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that she is not totally loft in infenfibility.-To defpair of the State is criminal.-Let us hope that there are ftill among us, in thofe humbler walks of life from which every thing great and good has generally fprung, a virtuous few,' as Mr. Walker expreffes it, who are the invigorating foul of the community; and whofe return to God, and to their duty, may give the law to their fuperiors, and force them to affift in faving their country.'-For a farther idea of the principles and manner of this pious and fpirited divine, see our account of his fermon on the fast of December 13th, 1776. Rev. Vol. Ivii. p. 176.



R. D -z*, from whom we have a long letter of complaint, will please to obferve, that we have not mifrepréfented his meaning defignedly; and if we have mifreprefented it, it is because he had not fufficiently expreffed it himself. We were left to gather that part of his plan which relates to fubfcribers receiving 2 per cent. for their money, if obliged to fell out, from a particular inftance He has no where given it in general terms. We therefore gave that inftance; not chufing to exprefs ourselves generally where we had no authority for doing fo, as we fhould thereby have laid ourselves open to reproof, which he feems by no means difpofed to neglect. We likewife wish to leave to the determination of that Public, whom he threatens with an appeal, whether in (p. 8.) he is not calculating the amount of the original ftcck, fubfcribed to the ftate banks, at the rate of 8 per cent. compound intereft, for the 20 years which they are to have it in their hands, and not the amount of the annuities which the fubfcribers are to receive at the expiration of that 20 years, as he tells us he is. If he there means to compute the intereft which the subscribers make of their money, he has committed a capital error indeed, by neglecting to deduct the chance which every subfcriber has to die before the end of 20 years, and fo receive nothing.Laftly, we again affert, that Mr. D-z has erred moft egregiously in fuppofing, that because the tables fhew three will die out of 100 the first year, three must alfo die the 20th year, out of the number that will be left alive at the end of the 19th. Mr. Dz is welcome to publish what he thinks proper in the news-papers: all that we hope for is, that he will not expect us to follow him.

86 ―――――

U. X. has fent us fome ftrictures on Mr. Cuthbert Clark's treatise on Husbandry †, and concludes with the following remark: You (the Reviewers) heve spent fome time to prove the fallacy of Mr. Clark's doctrine of thickening the staple of a shallow foil, by plowing thin and broad. This appeared to me, as it has done to you, paradoxical, and his arguments feemed mere fophiftry. But in reading the explanation of his inftruments, I found (p. 349) an account, and plan, of a plough, whofe mould-board may be extended behind to various widths. By means of this, it is evident,

* Author of a tract, intitled Public Welfare, &c. See Review for December laft.

† See Review for November laft.


that beginning at the narroweft width, and conftantly increafing, a thin ftaple may be ridged up to a greater thickness, by occupying a narrower space.

As by this his favourite paradox is explained, it is a pity that it miffed your attention."

Had we imagined that there was much chance of Mr. Clark's book falling into the hands of unlettered mechanics, we should have thought it incumbent on us to have pointed out, with fcrupulous attention, the errors which are noticed by this correfpondent, with feveral others, obfervable in the book: but from the high price of that performance, and the small part of it which treats of mechanics, we were led to apprehend, that there was no danger of its even being confidered as an elementary book, on that branch of science, and thus falling in the way of, and misleading, ignorant mechanics. We expreffed ourfelves with fome caution; perhaps we should have done it with ftill more referve; but we hardly yet imagine that those who attend to the character given, in our Review, of the writer in question, will expect that he should reason with firia confiftency on any topic; although he may discover more ingenuity on one fubject than on another.

If U. X. will re examine the paffage on broad and thin plowing, we believe he will find, that the doctrine there delivered, is meant to be general, without having any reference to the plow which he mentions; fo that we fee no reafon for adding or altering a word on that fubject.

+++ An agreeable Querift, X. Y. defires fome elucidation with refpect to the manner, in which the fhortnefs of the Grecian petticoats (mentioned in our laft Appendix, p. 519), evidently indicate purity of manners, in the women of Nio. We might refer our Correfpondent to the Count de CHOISEUL, the Author of this noble work, for the explication of a remark which is his and not ours, and which we have only quoted from him. But this we fhall not dobecause we think the expreffion fufceptible not only of a folid, but alfo of an elegant fenfe. When the noble Author fays, that the short petticoats, or the half-uncovered legs of the women of Nio, indicate purity of manners, he confides, no doubt, the virtuous fimplicity of thefe women, as refembling that of a child, which difcovers its nakedness without that fhame, which arifes from the consciousness of guilt or of irregular paffions. We defire our amiable Querift (who probably wears petticoats) to confider, that our original mother (and beautiful she was !) was entirely without petticoats;-and, that this indicated the purity of her heart and manners, appears evidently from this, that the moment the fell from her purity, and became the victim of irregular appetite, fhe made petticoats (or an equivalent) of fig leaves. The truth is, that fhort petticoats do not, of themselves, always indicate purity of manners ;- place, cuftom, and other collateral circumitances may modify this external mark of inward fentiments: they may indicate purity among the women of Nio, and impudence among the wh-r-s of Covent Garden; the nakedness of a prostitute is very different from that of an Indian.

‡§‡ We

1st We are forry that we have it not in our power to oblige our readers with the prices of the foreign books occafionally mentioned in our journal. Our correfpondent, in particular, who figns Peέv, is defired to confider this as an anfwer to his letter. This gentle man thinks it would be an eafy matter for us to learn the price of each article; but he may reft affured, that it is abfolutely impoffible to perform, correctly, the task he would enjoin us: for which reafon we chufe to omit this circumftance altogether. Our Readers, however, will always be able to form fome judgment of the purchase of any foreign publication, from the mention we make of its fize ; and when a book confits of more than one volume, we generally specify the number.

N. B. The price of a book, as fixed by the printer, abroad, does not always govern the intereft or the confcience of the importer, who fells the fame article in London.

$18 The Critique fent us by F. R. S. on a learned work, not yet mentioned in our Review, is judged rather too brief, for a publi cation of fo much, confequence. A more ample account will, no doubt, be expected, from us, of a book of fo much confideration. The gentleman will, however, be pleased to accept our thanks for the favour which he intended us.-The work alluded to will, in duẹ time, appear in our Review.

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SA. B. of Wigfon Lodge, Leicestershire, informs us concerning "A Collection of Hymns for the Use of the Hearers of the Apostles, printed at Nottingham. We have enquired for it in vain, among the London bookfellers. If our Correfpondent, or any other person, will fend us a copy, by fome unexpensive conveyance, the publication will find fome place in our journal.

If our obliging correfpondent, J. B. will favour us with his addrefs, a private letter will be conveyed to him.

ERRATUM in the Review for November laft, viz.

P. 346, 1. 28, for heptarchy, read monarchy. We are obliged to I г. for the correction of this overfight.

ERRATUM in the Review for December laft, viz.

P. 427. 1. 4. Firlot is explained by the English bushel; but it should have been remarked, that two kinds of firlots are used in ScotJand, one for wheat. or peafe, which is one pint, English, larger than the Winchefter bufhel; the other, for oats or barley, which is nearly 5 gallons more than the Winchefter bufhel: the latter is the quantity meant in the place above referred to.

ERRATA in the REVIEW for laft Month.

Page 2. 1. 33. dele which are.

3. 1. penult. dele generally.

17. 1. 6 from the bottom, for raisonée, read raisonné. 58. par. 2. l. 16. for reafons, read years.

ERRATUM in our laft APPENDIX. viz.

P. 548. 1. 23, for extravagant rank of fanatical idolatry, read rant, &c.

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ART. I. MARSHALL'S Minutes of Agriculture (continued). our Review for January.


E hinted, in the former part of this Article, that to practice agriculture with profit, requires the whole attention of the perfon who directs the operations of the farm. This, we are fenfible, is an unfashionable doctrine, but we have been long convinced that agriculture, like every other mechanic art, requires a nicety in the operations, which nothing but practice and diligent application can teach, and an unceafing attention to minutia, which nothing can effectually insure but that folicitude which arises from the hopes and fears of the man himself who is, in all cafes, to be the gainer by fuccefs, and the lofer by the failure of any of his operations. We were therefore very well pleased to meet with so many experimental proofs of the juftnefs of our remark, in the volume now before us. The following quotations all tend to the elucidation of this very important point:

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June 2, 1775. Labourers want looking-after.-Yesterday, I was in town;-to-day, at home.-The two plow-teams and the eight Weeders did as much work to day before noon, as they did all day yesterday. They were happily fituated for goffiping and fun ;-the teams on one fide of a hedge, the weeders on the other.'.


June 30. Deuce take the Town! The day's work of a team loft!

A team went this morning to harrow at Wood-fide-The horfes ran away with the harrows, and kicked each other, with the Carter, into the ditch. The horfes efcaped unhurt, but the man was lamed very much; and, being from home, the horfes stood kicking their heels in the ftable the remainder of the day.

"You may talk of your Farmer This and your Farmer That, but "I fay, FARMER SELF-ATTENDANCE is the best Farmer in all this



country.' ⚫ Sept. 20. A fine day at last, thank God! Turned the barley, and got it into rare order; but lo! when we came to open the ftack, though covered with two very good cloths-one fide was almoft rot

REV. Mar. 1779.



ten, four or five feet down! We were obliged to carry a load anda-half into the field again to dry and fweeten-it ftunk like a dunghill. This is a proof of the utility of BARN-ROOM.-Shook the remaining worft to the out- fides, and let the ftack lie open till funfet to air-then threw in a load to fill it up round.

A ftronger proof of the neceffity of SELF-ATTENDANCE need not be produced. I fent Thomas White, about eleven o'clock, to uncover and air this ftack (he has been a ftack-maker thefe twenty years). He went up-threw off the cloths-and moved a few pitches from the inner part toward the out-fides, and thus left it. About one, being that way, I went up the ladder, to fee what condition it was in; when, to my furprize, I found it in that above-defcribed. Had it not been for SELF-ATTENDANCE, the ftack must have been aired in the evening (after the firft load had been brought to it, and the evening's work confequently broken) when the fun had loft its power; or, ten times worse, the dry barley have been laid over the layer of long dung, and the whole ftack inevitably fpoilt, part rotten, the reft muily; and what ftill ftrengthens the evidence, he is not generally a carelefs fellow.'.

Oct. 20, 1775. "Can a Farm be managed with the pen?" No, nor with twenty tongues, without SELF-ATTENDANCE, or a brisker Orderée than Thomas White.-I am clear, that with five men I will do more work than he does with ten. -I gave up the reins to him for a few days; but, where fhould we have been by this time, if I had not fnatched them out of his hands before barley-harvest!


Perhaps, to manage a large fcattered Farm with any degree of propriety, requires an attention and alertnefs which nothing but felfintereft can give.-I confefs, that I had not half the opinion of my own management, before I had a glimpse of his.

The principal object (in the executive department) is to keep the teams and day's men going;-to fee that neither of them stand idle for want of orders. And this, if the teams, men, and odd jobs are numerous, requires a great deal of affiduity and attention. The nearer they are kept together, the more cafily they are managed. If dif patch be neceffary, fomebody mull be, or feem to be in a hurry.Somebody muit fet the example:-Somebody muit call, or all hands will fleep on.

A Butler fhould think of nothing but bufling.-He should have no concern of his own-no wife and family to alienate his attentionhis intereft fhould be interwoven with that of his employer-he should be active, auftere, and communicative.-Many things occur in conversation, which, without it, would remain latent.—One in the house is worth two at a distance.-Twenty little wants are feen and forgot for want of immediate communication.-He should be always at home, that the attention of his leifure hours may be employed on his next day's duty.-One acquainted with the cuftoms of the country is preferable to a stranger.'

May 19, 1776. Granaries fhould be under the eye. We have not lefs than four or five quarters of grain of different forts out of Adfcomb granary, in lefs than two years.


Perhaps generally-it is bad management in a Farmer to keep by him corn or pulfe of any fort in grain. Perhaps, let him keep it in Araw; or, if ftraw be wanted, fell it at the market-price; not keep


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