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ABSTRACT OF LAWS.

The following is but a brief synopsis of the Dairy and Food Laws. The Digest and Rulings cover but a portion of the food and drink products affected by the statutes. Every article of food and drink comes within the law's regulation, and dealers are advised to examine the laws carefully and inform themselves fully.

IN GENERAL.

No person shall within this State manufacture for sale, have in his possession with intent to sell, offer or expose for sale, or sell, any article of food or drink which is adulterated.

The taking of orders, or the making of agreements or contracts, by any person, firm or corporation, or by any agent or representative thereof, for the future delivery of any of the articles, products, goods, wares or merchandise embraced within the provisions of this act is deemed a sale. Under this statute a dealer is liable for selling an adulterated article, although he may have no knowledge that the same is adulterated. A guarantee of purity received from the manufacturer or jobber does not relieve a person handling adulterated goods from liability.

AN ARTICLE

shall be deemed to be adulterated:

1. If any substance or substances have been mixed with it, so as to lower or depreciate or injuriously affect its quality, strength or purity; 2. If any inferior or cheaper substance or substances have been substituted wholly or in part for it;

3. If any valuable or necessary constituent or ingredient has been wholly or in part abstracted from it;

4. If it is an imitation of or sold under the name of another article; 5. If it consists wholly or in part of a diseased, decomposed, putrid, infected, tainted or rotten animal or vegetable substance or article, whether manufactured or not, or, in the case of milk, if it is the product of a diseased animal;

6. If it is colored, coated, polished or powdered whereby damage or inferiority is concealed, or if by any means it is made to appear better or of greater value than it really is, except in the case of pure butter, which may be colored;

7. If it contains any added substance or ingredient which is poisonous or injurious to health.

MIXTURES OR COMPOUNDS.

recognized as ordinary articles or ingredients of articles of food may be sold under the following restrictions:

1. All packages containing same must bear the name and address of the manufacturer or compounder thereof;

2. They must contain nothing injurious to health;

3. They must not be sold in imitation of, or under the name of another article;

4. They must be distinctly labeled under their own distinctive name, and in a manner so as to plainly and correctly show they are a mixture or compound;

A mixture or compound cannot be sold under the name of any ingredient contained therein, even though the words mixture or compound be used in connection therewith. It must be sold under an original or coin name.

Exceptions under the law are:

Buckwheat flour, coffee and lard, which may be mixed with other substances under certain restrictions and sold as buckwheat flour compound, coffee compound and lard compound.

DIGEST AND RULINGS.

Baking Powder. All packages containing same must bear name and address of the manufacturer. Can be sold without formula, but if labeled cream of tartar, phosphate powder, etc., must be true to name.

Buckwheat Flour.-If labeled "Buckwheat Flour" must be true to name. Can be mixed with substances not injurious to health if labeled "Buckwheat Flour Compound" in letters not less than one-half inch in length, followed with the name of the maker and factory and the location of such factory. Any other label or printed matter upon the package shall not be in contravention of the above requirements.

Butter.-Must be made exclusively of milk or cream. May be colored with coloring matter not injurious to health. Butter factories where milk or cream is purchased of, or contributed by, three or more persons must register with the department on or before April 1 of each year. Renovated butter must be labeled as such. See ruling under head of Renovated Butter.

Candy. Must not contain terra alba, barytes, talc or other earthy or mineral substances, or any poisonous colors or flavors, or ingredients detrimental to health.

Catsup.-All packages containing same must bear the name and address of the manufacturer. Must contain no ingredients injurious to health.

Cheese. Must be made exclusively of milk or cream. Only cheese made from milk from which no cream has been taken can be sold as, or branded, "Full Cream Cheese," or "Full Milk Cheese." Cheese factories where milk or cream is purchased of, or contributed by, three or more persons must register with the department, on or before April 1 of each year. Authorized brands bearing the words, "Michigan Full Cream Cheese," may be obtained from the department upon payment of a fee of one dollar annually.

Coffee. If sold as such must be true to name. May be mixed with

chicory, or other substances not injurious to health, if marked or labeled "Coffee Compound," together with the name and address of the manufacturer or compounder, and have no other label of whatever name or designation. This applies to all packages containing such coffee whether put up for immediate delivery or for stock purposes.

Coffee Substitute.-Mixtures of cereals or other articles sold as substitute for coffee, must be sold as a mixture or compound under an original or coined name and not under the name of any ingredient contained therein. All packages containing same must bear the name and address of the manufacturer or compounder thereof.

Canned Goods.-Must bear name and address of packer. If dried before canning must be labeled, "Soaked or Bleached Goods," in letters not less than two line pica in size.

Cream of Tartar.-Must be pure and true to name. Cannot be mixed or compounded with any other article and sold under the name of any ingredient thereof, even though it be labeled mixture or compound.

Extracts, Flavoring.-Bottles or packages containing extracts must bear the name and address of the manufacturer. Vanilla flavoring must be without artificial color. This includes all extracts of vanilla or tonka, whether mixed or simple.

Extracts of Vanilla and Tonka may be mixed and sold as "Extract of Vanilla and Tonka," or simply "Extract of Tonka." The labeling of an extract of vanilla and tonka as "Extract of Vanilla" or "Compound Extract of Vanilla," with the per cent of each ingredient contained therein, is not proper, and will be considered an adulteration. It must be understood that when an extract of vanilla and tonka is labeled with both names, the type used is to be similar in style and size, and that one name is not to be given greater prominence than another. So called extracts that are not made from the fruit, berry or bean, and are made artificially, such as raspberry, strawberry, pineapple, banana, etc., are prohibited by law.

Farinaceous Goods.-Must be true to name. Barley, Hominy, Cracked or Rolled Wheat or Oats, Tapioca, and like articles, must be pure and unadulterated. If mixed or compounded with other articles, must be sold as a mixture or compound, under an original or coined name, and not under the name of any ingredient contained therein. All packages containing mixtures or compounds of this kind must bear the name and address of the manufacturer or compounder thereof.

Honey. Must be pure. Cannot be mixed with glucose or other substances and sold as "Honey Compound."

Jellies, Jams, Fruit Butters, etc.-Imitation fruit jellies, jams, preserves, fruit butters or other similar compounds made or composed in whole or in part of glucose, dextrine, starch or other substances, can be sold if uncolored, are not injurious, and are distinctly and durably labeled "Imitation Fruit Jelly, Jam, Preserves or Fruit Butter," with

the name and location of manufacturer, and have no other label of what

ever name.

Lard. Imitation lard in manufacturers' packages must be distinctly branded or labeled either "Lard Compound," "Adulterated Lard" or "Lard Substitute," in letters not less than one inch in length, and shall be followed with the name of the maker and factory, and the location of such factory. If kept or sold in other than manufacturers' packages the name of the maker or factory is not necessary, but each and every package must be distinctly labeled "Lard Compound," "Adulterated Lard" or "Lard Substitute," printed in letters not less than one-half inch in length. This also applies to smaller quantities when put up for immediate delivery.

Liquor. Spirituous, fermented or malt liquors must not contain drugs or poisons or ingredients deleterious or unhealthy. Persons engaged in manufacturing, rectifying or preparing same in any way must brand on each barrel, cask or vessel containing the same, the name of the person, firm or corporation manufacturing, rectifying or preparing the same, and also the words, "Pure and without drugs or poison." No person shall sell at wholesale or retail any such liquors from any barrel, cask or vessel, unless the same shall have been branded and marked as aforesaid.

Maple Sugar and Maple Syrup.-Must be pure and true to name. Cannot be mixed with other sugar or syrup and sold as "Maple Sugar Compound" or "Maple Syrup Compound."

Milk.-Must contain not less than three per cent fat and twelve and one-half per cent solids. Milk from which cream has been removed must be labeled and sold as "Skim Milk." The sale of milk which is impure, unwholesome or adulterated, or from cows which are diseased, or fed upon the refuse of a distillery, or brewery, or upon any substance deleterious to the quality of the milk, such as garbage, swill or any substance in a state of fermentation or putrefaction, or from cows kept in connection with a family in which there is infectious disease, is prohibited. The addition of coloring matter or preservatives in milk is prohibited.

Molasses. Each barrel, cask, can, keg or pail containing molasses, syrup or glucose shall be distinctly branded or labeled with the true and appropriate name of such article. Packages containing molasses mixed with glucose shall be branded or labeled "Glucose Mixture" and the per cent in which glucose enters into its composition. All brands or labels shall be in letters of not less than one-half inch in length and shall be in a conspicuous place. Glucose and glucose mixtures shall have no other designation than herein required. Glucose mixtures must bear the name and address of the manufacturer. (See Syrup.)

Oleomargarine. All compounds of animal or vegetable fats made in imitation or semblance of butter, or calculated to be used as or for butter, must be known and designated as "Oleomargarine."

The use of the name of any breed of dairy cattle, or the use of any

words or symbols commonly used in the sale of butter, is forbidden in the sale, exposure for sale or advertisement of any oleomargarine.

Proprietors of any place where oleomargarine is sold or furnished must have conspicuously placed on the walls of the room where the same is sold or furnished a white placard containing the words "Oleomargarine Sold or Used Here" printed in black ink in plain Roman letters not less than three inches in length nor less than two inches in width. This applies to hotel, restaurant and boarding house keepers where oleomargarine is served.

All packages containing oleomargarine must be branded as such in ordinary bold-faced capital letters not less than five line pica in size, together with the name and address of the manufacturer and the name of each and every article or ingredient used or entering into its composition in ordinary bold-faced letters not less than pica in size.

Dealers must notify purchasers at the time of selling oleomargarine by verbal notice that the same is a substitute for butter, and must also deliver to the purchaser a separate and distinct label on which shall be printed in black ink in ordinary bold-faced capital letters, not less than five line pica in size the word "Oleomargarine," together with the name and address of the manufacturer and the name of each article used and entering into its composition in ordinary bold-faced letters not less than pica in size. This label must be delivered in addition to the label contained on the package in which said oleomargarine is wrapped for sale. Oleomargarine must not contain artificial coloring matter.

Pancake Flour.-If containing more than one article must be sold as a mixture or compound under an original or coined name, and not under the name of any ingredient contained therein. Packages containing same must bear the name and address of the manufacturer or compounder.

Pepper. All black pepper shall contain not more than six and one-half per cent ash or mineral matter; and shall contain not less than twentyfive per cent starch as determined by the diastase method; and shall contain not less than six-tenths of one per cent nor more than one and three-fourths per cent of volatile ether extract; and shall contain not more than ten per cent nor less than six and one-half per cent of nonvolatile ether extract; and shall contain not more than sixteen per cent of crude fibre.

Prepared Mustard.-Pure mustard mixed with vinegar and spices may be sold if labeled "Prepared Mustard" and bear the name and address of the manufacturer, but if any substance or substances are added to cheapen it, such as flour, etc., it will be deemed adulterated. The label proper must contain the words "Prepared Mustard," and have no other designation than herein required. Printed matter descriptive of the goods will be allowed upon the label below the words "Prepared Mustard," or below the name and address of the manufacturer.

Renovated Butter.-All packages containing same sold, offered or exposed for sale, or in possession with intent to sell, must be labeled "Renovated Butter."

Packages put up for immediate delivery shall be covered by wrappers on which must be printed the words "Renovated Butter" in gothic letters

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