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66 WILLIAM II. SEWARD.
COL. BLAIR ON THE
on the 22d of January, 1862, which appeared | The subject it presents is one of momentous in the Leavenworth Conservative, in which he import. It seems as if the extreme advocates
of African slavery, and its most vehement opshows that the firing on Sumter was not the
ponents, were acting in concert, TOGETHER, beginning of the war:
to precipitate a servile war--the former by "For six long yoars we have fought as guer- throw the Federal Union, the latter by demand
making the most desperate attempt to overrillas, what we are now fighting as a regiment, ing an edict of universal emancipation, as a This war is a Fort Sumter! On the cold hill side, in swamps lawful, if not, as they say, the only legitimate and ferns, behind rocks and trees, ever since way of saving the Union! 164, we have made the long campaign: Away for a day nearer to the departure of the mails.
“I reserve remarks on the military situation off there we have led the IDEAS of this age,
"I am Sir', your ob't serv't, always battling at home, and sometimes sending forth from among us a stern old missionary “ CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS, Esq.,” &c. like JOHN BROWN, to show Virginia that the
This expose of the designs of the "extreme" world does move."
radicals was the cause of the Senatorial raid CAUSE OF THE WAR." | which demanded the removal of Mr. SEWARD Col. FRANK P. BLAIR made a speech in from the Cabinet. But Mr. SEWARD had exCongress, on the 11th of April, 1862, and de posed nothing more than WASHINGTON, MADnied that slavery is the cause of the war. ISON, JEFFERSON, JACKSON, DOUGLAS, and
other great and good men had predicted. “Every man acquainted with the facts knows PARSON BROWNLOW ON THE ABOLITIONISTS. that it is fallacious to call this' a slaveholder's rebellion.' If such was the fact, two divis- Parson BROWNLOw, in his debate with Parions of our army would have supported it with son PRyne, in Philadelphia, in 1858, said:
2emselves could have easily put down 250,000 slaveholders; but
"A dissolution of the Union is what a large it is a matter of history that the slaveholders, portion of the Northern Abolitionists are aimas a body, were, the last and most reluctant ing at.??.–See Brownlow and Pryne's debates. to join the rebellion."
THURLOW WEED'S EVIDENCE. He thus states his theory of the rebellion:
THURLOW WEED, for penning the following "It was the negro question, and not the truth, was, as he avers, driven from the edislavery question, which made the rebellion- torial chair of the Albany Journal : questions entirely different, and requiring entirely different treatment, and it is as neces- "The chief architects of the rebellion, before sary to understand the distinction, to enable it broke out, avowed that they were aided in us to deal with it successfully, as it is that the their infernal designs by the ultra Abolitionists physician should know the disease which he is of the North. This was too true, for without called on to treat and cure. If the rebellion said aid the South could never have been uniwas made by 250,000 slaveholders, for the sake ted against the Union. But for the incendiary of perpetuating slavery, then it might be a recommendations, which rendered the othércomplete remedy to extirpate the institution; wise useful Helper Book, a fire brand, North but if the rebellion has grown out of the abhor- Carolina could not have been forced out of the ence of the non-slaveholders for emancipation Union. And even now, the ultra Abolition and amalgamation, and their dread of negro Press, and speech makers are aggravating the equality, how will their discontent be cured horrors they helped to create, and thus by by the very measure, the mere apprehension playing into the hands of the leaders of the of which has driven them into rebellion?" rebellion, are keeping down the Union men of
the South, and rendering reunion difficult, if
not impossible !" We have high cotemporaneous authority for the belief that there has existed a class in both sections of our Union, anxious to destroy it, who We are not left to the charge of Mr. WEED have ever been experts in using the most con- alone. We have the positive testimony of the venient pretexis to favor their ends. Mr. SEW- Abolitionists themselves that they were in ARD, in his dispatch No. 287, confidential," league with the Southern secessionists. In to Minister ADAMS, thus offers his high testi- 1859, the Abolitionists of New York met in mony:
convention and passed the following resolu"DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, July 5, 1861.
} tions: "SIR:-Your dispatch of June 28, (No. 176,) "Whereas, The dissolution of the present has been received and read by Earl RUSSELL. inglorious Union between the free and slave
MR. SEWARD'S TESTIMONY.
MASSACHUSETTS FOR DISSOLUTION IN 1851.
States, would result in the overthrow of slave-| that “Irrepressible Conflict," which Mr. Sew.ry, and the consequent formation of another
ARD predicted in his Rochester speech, and Government, without the incubus of slavery, which is now upon us. therefore
"Resolved, That we invite a free correspondence with the disunionists of the South, In their State convention of 1851, the radiin order to agree upon the most suitable meas
cals of Massachusetts, on whom the mantle of ures to bring about so desirable a result."?
the Hartford Convention had fallen, and aniNow, a simple reflection will thoroughly strip matèd by the sume purposes this pretended pretext of hatred of slavery, as
Rosolved. That the constitution which prothe foundation of a desire to dissolve the vides for å slave representation and a slave oliUnion, of its treasonable gause. If hatred of garchy in Congress, which legalizes slave catchslavery induced the New York Abolitionists ing on every inch of American soil, which
pledges military and naval power to believe à dissolution of the Union would
of the country to keep four millions result in the overthrow of slavery,” they of chattle slaves 'in their chains, is to be could not be such fools as to believe they could trodden under foot, and pronounced accursed,
however ünexceptionable or valuable, it may make willing allies of those who insisted on
be in its other provisions." slavery as the corner stone of their edifice."
"That the one great issue before the country Indeed, these Abolitionists had furnished the is the dissolution of the Union, in comparison very best reason to the slaveholders for a con- with which all other issues with the slave
power tinuance of the Union, as the only means to are as dust in the balance; therefore, we have
given ourselves to the work of annulling this save their bsystem." But hatred of slavery covenent with death,' as esential to our own was not the moving cause of these Abolition- innocency, and the speedy and everlasting ists. They were secessionists, per se, and only overthrow of the slave power.” used the slavery ghost to frighten unsuspect- MASSACHUSETTS FOR DISSOLUTION IN 1856. ing and otherwise well disposed persons into In 1856 the same party passed the following their schemes. The obsecessionists of the in convention: South” knew this, and hence they could agree
“Resolved, 1st, That the necessity of disto act together, not that they cared a straw union is written in the whole existing character about the slavery question, but only using that and condition of the two sections of the counas the most convenient pretext for breaking up try in their social organization, education, the Union. And so it was in 1814, when the citizens in Kansas, and our colored men in
habits and lạws; in the dangers of our white secessionists of the Hartford Convention made Boston; in the wounds of CHARLES SUMNER, opposition to slavery one of the corner stones and the laurels of his assailants, and no Govof their disunion edifice. A large number of ernment on earth was ever strong enough to
hold together such opposing forces." slaveholders went with them, well knowing that Resolved, 2d, That this movement does disunion, as the motive, was in the background, not merely seek disunion, but the more perfect and slavery, as the shiboleth or pretext, in the union of free States by the expulsion of the
slave States from the Confederation, in which foreground.
they have ever been an element of discord, THE LATE GREAT NORTHERN CONSPIRACY.
danger, and disgrace.
Resolved, 3d, That it is not probable that Having shown the wicked motive and the the ultimate severance of the Union will be an guilty occasion for war and secession, which act of deliberation or discussion; but that a not only "dates back of Sumter,” but dates precede it, and here we meet to begin the work, not only "dates back of Sumter," but dates long period of deliberation and discussion must back of our constitution, and have been de- "Résolved, 4th, That hènceforward, instead veloping themselves for more than sixty years, of regarding it as an objection to any system we will now exhibit to the world the modus of policy, that it will lead to the separation of operandi by which the motive was to be grati- highest of all recommendations, and the great
the States, we will proclaim that to be the fied, and the occasion fully developed. It will est proof of statesmanship; and will support hardly be practicable in all cases to place the politically, such men and measures as appear sayings, doing and resolves of the conspirators to tend most to this result." in chronological order, nor. shall we endeavor
BEN. WADE ON DISSOLUTION, to set down aught in malice or aught extenu- In 1855 Senator WADE, of Ohio, made a ate. The object of the authors of the follow- speech in Portland Maine, in which he deing extract was no doubt to stir up and hasten. clared:
A NEW DEAL ALL ROUND.
“There is really no Union now between the and disunionists have attempted to bring about. North and the South. I believe no two nations There is merit in the Republican party. It is. on earth entertain feelings of more bitter ran- the first sectional party ever organized in this cor towards each other than these two portions country. It does not know its own face, but of the Republic."
calls itself national; but it is not national-it
it sectional. The Republican party is a party "THE UNION IS A LIE."
of the North pledged against the South." Mr. GARRISON made a speech in 1856, in
Wendeil Phillips. which he declared:
"Resolved, That the Union was established
to secure the liberties of American citizens. "I have said, and I say again, that in pro- When it fails to do that, our only voice can be, portion to the growth of disunionism, will be let the Union be dissolved.'
»--Löweli. Republithe growth of Republicanism.
can Resolution. The Union is a lie. The American Union is an imposture, and a covenant with The Boston Liberator, in an article headed death, and an agreement with hell:
in large type--"But one issue--the dissolution I am for its overthrow.
Up with the flag of dis- of the Union”-recommends signatures to a union, that we may have a free and glorious petition for that purpose, of which the followUnion of our own.
ing is the spirit:
We therefore believe that the time has come GREEN COUNTY, WISCONSIN, TOR REVOLUTION
for a new arrangement of elements so hostile; At a Republican convention held at Monroe, of interests so irreconcilable, of institutions; Green county, Wis., in 1856, the following so incongruous; and we earnestly request Conresolution was passed:
gress, at its present session, to take initiatory
measures for the speedy, peaceful and quiet "Resolved, That it is the duty of the North dissolution of the existing Union, as the exiin case they fail in electing a President and gencies of the case require." Congress that will restore freedom to Kansas, to revolutionize the government!''
"If the Republicans fail at the ballot-box, we shall be forced to drive back the slaveocrats with fire and sword."_James JVats on Webbin
1856. ANSON BURLINGAME made a speech in 1856
Resolved, That Constitution, or no Constiin which he blasphemously said:
tution, law, or no law, we will not allow a fu"The time is coming and soon will be that gitive slave to be taken from Massachusetts.'' we must have an anti-slavery constitution, an -Boston Free Soilers of 1854. anti-slavery bible and an anti-slavery God."
"I have before declared that the path of DAVIÐ WILMOT ON DISSOLUTION.
duty was clear as to the fugitive slave act, and
that I am bound to disobey it!"-Chas. SumThe Montrose Democrat of May 10th, 1856, ner, Sept. 1854. says:
The True American, a Republican organ in "We recollect a little over a year ago, that Erie county, Pa., in commenting upon a speech we heard Mr. WILMOT make the following de- delivered at a Democratic meeting, said: claration:
"This twaddle about the Union and its pre66"I am determined to arouse the people to servation is too silly and sickening for any the importance of the slavery issue, and get good effect. We think the liberty of a single up an organization through which they can get slave is worth more than all the Unions God's control of the Government in 1856. And if I universe can hold.” become satisfied that these efforts will fail, and that the people will not assert their rights, then The Hampshire (Mass.) Gazette of August I'll be dd if I dont join the party that I think 23d, 1856, a Republican organ, published a letwill send the country to h-1 the quickest!")
ter from a citizen of Northampton, who was
engaged in circulating there the petition for a "In conclusion I have only to add that such dissolution of the Union, wherein he stated is my solemn and abiding conviction of the that character of slavery, and under a full sense of '
more than one hundred and fifty legal my country and my God, | voters of that town have signed this petition." I deliberately say, better disunion-better a civil or servile war-better anything that God Resolution adopted on motion of WENDELL PAILLIPS, by
the American Anti-Slavery Society, New York, May, in his providence shall send--than an extension of the bonds of slavery." —Hon Horace Mann
"Resolved, That recognizing as we do, with "No man has a right to be surprised at this profound gratitude, the wonderful progress our state of things. It is iust what we abilitionists cause has made during the last eighteen years,
MORE TREASONABLE EXTRACTS.
and yet considering the effort now making to
CHAPTER XII: impress the community with the idea that the church and the land will abolish slavery by its PROGRESS OF THE NORTHERN CONSPIRACY own virtue, and that the parties are able and
(CONTINUED). willing to grapple with the evil this society, Charles Sumner Advises Nullification and Disobedience to deems it a duty to reiterate its convictions that the Laws...Claims the Republican Party as Sectional, the only exodus for the slave out of his pres
and suited to his Purpose...Greeley's Insult to the
Flag : The “Flaunting' Lie"... Is this an Abolition ent house of bondage is over the ruins of the
War ?... Testimony of Gov. Stone, of Iowa... Statement present American Church, and the present of M. B. Lowry... Phillips on Secession..."Chicago TriAmerican Union."
bune and the Tax Bill... Extracts froin a Massachusetts Pamphlet... Abuse of the Framers of the Constitution...
Similarity between Northern and Southern Disunionists. Resolution adopted by the American Anti-Slavery Society, New York, December, 1858.
: CHARLES SUMNER ON NULLIFICATION : * Whereas, The dissolution of the present imperfect and inglorious Union between the To show that CHARLES SUMNER came hone free and slave States would result in the over-estly by his nullification and resistance-totion of a more perfect and glorious Union, law doctrine, we present the following extract without the incubus of slavery, therefore from his speech delivered at Worcester, Massa
"Resolved, That we invite a free correspond-chusetts, Sept. 7, 1854, just after the slave ence with the disunionists of the South, in or
ANTHONY Burns had been rescued from the der to devise the most suitable way and means to secure the consummation so devoutly to be Boston mob, at which poor BACHELDER Was wished,
killed by said mob, while in the discharge of Resolution adopted by the Essex County (Mass.,) Anti- his duty, in guarding the prisoner. Mr. SUM: Slavery Society, May 16, 1862.
NER, among other things said : "Resolved, that the war as hitherto, pros
"But it is sometimes, gravely urged that ecuted, is but a wanton waste of property, a
since the Supreme Court of the United States of conscience and of character, to preserve and has afirmed the constitutionality of the Fugiperpetuate a Union and Constitution which tive act, there only remains to us in all places, should never have existed, and which, by all whether in public station or as private citizens,
the duty of absolute submission. Now, withthe laws of justice and humanity, should in their present form, be at
out stopping to consider the soundness of their once and forever
judgment, affirming the countionality of overthrown:")
this act, let me say that the Constitution of the From Redmond's Speech, Boston.
United States, as I understand it, exacts no'
such passive obedience, "slaveholderhe could
So near to Faneuil Hall and Bunker Hill, was he not to abandon the manhood which is shown in the be permitted to say that scoundrel GEORGT heaven directed countenance, will voluntarily WASHINGTON had enslaved his fellow men?? aid in enforcing a "judgment?? which in hisia
conscience he solemnly believes to be against. From Phillips' Speech, same occasion.
the fundamental law, whether of the ConstituWashington was a sinner. It became an
tion or of God!
The whole dogma American to cover his face when he placed his of passive obedience must.-, bę rejected in bust among the great men of the world." whatever guise it may assume, and under:
whatever alias it may skulk'; whether in the And again another time:
tyranical usurpations of king parliament or "I have labored nineteen years to take fif judicial tribunal.” teen States out of the Union; and if I have
He thus sets off the aims and objects of the spent any nineteen years to the satisfaction of my Puritan conscience, it was those nineteen Republican party just then organized:
"To the true-hearted, magnanimous men From Parker Pillsbury's Speech, April, 1862,
who are ready to place Freedom above Party, "I do not wish to see this government prolong- and their party above Politicians, I appeal. ed another day in the present form. I have been (Immense cheering:) Let them leave the old for twenty years attempting to overthrow the partiesand blend in an organization, which, present dynasty. The constitution never was
without compromise, will maintain the good so much an engine of cruelty and crime as at
cause surely to the end. Here, in Massachuthe present hour. I am not rejoiced at the setts s large majority of the people concur in tidings of victory to the northern arms; I sentiment on. slavery; a large majority desire
the overthrow of the slave power. It becomes would far rather see defeat, eto."
them not to scatter their votes, but to unite in From Stephen F. Forters's Speech, Boston, 1862. one firm consistent phalanx, (applause) whose "I have endeavored to dissuade every young triumph shall constitute an epoch of Freedom, man I could from enlisting, telling them that not only in this commonwealth, but throughout they were going to fight for slavery:
the land. Such an organization is now pre
and no man;
sented by this Republican Convention, which must he devoured, the fruits (the war) of his according to the resolutions by which it is con- pious labors. voked is to co state
As an original proposition, with no constituAnd this is the way he undertook to educate : favor of the Fugitive Slave Law. But it was
tion to bind us, we should never have been in the public mind to the pitch of resisting the de
passed in 1793, by our fathers, in pursuance of cisions of the Supreme Court:
a solemn, constitutional agreement they had en"But let me ask gentlemen who are disposed tered into. WASHINGTON, the Father of his to abandon their own understanding of the Constitution, to submit their conscience to the Country, President of the Constitutional Constandard of other men, by whose understand- vention, and as President of the United States, ing. do they swear? Surely not by that of the signed that law, and gave it vitality. The SuPresident. This is not alleged. But by the understanding of the Supreme Court. In oth preme Court in many instances declared it to er words, to this Court, consisting at present be enacted in accordance with the constituof nine persons, is committed a power of fast. tion; and all good.citizens were bound to yield, ening such interpretation as they see it upon to its requirements, whether they personally any part of the Constitution-adding to it or subtracting from it-or positively varying its liked it or not. But, as we have seen, there requirements-actually making and unmaking was from the beginning, a powerful faction in the Constitution; and all good citizens must
our country, opposed to our Government, who bow to their work as of equal authority with the original instrument, ratified by solemn votes
were ready to seize the most favorable pretext of the whole people. [Great applause.] If this to consummate their destroying object. As we
1 be so, then the oath to support the Constitu- have already seen this pretext assumed various tion of the United States is hardly less offen, shapes and forms- anything to cater to the sive than the famous "bet cetera'' oath devised
The thing or by Archbishop Laud, in which the subject prevailing whims of the day. swore to certain specified things, with an "&c." | idea that could produce the greatest "irritaadded. Such an, oath I have not taken. [Good, tion" was always in the vanguard. In 1798, it good:]
was slavery and commerce. In 1812, &c., it For myself, let me say that I hold judges, and especially the Supreme Court of the coun
was the array of the Agricultural against the try, in much respect; but I am too familiar Commercial States—Peace "vs. War, &c. In with the history of judicial proceedings to re- 1333, the oppressive tariff of 1828" was gard them wita any, superstitious reverence. [Sensation.]
held up, as the initiating pretext, and from
that time till 1860 the most prolific of all “irHe thus clinches the subject, by boldly set- ritations”-the slavery question-furnished ting up the purpose of the Republican organi- the pretexti zation, to loverthrow the slave power” and
In all those quotations we have made from (to open the gates of emancipation in the slave old, and latter-day Federals, and from their states:'?
progeny, the Republicans and Abolitionists, "To the overthrow of the slave power we we request the reader to particularly notice the are thus summoned by a double call, one polit- great similarity in the animus and "style” of ical and the other philanthropic; first, to re- denunciation. move an oppressive tyranny from the National Government, and secondly, to open the gates
When; in 1854, the slave Burns had been of Emancipation in the Šlave states.' [Loud delivered at Boston, and put on board of a applause.)
United States vessel, in charge of his claimI'But while keeping this great purpose
in view, we must not forget details. The existant, in pursuance of that law which Mr. SUMence of slavery anywhere within the national NER advised his followers to resist, though the jurisdiction in the territories, in the District supreme tribunal of the land had decided it of Columbia, or on the high seas beneath the constitutional
, the New York Tribune, true to national flag, is an unconstitutional usurpation, which must be opposed. The Fugitive Slave the instincts and purposes of the old haters of Bill, monstrous in cruelty, as in unconstitu- our Government, garnished its columns with tionality, is a usurpation which must be op- the following poetical rhodomontade: posed."?
THE AMERICAN FLAG. With what huge delight must CHARLES SUM
[From the New York Tribune, 1854.] NER have heard the tocsin of war--as the
All hail the flaunting lie! natural and inevitable consequence of his par.
The stars look pale and dim;
The stripes are bloody scars tizan raid on the South. With what avidity
A lie the vaunting hymn!