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justify the decided part which the clergy of | proportion of my fellow-citizens in favor of a America have uniformly taken in supporting race of demons, and against a nation of more the constituted authorities and political in- religion, virtue, good faith, generosity, and terests of their country

beneficence, than any that now is, or ever has Their political party was then in power.

been, upon the face of the earth, wring my

soul with anguish and fill my soul with appreOn the 9th of May, 1798, the Rev. JEDEDIAH hension and terror of the judgments of heaven MORSE preached a sermon, in which he urged upon this sinful people."--Discourse of April everybody to yield strict obedience to the pow. 8th, 1810, p. 40. ers that be, which were of his political faith. "If at the command of weak or wicked ruHe said:

lers, they undertake an unjust war, each man

who rolunteers his services in such a cause, or "To the unfriendly disposition and conduct loans his money for its support, or by his conof a foreign power, we may ascribe the unhap- versation, his writings, or any other mode of py dissensions that have existed among us, influence, encourages its prosecution, that man which have so permanently disturbed our peace, is an accomplice in wickedness, loads his conand threatened the overthrow of our govern- science with the blackest crimes, brings the ment. Their maxim to which they have strict, guilt of blood upon his soul, and in the sight ly and steadily adhered has been “divide and of God and His law, is a murderer."--Disgovern." Their too great influence among us

course of June 27th, 1812, p. 9. has been exerted vigorously and in conformity to a deep laid plan in cherishing party spirit, "One hope only remains, that this last stroke in villifying the man we have by our free suf- of perfidy (the war) may open the eyes of a frages elected to administer our Constitution, besotted people, that they may awake, like a and have thus endeavored to destroy the confi- giant from his slumbers, and wreak their vendence of the people in the constituted authori- geance on their betrayers by DRIVING them ties, and divide them from the Government." from their stations, and placing at the helm Of the same tenor was Gov. GILLMORE'S

more skillful and faithful hands.--p. 12. message to the Legislature of New Hampshire NEW in 1798, the legislative response to the same the Massachusetts Legislature and the Address

It gives us no pleasure to reproduce the folof the Federalists of Elizabethtown, in 1798. lowing extracts, as the touch-stone of the preEXTRACTS FROM A SERMON DELIVERED BY THE vailing public sentiment of the Puritans fortyREV. F. S. F. GARDINER, RECTOR OF TRINTY nine years ago. These extracts furnish a sad CHURCH, BOSTON, April 9, 1812.

commentary on the clamoring cry of "treason” " The British, after all, save for us by their convoys infinitely more property than they de- hy the same party and the same men against prive us of, where they take one ship they pro- all whom, while willing to aid our Government tect twenty; where they commit one outrage in every essential way to reduce this rebellion, they do many acts of kindness."'--p. 15.

and preserve the Constitution, claim and ex• England is willing to sacrifice everything ercise the right to criticise in a manly spirit to conciliate us except her honour and inde- what they believe to be measures destructive pendence."--p. 10.

of constitutional rights and civil liberty"It is a war unexampled in the history of The world has been taught that there is a vast the world; wantonly proclaimed on the most difference between such articles as the followfrivolous and groundless pretences against a nation from whose friendship we might derive ing and a manly protest against the blow that the most signal advantages."-Discourse de strikes down civil rights arbitrarily, without livered July 23d, 1813, p. 3.

any of those means of redress or modes of trial "Let no consideration, my. brethren, deter known to civil jurisprudence. your at all times, and in all places, from execrating the present war. It is a war unjust,

JAMES MADISON was often severely censurfoolishi and ruinous.p. 15.

ed by many of his most ardent political friends "As Mr. MADISON has declared war, let for not imprisoning the utterers of the following Mr. MADISON carry it on."-p. 17.

sentiments of treason, and although the dan" The Union has long since been virtually ger from these influences was imminent, and dissolved, and it is full time that this part at the time threatened to finally destroy the of the United States should take care of it. Government, Mr. MADISON trusted to the self."-p. 19.

good sense of the people to maintain this GovTREASON OF THE REV. DR. OSGOOD, PASTOR OF ernment, nor did he arbitrarily arrest a man,

nor proclaim the suspension of the writ of “The strong prepossessions of so great a hebeas corpus against all the people. The se


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quel proved the wisdom of MADISON's course, | stand, and recurring to first principles, view for while the authors of that seditious treason

men and things as they are. The sophisticat

ed Government which these States have witthat threatened to take New England out of nessed for thirteen years past, has almost comthe Union, soon found themselves buried in pleted their ruin, and every day still adds to , ”_

Mem. attempt at oppression. All will agree that he orial, Sept. 18, 1813. would have been justified in arresting the au

"The sentiment is hourly extending, and

in these Northern States will soon be universal, thors of the following:

that we are in no better.condition with respect to the South than that of a conquered people."

- Boston Centinel, Jan. 13, 1813. 6Those who startle at the danger of separa- "We have no more interest in waging this tion tell us that the soil of New England is sort of war at present, at the command of Virhard and sterile-that deprived of the pro- ginia, than Holland in accelerating her ruin, ductions of the South, we should soon become by uniting her destiny with France.??-Ibid. a wretched race of cowherds and fishermen; that our narrow territory and diminished pop- "The land is literally taken from its old ulation would make us an easy prey to foreign possessions and given to strangers."-Ibid. powers. Do these men forget what national

[This is just what New England is now clamenergy can do for a people? Have they not read of Holland? Do they not remember that oring for in the South.] it grew in wealth and power amidst combat and "Either the Southern States must drag us alarm! That it threw off the yoke of Spain further into the war, or we must drag them (our Virginia) and its chapels became churches out of it, or the chain will break.-Ibid. and its poor man's cottages prinse's palaces ?'' - Boston Centinel, Dec. 10, 1814.

“We must be no longer deafened by senseless

clamors about a separation of the States.". "It is said, that to make a treaty of com- | Ibid. merce with the enemy is to violate the constitution, and to sever the Union. Are they not

"Should the present Administration, with both already virtually destroyed? Or in what the adherence in the Southern States still perstage of existance would they be should we

sist in the prosecution of this ruinous and declare a neutrality, or even withhold taxes

wicked war, in unconstitutionally creating new and men."Boston Centinel, Dec. 14, 1814.

States in the mud of Louisiana (just what we

are fightinġ to keep in] (the inhabitants of "By a commercial treaty with England which which country are as ignorant of Republicanshall provide for the admission of such States ism as the alligators of their swamps) and in as may wish to come into it, and which shall opposition to the commercial rights and priviprohibit England from making a treaty with leges of New England, much as we deprecate the South and West-which does not give us a separation of the Union, we deem it an evil at least equal privileges with herself--our com- much less to be dreaded than a co-operation merce will be secured to us; our standing in with them in their nefarious projects." --Deerthe nation raised to its proper level, and New field (Mass.) Petition, Jan. 10, 1814.. England feelings will no longer be sported with, or her interest violated.-- Boston Centi

"We must put away all childish fears of re

sistance." _Crisis No. 3. nel, 1814. "If we submit quietly our destruction is cer

"What shall we do to be saved? One thing tain. If we oppose them with a highminded only: The people must rise in their majesty and steady conduct, who will say that we shall --protect themselves, and compel their unnot beat them all ?' No one can suppose that worthy servants to obey their will." -Boston a conflict with a tyranny at home, would be as

Centinel, Sept. 10, 1814. easy as with an enemy from abroad, but firm- "The Union is already dissolved, practicalness will anticipate and prevent it. Cowardice - ly.'

"-Ibid.. dreads it, and will surely bring it on at last. Why this delay? Why leave that to chance

"You ask my opinion on a subject which is which our firmness should command? Will much talked of, a dissolution of the Union. On our wavering frighten Government into compli- this subject I differ from my fellow-citizens ance?"-Ibid.

generally, and therefore I ought to speak and

write with diffidence. I have for many years "We must do it deliberately, and not from considered the Union of the Northern and irritation at our wrongs and sufferings, and Southern states as not essential to the safety, when we have once entered on the high course and very much opposed to the interest of both of honor, and independence, let no difficulties sections. The extent of the territory is too stay our course, nor dangers drive us back.”- large to be harmoniously governed by the same Ibid.

representative body. A despotic prince,like'the "We are convinced that the time is arrived Emperor of Russia may govern a wide extent when Massachusetts must make a resolute of territory, and numerous distinct nations, for



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his will controls their jealousies and discors, of the Constitution, is beyond endurance AND dent interests; but when states, having differ- WE WILL RESIST IT." -- Boston Centinel ent interests are permitted to decide on those Dec. 28th, 1814. interests themselves, no harmony can be expected. The commercial and non commercial

Long enough have we grasped at shadows states have views so different that I conceive it and illusions, and been compelled to recoil upto be impossible that they ever can be satisfied

on ourselves, and feel the stings of real, subwith the same laws and the same system of stantial, hopeless' woe, sharpened by disap

I firmly believe that each section pointment. Long enough have we paid the would be better satisfied to govern itself, and taxes and fought the battles of the Southern each is large and populous enough for its own

Long enough have been scouted, protection, especially as we have no powerful abused and oppressed by men who claim a nations in our neighborhood. These observa- right to rule and to despise us! Long enough tions are equally applicable to the Western have we been submissive slaves of the sense States, a large body and a distinct portion of less representatives of the equally senseless the country, which would govern themselves natives of Africa, and of the semi-barbarous better than the Atlantic states can govern huntsmen of the western wilderness. Realithem. [This was in accordance with the old ties alone can work our deliverance, and delivFederal notion that some states should be con

erance we deliberately, solemnly, and irrevocatrolled and governed by others—and New Eng. bly decree to be our right, and WE WILL

. land has ever acted on that doctrine.] That OBTAIN IT!".--Ibid, Dec. 24th, 1814. the Atlantic States do not want the aid of the: “The sufferings which have multiplied so States is certain, and I believe the Western thick about us have at length aroused New fare would be better consulted and more pro- and go through every difficulty, until her rights moted in a separate than in a Federal Consti. are restored to the full, and settled too strongtution, The mountains form a natural line of ly to be shaken. She will put aside all half division, and moral and commercial habits way measures. She will look with an eye of would unite the Western people. In like man- doubt on those who oppose them. She will ner the moral and commercial habits of the tell such men, that if they hope to lead in the Northern and Middle states would link them.cause of New England INDEPENDENCE, together, as would the like habits of the slave they must do it in the spirit of New England holding states- Indeed, the attempt to unite men."-Ibid, Dec. 7, 1814. this vast territory under one head, has long appeared to me absurd! I believe a peaceable

"Throwing off all connection with this separation would be for the happiness of all wasteful war-making peace with the enemy, sections, but as the citizens of this country and opening once more our commerce, woulů have generally been of a different opinion, it is be a wise and manly course." -Ibid, Dec. 17, best not to urge for a separation, till they are convinced of their error."'-Com. in Boston "My plan is to withhold our money and Centinel, July 18, 1813.

make a separaee peace with England."-Bos"We will ask the infatuated man of pro

ton Daily Advertiser, 1814. perty, beguiled by the arts of. ALBERT GALLA. TIN, by what fund, and by whom, they will be continues be a revolution if the war

. repaid the advances made on exchequer bills who is acquainted with human nature, and is and the loans, in the event of a dissolution of accustomed to study cause and effect. The the Union? We ask them further, whether Eastern States are marching stealthily and from present appearances, and under existing straight forward up to the object. In times build a hope that the Union will last twelve little action among the friends of reform in months? We look to Russia to save us from New England. Now, we shall hear little said, the horrors of anarchy. If a reverse of for- and much done. The new constitution [of tune is in reserve for ALEXANDER, and the war the Hartford Convention] is to go into operacontinues, the Union is cvidently gone". tion as soon as two or three states shall have Federal Republican, 1814.

adopted it.”-Federal Republican, 1814.

On the 5th of January, 1815, a treasonable

meeting was held by the Federals, at Reading, 16. The once venerable Constitution HAS which passed a long string of incendiary resoEXPIRED BY DISSOLUTION in the hands lutions, from which we select the following: of those wicked men who were sworn to protect it. Its spirit, with the precious souls of

"Resolved, That we place the fullest confiits first founders, has fled forever. Its remains, dənce in the Governor and Legislature of Maswith theirs, rest' in the silent tomb! At your sachusetts, and in the State authorities of New hands, therefore, we demand deliverance. New England, and that to them, under God, the England is unanimous, and we announce our Chief Governor of the Universe, we look for aid irrevocable decree, that the tyrannical oppres- and direction, and that for the present, until sion of those who at present usurp the powers the pyblic opinion shall be known, we will not





enter our earnings, pay our continental taxes, I events that happen, according to the known or aid, inform, or assist any officer in their col- laws and established course of nature." --Ibid, lection,

p. 15.


"In this alarming state of things we can no "If we would preserve the liberties of that longer be silent. When our unquestionable struggle, (the American Revolution,) so dearrights are invaded, we will not sit down and i ly purchased, the call for RÈSISTANCE coolly calculate what it may cost to defend against the usurpations of our own Governthem. We will not barter the liberties of our mentis as urgent as it was formerly against children for slavish repose, or surrender our the mother country': ---Rev. Osgood's discourse birthright, but with our lives.

before the Lieut. Governor and Legislature of So We remember the resistance of our fathers Massachusetts, May 31, 1809, p. 25. to oppressions which dwindle into insignificance when compared with those we are called Britain is defeated by insidious artifice—if the

"If the impending negociation with Great upon to endure. The rights which we have received from God we will never yield to man.

friendly and conciliatory proposals of thu eneWe call upon our State Legislature to protect views of sectional ambition, be met through

my shonld not, from French subserviency, or us in the enjoyment of those privileges, to assert which our fathers died, and to defend out with a spirit of moderation and sincerity, which, we profess, ourselves, ready to resist

so as to terininate the infamous .war, which is unto blood! We pray your honorable body scattering its terrors around us, and arrest the to adopt measures immediately to secure to us

, especially our undoubted right to trade [with will be no longer borne with. The injured States

it is necessary to apprise you that such conduot Great Britain) within our own State. "We are ourselves ready to aid you in se

will be compelled by every motive of duty, incuring it to us, to the utmost of our power, terest, and honor. by one manly exertion of peaceably if we can-FORCEIBLY if we must: of tyranny !

their strength, to dash into atoms the bonds and we pledge to you the sacrifice of ourselves of tyranny! It will then be too late to re

treat! The die will be cast-freedom purand property in support of whatever measures

chased."--Extract from a letter to James Madthe dignity and liberties of this free, sovereign and INDEPENDENT STATE, may

ison, entitled Northern Grievances" and seem to your wisdom to demand !"--Extract extensively circulated through New York and from a Memorial of the citizens of Newbury- New England, dated May, 1814, p. 4. port, (Mass.,) Jan. 31, 1814, to the Legis- "A separation of the States will be an inevlature of Massachusetts.

itable result. Motives numerous and urgent

will demand that measure. As they originate in "On or before the 4th of July, if JAMES oppression, the oppressors must be responsible MADISON is not out of office, a new form of for the momentous and contingent events arisgovernment will be in operation in the East- ing from the dissolution of the present Conern section of the Union, instantly after, the federacy, and the erection of separate Govern.contest in many of the States will be, whether 'ments! It will be their work. While posterity to adhere to the old, or join the new govern- will admire the independent spirit of the Eastment! Like everything else, which was fore

ern section of our country, and with sentitold years ago, and which is verified every ments of gratitude enjoy the fruits of their day, this warning will also be villified as firmness and wisdom, the descendants of the visionary. Be it so. But, Mr. Madiso» can- South and West will have reason to curse the not complete his term of service if the war

infatuation and folly of your councils." —Ibid, continues ! It is not possible ! and if he knew human nature, he would see it.-Federal Re

"Bold and resolute, when they step forth in publican, Nov. 7, 1814. i

the sacred cause of freedom [how much this · Is there a Federalist, a patriot, in Ameri- sounds like latter day Abolition talk] and inca, who concedes it his duty to shed his blood dependence, the Northern people will secure their for Bonaparte, for Madison, for Jefferson, and object. No obstacle can impede them! No the host of ruffians in Congress, who have set force can withstand their powerful arm. The their faces against us for years, and spirited most numerous armies will melt before their up the brutal part of the populace to destroy manly strength! Does not the page of history 118?, Not one! Shall we then, any longer, be instruct you that the feeble debility of the held in slavery, and driven to desperate poverty South never could face the vigorous activity by such a graceless faction? Heaven forbid!") of the North? Do not the events of past ages Boston Gazette.

remind you of the valuable truth, that a single "If, at the present moment, no symptoms of lightened by congenial commerce, will explode

* when encivil war appear they certainly will soon un

a whole atmosphere of sultry Southern despotless the courage of the war party fails them." - Sermon by David Osgood, D. D., Pastor of 12.

ism. [How like late Abolition talk.] Ibid p. the Church at Medford, delivered June 26th, 1812, p. 9.

"When such are the effects of oppression

upon men resolved not to submit, as displayed A civil war becomes as certain as the in the north and south of Europe, and in all

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ages of the world, do you flatter yourself with and not till then, shall they humble the pride its producing a different operation in this and ambition of Virginia, whose strength lives country? Do you think the energies of North- in their weakness, and chastise the insolence ern freemen (very like late abolition boasts] of those mad men of Kentucky and Tennessee are to be tamely smothered? Do you imagine who aspire to the government of these states, they will allow themselves to be trampled upon and threaten to involve the country in all the with impunity, and by whom? The Southern horrors of war "--N. Y. Commercial Adverand Western states ? By men whose united tiser. efforts are not sufficient to keep in order their

This sheet has kept regular pace with its own enslaved population, and defend their own frontiers? How familiar this sounds with party in all its phases. It was a Federal sheet latter day boastings!] By warriors, whose re- in 1812-14, &c.; Federal Republican in 1824; peated attempts at invasion of a neighboring Whig in 1833; Republican in 1854; Union in province have been disgracefully foiled by a handful of disciplined troops? By generals, 1863. Has any one a doubt of the geneology monuments of arrogance and folly? By coun- of its principles or name? sels, the essence of corruption, imbecility and Mr. CAREY, in his Olive Branch, p. 132, madness?

says: " The aggregate strength of the South and

"It is a most singular fact, that the cause of West, if brought against the North, would be England [during the war] has been far more driven into the ocean, or back to their own ably supported in our debates and in our politSouthern wilds. [How valiant Massachusetts ical speculations and essays, than in London was, then!] And they might think themselves itself.»; fortunate if they escaped other punishment than a defeat which their temerity would merit. While the one would strive to enslave, the other would fight for freedom. [How familiar that phrase.] While the counsels of the one

CHAPTER VII. would be distracted with discordant interests, the decisions of the other would be directed OPPOSITION TO MEXICAN WAR by one soul! Beware! Pause !! before you


SON -LIKE FEDERAL, LIKE take the fatal plunge."--Ibid, p. 13.





"You have carried your oppressions to the Treasonable opposition to the Mexican War...Mr. LINCOLN utmost stretch! We will no longer submit! Re- charges the Government” with being in the "wrong" store the Constitution to its purity.

Give us

...CALEB B. SMITH glories in voting to condemn the war

...GIDDINGS would not vote a man or a dollar"...The security for the future-indemnity for the past! Press of 1848, on the War... From the Warren Chronicle Abolish every tyrannicallaw! Mike an imme- ... Xenia Torch Light... Lebanon Star... Cincinnati Gazette diate and honorable peace! Revire our com

...Kennebeck Journal... New Hampshire Statesman...

Haverhill Gazette... Boston Sentinel... Boston Atlas... merce! Increase our navy! Protect our sea

Boston Chronotype... New York Tribune... North Ameri. men! [That was what Mr. MADISON was can... Baltimore Patriot... Louisville Journal... Nashville fighting for.] Unless you comply with these Gazette...Mt. Carmel Register, &C., ... Also CORWIN'S

"bloody hands" diatribo, &c. just demands, without delay, WE WILL WITHDRAW FROM THE UNION-Scaiter 10 the winds the bonds of tyranny, and trasmit to pos

TREASONABLE OPPOSITION TO THE MEXICAN terity that liberty purchased by the Revolution.'!--Ibid p. 15.

To the same end, and showing a like animus, "Americans, prepare your armis! You will we collate sundry extracts from speeches and soon be called to use them. We must use them editorials relative to the Mexican war, uttered for the Emperor of Frince or for ourselves. It is but an individual who now points to this by those who were then, as now, hostile to the ambiguous alternative; but, Mr. Madison and Democratic party, and as is believed, for the his cabal may rest assured there is in the hearts

reasons already given. of many thousands in this abused and almost

Mr. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, in a speech in opruined country, a sentiment and energy to illustrate the distinction when his madness shall position to the Mexican war, said: call it into action...Boston Repertory.

“That he, the President, (Mr. POLK) is "Old Massachusetts is as terrible to the deeply conscious of being in the wrong; that American now as she was to the British Cabinet he feels the blood of this war, like the blood in 1775. For America, too, has her BUTË'S of ABEL, is crying to heaven against him, " and her North's. Let them, the commercial &c. states breast themselves to the shock, and He then goos into a summing up of the cost know, that to themselves they must look for safety: All party bickerings must be sacri- of the war, &c. See p. p. 93, 94, Ap. Cong. ficed" [That sounds like the cant of Union Globe, 1st Sess. 30th Cong. Leaguers] on the altar of patriotism. Then, Mr. CALEB B. SMITH, at the same session,

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