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"The once venerable Constitution HAS EXPIRED BY DISSOLUTION in the hands of those wicked men who were sworn to protect it. Its spirit, with the precious souls of its first founders, has fled forever. Its remains, with theirs, rest in the silent tomb! At your hands, therefore, we demand deliverance. New England is unanimous, and we announce our irrevocable decree, that the tyrannical oppression of those who at present usurp the powers of the Constitution is beyond endurance!-- Address to Hartford Convention, 1815.

"My plan is to withhold our money and make a separate peace with England."--Boston Daily Advertiser, 1814.




"On or before the 4th of "The voice of lamentation Resolution adopted by the Essex July, if James Madison is not and war, heard all over the

County (Mass.) Anti Slavery Society out of office, a new form of country, from homes and fire

May 16, 1862.

Resolved, That the war as government will be in opera- sides made desolate by the hitherto, prosecuted, is but a tion in the Eastern section of slaughter of fathers, and hus- wanton waste of property, a the Union, instantly after, the bands, and brothers, is sweet dreadful sacrifice of life, and contest in many of the states music to the ears of the Preswill be, whether to adhere to ident and his friends, and they and of character, to * preserve

worse than all, of conscience the old, or join the new gov- seem ambitious to swell the and perpetuate a Union and ernment !

Like everything chorus by increasing the vic- Constitution which should else, which was foretold years tims. ago, and which is verified to see a large and respectable by all the laws of justice and

We rejoice never have existed, and which, every day, this will also be number of Whig papers in humanity, should in their vilified as visionary. Be it so. this and other states taking present form, be at once and But, Mr. Madison cannot com- ground against further appro- forever overthrown.' plete his term of service if the priations by &ongress of men war continues! It is not pos- and money for the Mexican sible! and if he knew human cut throating business. This nature, he would see it. is as it should be._Warren Federal Republican, Nov. 7, (0.) Chrinicle, 1847. 1814.

Parker Pillsbury's Speech, "It is a time of day that "If there is is in the United

April, 1862.

"I do not wish to see this requires cautious jealousy; not States a breast worthy of jealousy of your magistrates, American liberty, its impul- government prolonged another for you have given them your

ses to join the Mexicans, and day in the present form. I confidence. * Cursed be hurl down upon the base, sla- have been for twenty years athe that keepth back his sword vish, , mercenary invaders, tempting to overthrow the from blood. Let him that hath who, born in a Republic, gó present dynasty. The constinone, sell his coat and buy to play over the accursed game tution never was so much an

" --Sermon "of Rev. Dr. of the Hessians on the tops of engine of cruelty and crime Parish, of Bosto, July 4, those Mexican volcanoes, it as at the present hour. I am 1799. would be a sad and woful joy,..

not rejoiced at the tidings of nevertheless to hear that the victory to the northern arms; "The full vials of despotism hordes under Scott and Taylor I would far rather see defeat, ism are poured out on your were every man of them swept heads, and yet you may chal- into the next world! What From Stephen F. Forters' Speech, lenge the plodding Israelite, business has an invading army

Boston, 1862. the stupid African, the feeble in this?" Boston Daily

"I have endeavored to disChinese, the drowsy Turk, or the frozen exile of Siberia, to Chronotype, 1847.

suade every young man I could

from enlisting, telling them equal you in tame submission

that they were going to fight to the powers that be:

for slavery." "Here we must trample on

"On account of the repeat


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the mandates of despotism, or here we must remain slaves forever."-p. 13. April 7, 1814.

"Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall write, print, utter, or publish, or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly or willingly aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the Government (the party in power) of the United States, or either House of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States, with intent to defame the said Government, or either House of the Congress, or the said President, &c." Sedition Law, July 17, 1798.

ed expressions of disloyal and incendiary sentiments, the publishing of the newspaper known as

the Chicago Times is hereby suppressed. Burnside's Order No. 84, June 1, 1862..

"That any order of the President, or under his authority, made at any time during the existence of the present rebellion, shall be à de: fense in all courts to any action or prosecution, civil or criminal,!' &.--Extract from act suspending Habeas Cor. pus, March, 1863.




The real cause of the war 'If I had the power, I would "Taken altogether,

the must be traced to the influence erect a gallows at every land-, squatter reception, last evenof worthless foreigners over ing place in the city of New ing, fell below what had been the press and the deliberations York, and suspend every curs- promised, but furnished an inof the Government in all its ed Irishman as soon as he stance of what a few determinbranches.- Response to the steps upon our shore.? --Re- ed wire pollers 'can do with a Message of Gov. Strong, of marks of Mathew L. Davis on few hundred voting cattle.". Mass., by the Assembly: June, receiving the news of the Dem. (alluding to the Irish and 1814.

ocratic triumph in New York, Germans.)-Chicago Tribune, in 1852.

Oct. 15, 1860.

Weitatingly aver that "It is our opinion, as our readers well know, that no

seven-tenths of the foreigners man of foreign birth should be in our land, who bow in obedi. admitted to the exercise of the ence to the Pope, of Rome, are political rights of an Ameri- not as intelligent as the full can citizen."-Albany Daily

blooded Africans of our state Advertiser

we will not include the part

bloods."--Cleveland Herald. "We could not find any other remedy against the threatening danger, than a repeal of all uaturalization laws."-Col. Webb, of New York.

6 All naturalization laws should be instantly repealed, and the term preceding the enjoyment of civil rights extended twenty-five years.". Mr. Clark, Whig Mayor of New York.

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We might proceed almost ad infinitum, but I have agreed, voted, acted and thought alike. the above must suffice Our only object is to The above does not exhibit the strongest family link together the principles of fraternism in resemblance--that feature, in all its various a single group, between the old Federals and tints and hues, will be found scattered throughtheir progeny, 80 that the reader might see at out this entire work. Let no Republican say a glance how well the three great parties, or he was not sired by a Federal. We have traced rather the one party, with three great names, his geneology too clearly to admit of doubt.

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REPUBLICAN PREACHING VS. PRACTICE. are expressly reserved to the States-the days

of this Republic are already passed-ilie. days Senator Doolittle vs. Political Doolittle. of the Empire have begun, and we are preparOn the 2d day of May, 1862, Senator Doo-ing to re-enact, on perhaps a grander scale,

the history of the decline and fall of the EmLITTLE made a speech in the Senate of the pire of Rome. [You were right, Mr. D.] United States, in which he maintained that

"The maintenance inviolate of the rights of the states there was ample power under the Constitution and especially the rights of each state, to order and con

trol its own domestic institutions, according to its own for every emergency in war :

judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of pow. er on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends.”[From the Chicago Pbatform.

"Without that they cease to be states at all, "Sir, I repeat, that never before, in this [Mr. D. did not think then, perhaps, how soon body, nor in any legislative body the sun ever he would be forced into the state suicide" shone upon, were there graver questions raised doctrine] and the Federal Government bethan these.' And yet, under all this responsi- comes one vast, consolidated empire. This bility, there are gentlemen who, in their

was as true in the beginning as it was in 1860, eagerness to press this measure to a vote, when we made it the pledge upon which we smile at constitutional scruples and responsi- came into power, and it will be true, forever, bilities. Sir, I am not one of those ; I con- whether men in the heat and passion of this fess that I can concur fully in the language of hour shall heed it, or trample it under their my colleague, and say when I am pressed to feet. act upon questions involving these great re- “This Constitution of ours gives to us all sponsibilities, that I do so with a fear and ap- the powers which are necessary to meet even prehension--not the fear of any man here or

the exigencies of civil war. It is just as per fect elsewhere--for I know no man master on earth, in this as in any other respect. (For claiming but the fear that in the presence of that God, this, Democrats have been called "Copperbefore whom I have taken an oath to support heads."] It meets all the necessities of our the Constitution, I may be pressed, under the situation, whether of war, insurrection or

The idea that at any time for one sinthe hour, to trample it under my feet.

gle hour—this Constitution, because civil war "Mr. President, we are in arms to-day. We exists, is dissolved, or gives way to martial are at war. For what?? It is for this very law, as to somethiug higher, and above itself, Constitution—to maintain, protect and defend at the discretion or caprice of the President its supremacy in every state, everywhere, from

or Congress, or both together, is a heresy as Maine to Texas. To maintain that supremacy fatal to free Government, and as full of evil as we send our sons to the battle field-we stake the whisperings of Satan to Eve in the Garden all we have and all we are, and I should re- of Eden. No, sir, no! The Constitution is gard myself wanting in manhood, as cowardly, just as much above mortial law as it is above shrinking from the performance of my duty, if, civil law. From it alone are derived all the while my sons and my countrymen are in the powers of the Government, and under it alone field, fighting the enemy, meeting danger and can they be exercised." death in every form, I should not stand here in the defense of the Constitution, by every power God has given memlet it be assailed from what quarter it may. The only fear I On the 4th of June, 1863, Mr. political Doo. have is, that I may not defend it as I should. LITTLE made a speech before å meeting in Chi

"Mr. president, that constitution, let me say, is just as supreme in reserving powers countermanding BURNSIDE's Order, suppress

cago, called to denounce the President for from this government, as it is in granting powers to it. Just as supreme in withholding as ing the Chicago Times, which speech demonin conferring power. If this government, or strates the facility with which first rate fourth any branch of it-if Congress or the Execu- rate statesmen can descend from the sublime tive, or the Supreme Court shall undertake to overturn its provisions, and to trample under to the ridiculous; and, here is the manner Mr. their feet the rights reserved to the States and political DOOLITTLE proposed to practice on the people by it, it is just as much an attempt the preaching of Mr. senator DOOLITTLE. We at revolution and rebellion as when the men in the insurrectionary states undertake to trample quote from the Chicago Tribune, of above date: under their feet the powers which by it are given ? He (DOOLITTLE) believed the exercise of to this government. Either is REVOLUTION!

the power in any part of the United States, to And if either succeeds. it is an end to our suppress newspapers, is simply a question of whole system of republican government!! If | time and necessity. In New Orleans Gen. the doctrine shall once prevail, and be acqui- BUTLER suppressed newspapers, and even exesced in by the government, and the people of ecuted a traitor. Has anybody found fault of the United States, that the constitution can with that? In many parts of the North papers be overborne ; that this Federal Government have been suppressed, and justly so. In my can usurp powers which are not delegated, but 'opinion the Executive is clothed with discretion






1,356 1,223


Coles ...



in the time of war to do WHAT HE DEEMS | tion, and thus prevent all enquiry. This was FIT AND PROPER. He alluded to the re- carried by a strict party vote, 85 to 46. voking order. Probably the President thinks the time has not yet come when Chicago shall

PROFESSIONS OF EQUAL RIGHTS TO THE NEbe put under martial law. But if any newspaper opposes the enforcing of the conscription law, or any other order the President thinks proper to give, that paper will be suppressed, consin passed a law, in pursuance to the Con

Several years ago the Republicans of Wisand if need be, martial law proclaimed. We desire, if possible, to have the loyal people of stitution, submitting the question to the peothe North united as one man, and we must ple whether the negroes should vote, and have it practically so, or it is of no avail. He notwithstanding the professions of that party regretted that there were still two political parties [suppression is a good way to get rid to be in favor of the move, and their having of one]—there should be but one, and that 12,000 majority, the negro was voted down by one'united with a determination to put down 27,000 majority. the rebellion, but as it is, the President must

In Illinois the disparity between profession control all men of all parties, and those that oppose the administration must suffer the con- and practice is vastly greater. In 1862 that sequences. If the time comes, and it becomes

State voted on a new constitution, two clauses necessary, Mr. LINCOLN will declare martial of which related to the negro-one to exclude . law, even in Chicago."

him from all privileges in the State, to prohibNow, let the reader judge of Political Doo- it him from being on Illinois soil. Below is LITTLE'S "heresy," by Senator DOOLITTLE'S the vote in several intensely negroized coundeclaration, above, as to martial law being ties: Sfatal to free government. We confess we

Maj. for Maj. ag'st

Negro. are naturally too nervous to comment further

Rep. Maj. McHenry

1,567 2,049 upon such whiffling inconsistencies. They are


1,402 degrading to the high character of an Ameri- | Cook ......

10,000 4,000 can Senator.

1,443 3,151



While the Republicans had the vote to defeat Look on this Picture.

the constitution, they voted down the negro, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, by adopting all the articles against him, some to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no

of which by over 100,000 majority. lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.-President Lincoln in his Inaugural. Then on This.

Just before the election in Wisconsin, No"I order and declare that all persons hela vember, 1863, the Sentinel, a Jacobin journal as slaves in the said designated states and parts printed in Milwaukee, declared that "he who of states, are, and hereafter shall be free. votes must fight." Politician Lincoln in the Emancipation Pro- Fortunately an opportunity occurred to test clamation.

the sincerity of this vociferously patriotic crThe Republicans have always professed to be gan. One of its editors was drafted, and in for law and order, and Mr. LINCOLN in his the next issue of the paper appeared the follow VALLANDIGIAM and Springfield correspond- ing: ence, scouted the idea that he intended to

"While Mr. L., (the editor) would make a violate law and the Constitution. This was the tip-top soldier, he is too valuable to be spared profession. What of the practice.

for that occupation just now." In defiance of law a military Governor was This is a specimen of a large class. Mr. appointed for the District of Columbia, which TILDEN, of the N. Y. Independent, who had by the very terms of the Constitution, was to been vociferously abusing the “Copperheads” be forever under the exclusive control of Con- for not going to the war, was among those who gress.

drew a "prize” from the wheel of fortune, but Mr. WICKLIFFE (Dem.) introduced a reso- instead of following his own precepts, he lution in Congress to enquire under what law proved the value of his patriotism to be just said Governor was appointed.

$300, under the pressure of a dire "necesMr. OTIS (Rep.) moved to table the resolu- /sity."




That was our duty. We had nothing to do with the new


groes at all,


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"Q. On what date was this?

"A. It was about the 24th of September. For years the Abolition politicians have been "Q. Was any military officer on board the boat besides

the officers of your company? rocking the cradle of liberty, and singing the "A. I think not. There was a man on board, but I don't

think he was a commissioned officer. He was acting as lullaby of freedom, and the idea of buying and ) aid to Col. Hovey. His name is Washburne. selling "human flesh" as "chattels"

"Q. How many negroes acting as deck hands were there

on board the boat when you went aboard with your commost terribly shocking to them. The follow- pany?

"A. Fifteen. ing, from a publication during the summer of

"Q. After these fifteen negroes were put ashore, did any 1863, will speak for itself. The matter was

other negroes come back with you as deck hands iu tho

service of the boat? hushed up, because Gen. CURTIS was a politi- "A. No sir. These negroes were taken on an expedition

to the saine place some weeks before from the same plantacal General, but when this cruel war is

tion. over” many facts blacker than the following *Q. Under whose charge was that expedition?

"SA. Col. Hovey. will appear in the great record book of record

It would crowd the dimensions of our voled facts:

ume to unreasonable proportions to continue "A commission is now in session at the west this chapter to the full; we must therefore with Maj. Gen. McDowell at its head, investigating the conduct of Maj. Gen. Curtis and oth close it, to make room for more important er Republican officials, in conducting their mil- matter. itary operations so as to secure the largest amount of cotton possible for their own private benefit. One of the richest revelations made is in reference to the trading off of negroes for cotton! The specification alleges that negro

CHAPTER XXXIII. slaves had been taken from the plantations up

HAVE WE A MILITARY DESPOTISM ? on the pretense of giving them freedom under the President's "emancipation edict," and thus General Remarks... Educating the Army to the New Role used as a substitute for coin. It has been fully

... Adjutant General Thomas Preaching Politics to the

Soldiers... Punishes Soldiers for Political Opinions... How proven before the investigating court. The

the Soldiers View it...Anti-Copperhead Letters and Reofficer charged with this lucrative speculation solves from the Army...How Manufactured...General was Col. Hovey of Illinois, formerly the prin

Remarks... General Halleck on "Crushing the Sneaking

Traitors of the North'?... Seward, Chase, Blair, &c., at cipal of the State Normal School at Blooming

the Cooper Institute Meeting... Case of Lieut. Edgerly... ton. The following is the testimony upon the Abolitionism a Test of a Soldier's Duty... The Conscripsubject.

tion Act intended to Ignore the Constitution...“ Boston "Brice Suffield being called and sworn, testi

Commonwealth" Admits that the Administration Em

ployed Bayonets to Carry Elections... Difference between fied as follows:

Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy...Atrocious Sentiments of

Senator Wilson...A Leaf from French History...A Fact “Q. State whether you ever made an expedition for cot- by Sallust...Gov. Seymour on the Rotten-Borough System ton on the steamer Iatan, in Suptember, 1862, and if so, His Message of Jan. 5, 1864...A Flexible Platform... state what occurred at that time?

Henry Clay's Opinion... Free Speech Abolished... Senator "A. I did. Our company, commanded by Capt. Twin- Howe on... Petty Despotism... Arrests for Wearing Badges ing, was ordered out from a camp near Helena, to go down ... Several Instances in Point... The Evidences of Apon the steamer Iatan. The captain of the boat told us proaching Despotism...A Link from “ New York Trithe intention was to take us down to get some wood for bune"...To Doubt the Infallibility of the President is fuel. We landed on the Mississippi side of the river, op- " Treason "...Declaration of Independence Revised, &c. posite the cut-off--White river. There was aboard the boat one Brown, an oversver of Col. McGee's plantation; he was on the boat when we went aboard. After the

HAVE WE NOT A MILITARY DESPOTISM? boat was tied up, Brown went ashore; this was after dark. Some of uur company, supposing him to bu a rebel soldier. That we have not only a military despotism, asked him where he got his clothes. He told them he got

He told them he got but the worst species known to civilized nathem in the Mexican war. toat and told him it was all right--that the cotton would tions, is a fact that will not only soon be genbe in, in the course of a few hours. In due time Crown returned, bringing with him twenty-six bales of cotton. Af- erally known, but

erally known, but universally felt, unless a ter the cotton was delivered, the boatmen, by order of the swift and radical change takes place in the captain, put on shore fifteen nogroes that had been used as boat hands.

aims and policy of the Administration. We "After getting them on shore, they tied them,'after considerable struggling on the part of the negroes. In the say this in no spirit of controversy, nor do we tying operation one of the negroes escaped. After they

utter it with factious feelings or ulterior purwere tied, Brown took them away. I was on picket post, and Brown, with the negroes, stopped, at the post and bid poses; but, we declare it in unutterable grief me good evening, and then went on, Some time after founded on the "logic of events.” taking the negroes away, Brown came back and went aboard the boat and stayed till daylight. A member of We see in the modes and measures of the my company (don't recollect his name) told me he saw Capt. Weaver pay Brown some money-we supposed for Administration that silent, yet sure, tiger-like the cotton.

"Q. What part did Capt. Twining or soldiers present take tread in the path so often pursued by the tyin the transaction of putting off the negroes?

rants and despots of the Old World, that we "A. Merely acting under orders. They put us out on shore to guard against surprise. We guarded the boat. cannot mistake their purpose. The ingenuity

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