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granted to the Tiers-etat the privilege of a seat in the Imperial Diets.

IV. D. HENR. Frid. DELII, Adversaria Argumenti PhyficoMedici. i.e. Miscellanies relative to Médical Science and ControPersy. By M. Delius, Counsellor to the Court of Brandenburg, and Primarius Professor of Phyfic.. 4to. Erlang. 1778, This learned man, whose medical erudition is well known, and whose dietetic maxims must give pleasure and comfort to all his patients who are of a convivial turn, has mingled in this Volume, with his own labours, several Academical Dissertations. These contain a variety of excellent observations on the History and Theory of Physic, -Philofophical, Chymical, Anatomical, ánd Physiological refearches and discussions relative to Diet, the Practice of Physic, and the Materia Medica.

V. Historische Nachricht von dem ersten Anfange der Evangelisch-Reformirten Kirche in Brandenburg and Preussen, &c. i. e.

A History of the first Commencement of the Reformed or Calvinistical Church in Brandenburg and Prusia, under the reign of the Elector Sigismund, by Mr. HERING, Paftor of the Reformed Church at Breslaw. 8vo. Halle. 1778. The causes, beginnings, progress and present state of the reformed churches in Brandenburg and Prufia are circumstantially related, and accurately represented in this learned work. The Author has drawn his materials, not only from writers of the first credit, but also from several valuable manuscripts. The Reader will find in this history, many facts littře known, with an ample account of the learned men who were concerned in the transactions here related. M. HERING has subjoined to this history the three Confeffions of Faith, which contain the fundamental doctrine of the reformed churches of Brandenburg, viz. the Confefsion of Faith of the elector John Sigismund, -the Conference of Leipfick, which thews the particular points on which the Lutherans and reformed (i. e. the Calvinists) are divided, and those on which they are agreed, -and the Declaration of Thoren, made in the year 1645, together with certain edicts, which fix the measure of indulgence and toleration, to be exercised by the two communions towards each other.

VI. Sammlung Russischer Geschichte, &c. i. e. Memoirs relafive to the Histary of Ruffia, collected by M. MÜLLER, Counselfor at Moscow, and digefted into a better order than they were in the first Edition. 8vo. Offenbach-on-Mein." 1778. The first edition of these Memoirs was printed' at Petersburg; and the splendour of the press-work drew it out to ten volumes; it was also defective in the arrangement of the materials, which, by being published successively, at diftant intervals, were difperfed, and thrown out of their natural order, In this second edition

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the number of volumes is reduced from ten to four, and their
contents are digested into a better order. The first volume con-
tains all the memoirs that relate to Livonia, the fecond those
which treat of Ruflia, properly so called and in the the third
and fourth, we have the journal of Soimonow's navigation on
the Caspian sea; with every thing which relates to the history of
Siberia.

VII. Beyträge zur Kriegskunst und Geschichte des Krieges, &c.
i. e. Memoirs concerning the Art of War, designed also as an
Historical Account of the War, which commenced in the year 1756,
and ended in 1763, accompanied with Plans and Maps. By
M. DE TIELKE, Captain of Artillery in the service of the
Elector of Saxony. 4to. Freyberg. 1778. This work is
much applauded, and if the judgment and impartiality of the
Author are such as they are generally represented, it must be;
in reality a valuable present to the fons and schools of Bellona.
It consists of three volumes, in which more especially the Austrian
and Pruffian manceuvres, during that remarkable war mentioned
in the title, are related and examined; his journal of the cam-
paign of the year 1761, in Silesia (in which the king of Prussia
displayed such illustrious instances of generalship, in preventing
for a time the junction of the Russian and Austrian armies, and
in rendering it useless, when he could prevent it no longer), is
fingularly interesting, and was composed (as the Author himself
informs us), from two Imperial and three Prussian journals,

VIII. Analytische Dioptrik, &c. i. e. Analytical Dioptrics. By
GEORGE SIMON KLÜGEL, Profeffor of Mathematics at Helm-
Itadt. 8vo. - Leipfic. 1778. This Author follows excellent
guides, and he follows them with intelligence and judgment.
His work consists of two parts. In the first he treats of the
fimple refraction of the rays of light, which pass through one or
more glasses; also of their aberrations, and the theory of te-
lescopes. In the second, M. Klügel applies his principles to
all sorts of optical and dioptrical instruments. In the whole
of his work we see a truly philosophical spirit,

IX. Versuch einiger pracktischen Anmerkungen über die Muskeln, &c. i. e. An Ejay, containing some practical Remarks concerning the Muscles, by which various disorders and seeming accidental ail. ments are explained, as to their rise and principle. By Ja. Fr. IsENFLAMM. M. D. 8vo. Erlang. 1778. After having laid down the preliminary notions, relative to the muscles, to their constituent parts and properties, and shewn how they contribute to the beauty and proportion of the human body, and to the facility, vivacity, variety and vigour of its motions, this Author enquires into the defects and indispositions, which may intercept the action and effect of the muscles, not only in their

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principal object, but also with respect to several other bodily
functions.

F R'- A N. CE.
X. De la Transplantation, de la Naturalization et du Per-
feétionement des Vegetaux : i. e. Concerning the Method of tranf-
planting, naturalizing and perfecting Vegetables, by the Baron de
Tscuddy. 8vo. Paris. (under the title of London) 1778. The
Author Inews, in this little work, how trees, fhrubs and plants
may be accommodated to different climates, and confiders the
various soils and methods of culture, that are necessary to render
their transplantation successful. The object of this work is of
great importance : the views it contains are all interesting, and
inany of them new: the knowledge of agriculture and rural im-
provement which it discovers, is very considerable, and we think
it worthy of the attention of those fortunate mortals, who live
in the country, who contemplate and converse with nature,
and are sensible of the lerene pleasure and the inestimable ad-
vantages that arise from such a situation.

XI. Dictionnaire Universel des Sciences, Morale, Economique,
&c. 1, e. An Universal Dictionary of Moral, Oeconomical, Politi-
cal and Philosophical Science: or the Library of the Man and the Ci-
tizen; Vols. 11. and 111. 4to. Paris, &c. We gave a ge-
Derál sketch of the plan of this vast work*, when the first volume
made its appearance. The two volumes, here announced, do
not seem unworthy of the reputation, which the first gave to the
arduous undertaking.

XIl. fournal de la Navigation d'une Escadre Francoise para tie du Port de Dunkirke aux ordres du Capitaine Thurot, &c. i. e. A Journal of a French Squadron, which fet Sail from the Harr bour of Dinkirk, under the Command of Captain Thurot, the 15th of October 1759, with several Detachments of the French and Swiss Guards, &c. 128. Paris. 1978. Gives an account of the expedition of Thurot. It appears to be accurate; it is circumstantial, and would be more entertaining, were it not unconscionably loaded with a multitude of technical terms, which are of no consequence to the narration. It appears, by this journal, that Thurot had no fort of title to the character of an eininent sea commander; that he was only a rash and hotheaded adventurer; that France obtained no benefit from any of his undertakings; and that nothing could be worse concerted, conducted, and executed, than the last expedition, in which he perished. He was a native of France, and not of Ireland, as Tome have alleged.

XIII. L'Autorité des Livres de Moise, etablie et defendue contre les Incredules : i. e. The Authority of the Books of Moses ascertained * See the Review for November 1777, p. 398.

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of the decifions and remarks of the Author, we suspect there is more wit than judgment; we think them specious, and we feel that they are not true. His preference of the Italian music to the French, which latter he calls, with much reason, a music that is null and without physiognomy, is just in every respect. His account of the eloquence of music, which consists in touching by melody, and not in surprising by the concurrence of instruments, is written with judgment and taste. His estimate of the eminent Italian composers such as Porpora, Vinci, Corelli, Pergolefi, is, in general, just, and it is expressed in such a spirited manner, and illustrated by such lively images and allusions, as discover a very agreeable enthusiasm, and an uncommon vivacity of imagination. We do not however think that he sufficiently laments the palpable decline of true taste in musical composition, so notorious in Italy. This decline, this corruption of true taste is become so universal, that the confervatorios of Venice are the only places which keep up the spirit of pristine melody, and genuine music; to which we may add a very, very small number of modern composers, if the accounts we have received from fome eminent connoisseurs, who have been on the spot, may be depended upon. Prince BeloSelski acknowledges, indeed, the defects of the Italian music; which defects, he says, are covered with graces; but he has entered too deep into the spirit of musical faction, excited at Paris by those two famous rivals the German Gluck, and the Italian Piccini, and his attachment to the latter has, no doubt, more or less warped his judgment in favour of modern composers; for he be-praises several of them in extravagant terms. Upon the whole this is really an ingenious and elegant work; and it must excite speculation when we consider, that the Author is a Russian. It is sold by all the Booksellers of Paris, and among others by Solfatier at the sign of the Bear and Fiddle.

XIX. Eloge Historique de Philippe Duc d'Orleans, Regent du Royaume : i. e. An Historical Panegyric on Philip Duke of Orleans. 8vo. Amsterdam. i. e. Paris. 1778. This is one of those laborious efforts to wash the Ethiopian, or if we may use another metaphor) to file the rugged body of historical truth in order to render it smooth and glofly. Our Author fucceeds indeed very well in refuting the calumnies, and removing the {uspicions, which the death of the Dauphin, his confort, and his eldest son, in so short a time, had excited against the Duke of Orleans: calumnies and suspicions, which the want of principle in this ambitious man, and his passion for Chymistry, nourished considerably. The event indeed shewed the falsehood of these calumnies; for when the Regent was at the helm, and saw only one tender stripling between him and the throne, he made no use of his power to remove this obstacle to his ambition. The

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Summary of Natural History, extracted from the best French and foreign Authors, being the Sequel and Supplement to the Course of

Natural Philosophy, &c. Vols. I. II. III. 8vo. Paris. 1778. These three volumes contain the natural history of insects, aquatic animals, reptiles and birds. At the head of the first volume we have a Preliminary Discourse, well composed, in which the Author confiders the general nature of animals, the diversity of their organization, and the wisdom of that law, instinct, and arrangement, by which they are excited to prey upon each other, that the excessive multiplication of certain classes may be thus prevented. The work itself is well compiled, and contains instructive and entertaining details, descriptions, and dircoveries of the wonders of the animal-creation. This is one of the best of the Abbé SAURI's performances.

XVI. Elementary Courses of Natural Philosophy have been greatly multiplied of late years. That which has lately been published by M. WANDELAINCOURT, President for Prefect) of ihe Royal College of Verdun, has particular merit, on account of the simplicity and perspicuity with which it exhibits the principles of that useful science, and the recent discoveries that have been made in it by attentive observers of nature. It is printed at Verdun, under the following title: Manuel des jeunes Phyfi ciens, ou Nouvelle Physique Elementaire, contenant les Decouvertes les plus utiles et les plus curieuses des Physiciens modernes : i.e. The young Philosopher's Manual, or a New Elementary System of Natural Philosophy, containing the most useful and curious Discoveries of modern times. 1778.

XVII. Traité Elementaire de Mathematiques, à l'Usage des Eleves de l'Institution de la jeune Noblesė: i. e. An Elementary Treatise of Mathematics, for the Use of the Students in the College erected for the young Nobility. By N. LEMOINE. Part I. containing Arithmetic. 8vo. Paris. 1778. This Author seems tą possess, in a high degree, the very rare talent of reducing science to milk for babes, – by dealing it out in portions plainly dished 'up and suited to their appetites and capacities. We meet every day with profound adepts in erudition and science, who are absolutely incapable of instructing youth. They have kicked away the ladder by which they got above the clouds or into them, and cannot take a few steps downward to render themselves visible to the people below. M. LEMOINE's Arithmetic is level to the capacity of children of eight or nine years old ; and we expect 'the saine simplicity in the subfequent volumes of this useful work.

XVIII. De La Musique en Italie: i. e. A Treatise con

rning Italian Mufic, by the Prince BelOSELSKI, Member of the Institute of Bologna.' Paris. 1778. There are many in. genious and well imagined things in this Treatise; but in several

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