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Riverview Union Grammar School, Henry Abrams, Principal.

amount of co-operation between the Fresno County Free Library and Clarence W. Edwards, the superintendent of Fresno County. Members of the school department staff that are a deciding factor in this excellent service are: Mrs. Melissa Fuller, head of the school department; Leta Weems, senior assistant; Mrs. Meta Redlyn, secretary and statistician; Bernice Price, high school assistant; Agnes Pearson, elementary assistant; Mildred Wallace, elementary assistant; Clarence Bradford, driver.

The Fresno County Free Library carries on its work in the following educational units in the county: 11 high schools; 136 elementary schools; 4 emergency schools; county superintendent's office; nutritional home; individuals who have children in outof-the-way places and have no access to schools.

In June of each year before the books

Scandinavian Grammar School in Fresno
County Free Library.

are adopted for the new county manual, the
County Board of Education calls in con-
ference Miss Sarah E. McCardle, county
librarian, and the head of the school de-
partment. They discuss freely the new
adoptions, deciding whether they shall be
placed in the hands of the pupils, or for
the use of the teachers only. The school
department furnishes the County Board of
Education a list of the available material
at the County Library for the different
grades so that there shall be no unneces-
sary duplication of material. This co-oper-
ation between the County Board of Edu
cation and the County Library provides an

excellent service for the schools of Fresno
County.

The special supervisors from the county
superintendent's office also consult with the
school department before recommending
books to be adopted by the County Board
of Education. Some of these supervisors
make a survey of the county schools ascer-
taining, not how many, but how few books
the schools may need. At no time during
the year are books allowed to lie idle on
the shelves. When the supervisors find ex-
cess material they notify the county libra-

High School Teacherage, Coalinga.

rian and request that this material be given
to another school that may be badly in need
of the same.

Owing to the size of Fresno County and
its varied industries, the County Board of
Education and the school department of the
County Library are often called upon to co-

operate in the care of the emergency schools which spring up, as it were, over night, in various parts of the county. At present the school department is taking care of four emergency schools, two in the mountains on the San Joaquin Light & Power Company's property, and two over on the West Side in the cotton fields. These schools are taken care of, and are given the same care and attention as the other schools of the county, although there is no money provided for their support.

The Nutritional Home, a school for the under-nourished children, is also taken care of by the County Library free of charge.

Whenever the office of the county superintendent of schools requests material for their own use, it is promptly furnished them, and whenever the county superintendent of schools recommends that an individual who is living miles from a school be given service the same is rendered without a question.

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Mr. Daniel E. Doran has become the vicepresident and Pacific Coast manager of the Mack Travel Service Bureau, with offices in the Balboa building, Second and Market streets. Mr. Doran is well and favorably known to many of our readers and those contemplating a trip during vacation should consult him.

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San Francisco State Teachers

College

Summer Session-July 21 to July 30, 1926

Culture courses and required professional courses for candidates for degree and credentials.

A course in Individual Differences and Individual Instruction. Lectures, Materials, and a Demonstration School.

Courses in the Physical Sciences, Biology, Health Education, Psychology, the Social Sciences, Literature, Music, Art, Stagecraft and Impromptu Dramatization, Physical Education, Sewing. Courses required for credential adjustment, such as Public Education in California, Constitution of the United States, etc. Also courses required for the Administration and Supervision credential.

San Francisco has an unparalleled working climate and unlimited opportunities for music, art, and recreational diversion.

Address CLARA CRUMPTON, Registrar
STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

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UNCLE SAM'S DOMAIN IN THE

SIERRA NEVADA OF
CALIFORNIA

(Being notes of a few fundamental things which must be done if this region is to be saved from destruction.)

In order to save some of the remaining wilderness spaces as they were turned out by the hand of the Creator until the American people learn how to use without destroying these national assets, wise and farsighted conservationists must:

(1) See that the region southeast of the present Yosemite National Park, of which it was once robbed, is returned to the park. This region lies within a triangle outside the present southeastern park boundary, the base of which could be an east and west line extended from the extreme present southern park boundary below Mariposa Grove eastward to Mammoth Crest either all the way to Bloody Canyon country joining the present park boundary, or turning westward about Agnew Pass and joining the present park boundary at Mount Lyell. Such a boundary would include the Thousand Island and Garnet Lake region, the Shadow Lake region, the Ritter and Minaret Range, the upper reaches of the North Fork of the San Joaquin, which is still a wilderness, and the McClure and other similar lakes. All of this region has been seriously damaged by overgrazing and is being invaded by water men, power men and mining men. The Gem Lake and Rush Creek part of it might be excluded because it has already been despoiled by power companies.

(2) Return some of the country lying west of the park which was once in the park, either as a part of the park or as a Federal game refuge, in order to give to the park wild life the winter range which is necessary for its preservation. The region particularly referred to is the watershed of the South Fork of the Merced, beginning with the most southerly boundary of the park and extending northward with the park boundary as far as necessary and westward to the principal bodies of patented land. This region is well known to game butchers and is unprotected by state game wardens. The writer owns patented land within the region which he maintains as a game refuge.

(3) Stand for the enlarged Sequoia National Park as approved by the Coordinating Commission on October 19, 1925, with the addition of (a) the region including Golden Trout or Volcano Creek, the native haunts of the Roosevelt trout, at the southeast corner just outside of the proposed enlarged park boundary; (b) the region northeastward of Sheep Mountain containing some 5000 Sequoia trees, which it is proposed to exclude from the present established Sequoia Park; and (c) the region between the present Sequoia Park and King's River Canyon, and east of the General Grant National Park, the inclusion of which seems to be opposed only by a few cow men and lumber men. In other words, compromise less with the private interests and give the 120,000,000 people of the United States their rightful title.

The reason for subtracting these regions from the over-large forest reserves and including them in our national parks is that they can be more easily and surely saved from the destruction or waste to which the Forest Service is subjected, in spite of Forest Service policy, and to which pressure

Music Appreciation For Every Child

A SERIES OF PROGRESSIVE LESSONS IN LISTENING FOR THE ELEMENTARY GRADES

By MABELLE GLENN, Director of Music, Kansas City MARGARET LOWRY, Educational Director, Kansas City Symphony MARGARET DeFOREST, Supervisor of Music Appreciation, Kansas City Manual for the Primary Grades. Provides for one lesson a week, each lesson built upon the preceding one and the work of each grade upon that of the preceding grade. The primary work aims to establish rhythmic responses through "toy band" playing and "instrumental listening," correlated directly with the vocal lessons.

Manual to Accompany "Music Notes," Books I and II. Further develop the feeling for rhythm and form through correlations with the vocal and instrumental lessons.

Music Notes, Books I and II. Music appreciation notebooks for pupils in the fourth and fifth grades respectively. Contain "listen, think, do" exercises, illustrated with themes from the masterpieces and cut-out pictures of the composers and instruments of the orchestra.

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the Park Service is less subject. It is in the very nature of things that the Forest Service is a victim of commercial pressure to a greater degree than is the Park Service. The wise men in the Forest Service understand it and will welcome these changes.

The majority of American people have only to fight a very small but organized minority of cattle men and sheep men, power men and water men, mining men and lumber men.

As an illustration of the destruction of national assets, take a California Sierra Mountain meadow. One of these may be stamped out by cattle or sheep in a single season. These meadows are the product of some hundreds or thousands of years' struggle for existence on the survival-ofthe-fittest plan. Professor Kennedy of the University of California, the highest authority on these meadows, says one of them so stamped out cannot be renewed in 100 years and probably never. The writer has tried it for fifteen years by artificial means on patented land and has failed. Certain meadows south of the Yosemite Park in the Sierra Forest were turned to dust in the summer of 1924 and were reported by the writer to the Forest Service as utterly destroyed. Certain rangers in sympathy with cow men advised him that if he would go back in the season of 1925 he would find these meadows green again. He did so. They were green with weeds. The cattle there fed upon the little grass which survived, leaving the weeds to reseed themselves and giving the wild feed no chance to reseed. Thus the present grazing policy, which is not Colonel Greeley's, intervenes and helps the weeds in their struggle and they are all that survive. The mountain meadow as a national asset has been wiped out. It is now almost impossible to go with pack animals into these regions and find feed for more than a single night. This is only one illustration. Forests, streams, lakes, wild animal life, and other wild plant life would serve just as well.

Chicago

San Francisco

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DR. STRATON'S MUSEUM OF SUPERNATURAL HISTORY

James M. Malloch

In the February issue of The Forum, Dr. John Roach Straton, fundamentalist champion in New York City, proposed the addition of an exhibit to the American Museum of Natural History of what might be called Supernatural History. The exhibit would show very simply and clearly the Bible story of creation in opposition to "the debasing idea of the brute origin of man" which is now set forth by the specimens which Dr. Straton calls "flimsy and tricky evidences."

But what is the Bible story of creation? It is an early Hebrew narrative asserting in allegorical style that back of all created things is the power and purpose of God. There is nothing in this story on which to base criticism as distinguished from evolu

tionism. There are no details. There are no biological evidences minutely described. In other words, the Bible says nothing about the process of creation. It affirms that God made man but it does not disclose how God made man.

This is where the scientific method comes

deed is the book on biology or any other branch of natural science which is not written from the evolutionary standpoint.

Theologians, whether they like it or not, are faced with the necessity of taking the testimony of science on the origin of man. One cannot expect to find the theory of evolution in the Bible. In the first place, the Bible was written before the dawn of modern science. In the second place, the Bible is not a text-book on science. Its

theme is religion, not geology or biology. It discloses nothing about evolution. Neither does it deal with the technic of modern surgery or radio engineering. Evolution is just as technical and involved a subject as medicine or engineering and the theologian is forced to take the word of those who know something about it. The opinion of all the laymen in Americalaymen from scientific standpoint-on a problem of natural science including evolution, is not worth the precise conclusion of one laboratory expert.

There is one thing, however, which the preachers can try to do, viz., to be both Christians and evolutionists. The early church adopted from the Greek philoso

into use. Stated in theological terms the phers the idea of the Logos. "In the be

business of science is to discover, if it can, how God created the universe and all that's in it, including man. The Right Reverend Edward J. Hanna, Roman Catholic Arch

bishop of San Francisco, said recently, "Science has done much to explain to us how God works. It has been unable to explain anything without God." Dr. James L. Gordon, pastor of the First Congregational Church of San Francisco, says, "Law is the divine habit. Natural law is God's way of doing things.'

These quotations get at the root of the matter. God is in His world. Science has not driven Him from it. "The universality of natural law has not destroyed faith in God," writes Dr. Edwin Grant Conklin, Professor of Biology, Princeton University.

Sir Bertram Windle, Professor of Anthropology in St. Michael's College, Toronto, writing as Roman Catholic, observes, "Fr. Wasmann, a Jesuit, is recognized as the leading authority in the world on ants. He recently spoke on this subject at the International Congress of Entomologists, held at Zurich. He thinks, as I do, that evolution is by far the most probable hypothesis, indeed at the moment the only conceivable hypothesis, and that-it is quite innocuous from the religious point of view, indeed even more redounding to the greatness of the Creator than the old idea." But the world which God has made is subject to scientific methods of inquiry and yields up many of its secrets only to those who use accurate means of investigation.

What does the scientific world report after years devoted to the discovery, verification and classification of facts? The answer is in the word which Dr. Straton seems to suspect beyond reason-"Evolution." There can be no question about the attitude of the scientific world toward evolution. Professor Conklin has said, "There is probably not a single biological investigator in the world today who is not convinced of the truth of evolution." He ought to know, but any one can verify his statement by going to the library and reading the works of the science faculty of any recognized college or university. Rare in

ginning was the Logos, the Word," wrote the author of St. John's Gospel. The modern church can incorporate into its thinking with equal profit, the idea of evolution. through laws, the more geology and astron"If God in building up this universe worked omy and biology can tell me about those laws the more I know of God," spoke the president of a religious institution of California. Dr. David Starr Jordan, the "Grand Old Man of Stanford University," wrote for the International News, "The Lord has left matters of fact in the makeup of the universe for us to find out. The present movement (fundamentalism) will fade away again, as it did in the days of Darwin and Huxley, but Christianity I believe will dogmas for the sake of the integrity of the survive it, though shedding most of its human mind and of pure religion and undefiled."

But how can one be a Christian and an evolutionist at the same time? insists the

fundamentalist. The answer is as simple and direct as the testimony of the early Christians to the faith that was within them: It has been and is being done. Life is the test of life's philosophy. Dwight L. Moody said of Henry Drummond, the noted evolutionist, that he was the most Christlike man he (Moody) had ever known. Dr. Straton would show in his exhibit "the avowed dependence upon God of Woodrow Wilson during the troublous days of the World War." Mr. Wilson, on August 29, 1922, wrote to Dr. Winterton C. Curtis of the University of Missouri, "May it not suffice for me to say in reply to your letter of August 25th that, of course, like every other man of intelligence and education, I do believe in organic evolution. It surprised me that at this late date such questions should be raised." This statement, at least, should arouse some sympathetic feeling in the breast of Dr. Straton toward those Christians who follow the trail of modern science.

"Yet," writes Dr. Straton, "these unproved theories are being used today to lead our children away from the Bible revelation." It all depends, as we have pointed

out, upon one's interpretation of the Bible. The world of science cannot be blamed for the failure of large sections of the church to use the Bible in accordance with the light of newer knowledge. There is a biblical science as well as a natural science. Moreover, it may be contended successfully that the lack of adjustment between scientific and religious thought is a small factor in the religious confusion of our time. The difficulty lies within, not without, the church. Bishop Wiliam Thomas Manning of New York, writing in The Forum asserts, "Our divisions are giving the forces of evil and unbelief a terrible advantage. If Christ cannot bring His own followers together in fellowship and brotherhood, how can men believe in His power?" The church has its own questions to answer. It has little time or capacity to solve the problems of science.

Christian liberals, if we may write as one of them, would offer no objection to an exhibit, similar to that suggested by Dr. Straton, to display the value of religion in life and thought. In fact, they would desire to make the exhibit even more elaborate

and impressive than Dr. Straton proposes to do. They, however, would and do object to the implication that a religious exhibit is needed to offset the impressions to be gained from The Hall of the Age of Man. The only purpose of an exhibit of "The Bible Story of Creation" should be to supplement the theory of evolution with the religious viewpoint. The two exhibits, rightly understood, would be complementary. Without science man would wander over the earth the prey of superstition and chance. Without the age-old words of the prophets collected in the bibRudolf lical library he would drift, as Euken feared, without a guiding star on the waves of time.

MIGRATORY CHILDREN PROBLEM CONSIDERED

By Helen Heffernan

The Rural Supervisors' Association of the San Joaquin Valley met in Hanford on March 5 to discuss the problem of the miGeorgiana Carden, state supervisor of atgratory child in the public schools. Miss

tendance; Miss M. L. Richmond, county superintendent of schools of Kings county, and L. E. Chenoweth, county superintend ent of schools of Kern county, were the guests of the association at this meeting.

The sentiment of the association on the problem under discussion was crystallized into the following statement, which was unanimously adopted by the supervisors: cational facilities for the children of miWhereas, the problem of providing edu gratory laborers has become more acute with the development of the cotton industry in California, the Rural Supervisors' Association of the San Joaquin Valley goes on record as favoring:

1. No relaxation in the enforcement of the act guaranteeing the educational rights of children, with its indirect control of child labor.

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ARTICLE ON READING OF INTER-
EST TO EDUCATORS

"Diagnostic and Remedial Work in Silent Reading," by D. J. Beeby, principal of the Oglesby school, Chicago, Ill., is an article that has created favorable comment among educators. It is published in the current issue of "The Chicago School Journal," and was read at the June meeting of the Chicago Pedagogical Club. The report goes into detail upon tests and results, and is illustrated with charts and tables. The work reported upon is that of the Oglesby school.

Mrs. Adelia Adams Samuels, author of "An About Face in Education," will conduct a demonstration school in connection with the Pomona College, summer session.

WINSTON

Old Friends

THAT ARE NOW READY
TO MEET YOUR PUPILS

Little Women

UNABRIDGED EDITION

This is the first complete edition. ever published for school use at a popular price.

Hans Andersen

These two titles are now part of the universally famous series

The Winston

CLEAR-TYPE

Popular Classics

Each of the fifteen titles in this series is a beautiful book. The type used is large, the covers are inviting, and the full-page illustrations in color give added attractiveness. The price of these supplementary readers is remarkably low.

THE JOHN C. WINSTON COMPANY

Executive Offices and Manufactory,
Philadelphia

Represented in California by

W. CAIRNS HARPER

149 New Montgomery St., San Francisco

FOR TEXTBOOKS:

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Such a remarkable record also shows the approval of schools
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textbook making. 3000 CHILDREN AND 150 CO-OPER-
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Ask us to send you the following free material: "How Math-
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WORLD BOOK COMPANY

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(Continued from Page 10, Col. 3)

b. Adequate salaries for specially train-
ed teachers.

c. That the seasonal school extend its
function to include such social serv-
ice as day nurseries, clinics and
school lunches.

3. Cooperation with other agencies in an
effort to fit the migratory family into
the social and economic life of the state.
4. The appointment of a committee by the
president of this organization to make:
a. An instructional program based upon
an analysis of the fundamental life
needs of the migratory child and
stated in terms thereof.

b. A determination of adequate equip-
ment and necessary supplies for a
unit seasonal school.

Six counties of the district were repre-
sented at this meeting. The following rep-
resented their respective counties: Kern—
Superintendent L. E. Chenoweth, Mrs. Len-
nice C. Eyraud, Miss Lotta H. Harris, Her-
bert L. Healy, Jack Byfield; Fresno-Miss
Nan Weed, Miss Ada Camp, Mrs. Margery
Forsberg, E. E. Frasher, D. F. Tuttle, J.
Harl Tener, Mrs. Harriet Merrill, C. O.
Blayney; Tulare-Miss Ruth Nash, Mrs.
A. C. Rosenthal, Mrs. Grace R. Parker, W.
F. Houk; Madera-Mrs. Ella K. Jones,
Miss Esther J. Erickson; Merced-Mrs.
Callie N. Thomas, Miss Gertrude Vasche;
Kings-Superintendent M. L. Richmond,

Miss Ada Buckridge, Miss Helen Heffer-
nan, Mrs. Leona Bradford, Mrs. Nella G.
Ayers, Mrs. Clara Coldwell, Mrs. Mildred
F. Lloyd.

Miss Nan Weed, president of the association, appointed the following committee to work out the details of the instructional program and the necessary school equipment: Miss Helen Heffernan, Kings county, chairman; Mrs. Harriet Merrill, Fresno county; Miss Esther Erickson, Madera county; Mrs. Callie N. Thomas, Merced; Mr. MacKaye, Tulare county, and Mr. Healy, Kern county. This committee is to report at the next meeting, which is to be held in Bakersfield on April 9.

At this time, it is expected that these plans may be put in form for presentation to county boards of education in those counties affected by the problem of the seasonal laborer.

During the last cotton season in Kings county there were over 500 migratory children in the schools. The problem was five times as acute in Kern county and still more extreme in Imperial.

The high school at Gilroy is to be improved and a new grammar school is to be erected with the $60,000 which was recently voted favorably upon in Gilroy. Six additional class rooms and a cafeteria are among the improvements for the high school.

A TRIBUTE TO OUR FLAG

(Editor's Note:-Gale Beeman, author of this Tribute, is a 13-year-old high_school student. She is a freshman attending the Roosevelt high school in San Diego.) Flag of our Nation, you give inspiration to the brave, courage to the timorous, and joy to the homeless.

Wrapped in the folds of your glory, your people wander to foreign lands,
secure in your protection.

We love, honor, and revere you; the flash of your colors brings a sob to
the throat and a tear to the eye. Our songs of praise are everlasting.
May you ever wave over the land of the free and the home of the brave;
fearless, undaunted, stainless, and invincible.-GALE BEEMAN.

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NEW BUILDINGS CF THE CALIFORNIA SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS AND SAN FRANCISCO ART ASSOCIATION

Apropos of the new buildings of the California School of Fine Arts a question proposes itself.

In this age of industry, commerce and science, why is it that so many bright, intelligent, young people, standing at the threshold looking out with wide, eager eyes on life, seek for an art school anxious to acquire the things its courses of study offer? Those of us who meet and talk with them know it is not the money-though that is necessary in its way-it is not the chance of fame, though that is a natural dream of youth. It is a genuine love, however, often imperfectly understood, for the spiritual values of art, a love of beautyif by beauty we mean all of the good in the world.

It is easy to be a pessimist and say art and religion decline, people no longer care for art or seek good things, but just so how often we heard that the French people were degenerate and had lost their national integrity until the heroes of the Marne, the Somme and Verdun proved the

contrary.

It is an important sign when nearly a thousand students applied for art instruction in the California School of Fine Arts during last year. Other art schools also increase. It is important that what we give these students be a living art, progressive, in touch with our own life and timesalso vital as to content, direction and and craftsmanship. For this reason it is important that the public shall know of the splendid group of buildings now under con

California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco.

struction at Chestnut and Jones streets, on the slope of Russian Hill, as a permanent home for the California School of Fine Arts and San Francisco Art Association. It is the outgrowth of the old Mark Hopkins Institute which the older generation of San Francisco have associated all these years past with its historic site on Nob Hill. Those who guided its destinies during these early days builded well in useful service to the community. Change is the life of progress; that which lives and grows must change, and this change was necessary to growth.

In developing plans for the new building of the school we have kept foremost in our minds the organization of its different departments. The heart of the design is the cloister or central patio with its garden space open to the sunlight, and its arcades suggesting reminiscences of the beautiful old monasteries of Italy, where much of the development in painting of the early Renaissance took place. About the court are grouped several wings: one for drawing and painting; one for sculpture and its allied subjects in architectural ornament and decoration; still another wing for design and various important crafts, such as pottery, weaving, wood and metal work, and the like. Finally, a unit devoted to the social activities of the Art Association and students, and including a large library room which will house a select library on the

history and development of art.

The style of architecture, while modified to serve peculiar purposes, is frankly suggestive of the Italian Renaissance, of concrete construction with a campanile that commands a magnificent view of the bay and surrounding country.

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