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“Mixing blood with mortar in order (as was supposed) if he could call, by appointment, on a Friday, Ho increase the stability of foundations seems to have between four and six o'clock. been an ancient superstition amongst the British,"

C. H. E. CARMICHAEL, Foreign Sec. R.S.L. And in a note continues :

21, Delabay Street, S.W. “Fitzstephen, in his description of London, says that the town was built with mortar tempered with the COLOURS AS SURNAMES (7th S. vi, 208, 272).-10 blood of beasts. Habet ab oriente arcem Palatinam,

a reply (6th 8. x. 438) to a query on the origin of the maximam et fortissimam, cujus et arca et muri a fundamento profundissimo exurgunt; comento cum sanguine

use of colour in surnames, I incidentally introduced animalium temporato.' The writer evidently attributes a quaint quotation, remarking, just as MR. HACKthe strength of the citadel as much to the blood as to | wood does, on the absence in England of some colour the depth of the foundation."

names that are common in other countries. This “ Vortigern, when attempting to build his town on was met by a rejoinder from PROF. SKEAT, in the Mount Eriv, was told by his magicians that in order to procure a firm foundation, he must find a youth that

characteristic style MR. HACKWOOD deprecates, never had a father, and kill him, and then sprinkle the pointing out that Red does exist as a surname, under stones and cement with his blood,' for by those means, the spelling Reid, &c. This cannot be considered a they said, he would have a firm foundation."

satisfactory rejoinder, as it only moves back the R. W. HACKWOOD. difficulty which remains under this form : Why was Advices were brought from Accra, dated Dec. 8. the earlier spelling retained in this one particular 1881, that the King of Ashantee had murdered

instance ? Other replies, however, were elicited, 200 girls, for the purpose of using their blood to which supply instances of persons of the name of mix with the mortar employed in the building of Red, Orange, Purple, actually existing, just serv. a new palace. Compare this with St. Luke xiii. 1. ing to accentuate their general absence (see 6" S. Some instances are mentioned in an article on

1, 289, 438, 520; xi. 72, 129, 452). MR. HACK"Panics' in the Spectator. Sept. 1. 1888, p. 1186. WOOD will find some curious information anent bis especially a recent case in England. W. C. B. inquiry in the work named by me at 66 8. X. 438.

R. H. BUSK. F. M‘C. will find a striking illustration of a part 16, Montagu Street, Portman Square. of his subject in 'The Tower of St. Maur,' a poem

Blue exists among us in its early form of Bluet, in Miss Mary Robinson's recently published

or Bluett, sometimes spelt Blewet. My list of volume, 'Songs, Ballads, and a Garden Play

carious medieval names, now very large, contains John RANDALL

| but fow instances of colour. I give such as there

are, the date referring to the earliest known. (E TORIN PAPYRUS (70 S. vi. 209).—This Green, as your correspondent J. T. F. remarks, is papyrus, containing what is now a singularly frag- / almost always of local origin. mentary list of Egyptian kings, was brought from | Brown. — Fauvel (chestnut), 1327; BrowneThebes by an Italian named Drovetti. Accounts swayne, 1389. more or less full are to be found in the writings of Black.-La Blak, 1272; Blakson, 1343 ; Blakamost of the distinguished Egyptologists, whether mour, 1362. Britisb or continental. I may thus mention Grey.--Greygrom, 1327; Grayson, 1461. Brugsch Bey, Hist. of Egypt under the Pharaohs,'! Red.-Skarlet, 1275; The Rede, 1253; Le vol. i. pp. 39, 47, 48; a translation is given vold ii. Rede, 1291; Le Redclerk, 1325; Redheued, 1347; p. 165. This writer says that the Turin papy rus | Redemane, 1376. is once contained the most complete list of the kings Violet. –Vyolet, 1469. of Egypt in their chronological order, according to White.-Whitemon, 1321 ; The White, 1339 ; the views of the compiler, who, however, did not Whitfelawe, 1380; Whitebrest, 1392; Snowbite, give any account of the contemporaneous double | 1416; Whitechild, 1439. reigns of two kings, which have been proved be- Gold.-Goldheu, 1274; Gowlde, 1459. yond all doubt by the inscriptions." The late W. | Silver, 1457.

HERMENTRUDE. Osburn, F.R.S.L., in his Monumental Hist. of| Egypt' (Lond., 1854), vol. i. pp. 227–8, has an

There are several Welsh surnames traceable more account, in the course of which he severely Scri- ||

or less certainly to colours. Thus Gwyn, from ticizes Seyffarth's arrangement of the fragments

Gwin = white. Lloyd, from Llwyd=grey. Also In the Transactions of the Royal Society of

others probably derived as follows: Dee (Du= Literature, N.S., iii. pp. 128, seqq., will be found

black); Mellin (Melyn=yellow); Gough_(Coch= a paper by Dr. E. Hincks, read before the society in 1846, on 'A Portion of the Turin Book of name occurs in the registers of our parish church..

ARTHUR MEE. Kings.' A facsimile of the Turin papyrus is in the library of the society, and either I or my dol

Llanelly. league, the librarian, Mr. T. R. Gill, M.R.A.S., In a rather remote part of Yorkshire I once bad would be happy to show it to your correspondent occasion to ask a parish clerk for his name. He was an intelligent man, with red hair: His answer PERALDIC (7th S. vi. 248). -The arms are those was, “They call me Redhead, but my name is of the ancient family of Stoughton, which Burke Readhead (=Reedhead).”

W. C. B. describes as one " of remote antiquity." In the I may inform MR. HACKWOOD that the death

a time of Stephen, Godwin de Stocktun resided at of “Winter Purple” was recorded in our local

Stocktun. The chief line, the Stoughtons, of

Stoughton, co. Surrey, became extinct at the depress this year. I shall be glad to refer to my

cease of Sir Laurence Stoughton, second baronet, file for further particulars if wished.

in 1692. The crest of the family is a robin-red

WM. VINCENT. Belle Vuo Rise, Norwich.

breast ppr.

ONESIPHORUS. MR. HACKWOOD will find in the New York Anson's 'VOYAGES' (5th S. iii. 489 ; iv. 78, 100, City Directory' the names Redd, Blue, Purple, 396 ; 7th S. vi. 92, 235).-It may be that some of and Yellowlee, also Violet. A. TOWNSHEND. the internal evidence of authorship and of its “A HOLBORN WIG” (7th S. vi. 228).-Judging

mixed nature, noted a year or so ago when read

Judging ing both Anson and Thomas, may be worth a place from a passage in Etheredge's 'The Man of Mode, linn

of Mode,' in N. & Q. I think your correspondent (p. 92) Act III, sc, iii., it would seem that “a Holborni in oro

Lolborn is in error that Thomas's allusion to the return wig" meant “an untidy or unfashionable wig,” the

of some one, and subsequent claim to deteridea being Holborn as opposed to the West-End.

minations of longitude, refers to Mr. Walter, "Oh ! odious, there's many of my own sex with that who it is clear was with the ship till she reached Holborn equipage trigg to Grey's Inn-Walks ; and now and then travel hither on a Sunday.”

Canton; for Thomas, on the opposite page, speaks

of the report of thisclaim as reaching them while there, This is spoken in the Mail” (Mall). I quote from

and further adds that it was “thought safe" bea copy of the play “ Printed for the Company of

cause they were believed to be lost. I understand Booksellers," probably about 1730.

J. F. MANSERGA.

that two, at least, of the party (a Capt. Norris and Liverpool.

| a lieutenant) returned (Thomas, p. 5) before Anson

rounded Cape Horn ; in doing which, or after, he ST. LAURENCE (7th S. V. 468 ; vi. 131).-1 was thought to be lost, and nothing was heard of should like to know the actual authority for the bim till he reached China. At the close of chap. ii. statement that St. Laurence of Canterbury was not book iii. Anson's account is given of a separation of canonized, as he is mentioned in catalogues of the party, Mr. Anson and some of the crew being saints in the same manner as those who unques. on shore at Tinian, one of the Ladrones, while the tionably were. Is it meant that he was only ship was driven to sea. Here the narration of the beatified ? Baronius, ‘Mart. Roman.,' has at Feb-party at sea is in the first person : “Leaving beruary 2:-

hind us, on the Island, Mr. Anson with many of “Cantuariæ in Anglia natalis 8. Laurentii Episcopi, our officers” (p. 429). In the next chapter the qui post 8. Augustinum eam ecclesiam gubernavit, et story of the party left on the island is in the third regem ipsum ad fidem convertit.”—P. 57, Paris, 1607. person : “And here I must relate an incident Ribadeneira and Alban Butler notice him upon which for some time gave Mr. Anson more conthe same day. I have not for reference Trithemius, I cern than all the preceding disasters” (p. 433). • De Viris Illustr. O.S.B.,' iv. 49, where there may This chapter ends with their return to Tinian : be some notice of this. He obviously has a place “The joining of our Commander and Shipmates in the Roman martyrology, whether justly or not. I were not less pleasing to us than our return was to

By the kind reference of my friend the Rev. them” (p. 441). In Pascoe Thomas's list of officers W. D. Macray to the 'Acta Sanctorum,' Feb- who were on shore at the time the chaplain's name ruary 2, I have been able to ascertain that while does not occur, as I think it would had he been Archbishop Laurence is named in calendars and with them. The relation of those driven to sea martyrologies at various places, and has an office (chap. iv.) is in the first person again. In Anin the Sarum Breviary, there is no mention in that son (chap. vii.), after they had reached Canton, collection of any decree for canonization or beatifi-occurs : “And I, having obtained the Commocation, and that nothing is said there of apy formal | dore's leave to return, embarked with them” (p. recognition. I am aware that the absence of canon. | 483); and Thomas also speaks of some who reization can be referred to the statement of Bishop | turned to England from Canton in other vessels, Stubbs, and have referred to Haddan and Stubbs's and says: “I think, in the same ship, Mr. Walter ‘Concilia,' vols. i. and iii., so that the query may our Chaplain” (Thomas, p. 269). Anson's Darrarather take this form-How the name comes to be tive continues in the third person after this, till in such lists as those above mentioned, and in the quite at the end there are some remarks on the Sarum Breviary, which is, apparently, a more Chinese in the first person. general recognition than local saints obtain.

All this looks as though Mr. Walter edited ED. MARSHALL. Lord Anson's journal; for when he is with them

the narrative is in the first person, but is changed ward IV. Y. S. M., in 4th S. xi. 282, having seen to the third when he leaves, very much like Luke's in the Clergy List' (1829) that Dr. Henry Fry relation to St. Paul in the Acts of the Apostles. was “Confessor of the Household," asks “whether This does not forbid a further editing by Mr. the office is still in existence" in 1873, to which Robins, but his relation to the book is not clear there is again an official reply, “We believe that to me. See the letter to him from Lord Anson, the office of Confessor is held by the Sub-Dean of and his biography in 'Biog. Dict.,' 1784, and in the Chapel Royal." Gorton. It is quite clear, however, that he was The present Sub-Dean of the Chapel Royal and not with the expedition, and one would suppose, Chaplain to Her Majesty's Household at St. James's as a mathematician, his editing would be determina- | Palace is the Rev. J. E. Sheppard. tions of latitude and longitude in connexion with

ED. MARSHALL. the maps rather than in the current English of the

NOTE IN ROGERS'S 'ITALY (7th S. vi. 267).-In journal.

W. C. M. B.

D. the edition published by Moxon in 1839, duoPeircy Brett's letter, which the Rev. E. L. H. decimo in size, though the signatures are in eights, Tew inquires for, is amongst the captain's letters at p. 312, among the additional notes is this :in the Public Record Office. The passage referred Then on that masterpiece. You admire that picture,' to is as follows :

said an old Dominican to me at Padua, as I stood con

templating a Last Supper in the Refectory of bis Con"Pray when you see Mr. Robins, be so good to pay my

vent, the figures as large as the life. I have sat at my compliments to him and tell him I shall be glad to see

meals before it for seven and forty years; and such are the fruits of his labour, for I understand the voyage will

the changes that have taken place among us-go many be published soon. The subscribers are very impatient

have come and gone in the time-that, when I look upon about it, and frequently enquire of me when it is to come

the company there-upon those who are sitting at that forth; and my answer is that I don't know, but believe

table, silent as they are-I am sometimes inclined to it will be soon,"

think that we, and not they, are the shadows.'*" Of course this, taken by itself, might imply that this note is not in the 1830 edition, Robins was absolutely the author; but taken in

W. E. BUCKLEY. connexion with other known circumstances may equally imply that he was assistant editor, and

I have an edition of the above on large paper, seeing it through the press. It is quite impossible

illustrated by Turner and Stothard, in which I to say what his actual share in the work was ; but

find the note required. It is a quotation from for all practical purposes I believe Anson was the

Vasari, and is as follows :author. I may add that Brett's Christian name,

“The Transfiguration, la quale opera nel vedere il according to his own signature, was Peircy, not,

o corpo morto, e quella viva, faceva scoppiare l'anima di icy, bot, dolore à ogni uno che quivi guardava.'-Vasari.”

of as is commonly written, Piercy. J. K. LAUGHTON.

EMILY COLE.

Teignmouth. CONFESSOR OF THE HOUSEHOLD (7th S. vi. 267). The note of Vasari is also sent by MR, J, CARRICK -This is an ancient subject in 'N. & Q. At let MOORE and MR. HENRY GERALD HOPE. The longer S. x, 9 there is a query from a YOUNG SUBSCRIBER, note is sent by MR. E. H. COLEMAN.7 to which there is a reply in an editorial note, from which it appears that the office is connected with

| LITERATURE OF CHURCH BELLS (7th S. vi, 181, the Chapel Royal, and that the appointment is by

294).-It is unnecessary and impossible to reprint the Dean of the Chapel Royal, the Bishop of Lon.

in ''N. & Q.' the large collections towards a bibliodon, and that it was held in 1854 by Dr. Charles

graphy of bells which that patriarch of cam panology Wesley. The confessor, sometimes called chap

the late Rev. H. T. Ellacombe has made in his lain, officiates at the morning prayers, which the

ich books. County lists were asked for. The writer Great Duke punctually attended. There is a of this reply printed the inscriptions on the church reference to Chamberlayne's 'Magdæ Britanniæ

bells of the East Riding of Yorkshire in the YorkNotitia,' p. 97, 1755, from which it appears that

shire Archæological Journal, vols. ii., iii.

W. O. B. among the officers of the chapel were “thirty-two gentlemen of the chapel, whereof twelve " * The celebrated fresco of Lionardo da Vinci in the are priests, and one of them is Confessor to the King's monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie at Milan must household, whose office it is to read prayers every morn again and again have suggested the same reflection. ing to the family, to visit the sick, to examine and pre- Opposite to it stood the Prior's table, the monks sitting pare communicants, to inform such as desire advice in down the chamber on the right and left: and the any case of conscience or point of religion,” &c.

throughout his picture, has evidently eadeavoured to In 2nd S. vi. 409 there is a notice of the subject

make it correspond with what he saw when they were

| assembled there. The table-cloth, with the corners tied forming the matter of inquiry in the Globe of No

up, and with its regular folds as from the press, must vember 10, 1858, p. 3, col i.; and at vol. vii. p. 252/ have the

have been faithfully copied; and the dishes and drink. there is a series of notices from A.D. 1610, with ing-cups are, no doubt, such as were used by the fathers reference to the earlier 'Household Book' of Ed- in that day. See Goethe, v. xxxix. p. 94."

STANDING UP AT THE LORD'S PRAYER (7th S. himself to the error must, forsooth, “suspect that V. 429 ; vi. 18, 116, 311).—Your correspondent there is some mistake in Foster's statement." Dr. FINDLAY, at the last reference, implies that my Here is the "explanation" asked for. Charles acquaintance with ecclesiastical affairs in Scotland Blair married Lady Mary Fane, sister of John, is both slight and imperfect. In defence allow me ninth Earl of Westmorland (vide Debrett, 1819 to say that I was once a clergyman of the Episcopal edition), and the daughter of his son Charles is Church of Scotland for two years in Aberdeen; was Mrs. Ker Baillie Hamilton, Surely this is simchaplain to the late bishop of that see up to the plicity itself !

J. FOSTER. time of his death ; have frequently visited Scotland ; and am perfectly acquainted with the doc

| Lady Mary Fane, daughter of the eighth Earl trinal differences existing between the Episcopal of

of Westmorland, and aunt of the tenth earl, Church, the Established Church, the Free Church,

married Charles Blair, Esq. Her son (known to and the United Presbyterian Churcb. The pages

me personally), was, I imagine, the father of Mrs. of 'N. & Qi' are not intended for polemical dis

Baillie Hamilton, and was, of course, first cousin cussion, though I may be allowed to say that the

to the tenth earl.

G. P. Episcopal Church in Scotland is certainly not “a

THOMAS GRIFFITH WAINEWRIGHT (7th S. vi. small or invisible church," as he styles it. It is not at the present day, as Counsellor Pleydell in Guy

288).-T. MR. CHRISTIE'S remark, " That the Mannering' called it," the suffering and Episcopal

question is worth going into," I will venture to Church of Scotland—the shadow of a shade now";

give an emphatic No! What occasion is there but I can say with him honestly that "I do not

to stir up again the dirty puddle of this man's think the worse of the Presbyterian forms because

criminal career now that more than fifty years have

sped ? Never can such a blackamoor be washed they do not affect me with the same associations." The little brochure from which the quotation was

white. Shakspere's words may fitly be applied to

him :made by me at p. 116 was presented to me many years ago by the editor, the Rev. J. B. Pratt, D.D.,

"The wide sea hath drops too few to wash him clean

again, and salt too little which may season give to his Incumbent of Cruden, Aberdeenshire. The title

foul tainted flesh." page is, verbatim, as follows, “The Communion |

The whole matter was thoroughly threshed out Office / for the Use of the Church in Scotland. i MDCCXCII. | Aberdeen: | John Wilson, Castle

some seven or eight years since by W. Carew HazStreet. | 1866. W. Bennett, Printer, Aberdeen."

litt (grandson of the great critic), who published

Wainewright's · Essays and Criticisms, with an When sending information or copying out extracts

account of the author. All that need be said was strict accuracy is expected, and the transcriber has

then said; there let it rest. no right to make alterations, whether the matter be

| If MR. CHRISTIE has not seen this work, and either correct or incorrect. This bears the imprimatur of " John Skinner, Bishop and Delegate of

would like to look at it, I will lend him mine if he

will send me his address. I agree with him as to the Scotch Episcopal Church, London, March 30th, 1792," and in it the Summary of the Law is given

the ' Diary,' and think that altogether apocryphal.

JOHN TAYLOR. as to be used as an alternative in place of the

Park Lodge, Dagnall Park, South Norwood. Decalogue.

Appended to vol. ii, of the fifth edition of 'Ser Full particulars of his career and sentence passed mons by the Rev. John Logan 'may be found 'A after pleading “Guilty" to the charges preferred Complete Detail of the Service of a Communion against him at the Old Bailey Sessions on July 5, Sunday according to the Usage of the Church of 1837, together with his interview with Mr. Charles Scotland,' pp. 297–425, including the psalms and Dickens, Mr. Procter, and Mr. Macready, as well sermons. This is, of course, according to the form as a copy of his petition to the Governor of Van of the Established or Presbyterian Church of Scot- Diemen's Land, appear in All the Year Round for land. Interesting accounts of this may be found in January 5, 1867. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. ‘Peter's Letters to his Kinsfolk,' voi. ii., and in 71, Brecknock Road, Howitt's Visits to Remarkable Places,' vol. i., There is an account of his life at Hobart Town, “Sacrament Sunday at Kilmorac."

and of his petition for a ticket of leave, with an John PICKFORD, M. A.

autobiographical sketch, in N. & Q.;' 3r0 . X. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

263, from MR. D. BLAIR, of Melbourne. There I We have allowed MR. PICKFORD to reply. From other is nothing in MR, BLAIR's notice to re-establish his letters that have been received it is clear that we are treading on dangerous ground, and no further correspond

character.

ED. MARSHALL.

hat ence on this branch of the subject will be admitted. The general subject seems, indeed, to us played out.]

Count LUCANOR' (7th S. vi. 199, 289).—This

legend or story was published some fifty years CHARLES BLAIR (7th S. vi. 329).--Sigma falls since in Bentley's Miscellany, under the title of into an error of his own creation, and to reconcile The Patron King,' by Mrs. Trollope. It is about

the same as that given in 'N. & Q.' by MR. T. mouth somewhat open. Thirdly, spit out in the morning ADOLPHUS TROLLOPE, but much more in detail, that which is gathered together that night in the throate:

then take a linnen cloth and rub your teeth well within occupying thirteen pages of Bentley and illustrated

and without to take away the fumosities of the meat and by a full-page engraving by Hervieu. The three

gree the yellownesse of the teeth." clever chaps who invent the delusion are described

“Sleepe with your mouth somewhat open," foras French mariners wrecked on the coast of Granada.

sooth! It has been reserved for a faddist of the John TAYLOR.

present day to devise mechanical means to prevent Park Lodge, Dagnall Park, South Norwood.

this very thing; and who does not remember the The story of the invisible garment and the outcry George Catlin uttered in his 'Shut your obsequiousness of the courtiers, will be found in Mouth,' a book which ran through at least six edi. the Sämtliche Märchen' of Hans Christian Ander- tions? Nightmare, headache, toothache, rheusen, under the title of 'Des Kaiser's neue Kleider.' matism, dyspepsia, gout, bronchitis, quinsey, croup, The source whence it is derived is not stated. asthma, rickets, diseases of the liver, heart, spine, The dénotment is rather more gracefully attributed and of the whole of the nervous system from the to a little child than to a poor beggar-man : brain to the toes may chiefly be attributed to this

" Aber er hat ja nichts an ! sagte endliche ein kleines deadly and unnatural habit” of open-mouthed Kind. Herr Gott, hört des Unschuldigen stimme, sagte slumber, says the alarmist. der Vater; uber er hat ja nichts an! rief zuletzt das

But to revert to the seventeenth century. In ganze Volk. Das ergriff den Kaiser, denn es schien ihm,

the ‘Booke of the Demeanor'(1619) Richard West sie hätten Recht,” u.s.w.

J. A. PICTON.

enjoined :Sandyknowe, Wavertree.

Keep white thy teeth and wash thy mouth

With water pure and cleane, GOOSE (7th S. vi. 287).- In the early forties I And in that washing mannerly was walking with my father along the left bank of

Observe and keep a moane. the little river Ise, not far from Wellingborougb, Reprints of Vaugban and Weste's works are to be and coming to a clump of doddrel willows we put found in that interesting publication of the Early up a wild duck from the central tree. Standing English Text Society which contains 'The Babees upon my father's shoulders and looking into the Book.' There, too, one comes on 'Modus Cenandi' hollow head of the tree I saw a sight which only a (Cotton MS. Titus, A xx., fol. 175, recto)—I do born birds'-nester could fully appreciate. There not know the date_“Englished literally," in which were fifteen or sixteen eggs, surrounded by a dentes fricet is rendered “Let him...... brush his fringe of down, for the duck had not bad time to teeth, and is indexed “Teeth, brush 'em," though cover them over before leaving them. For two or it may be questioned whether “rub 'em” would three consecutive years I went to the same tree, not have been more to the point. and each year I found a nest of eggs. I know In our own exquisite time Dr. John Brown, ducks are not geese ; but their habits seem to be author of 'Rab and his Friends' bas, unless I much alike; and if ducks“ build in trees” wby greatly mistake, written somewhat doubtfully conshould not geese ?

J. M. Cowper. cerning the benefit and necessity of tooth brushing Canterbury.

in a little book on health, addressed to the work. We are told in the Penny Cyclopaedia, s.v. 1og cle

ing classes.

St. SWITHIN. “Goose," that “the Grey Lag, or common Wild The passage in Martial referred to by MR. J. B. Goose, is the origin of the domestic goose of our BELL is in book xiv, epigram xxii. :farmyards. 'It is' says Pendant, the only species

Dentiscalpium, that the Britons could take young and familiarize.'” Lentiscum melius : sed si tibi frondea cuspis In the course of the article there is a passing re Defuerit, deptes penna levare potest. ference to "the tree geese (or ducks as they have There is another epigram on this subject, bk. vi. been called).”

J. F. MANSERGI. epigram lxxiv.: Liverpool.

Ad Esculanum, de calvo et edentulo. Tooth BRUSHES (7th S. vi. 247, 292). -I think Medio recumbit imus ille qui lecto the teeth of the seventeenth century-to say nothing

Calvam trifilem segmentatus unguento of those of earlier date—were cleansed, when they

Foditque tonsis ora laxa lentiscis :

Mentitur, Esculane, non habet dentes. were cleansed, otherwise than by brushing. One of William Vaughan's 'Fifteen Directions to pre

These passages seem, however, to refer to toothserve Health'(1602) was :

picks rather than tooth-brushes in our sense of the “ Picke and rub your teeth: and because I would not

word.

W. E. BUCKLEY. haue you to bestow much cost in making dentrifices for Decker, in the Gull's Horn-Book,' 1609, gives them; I will aduertise you by foure rules of importance the follo how to keepe your teeth white and yncorruyt, and also to

o the following suggestion to the coxcomb:haue a sweeto breath. First wash well your mouth when “After dinner you may then be seen for a turn or two you baue eaten your meat : secondly sleepe with your to correct your teeth with some quill or silver instru

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