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4. Employees who are hired after the effective date of the agreement and who join the union must maintain membership for 1 year. They can then resign from the union and give notice to the company. If they fail at that time to resign and give notice, they must continue to maintain membership.

5. Disputes as to union membership become grievances with arbitration as to the final step.

C. MAINTENANCE OF MEMBERSHIP All employees who are union members at a specified time after the execution of the contract, or who later join the union, must remain members for the duration of the contract as a condition of employment. As in the case of the union shop, under the Taft-Hartley Act, suspension from the union entails dismissal from the shop only when based upon the failure of the employee to tender the periodic dues and the initiation fees uniforınly required as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership.

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II. The following survey of union security provisions in collective-bargaining agreements was prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and released in November 1951. The survey is based on a sample of 2,651 contracts in effect during late 1950 and 1951. The contracts cover 5,581,000 workers.

Union-status provisions, by industry

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18

46 53

43

14 10 36

5 6 27

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Hotels and restaurants
Services
Construction
Miscellaneous

43
141
41
22

121,000
115,000
199,000

6,000

98
82
90
59

99
95
94
72

96315-52-pt.4-26

1 These workers are covered by 2,448 agreements for which employment data are
available.

2 Includes jewelry and silverware, buttons, musical instruments, toys, athletic goods,
19 ordnance, and ammunition,

3 Excludes rail and air carriers.

* Includes financial, insurance, and other business services, personal services, automo-
bile repair shops, amusement and recreation establishments, medical and other health
services.

. Includes farming, fishing, educational id:citutions, nonprofit membership organiza-
tions and governmental establishments.

III. The union shop is, of course, not new to the steel industry or to industries related thereto. The record in this case indicates that, of a total of 2,200 contracts with this union covering production and maintenance units in basic steel and fabricating plants, union-shop provisions have been agreed to by employers in 994 (45 percent). It also appears that, of 66 companies operating basic steel plants with which the union had contracts in October 1951, 27 had agreed to either the full union shop or some modification thereof beyond maintenance of membership. Furthermore, while most of the major steel-producing companies have not agreed to the union shop in their contracts with this union, several of them have included such clauses in agreements with other labor organizations. The steel companies which own and operate coal mines, for example, entered into union-shop agreements some years ago with the United Mine Workers of America. More recently, several of the railroad subsidiaries of the steel companies have adopted union-shop clauses covering railroad employees, prior to and without recommendations from any Government board. Recently an emergency board recommended the union shop for all the railroads of the country.

A list of companies with union-shop provisions in contracts with the steelworkers, follows. It was union exhibit No. 17A in Board case No. D-18-C.

List of companies with union-shop provisionsUnited States Steel Corp.

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List of companies with union-shop provisions, interdistrict

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3,650 13,019

64

115 11, 448 1, 780 2,809

P & M

1 Modified union shop.

List oj companies with union-shop provisions

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925 480 70

4 60 14 60 12 64

15 53 143 395 60 80 20 140

39 400 25 93 360 102 50 15 42

90 26 125

80 112

82 3, 600

100 155

33 151

75 225 40 40 110

55 1, 232

Corp., Fort Wayne, Ind.
American Steel Works, Kansas City, Mo.
American Stove Co., Harvey, Ill
American Tool Works Co., Cincinnati, Ohio..
Amercan Welding & Manufacturing, Warren, Ohio.
American Wire Fabrics, Mount Wolf, Pa..
W. Ames & Co., Jersey City, N. J.
Ames Baldwin Wyoming, Parkersburg, W. Va
Amherst Foundry, Inc., Buffalo, N. Y
Max Ams Machine Co., Bridgeport, Conn
Anchor Steel & Conveyor Co., Dearborn, Mich.
Anderson Knife & Bar, Anderson, Ind.
Anstice Co., Inc., Rochester, N. Y
Appliance Manufacturing Co., Alliance, Ohio.
Armstrong & White, Cheswick, Pa
Arrow Metal Products, Everett, Mass.'.

1 Modified unlon shop.

11 7 1 19 27 21 30

119 1,100

70 30 48 200

34
31
25
26
11

2
23
4
1
29
30

4
27
19
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P & M
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P & M
P&M
P & M
P & M
P & M
P & M
P&M
P&M
P & M.
P & M
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P & M
P & M.

50 11 500 325 211 400 900 65 90 90 40 150 170 18 25

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