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Reeds, Rattan, Cane, Raphia, Straw, Rush, etc.

For Basketry and Industrial Work

The above illustration gives approximate sizes of Reeds used for basket making. The sizes range from very fine to extra coarse, meeting every need of the basket maker. Also the larger sizes, 7, 8 and 9, not shown in illustration. Packed in one pound bundles.

We also supply round, square, oval and rectangular basket bottoms with holes bored. Sizes 3, 5, 6, 8, 10 and 12 inches. Made from good clean wood and accurately drilled.

Chair Caning Material

Cane is furnished 1000 feet in a bundle, fine, medium, or coarse.

Raphia, Straw, Rush

We carry Raphia in natural color, bleached, and artistically colored.

Sweet Grass, plain or braided. Rush, braided, natural green color. Straw, braided 1⁄2-inch wide, natural color; also colored red and green.

NEEDLES

Packing; Sail; Loom; Tapestry.

TOOLS FOR BASKETRY

Round Nose; Flat Pliers; Cutting Pliers: 4-inch Awl.

Looms and Material for Weaving

THE TYNDAL LOOM

Practical and economical; veneered stock; locked corners; size 13 inches.

COTTON ROVING

Jute Macreme Cord-Rug Yarn-Yarns

CARPET WARP
Hammock Rings.

The Only Complete Stock of Industrial Art Material on the Coast.
Write for special illustrated circulars of School Arts Supplies.

MILTON BRADLEY COMPANY

554 MISSION STREET

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

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JOURNAL OF EDUCATION

Oldest and Best-Established School Board Periodical on the Pacific Coast ...... Representative of California Federation of School Women's Clubs, Teachers Association of San Francisco, and Devoted to the Interests of Twenty Thousand Teachers of California

VOL. XXXII, No. 10

SAN FRANCISCO, OCTOBER, 1926

THE FACTS OF ARMISTICE DAY

By RUTH THOMPSON

[THERE ARE seven personified Facts in this play, and the Speaker. If it is possible to obtain forty-four children to represent the forty-four countries mentioned, then these children may be included. But it is not necessary that these countries be represented by children, for, during a previous drawing or handwork period, children may cut cards and print upon each one the names of the countries that are mentioned: the twenty-four Allies, four Central Powers, ten neutral countries, and six countries which, though they did not fight, broke off relations with Germany. If the countries are represented in person, then each child may make a flag of that country and this flag he may carry, or, if it is a small paper flag, he may wear it. Another suggestion is that, on the printed cards labeled with the country's name, the flag be drawn and colored. This will take some study on the part of the pupils, but it should prove an interesting and worth-while project.

The child chosen for the Speaker must act the part of a sympathetic but learned person, a teacher or college professor. The costume may be plain and the child wear horn-rimmed glasses. He may have near him a large pile of books.

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The Facts, which number seven, may be dressed in various ways. One costume may be of cambric with newspaper clippings attached to it. Any costume suggestive of where we obtain knowledge or facts when we need them will be appropriate. Large pieces of cardboard, covering the child from neck to feet, cut the shape of a book, may be used, and upon the book, or books, if there are several children following this style, may be written the words, "Dictionary," " Encyclopedia, History, "' etc. Another child may attach a newspaper to himself from neck to feet, as we get many of our world facts from newspapers. Another child may have a magazine marked "Literary Digest, 'Outlook," or some such publication. Another child may wear a large map. American flags may be used in decoration of stage or room. A large map, upon which the countries at war can be pointed out, should be on the wall. There should be a place, or the floor should be clear, so that the cards representing the countries may be placed in a row in order that the audience may study them at their leisure when the Speaker has finished with them. It is not necessary that the children taking the parts of the Facts memorize their parts word for word. They must know the facts and tell them naturally to their audience.] SPEAKER:

They say that Facts are always dry,
And learning them's a chore.
But we should always know some facts,
So we'll study the World War.
Armistice is a day of

peace,

And you may wonder why

We'll summon all the Facts

And to learn them you will try.

There's a patriotic reason

For every holiday.

Our country's Facts we all should know And to them honor pay.

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PRICE, 15 CENTS SPEAKER: It took, then, four years to win the World War. Come, Fact No. 2!

(Enter Fact No. 2. He stands near the Speaker.) SPEAKER: Where does the World War get its name?

FACT NO. 2: The World War is so called because those countries involved in it covered a large part of the world. The war is often spoken of as "The War to End War."

SPEAKER: That is an interesting reply. Fact No. 3 will tell us who were included in the World War.

(Fact No. 3 enters. He may carry twenty-four cards for Allies, four for Central Powers, ten for neutral countries, and six for the countries that broke off relations with Germany though they did not fight. These cards Fact No. 3 may hold up and pronounce the name of each allied country in turn. Then Fact No. 3 places the cards so that all may see them. The twenty-four nations known as the Allies of the World War were: Serbia, Belgium, Russia, France, Great Britain, Japan, Portugal, Montenegro, Italy, San Marino, Rumania, Greece, Brazil, Cuba, Panama, Haiti, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Liberia, China, Siam, United States.)

SPEAKER: Tell us who fought against the Allies. (The Central Powers should be presented in the same way as the Allies. The opposing forces or Central Powers were: Austria-Hungary, Germany, Turkey, Bulgaria.)

SPEAKER: And what countries were neutral?

(Present in similar fashion. The neutral countries were: Holland, Spain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico.)

SPEAKER: I know we are all interested in knowing the names of the six countries who, though they did not join the war, broke off relations with Germany. Can you tell me, Fact No. 3, who they were?

(Present same as other countries, either by card or in person. Those countries that did not fight but who broke off relations with Germany were: Bolivia, Ecuador, Santo Domingo, Peru, Uruguay, Egypt. If there are enough children, and they appear instead of cards being used, the forty-four may enter, one at a time, and say his name: "I am Serbia. I fought with the Allies." "I am Belgium. I sided with the Allies," etc. Another suggestion is a child with a pointer stand at the wall map and point to each country as Fact No. 3 mentions it.)

SPEAKER: There were a number of steps that led to the World War, but I want to summon Fact No. 4 and have him tell us what the underlying cause of the war was. (Calls.) Fact No. 4! Come and tell us the underlying cause of the World War.

(Enter Fact No. 4. He says:)

The underlying cause of the World War was the ambition of the German Kaiser to make his country

the most powerful nation in the world, and to so increase his power that it would be felt in every nation.

SPEAKER: I believe that Fact No. 5 can tell us

where most of the fighting was done. Fact No. 5, will you come here?

(Enter Fact No. 5. He looks questioningly at the Speaker.) SPEAKER: Where was most of the fighting of the World War done?

FACT NO. 5: The principal battles of the World War were fought in France, Germany, and Belgium. The battleline extended practically across Europe and part of Asia. Many battles were fought

on the sea.

(If there is a map, Fact No. 5 may point out these places as he mentions them.)

SPEAKER: And the United States entered the war. Fact No. 6 will tell us why. Come, Fact No. 6.

(Enter Fact No. 6, who says:)

The World War was not fought for gain by Americans. It was a fight for the principles of Democracy. It was the fight of the American people to uphold the ideals for which the country was founded and upon which it has grown.

(Enter Fact No. 7.)

SPEAKER: Ah, here is Fact No. 7. Have you something to tell us?

FACT NO. 7: I have. I think maybe those who are studying something of the World War would like to hear one paragraph of the President's address before the special session of Congress which he had called. The President of the United States at that time was Woodrow Wilson. He said (child may take paper from pocket and read this): "We will not choose the path of submission and suffer the most sacred rights of our nation and our people to be ignored or violated. We are glad now that we see the facts with no veil of pretense about them, to fight thus for the ultimate peace of the world and for the liberation of its people, the German people included, for the rights of nations, great and small and the privilege of men everywhere to choose their way of life and obedience. THE WORLD MUST BE MADE SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY. It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war, into the most terrible and disastrous of all wars, civilization itself seeming to be in the balance. But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts-for democracy, for the right of those to submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace to all nations and make the world itself at last free."

SPEAKER: Thank you for reading that portion of Woodrow Wilson's speech. It was talked of in every corner of our nation. And now, if you listen, you will hear some of the songs that were sung during the World War.

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enough of the Facts of War! Armistice Day is a day SPEAKER (when the music has ceased): And now, with the Fourth of July on our calendar, and it is of peace. It is a legal holiday and takes its place on the calendar of the Allies. The World War, which was the most terrible war in history, is now a thing of the past, and we must look towards universal brotherhood, universal love, and understanding. We must observe Armistice Day with a spirit of gratitude and joy.

(Raises hand as though giving a blessing:)
"Blest is this day, past any other day
The world has ever known; yet must we pray
The world hereafter may so blessed be,
Never another day like this to see."
(THE END)

THE LETTERS IN THANKSGIVING

By RUTH THOMPSON

[THIS ACROSTIC may be used by the children in a short exercise. The pupils may mark the twelve letters in large print on twelve cards, respectively. Twelve children with the cards may face the class and each in order may exhibit his card and recite the couplet. He then stands with his card in front of him and the word is found to spell T-H-A-N-K-S-G-I-V-I-N-G.] T IS for thankful

This day of the year.

H STANDS for helpful,

So spread some good cheer.
A MEANS we're active,
And do as we should.
N IS for good nuts-
Thanksgiving Day food.

K MEANS a kindness
Towards someone else shown.
S MEANS that first feast-
Sixteen-twenty-one.

G STANDS for Governor,
And Bradford's the name.

I IS for Indians

Who brought deer and game. V STANDS for valiant, Those Pilgrims so brave, IN trial and trouble Their ideals did save. N FOR November,

The month of the year. G STANDS for givingThanksgiving is here!

A NEW primary building of ten classrooms had been added, at a cost of $40,000, to the Norwalk Grammar School. T. B. Moffit, District Superintendent of the Norwalk grammar

schools, expects that another addition will be necessary next year on account of the growth of population. Four hundred pupils and nineteen teachers are in the school this year. A bus system of three cars is now operated.

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