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Paris, the fortified towns, and seaports of challenged the respect of every patriot in the
France; and declared hors la loi whoever did
not yield obedience in ten hours to the order. land, the "bad actions that have sprung from
It was received with applause by the conven-

the good beginning” may well turn our attion, and passed, as all the decrees of govern- tention to the bloody 14th chapter in Allison's ment at that time, by acclamation, *

History. "The trial of these unhappy captives was as brief as during the massacres in the prisons GOV. SEYMOUR ON THE ROTTEN BOROUGH "Did you know of the conspiracy of the prisons Dorival?" "No." "I expected no other an

We had intended to offer some suggestions : swer,

“Are you not an ex-noble?!! “Yes," To a third: "Are you not a priest?" "Yes,

on the President's last message and proclamabut I have taken the oath.?? "You have notion, but. Gov. SEYMOUR has said all that is neright to speak; be silent." "Were you not

cessary much better than we could say it. We architect to Madame?" "Yes, but I was dis. graced in 1788.(Had you not a father-in-therefore copy that portion of his message de. law in the Luxembourg??? :“Yes.'' Suck voted to national affairs: were the questions wšich constituted the sole trial of numerous accused; no witnesses were called; their condemnations were pronounced Expressed in his Annual Message to the Legislature of

New York, delivered January 5th, 1864. almost as rapidly as their names were called; the law of the 22d Prairial had dispensed with The past year has been crowded with events, the necessity of taking any evidence, when both civil and military, of the greatest interthe court were convinced by moral presump- est. The establishment of a national bank tions. The endictments were thrown off by system; the issue of the enormous amounts of hundreds at once, and the name of the indi. paper money, which is made a legal tender; vidual merely filled in; the judgments were the adoption of a law for coerced military serprinted with equal rapidity, in a room adjoin- vice; the act indemnifying and shielding ofiing the court, and several thousand copies cir cials charged with offences against the persons culated through Paris by little urchins, ex- and property of citizens; the suspension of the claiming, amid weeping and distracted crowds, writ of habeas corpus in peaceful and loyal "Here are the names of those who have gained communities, are measures which go far toprizes in the lottery of the holy guillotine.?'- wards destroying the rights of States and cenThe accused were executed at leaving the tralizing all power at the national capital. court, or, at least, on the following morning. The executive and military officials assume

"Since the law of the 22d Prairal had been to declare martial law and to arrest citizens passed, the heads fell at the rate of fifty or where the courts are in undisturbed operation, sixty a day. This is well,” said Fouquier to try them by military tribunals, and to imTinville; but we must get on more rapidly in pose punishments unknown to the customs of the next decade; four hundred and fifty is the our country; to administer arbitrary test: oaths; very least that must then be served up.” To to interfere with the freedom of the press and facilitate this immense increase, spies were with State and local elections by military desent into the prisons in order to extract from crees and the display of armed power. the unhappy wretches their secrets, and desig- The President claims the right to do acts benate to the public accuser those who might first yond the civil jurisdiction, and beyond the legbe selected. These infamous wretches soon islative power of Congress, by virtue of his became the terror of the captives. They were position as Commander-in-Chief. In this asenclosed as suspected persons, but their real sumption he is sustained by both branches of mission was soon apparent from their insolence Congress, and by a large share of the people their consequential airs, the preferonce shown of the country,

of the country. The proceedings of Congress them by the jailers, their orgies at the doors and the action of the Executive and military of the cells with the agents of the police. They officials have wrought a revolution. The civil were caressed, implored by the trembling pris power, the laws of States and the decisions of oners, and received whatever little sums they the Judiciary have been made subordinate to had been able to secrete about their persons,to military authority. At this time, then; we are keep their names out of the black list; but in living, under a military government, which vain. The names of such as they chose to de- claims that its highest prerogatives spring from nounce were made up in a list called, in the martial law and military necessities. These prisons, "The Evening Journal, and the pub- acts have been sustained by the army and aclic chariots sent at nightfall to convey them to quiesced in by the people. This revolution, the Conciergerrie preparatory to their trial on if permanently accepted, must be recognized the following morning.

as an overthrow of established and cherished

principles of government. Hereafter it will Says SALLUST,

force itself upon the attention of the Ameri"All bad actions spring from good begin- can people, who will then see and feel its nanings,"

ture and results. To their decision in oalmer

hours this subject must be referred. and while the objects as originally declared by If these measures of military, political and Congress, for the prosecution of this war, financial consolidation break down, their fail

ure will show the wisdom of the constitution aggregate of State,county and town obligations. in withholding from the general government The cost of carrying on the war hereafter will powers it cannot exercise wisely and well; and be increased by larger pay to our soldiers, by it will establish the rights of States upon a interest accounts, by enhanced prices of probasis firm and undisputed, and will make the visions, transportation and material, growing general government strong by confining it to out of a depreciated currency. The proposed one jurisdiction. In the end we shall return issue of three hundred millions of paper money to principles from which we have been drifting. under the national banking scheme, in addition

"In the meanwhile, we are threatened with to the vast sum now put out by government, other calamities which demand our immediate will add to the inflation of prices. attention. The rights of the people and the re- Conflicting views are held as to the amount straints of the constitution can be reasserted of indebtedness which would cause national whenever the public shall demand their resto- bankruptcy, and with regard to the length of ration, but it is believed the power of the pop- time the war can go on without causing nationular voice will rescue us from the calamities of al ruin. All agree in this: that there is an national bankruptcy or national ruin, when amount of indebtedness which would overwhelm these have befallen us. The progress of events us with bankruptcy; that there is a duration of has brought us to a point where we are com- war which would bring upon us national ruin. pelled to contemplate these calamities and to The problem with which we have to grapple is: consider how they may be averted.

How can we bring this to a conclusion before "While it is a duty to state plainly my views such disasters overwhelm us? Those perils about public affairs, I shall do so in no spirit must be confronted of controversy or of disrespect for the opinions Tvo antagonistic theories are now before the of those who differ from me. The questions of American people for bringing to an end the deof the day are beyond the grasp of any mind to structive contest in which we are engaged. The comprehend in their influence or results. We first is that contained in the resolution adopted see them from different stand-points, and we by Congress and approve:1 by the President at reach conflicting conclusions. None but the an early day, and upon the faith of which the ignorant, the bigoted, or the designing will people of this country, without distinction of make these differences of views occasions for party, have furnished more than one million of reproach or contumely. The times' demand men to our armies, and vast contributions to outspoken discussions. When we see good and the treasure of our country. earnest men, under the influence of some ab- This resolution consecrated the energies of sorbing sentiment, overlooking the great prin- war and the policy of the government to the ciples of good government, trampling upon restoration of the Union, the support of usages and procedures which have grown up constitution. It was a solemn appeal to the with the history of liberty in the civilized civilized world that the objects thus clearly set world, we are warned that none of us can forth justify a war which not only concerned claim to be above the influence of passions or the American people, but which also disturbed of prejudices. While I do not agree with those the commerce and industry of all nations. upon the one hand who insist upon an uncon The opposite theory prevents the return of ditional peace, or with those, upon the other the revolted States upon the condition of layextreme, who would use only unqualified force ing down their arms; it denies them a political in putting down this rebellion, I deinand for existence which enables them to come back them, what I ask for those who concur in the upon any terms; it holds that States in the reviews which I present, a fair, dispassionate and volted section of the country must be re-estabrespectful hearing. Let not the perils of our lished;" that the States hereafter made may or eountry be increased by bigotry, by partizan may not hold the names or boundaries of the påssions, or by an unwillingness to allow opin- States thus destroyed, although "it is suggesions to be uttered in forms and modes in accord- ted as not improper" that these names and ance with the usages of our people and the boundaries, &c., shall be maintained. spirit of our laws.

The war, therefore, is not to be brought to Since the outset of the war the national ad. an end by the submission of these States to ministration has asked for nearly two millions, the constitution and their return to the Union, of men. To keep up our armies, the average but it must be prolonged until the South is annual calls have been more than 400,000 men. subjugated to the acceptance, not of its duties

In addition to the loss of life, there has been under the constitution, but of such terms as a diversion of labor from peaceful productive may be dictated. Until States are thus "reoccupations to war, which destroys the accu- established" it is held that there are no politimulated wealth of the country.

cal organizations which can bring back the peoThe Secretary of the Treasury statės the ple to their allegiance; that if the nine States national debt will be sixteen hundred millions spoken of lay down their arms, and should rein July next. This does not include unascer- turn to the performance of their duties, they tained demands. In our former wars these i would not be recognized nor received. This latent claims have nearly doubled the liabili. theory designs a sweeping revolution in the tios supposed to exist during their progress. If section of our country now in rebellion, and the war should cease to-day, the national in the creation of a new political system by virtue debtedness could not fall short of two thousand of executive decrees. millions of dollars. To this must be added the Is this calculated to stop the waste of blood


and treasure? If the South is revolutionized, sustains them. The nine States thus controlled its property devastated, its industry broken up would balance in the House of Representatives and destroyed, will this benefit the North? in the choice of President, and at all times, in

Those who urge the restoration of the Union the Senate. New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and the preservation of our constitution con- Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, tend that, in addition to upholding our armies Kentucky, and Wisconsin, with a united popuand our navies, every measure of wise states-lation of 16,533,383, which is more than onemanship and conciliatory policy shall be adop- half of that of our whole country. The oneted to bring this war to a successful close. tenth who would accept the proclamation for

Only the ends for which this war was begun the price of power would not only govern the should be sought; because they are the most States made by Executive decrees, but they easily attained, most beneficial when gained, would also govern the North. While the plan and in their support the most varied, the most is harsh to the body of the Southern people, it enlarged, and the most patriotic influences can is still more unjust towards the North. Fourbe exerted.

teen hundred inen in Florida would halance in On the other hand, it is insisted that the war the Senate of the United States the power of shall be prolonged by waging it for purposes New York. Less than 70,000 voters in the beyond those avowed at the outset, and by nine States named in the President's proclamaking demands which will excite a desperate mation would wield a power sufficient to weigh resistance. A demand is made that the people down that of the nine most populous States in of the South shall swear to abide by a procla- the Union. mation put forth with reluctance, and which is We would thus have, with the nominal States objected to by a large share of northern people of Eastern and Western Virginia, a system of as unwise and unjust, as it makes no distinc- rotten boroughs which would govern the Union tion between the guilty and the innocent.- and destroy the representative nature of our They are to take an oath to which no reputable government. This, in connection with existcitizen of the North of any party will sub- ing inequalities in State Representation. would scribe; that they will uphold any future proc- be a dangerous invasion of the rights of a malamations relating to slavery. They are to jority of the American people. It would enasubmit themselves to uttered and unuttered | ble an administration to perpetuate its power. opinions and decrees. No longer regarding It it a fact full of significance that every the war as directed against armed rebellion, medsure to convert the war against armed reit is to be waged against people, property and bellion into one against private property and local institutions! It is held that the whole personal rights at the South, has been accompopulation within the limits of certain States panied by claims to exercise military power in are stripped of all political rights until they the loyal States of the North. are purged by Presidential clemency.

The proclamation on emancipation at the The disorganization and destruction of the South, and the suspension of the writ of habeas South are not to save us from the cost of war. corpus at the North; the confiscation of private The plan for the future government of the se- property in the seceding States, and the arbiceded States demands the maintenance of trary arrests, imprisonments, and banishment armies and a continued drain upon the persons of the citizens of loyal States; the claim to desand property of our people. Whenever one- troy political organizations at the South, and tenth of the voters of either of these States. the armed interference by government in shall submit themselves to the conditions im- local elections have been cotemporaneous posed, they may form new governments with events. new or old names and boundaries. This in- These acts at first were justified upon the considerable minority is to be supported in the ground that they were necessary to save the exercise of power by the arms and treasure of national existence. We now find that new and the North. There will be no motives on their more extreme claims to arbitrary power are part to draw the remaining population into the put forth when it is declared that the strength support of the governments thus created.- of the rebellion is broken, and that our armies There will be every inducement of power, of are about to trample out every vestige of its . gain, and of ambition, to perpetuate the con incendiary fires. More prerogatives are assertdition of affairs so favorable to individual pur-ed in the hour of triumph than were claimed poses. It will also be for the interest of the as a necessity in days of disaster and of dannational administration to continue this system ger. of government, 80 utterly at variance with a The doctrine of southern disorganization representative policy. Is not this the same

Is not this the same and revolution is a doctrine of national bankmistaken theory upon which other nations ruptcy and of national ruin; it is a measure for have tried to govern their dependencies? Has lasting military despotism over one third of our complete subjugation for centuries produced country, which will be the basis for military by the quiet, the obedience to law, the order, despotism over the whole land. It does not the security to life and property, the kindly contemplate the return of our soldiers to their feelings or the mutual contributions to pros- families, or relief from the cost and sacrifices perity which belong to real peace?

of war. It will make an enduring drain upon Governments thus formed would represent our homes, and impose crushing burthens upon not the interest of their citizens but the wills our labor and industry. It will open a wide and interests of the power that creates and ' and lasting field for speculation and fraud. It tends to perpetuate power by making and un- 1

stand before the world a great and successful making States, as the interests of factions may military power. No one can foresee the latent dictate. It will be a source of internal disor- | victories or defeats which lie in our course if der and disquietude, and national weakness in force and force alone is to be exerted. The our external relations. It will give dangerous past has taught us the certain cost of war and allies to invaders of our soil.

the uncertainties of its results. If this war is to make a social revolution In this contest belligerent rights are necesand structural changes in great states, we sarily conceded to the South. The usages of have seen only its beginning. Such changes international warfare are practiced in the reare the work of time. If they are to be made cognition of flags and the exchanges of prisby military power, it must be exerted through oners. Is it wise to put off the end of the dong periods. Whether white or black troops war and thereby continue a recognition which

are used, the diversion from labor and the cost tends to familiarize the public mind in' our of war will be equally prolonged, and we have own country, and in the world at large with just entered upon a course of certain cost and the idea that wm are disunited into two disuncertain results. No such changes as are

tinct nationalities? A needlessly protracted now urged have ever, in the world's history, war becomes disunion. been without struggles lasting through more Wise statesmanship can now bring this war than one generation of men.

to a close, upon the terms solemnly avowed at What has government accomplished in the the outset of the contest. Good faith to the territories wrested from rebei iin by the valor public creditors; to all classes of citizens of of our armies? Has it pacified chem? Has it our country; to the world, demands that this revived the arts of peace? Has quiet and con- be done. tidence been restored? Is commerce renewed? The triumph won by the soldiers in the field Are they not held as they were conquered, at should be followed up and secured by the peacethe expense of northern blood and treasure? making policy of the statesmen of the Cabinet. Are not our armies wasted by holding under In no other way can we save our Union. armed control those who, under a wise and The fearful struggle which has taught the generous spirit, would have been friends? The North and the South the courage, the endurspirit which prompts the harsh measure of sub- ance and the resources of our people, have jugation has driven off many in the border made a basis of mutual respect upon which a states, who, at the crisis of our country's fate, generous and magnanimous policy can build broke away from their ancient sympathies with lasting relationships of union, intercourse and the seceding states and clung to the Union. fraternal regard. If our course is to be shapStates which, by the elections of the people, ed by narrow and vindictive passions, by venul ranged themselves upon the side of the consti- purposes, or by partisan objects, then a patri- , tution, are not allowed the free exercise of the otic people have poured out their blood and elective franchise. In some quarters discon- treasure in vain and the future is full of distent has been increased; in no place has the aster. and ruin. wisdom of government gained us allies.

We should seek not the disorganization, but There is but one course which will save us the pacification of that section of our country from national ruin. We must adhere to the devastated by civil war. solemn pledges made by our government at In this hour of triumph appeals should be the outset of the war.

made to States, which are indentified with the We must seek to restore the Union and to growth and greatness of our country, and with uphold the Constitution. To this end, while some of which are associated the patriotic we beat down armed rebellion, we must use memories of our revolutionary struggle. Every every influence of wise statesmanship to bring generous mind revolts at the thought of desback the states which now reject their consti- troying all those memories that cling about the tutional obligations. We must hold forth ev- better days of the Republic, that are connectery honorable inducement to the people of the ed with the sacrifices of the men who have South' to assume again the rights and duties made our history glorious by their services in of American citizenship.

the Cabinet, in the forum, and in the field. We have reached that point in the progress The victories which have given our governof the war; for which all have struggled and all ment its present commanding position were have put forth united exertions. Our armies won by men who rallied around and fought be. and navies have won signal victories; they have neath the folds of a flag whose stars represent done their part with courage, skill and success. each State in our Union. If we strike out of By the usage of the civilized world, states- existence a single State, we make that flag a manship must now exért its influence. If our falsehood. When we extinguish the name of *Cause fails, in the judgment of the world, it any one of the original thirteen States, we dis

will be charged to the lack of wisdom in the honor the historic stripes of our national banCabinet, and not to the want of bravery or Let the treasonable task of defacing our patriotism in the army. The great object of flag be left to those who war upon our governvictories is to bring back peace; we can now ment, and who would destroy the unity of our with dignity and magnanimity proclaim to the country. world our wish that states, which have long Faith in our armies and to our citizens de been identified with our history, should re- mands that we keep sacred the solemn pledge sume their positions in the Union. We now I made to our people and to the civilized world


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when we engaged in this bloody war, "that it them up, you are gone.'.-[ See Alliott's Dewas not waged in any spirit of oppression, or


bates. for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, or

Mr. Clay, in a debate in the Senate, said: purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights of established institutions in those states, "The two most important powers of civil but to defend and maintain the supremacy of government are those of the purse and the the Constitution, and to preserve the Union sword. If they are seperate, and exercised by with all the dignity, equality, and rights of the different responsibe Departments, civil liberty several states unimpaired; and that, as soon as is safe, but if they are united in the hands of these objects are accomplished the war ought one individual, they are gone." to cease." HORATIO SEYMOUR.


We have seen, as another link in the chain The following platform (says the Corydon of despotism now forcing for the people, that Democrat) we have arranged to suit all free speech is no longer tolerated, except as it parties. The first column is the Secession may suit the pleasure or whim of the President platform;

the second is the Abolition platform; l or some of his appointees. and the whole read together is the Democratic

Senator T. 0. Howe in his celebrated Ripon platform. The platform is like the Union--as (Wis.) speech said:

: a whole, it is Democratic; but divided, one

"I reply that if free speech be stified upon half is Secession and the other Abolition:

any one subject the Union is already absolutely
Hurrah for The Old Union and inevitably lost!
Secession Is a curse

This is none the less true because Senator
We fight for The Constitution
The Confederacy Is a league with hell

HOWE now upholds a dynasty that has stricken
We love Free Speech

down free speech-mobbed and destroyed a The rebellion Is treason

free press, and claims the right to annihilate We glory in A free press

both at pleasure,
Separation Will not be tolerated
We fight not for The negro's freedom

Reconstruction Must be obtained
We must succeed At every hazard

The Abolitionists gave to the Democrats the.
The Union We love

vile nickname of "Copperheads." Finding We love not The negro

that such nickname might be typical of LibWe never said Let the Union slide We want The Union as it was

erty,” they began to wear badges made of the Foreign invention is played out

old copper cent, with the profile of WASHINGWe cherish The old flag

TON on one side and the word "Liberty' on The stars and bars Is a flaunting lie

the other. This badge had nothing to do with We venerate The habeas corpus Southern Chivalry Is hateful

the Southern cause-it represented no idea in Death to Jeff. Davis

connection with it, nor did it manifest the least Abe Lincoln Isn't the government sympathy for that cause, but the radicals, ever

Down with Mob law
Law and order Shall triumph

ready to summon an excuse for their despotic
conduct, chose to say that the Copperhead

badge was an emblem of disloyalty." The The chief objection of PATRICK HENRY to "Government,', as in other small matters, the ratification of the Constitution, was what | joined in with the low grade of cheap politicihe feared would be the yielding of the purse ans and gave orders to arrest all who should be and sword to the President. In a speech in found wearing one of the liberty heads. The the Virginia' Convention he thus replied to å following, as a sample, we clip from the Chimember who attempted to show that the Pres- cago Tribune of April, 1863: ident could never obtain control of the purse "At Cairo, several wearers of Copperhead and sword under our constitution:

badges have been arrested, to be dealt with. "Let him tell me candidly, where and when who go mark themselves, will find that they are

It has passed beyond a pleasantry, and those did freemen exist when the purse and the

marked for examination!'" sword were given up from the people? / Unless a miracle in human affairs interposed, no na- The following was telegraphed to the Assotion ever retained its liberty after the loss of ciated Press: the purse and the 'sword. Can you prove by

“CAIRO, April 16, 1863. any argumentative deduction that it is possible “Nine persons were arrested here this evento be safe without one of them? If you give / ing for wearing the Copperhead badge."


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