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peace and of all virtues, without which whosoever liveth is counted dead before thee: Grant this for thine only Son Jesus Christ's sake. Amen.

2. When are all our doings nothing worth? When we have not charity. “Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I give all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.” (1 Cor. xiii. 1, 2, 3.)

3. What is the Scriptural meaning of the word charity ? Love, good-will, brotherly-kindness. The same Greek word (àyánn), which in Gal. v. 22 is translated love, is, in 1 Cor. xiii. 1, 2, 3, translated charity.

4. What kind of gift is it here called ?

That most excellent gift.“ Above all things have fervent charity among yourselves.” (1 Pet. iv. 8.)

5. How do we obtain this most excellent gift ?

By the Holy Ghost. “The fruit of the Spirit is love" (charity, αγάπη). (Gal. ν. 25.) 6. What other term is here given to it ?

The very bond of peace, and of all virtues. “ Above all these things, put on charity (love, åyánn), which is the bond of perfect

(Col. iii. 14.) 7. If we have not charity, how are we esteemed before God?

We are counted dead. “He that loveth not his brother, abideth in death.” (1 John iii. 14.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the First Day of Lent, commonly called Ash-WEDNESDAY. Almighty and everlasting God, who hatest nothing that thou hast made, and dost forgive the sins of all them that are penitent; Create and make in us new and contrite hearts, that we worthily lamenting our sins, and acknowledging our wretchedness, may obtain of thee, the God of all mercy, perfect remission and forgiveness ; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 9 This Collect is to be read every day in Lent after the Collect appointed

for the Day. 2. Why is the first day of Lent, Ash-Wednesday, so called?

Because anciently the penitents sprinkled ashes upon their heads, as a mark of their humility, to mind them of their mortality, and also to shew what punishment they deserved for their sins, namely, to be burnt to ashes.

3. Why is the season which commences on Ash-Wednesday called Lent?

It is so called from an old Saxon word, signifying Spring, during which season Lent is always observed.

4. Of how many days does Lent consist?

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From Ash-Wednesday to the feast of Easter there are forty-six days, but six of these days are Sundays, which are always observed by the Church as days of rejoicing; the fast, therefore, of Lent consists of forty days.

5. Why of that number of days? The number seems to have been chosen partly in imitation of Moses and Elias in the Old Testament, but principally in imitation of our Saviour's fast in the New.

6. Why is the day before Ash-Wednesday called Shrove-Tuesday?

From the old Saxon words shrive, shrift, or shrove, which in their language signified to confess, it being a custom amongst the Roman Catholics to confess their sins on that day.

7. Give a text from Scripture to prove that God hateth nothing that He hath made.

“The Lord is good to all, and his tender mercies are over all his works.” (Ps. cxlv. 9.)

8. Prove that He forgives the sins of all them that are penitent. “Let the wicked forsake his ways, and the unrighteous man his thoughts, and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him, and to our God, and he will abundantly pardon him." (Isa. lv. 7.)

9. What do we beseech God to create in us?

“Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me.” (Ps. li. 10.)

10. If we lament our sins, and acknowledge our wretchedness, what may we hope to attain ?

Perfect remission and forgiveness. “If we confess our sins he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (1 John i. 9.)

11. Through whom do we thus obtain forgiveness?

Through Jesus Christ our Lord. “In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our sins.” (Eph. i. 7.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the FIRST SUNDAY IN LENT. O LORD, who for our sake didst fast forty days and forty nights ; Give us grace to use such abstinence, that our flesh being subdued to the Spirit, we may ever obey thy godly motions in righteousness, and true holiness, to thy honour and glory, who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

2. Repeat that portion of St. Matthew which shews that our Lord fasted forty days and forty nights.

“ Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil; and when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.” (Matt. iv. 2.)

3. Why do we pray that we may through grace use abstinence? That our flesh may be subdued to the Spirit. “For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die; but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.” (Rom. viii. 13.)

4. When the flesh is brought into subjection to the Spirit, what is the consequence ?

“ That we ever obey the godly motions of the Holy Spirit, in righteousness and true holiness.” (Eph. iv. 24.) 5. To whose honour and glory will this contribute?

To the glory of Him who liveth and reigneth with the Father and the Holy Ghost. “ Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether it be by life or death.” (Phil. i. 20.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the SECOND SUNDAY IN LENT. Almighty God, who seest that we have no power of ourselves to help ourselves; Keep us both outwardly in our bodies, and inwardly in our souls ; that we may be defended from all adversities which may happen to the body, and from all evil thoughts which may assault and hurt the soul; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

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2. Have we any power of ourselves to help ourselves without God's assistance ?

No; for “ without me ye can do nothing.” (John xv. 5.) 3. In what two things do we beseech Him to keep us ?

Outwardly, in our bodies, and inwardly in our souls. God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit, and soul, and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Thess. v. 23.)

4. What do we pray to be defended from?

1st. From all adversities which may happen to the body. “The Lord shall preserve thee from all evil.” (Ps. cxxi. 7.)

2ndly. From all evil thoughts that may assault and hurt the soul. “ Search me, O Lord, and know my heart, try me and know my thoughts, and see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.” (Ps. cxxxix. 23, 24.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the THIRD SUNDAY IN LENT. We

eseech thee, Almighty God, look upon the hearty desires of thy humble servants, and stretch forth the right hand of thy Majesty, to be our defence against all our enemies ; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

2. What do we beseech Almighty God to look upon ?

The hearty desires of his humble servants. “ Lord, thou hast heard the desire of the humble ; thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear.” (Ps. x. 17.)

3. What do we pray Him to set forth?

The right hand of his Majesty. “Fear thou not for I am with thee: be not dismayed, for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.” (Isa. xli. 10.) 4. Against what will God's right hand be our defence ?

Against all our enemies. “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.(Ps. xxiii. 4.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the Fourth SUNDAY IN LENT.

Grant, we beseech thee, Almighty God, that we, who for our evil deeds do worthily deserve to be punished, by the comfort of thy grace may mercifully be relieved ; through our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.

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2. What do we deserve for our evil deeds?

To be punished. “Fools, because of their transgressions, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.” (Ps. cvii. 17.)

3. How are we relieved from punishment ?

By the comfort of God's grace. By grace ye are saved through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.” (Eph. ii. 8.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the Fifth SUNDAY IN LENT. We beseech thee, Almighty God, mercifully to look upon thy people ; that by thy great goodness they may be governed and preserved evermore, both in body and soul; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

2. How do we beseech God to look upon his people ?

Mercifully. “ Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may live, for thy law is my delight.” (Ps. cxix. 77.)

3. By what do we pray to be governed and preserved evermore? By God's

great goodness. “ The goodness of God endureth continually.” (Ps. lii. 1.)

4. In what do we pray to be governed evermore?

Both in body and soul. “I pray God your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Thess. v. 23.)

5. Through whom are we preserved in body and soul !

Through Jesus Christ our Lord. “ Thanks be to God which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Cor. xv. 57.)

1. Repeat the Collect for the SUNDAY NEXT BEFORE EASTER. ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, who, of thy tender love towards mankind, hast sent thy Son, our Saviour Jesus Christ, to take upon him our flesh, and to suffer death upon the cross, that all mankind should follow the example of his great humility ; Mercifully grant, that we may both follow the example of his patience, and also be made partakers of his resurrection ; through the same Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

2. What is the week which immediately precedes Easter called ?

Sometimes it is termed the Great week, because in it was transacted an affair of the greatest importance to mankind. Sometimes the Holy week, from those devout exercises which Christians employed themselves in upon this occasion. Sometimes Passion week, from the death and passion of our Saviour Christ, which took place at that time.

3. What name is usually given to the Sunday before Easter? Palm Sunday, from the people cutting down branches of palm trees this day, and strewing them in the way when Christ entered into Jerusalem. (See Mark xi. 8.)

4. Whom has God out of tender love towards all mankind sent into the world?

“ God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (John iii. 16.)

5. Prove that Jesus took upon Him our flesh. “ The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us.(John i. 14.) 6. Prove that He suffered death upon the cross.

“ And they took Jesus and led him away, and he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a scull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha, where they crucified him.” (John xix. 16, 17, 18.)

7. What part of Christ's character ought mankind particularly to follow?

His great humility. “Be clothed with humility, for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.” (1 Pet. v. 5.)

8. For what do we pray in the conclusion of this Collect? 1st. That we may follow the example of Christ's patience," who when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously." (1 Pet. ii. 23.)

2ndly. That we may be partakers of his resurrection. are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.” (2 Cor. i. 7.)

1. Repeat the first Collect for Good Friday. ALMIGHTY God, we beseech thee graciously to behold this thy family, for which our Lord Jesus Christ was contented to be betrayed, and given up into the hands of wicked men, and to suffer death upon the cross, who now liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, eve one God, world without end. Amen,

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2. Why is this day called Good Friday?

From the blessed effects of our Saviour's sufferings, which are the ground of all our joy, and from those unspeakably good things He hath purchased for us by his death.

3. Has this day always been observed by Christians ?

Yes; the commemoration of our Saviour's sufferings has been kept from the very first ages of Christianity; and was always observed as a day of strictest fasting and humiliation, from a sense of the guilt of the sins of the whole world, which drew upon our blessed Redeemer the painful and shameful death of the cross.

4. Whom do we beseech God graciously to behold?

His family. “Now, therefore, ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God.” (Eph. ii. 19.)

5. What was Christ content to suffer for God's household ?

1st. To be betrayed. “He that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whosoever I shall kiss, that same is he, take him,

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