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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1888.
A painting by Pope Steevens, a well-known
Irish artist, was made in 1749 of him in the act of CONTENTS.-No 134.
descending the steps of the House of Commons, NOTES:-Tottenham in bis Boots, 41-Thomas Vicary, 42
MSS. of the Paston Letters-Brooke of Astley, 43-Ohthere's
ally offered for sale, but, so far as I could ascertain, QUERIES :-Chapman's 'All Fools'-Cliffe Family-George
they have always brought a very high price. Hanger, Lord Coleraine-"Odd-come-shorts": “Tantadling Tarts" -H.-Jonathan Oldfield-Newspapers, 47 - Randle Strange to say, I have never been able, after a MacDonnell-Elastic-Alton Castle-A Night-cap Stratagem
diligent search carried on for years, to discover -Alex. Hamilton - Venables — Name of Portrait-Blue A prons-Neville, 48-Portuguese Revolution of 1640, 49.
the precise subject on which the vote was given.
In Archdall's edition of Lodge's REPLIES :-" Primrose path," 49-Little Summer of St. Luke
Irish Peerage,' -Palm Sunday-Edwards - A. Brice and Lord Ogleby 1789, at p. 269 of vol. vii., it is stated that the Catsbrain " Blood is thicker than water," 50-“Straw.
question was “whether any redundancy in the boots "_" Ex pede Herculem " Burial-place of George I., 81 - Bell Legend at Brailes - Jarvis's Don Quixote'Records of Celtic Occupation, 52 - Ancient Views of the into England"; and in his amusing 'Memoirs ' Sir Zodiac-Fable of the Dogs and the Kite-Prayer, 63-Lapp
Jonah Barrington improves on this statement, and Folk-tales-Passage from Ruskin-Roman Wall in the City -Matthew Arnold-Curiosities of Cataloguing-Annas, 54Rhenish Uniform -Title of Novel - Hampton Poyle Hanover-Beaconsfield and the Primrose, 55-Norfolk Song -Death of Charles I.--"." Bronze Penny-Coroners and Barrington are wrong. The latter is well known Churchwardens, 56 - Stafford House - Study of DanteExpulsion of Jews-Steel Pens-Death Bell, 57-Authors Wanted, 58.
Long ago I carefully examined the Commons' NOTES ON BOOKS:-Rylands's Lancashire Inquisitions' -Karwaker's Index to the Wills and Inventories, Court of
Journals, page by page, from the beginning to the Probate, Chester'-Bradley's The Goths'-Green's 'Calen end of the reign of George II., and no such quesdar of state Papers '-Mackay's ‘Dictionary of Lowland
tion is recorded there. I copied every division on Scotch.'
every question during that whole period. Exclusive Notices to Correspondents, &c.
of three occasions, when the Speaker's vote was
given, there were but four divisions decided by a Potes.
single vote, but the question of disposing of a sur
plus in the Treasury was not one of these TOTTENHAM IN HIS BOOTS.
In Francis Hardy's 'Life of Lord Charlmont,' Permit me to solicit the assistance of some of 1812, vol. i. p. 76, a different account is given. your numerous readers in reference to the vote He says, “During Lord Carteret's administration given by my ancestor on some very important the strange attempt to continue the supplies for question in the Irish House of Commons. Charles twenty-one years was defeated only by one voice"; Tottenham, of Tottenham Green, in the county of and then in a note, “Colonel Tottenham, he deWexford, was elected one of the members for the serves to be recorded," &c., and then he tells the borough of New Ross, in the same county, in 1727, story of the boots. In Warburton's 'Annals of in the first Parliament of George II., and continued Dublin' it is stated that this attempt was made in to represent that constituency until his death in 1729; and in the Commons' Journals, vol. iii. 1758. The designation above mentioned was be- p. 601, I found that a Committee had recomstowed on him in consequence of a vote which de- mended the taxes to be granted to the Crown for cided the question at issue. Having been informed twenty-one years on November 21, 1729. In the that the matter was of extreme importance, he rode report on the question of the Committee of Ways some sixty miles to Dublin' from his residence, and and Means the taxes were approved of, but the as the division was imminent, and likely to be very “twenty-one years” was omitted. Warburton close, he rode direct to the House, without delay- says, “This audacious attempt was defeated but ing to change his riding suit for uniform or full by a majority of one, but he does not name that one. dress, which was then supposed to be necessary. It seems to me that the question was decided in a He arrived at the critical moment, in his huge Committee of the whole House; but committee projack-boots and spattered over with mud, and gave ceedings are not usually recorded in the Journals. bis vote (which happened to be the casting one for Assuming that Hardy's is the correct account, his country and against the Government.
Why was the portrait already mentioned not painted It has been a tradition amongst his descendants for twenty years after the vote was given? The that he was fined the sum of 500l. for appearing in painting was made in 1749, but up to 1751 there the House in his dirty boots. However that may was no surplus in the Irish Treasury. On Debe, the whole country rejoiced at his patriotic con- cember 23, 1749, an Act was passed for discharging duct.
70,0001. and 58,000l. of the National Debt, and
for the payment of interest at 4 per cent. on old twenty pounds a year, or a fresh one, In 1539, Vicary 250,0001., "the balance then remaining due ". and gets from Henry VIII, a beneficial lease for 21 years of on December 7, 1751, an Act was passed to pay off
the Rectory-house, tithes, &c., of the dissolved Boxley
Abbey in Kont, close to Maidstone; and as he is : 120,000l., and to pay interest on 117,500l., the person of influence with the King, a rich Northampton balance then due.
shire equire, Anthony Wodebull, who has an infant Subsequently there was a surplus, for it is stated
daughter, and is probably a patient of the chief Court in the Earls of Kildare' that James, twentieth
Surgeon, appoints Vicary as one of the Trustees .of his
Will (proved Oct. 11, 1642), with a view (no doubt) to Earl, and subsequently first Duke of Leinster, was
the protection of his girl's property and person during prominent in bis opposition to the repeated at- her nonage. In 1541, as the acknowledged Head of his tempts of the English Government to lay hands on profession, Vicary is appointed the First Master of the the Irish surplus. The late Duke of Leinster, then newly amalgamated Companies of Barbers and Surgeons, Marquis of Kildare, told me more than once that
and is painted--with other Surgeons, Barbers, and Phyhe never came across Boots's name in the papers
sicians-by Holbein. In this year 1541, he also gets .
ame in the papers beneficial lease for 60 years, from Sir Thos. Wyat, the connected with the debates as to the surplus. poet, of lands in Boxley, Kent. In 1642, he and his son
The picture having been painted in 1749, the William (also probably & Surgeon) are appointed by event which it commemorated must have taken Henry, Bailiffs of Boxley Manor, &c., in Kent, with place between the election of 1727 and that year.
yearly salaries of 101. each. In Sept. 1546-7, Vicary is
again Master of the united Company of Barbers and Sar I have no opportunity here of referring to the geong. In Dec., 1547, he marries his second wife, Alice political pamphlets of that period, but have little Bucke. doubt that several of them or of periodicals contain: “In 1546-7, Henry VIII. handed over Bartholomew's remarks respecting the vote in question ; and pos- | (with other Hospitals, &c.) to the City of London, He sibly some of your readers may be able, and not
gave it a small endowment (nominally 3331. odd) out of
tumble-down houses, which he charged with pensions to less willing, to refer me to any of them which
parsons. The balance of the endowment was but enough throw a light on this point, which may almost be to keep, as patients, 'thre or foure barlottes, then being called historical. HENRY L. TOTTENHAM. in chyldbedde.' So the City set to work, raised 1,000_. for Guernsey.
repairs, fittings, &c., practically reopened the Hospital, for 100 patients, and, on 29 Sept., 1548, appointed Chief
Surgeon Vicary as one of the 6 new Governors of the THOMAS VICARY,
Hospital to act with the 6 old ones. Vicary must soon As my repeated askings in 'N. & Q.’ for details
after have become Resident Surgical Governor of the of the life of this worthy of Kent and chief surgeon
Hospital. He was reappointed annually; be is given
the old Convent Garden in June, 1551; and in June, to Henry VIII., Edward VI., Queen Mary, and
1552, is made one of the assistants of tbis house for the Queen Elizabeth, bave not drawn one single scrap terme of his lyffe' (extract by Dr. N. Moore). He has 3 of information from the readers of N. & Q.;'I Surgeons under him, at 181. (1549), and then 201. (1552) think they may like to have the short sketch of a year each. The Hospital finds him a Livery gown, and Vicary's life which my father and I are going to
repairs his house. He holds his appointment till his put in part i. of our edition of the old surgeon's
death, late in 1561, or early in 1562. "That to him is due
part of the Hospital organization, and some of the beauti*Anatomie of the Body of Man' (1548, from the ful unselfish spirit shown in the City Ordre' for Barts unique copy of its reissue by the Bartholomew's in 1652, we do not doubt. This ‘Ordre' no one can read Surgeons in 1577), with its 250 pages of Appendix without admiring. of Documents, a few examples of which have
“In Sept., 1548, Vicary was, for the fourth time, elected already appeared in ‘N. & Q.
Master of the Barber Surgeons. In 1548 too, he published I still hope that
his Anatomie--the first in English on the subject, but this sketch may lead to notices of Vicary yet une whether tbis was after or before he was made a Governor known to us being sent. We shall not feel happy of Barts, we cannot say. The book, though mainly tra. till we have got something out of that omniscient ditional, and not founded on actual dissections, was rejournal in which all students "inquire within upon
printed by the Surgeons of Barts in 1577, with a few everything," and so seldom fail to get an answer:
Forewords; and from the unique copy of that issue, the
earliest now known, our reprint is made, with added " The first tidings of Vicary (who was probably born head-lines and side-notes. Frequently supplemented, between 1490 and 1500) are, that he was a meane prac Vicary's little Anatomie held the field for 150 years. (Untiser (had a moderato practise) at Maidstone,' and was luckily the biographical details of an Italian doctor in not a trained Surgeon. In 1525 he is Junior of the three one of the added Treatises, have been lately set down to Wardens of the Barbers' or Barber-Surgeong' Company | Vicary.) in London. In 1528 he is Upper or first Warden of the “In 1553, Queen Mary made a special grant to Vicary Company, and one of the Surgeons to Henry VIII., at of the Arrears of his Chief Court-Surgeons' Annuity of 201. a year. In 1530 he is Master of the Barber-Surgeons' 261. 13s. 4d., which he came into in 1536, on De la Company, and is appointed-in reversion after the death | More's death or resignation. In 1554 he was appointed of Marcellus de la More--Serjeant of the Surgeons, and Surgeon to Mary's husband, K, Philip; and in 1555. Chief Surgeon to the King. This Headship of his Pro- | Pbilip and Mary re-granted to Vicary- his son William fession, Vicary takes in 1535 or 1536, together with its being doubtless then dead-the Bailiffship of the Manor yearly pay of 261, 138. 4d., and holds it (under Edw. VI., | of Boxley, &c., and the 2 Annuities of 101., which Henry Q. Mary, and Q. Elizabeth) till his death in 1561 or | VIII. had granted to Vicary and his son in 1542. Year 1562. He is the Paget of his great Tudor time.
by year Vicary quietly worked on, doing his duty to the “In 1535, a fresh Grant is made to Vicary of either bis sick poor at Barts, and in the Barber-Surgeons' Com.
pany. He had saved money enough by March, 1557–8, to autographs, signs manual, &c., from Canute, 1017, lend his brother-in-law, Thos. Dunkyn, yeoman of St. to George s., 1714, and the “ Howard Papers," à Leonard's, Shoreditch, 1001., which he secures in favour large collection of ancient documents and papers of his nephew Thomas Vicary, of Tenterden, in Kent, clothier : and possibly about this time he buys of Jn relating to the family of Howard and the Dukes Joyce a house and some land next to Boxley Church, in of Norfolk.
RALPH N. JAMES. Kent, which he devises to his nephew Stephen Vicary, son of his brother William, late of Boxley. In Sept., BROOKE OF ASTLEY.-Some time ago, while 1557-8, he is, for the fifth and last time, Master of the
pointing out the discrepancies between the two Barber-Surgeons' Company.
« On Jan. 27. 1560 1. Vícary makes his Will: and he accounts of the family of Brooke of Astley conprobably dies late in 1561, or early in 1562, as the last tained in Burke's 'Peerage and Baronetage,' and payment to him of his Annuity of 201, is in Sept., 1561, in the 1850 edition of the 'Landed Gentry' and bis Will is proved by his widow on April 7, 1562. (N. & Q.,' 7th S. iv, 87), I asked the question, Where he is buried, we have not yet been able to find. Who was Thomas Brooke, of Gray's Inn and Shortly before his death he was (says Mr. S. Young) named in a Commission of Queen Elizabeth's to the
Wilmslow?” I have since seen the 'Admission Barber-Surgeons' Company to press Surgeons for her Register of Gray's Inn,' edited by Mr. Joseph military service."
Foster, and find that three persons only were adPERCY FURNIVALL. mitted to that society named Thomas Brooke,
| Brookes, or Brooks, namely:The MSS. OF THE PASTON LETTERS.—These 1. Thomas Brooks, admitted 1556. most interesting letters were written from 1422 to! 2. Thomas, son and heir (sic) of Richard Brooke, 1509 ; that is, during the long struggle between of Norton, co. Chester, admitted 1629. the houses of York and Lancaster. In addition | 3. Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich, co. Chester, to the original MSS. of many of those letters gent., two years of Staple Inn; admitted May 19, already printed, Messrs. Christio will offer for sale | 1677; called to the Bar May 18, 1683. at their rooms on July 31 some which have never! As the first of these persons was admitted in been published. The whole collection is divided | 1556, at least a century too early, and the second into three lots, of which the first comprises 311, was of the Norton family, it follows that if there these being the 220 long-lost original letters and ever existed a Thomas Brooke, of Gray's Inn and documents published by Sir John Fenn in his
Wilmslow, he must have been one and the same
with Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich. The addiin 4to, 1787-89,” together with 95 additional | tion of the final s would be immaterial, for surletters discovered at Roydon Hall, Norfolk, in 1875,
names were not then written with much precision by tbe late Mr. Frere, and described by Mr. James
in the matter of spelling even by their owners. I Gairdner in the third appendix to his edition
should like to follow up this clue by a search in (1874) of the “ Paston Letters.' Of these portions
the registers of Staple Inn for the parentage of of the correspondence only six letters are missing.
Thomas Brookes, of Middlewich, but I do not On the other hand, in the lot are four not men.
know where these registers are now to be found. tioned in Fenn's or Gairdner's editions. The
The query of H, C. F. on this subject does not second lot contains 59 letters written by or to
seem to have been answered ('N. & Q.,' 6th S. xi. various members of the Paston family, ranging in
207). date from 1564 to 1700. The third lot consists of
If Thomas Brookes of Middlewich and Thomas
Ir Thomas Brookes of Middle 98 letters by or to Robert, Earl of Yarmouth (Sir of Wilmslow were identical, Sir Bernard Burke Robert Paston, created Earl of Yarmouth by
has confused Thomas of Wilmslow with Thomas of Charles II.) and his son William, the second Earl, Astley, for it is impossible that the latter, who was between 1669 and 1685. A detailed description
son of Richard Brooke and Margaret Charnock, of these two series will be found in Horwood's
his wife, could have entered at Staple Inn as early Report, vol. vii. pt. 1. They have not been printed.
as the year 1675, for his maternal grandparents, At the same time will be sold the Gawdy cor
Robert Charnock and Alice, his wife, were not respondence. a very important collection of 124 | married until 1649. Moreover, though I have not letters dated from 1579 to 1616. In them men
any record of the baptism of this Thomas Brooke, tion is made of many very memorable occurrences the Rector of Chorley has very kindly copied for which happened during that period. They are
me the following extracts from the registers of his described in Horwood's Report, vol. vii. pt. i., but parish relating to the baptism of three of the other have not been published.
children of Richard Brooke and Margaret CharThere will also be included in the sale the volu
nock:minous Norris manuscript collections, relating to William, son of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened the county of Norfolk, MS. documents relating to the Priory and family of Bokenbam (Bucking.
|_ Mabel, dau. of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened
January, 1689. ham), Sir John Fenn's 'Repertorium Chiro-Typi- | Mary. dau. of Richard Brooke of Astley, christened cum, containing more than 1,000 facsimiles of 1691.
Thomas Brooke is generally supposed to have been The passage is printed in Sweet's 'Anglo-Saxon the youngest of the sons of Richard and Margaret Reader'; but no notice is taken of the difficulty, Brooke, and so was probably born subsequently to nor is any solution offered. 1687, the year of his brother William's baptism, at The true answer is extremely simple—when you which date Thomas Brookes of Middlewich had know it. Any one acquainted with the colioquial for many years been a member of Gray's Inn. character of Anglo-Saxon narrative will, of course,
Glad as I should be to know that a mae de easily see that the words “ of these " refer to the scendant of the Brookes of Astley still exists, I walruses. The preceding sentence is a mere parerthink that it will turn out that Mr. Edward thesis. Ohthere was a practical man, and an honest, Brooke, of Pabo, Conway, &c. (whose pedigree is and knew what he was talking about. He tells us given in the last edition of the "Landed Gentry' that the horse-whale is but seven ells, or fourteen under “ Brooke of Wexbam), is not a descendant feet long. Then he adds, parenthetically, “but in of this family, as asserted by Sir Bernard Burke, my country, the real whales are ninety-six or one but that his progenitor was the above-mentioned hundred feet long"; and then, continuing bis Thomas Brookes of Middlewich.
narrative," he said, that he with five others killed In one point I find the · Peerage and Baronet- sixty of them in two days." The A.-S. tho'ra is age' is correct. Although for centuries the Astley best translated by “ of them," as usual. estate belonged to the Charnocks, Sir Peter Thus the whole difficulty utterly vanishes. I Brooke does seem to have owned it. Possibly have no doubt whatever that six men could kill the Charnocks, impoverished as they were by five walruses apiece in the course of the day, at a their loyalty to King Charles, may have sold this time when they could be found plentifully. Per. estate to Sir Peter with the understanding that on haps it could even be done now. A little pamphlet his death it should pass to his son Richard, the on. Orosian Geography' has just been published by husband of Margaret Charnock. The unique col-W. & A. K. Johnston. It is written by J. McCubbin lection of charters showing the descent of the and D. T. Holmes, and gives a translation of the manor, which Mr. Townley-Parker is said to pos- Voyages' of Ohthere and Wulfstan, with three sess, would no doubt clear up this difficulty. "At illustrative maps. WALTER W. SKEAT. any rate in the Chorley registers there is the following entry :
MINCH OR Minsh HOUSES.-In a very curious
little book I have lately fallen in with I find the Peter Brooke of Astley, Knight, buried Dec. 3, 1685.
following passages :In the church there is a long Latin inscription, in " Then lay at a mincb-house in the road, being a good which the worthy knight is said to have been inne for the country; for most of the public houses I “ Filius natu vigessimus sextus Thomæ Brooke de mett with before in country places were no better than Norton in Comitat Cestrise Armig.” Astley seems ale houses, which they call here minch-houses.” to be a most interesting place, containing much
“Gott to Lesmahago, which I found to be but a small
village, but in it is a sort of inne or minsh-house of old oak furniture. Has it ever been visited by
considerable note kept by a ffarmer of great dealings." any of the archæological societies ? H. W. FORSYTH HARWOOD.
I have never met with the word minch or minsh 12, Onslow Gardens, 8.W.
before, nor can I find any one who has done so. It
| is not to be found in Jamieson. I do not think OHTHERE'S VOYAGE. There is a passage about
it is a Scots word, notwithstanding the conclusion Ohthere's voyage in Ælfred's translation of Orosius
of the first of the above extracts. Can any reader which has been curiously misunderstood. Dr. Bos
of 'N. & Q.' throw light on the subject? I subjoin worth's translation, p. 41, gives it thus :
some particulars about the book : 'North of Eng.
land and Scotland in 1704,' Edinburgh, William “He chiefly went thither, in addition to the seeing of the country, on account of the horse-whales walruses 1.
Blackwood, 1818; only one hundred copies printed. because they have very good bone in their teeth ; of
The copy I have seen belongs to the Signet Library, these teeth they brought some to the king; and their and is inscribed, “For Mr. David Laing from his hides are very good for ship-ropes. This whale is much Friend W. B." I give here the publisher's note:less than other whales; it is not longer than seven ells;
"The following Journal is now first published from but in his own country is the best whale-hunting: they
the original manuscript formerly in the possession of the are eight and forty ello long, and the largest fifty elis
late Mr. Jobnes, of Hafod, the well-known translator of long; of these, he said, that he was one of six who killed
Froissart, Joinville, &c." sixty in two days [i, e., he with five others killed sixty in two days].”
Nothing is known with regard to the author, but Dr. Bosworth's note is :
it appears probable that he was a Londoner. “Every translator has found a difficulty in this pag
R. A. G. sage, as it appeared impossible for six men to kill sixty
Edinburgh. whales in two days."
MEANING OF NORE.—I do not think the sigAfter which follows a long discussion, showing the nification of the word “Nore" as a place-name has impossibility of the feat.
ever been discussed; and as it would be interest