761, and was buried in St. Olave's few years has, I think, been much over-restored. Church, York. Gent's marriage had been solemThere is still a fine brass to Alice Waleys, dated nized in York Minster on Dec. 10, 1724.

DANIEL HIPWELL. 1503. I measured the old yew tree in the church

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. yard, and found that its circumference, at about four feet from the ground, was no less than twenty

CAURCH BELLS.—The general use of church bells eight feet. It is a good deal decayed. There is an at the beginning of the seventeenth century is epitaph on a tombstone, put up as recently as the pleasantly referred to in the Diary of the Jouryear 1860, which is so artless that I venture to ney of Philip Julius, Duke of $tettin-Pomerania, transcribe it ::

through England in 1602,' which is quoted in the All ye that pass this way along,

sixth volume of the Royal Historical Society, Think how sudden I was gone,

The extract is as follows:-
God does not always warning give,
Therefore be careful how you live,

“On arriving in London we heard a great ringing of She lived beloved and died lamented.

bells in almost all the churches, going on very late in PHILIP NORMAN.

the evening. We were informed that the young people

do that for the sake of exercise and amusement, and “H108_WODs."—When, on July 16, 1503, will pull a bell the longest, and ring it in the most

sometimes they pay considerable sums as a 'wager who Margaret Tudor came to York on her

progress to Scotland, it is recorded by John Younge, Somerset harmoniously sounding bells, that one being preferred

Parishes spend much money in

approved fashion. Herald, that

which has the best bells. The old Queen is said to have "in the Stat as before, in fayr Ordre. she entred in been pleased very much by this exercise, considering the sayd Cite, Trompetts, Mynstrells, Sakebowtts and it as a sign of the bealth of the people. They do not High Wods retentyssynge, that was fayr for to here.” – ring the belle for the dead. When a person lies in Hearne's' Collectanea' of Leland, vol, iv. p. 272.

agony, tbe bells of the parish he belongs to 'aro touched It is curious to find oboes or hautbois thus As soon as this sign is given, everybody in the street, as

with the clappers until he either dies or recovere again. accommodated to the vernacular.

well as in the houses, falls on his kneos, offering prayer St. SWITHIN. for the sick person,” [See p. 108.]


Fair Park, Exeter. DOCTOR BY ROYAL MANDATE. – Richard Hey, LL.D., Fellow and Tutor of Sidney Sussex College, BOOKSHELVES.--To economize space and exclude Cambridge, was born 1745 and died 1837. In or dust, shelves should fit closely to the tops of the about 1779 he wrote a tract on · Duelling, Suicide, books below. I find by experience that the most and Murder, which fell into the hands of convenient way is to support the shelves by metal George III., who was so much pleased with it that rings with screws attached, known as screw-eyes. he made him doctor by royal mandate. In due time The shelves can be made by anybody who can saw Hey presented himself to practise at Doctors' Com- and plane, and the most unskilled person can mons, but admittance was refused, on the ground adjust the shelves to a nicety. When a shelf is that such a thing was without precedent, namely, full, and the shelf above fits so closely that a that a man made doctor by royal mandate should finger cannot be inserted at the top, small books practise at Doctors' Commons. So he said he are sometimes pushed behind the others and lost.



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This may be prevented, with the advantage of reputation all over the country, and became the origin giving the row of books an uniform appearance, of a proverbial saying, 'A: true stoel as Ripon rowels,' by setting a narrow board edgeways along the shelf

, and Ben Jonson, in bis Staple of Newes,' bas :behind the books. This board is kept in position

Why, there's an angel if my spurs by a piece of wood, nailed at right angles to the

Be not right Rippon, middle of the inner side.

and Davenant, in his 'Wits,' has :The lower corner of an envelope, cut square, with

Whip me with wire-boaded rowels of one of the loose Aaps turned up, is a good book- When passing through Ripon in 1617, King James the

Sharp Rippon Spurs. marker.

J. J. F. Hallisord-on-Thames.

First was presented with a gilt bowl, and a pair of Ripon

spurs, 'which spurtes were such a contentment t) bis GRAY AND WALLER.-Gray was familiar with Majestie as his Highnesse did wear the same the follow

yoge day at bis departure forth of the said towne.' Plain Waller, as we may infer from his letter to West of steel spurs at one sbilling and wrought spurs at soven November 21, 1739, in which he parodies & line shillings and sixpence the pair, were most manufactured ; from the Battle of the Summer Islands. Know those made of precious metals were generally for preing how sedulously Gray nursed an idea, I cannot sentation purposes--some of the wrought spurs have been help thinking that the germ of the famous stanzas peculiar conventional device in silver, inlaid in the


collected in the neighbourhood, and all have the same in the 'Elegy,'. “Perhaps in this neglected spot,' grey steel, with which the white silver pattern has a &c., was for bim these lines from Waller's" To charming contrast and effect. A pair of these were preZelinda':

sented to the Archbishop York when he visited his Great Julius, on the mountains bred,

Liberty of Ripon, and a pair of the plain ones to each of

bis retinue. When Gent wrote his "History of Rippon' A flock perhaps, or herd, had led.

in 1732, the trade was still flourishing, but soon after. He that the world subdued had been But the best wrestler on the green.

wards rapidly decayed. Alderman Terry, during a long 'Tis art and knowledge which draw forth

life of ninety years, was three times Mayor of Ripon, and The hidden seeds of native worth;

the last of the spurriors, the trade becoming extinct with They blow those sparks and make them rise

his business transactions in the year 1798. The guild Into such flames as touch the skies.

were over anxious to protect themselves, and with their D. C. T.

foes, fines, and other exactions, deterred others from

commencing the business, and drove them elsewhere; RIPON SPURS.- Under the title of “Bygone and the trade finally left the town as the old firm died Yorkshire," Mr. William Andrews, of Hull, has some of the spurriers, but the majority of them are

out. The Corporation Chronicle mentions the names of issued a tolerably well-printed little volume of unrecorded; the only memorials of their skill Dearly three hundred pages, which will have a 'motto' and the 'crest of the city." certain amount of antiquarian interest for many

Josepa COLLINSON. readers of 'N. & Q.!. As a sample of the whole, Wolsingham, co. Durham. here is a paper on 'Ripon Spurs,' by a well-known local gentleman, Mr. T. C. Heslington :The particular date on which the manufacture of

Queries. spurs, and other hardware necessary for an equestrian outfit, commenced in Ripon, is not stated in the town We must request correspondents desiring information records. Leland, journeying through Yorkshire in 1534, on family matters of only privato interest to affix their observed that there had been hard on the further rype names and addresses to their queries, in order that the of Skelle a great number of tenters for woollen clothes answers may be addressed to them direct. wont to be made in the towne of Rippon, but idleness is sore increasid in the towne, and clotbe making almost

" CROCKERY.”_Our first known occurrence of decayed.' We may reasonably suppose no other manufacture was carried on at that time, or he would have this is in Johnson's 'Dictionary,' 1755, although noticed it; and, therefore, the period comprised between crockery-ware” is in 'Robinson Crusoe.' Accordhis visit and the year 1604, the date on which the Cor. ing to Mr. Kington Oliphant, “among the new poration record commences, saw not only the beginning substantives” in Miss Burney's 'Cecilia,' 1782, of the spur manufacture, but its attainment to great celebrity for excellent material and workmanship. Hand are crockery, dustman, damper

; but he gives no wrought steel and iron work had arrived at great perfec. reference. If any reader of N. & Q.' can send tion of artistic workmanship at that time in Europe, and me the quotation with reference I shall be grateful. to be able to compete successfully with such trained The word does not appear to be frequent before craftsmen as were similarly employed elsewhere, reflects 1840, and even then seems to be rather congreat credit upon those ancieni Ripon tradesmen. No

J. A. H. MURRAY. doubt their productions were in great demand when all temptuous. journeys were on foot or horseback, and the breed of

Oxford. horses was as yet unimproved by the introduction of the spirited and generous-tempered Arabian. The heavy, “Crux."-I should be glad of contributions to Bluggish hacks of the period needed constant urging with the history of this word in the sense of a puzzle or whip and spur. Amongst the many Ripon guilds, the hardware craftsmen were all united in one, called the special difficulty, which appears to be known only Corporation and Company of Blacksmiths, Locksmiths, in English. The earliest quotations yet known are Lorimers, and Armourers. The Ripon spur: had a great in Swift's 'Verses to Sheridan' (1718),–

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