Land-locked States of Africa and Asia
Since 1991 more than a dozen new land-locked states have emerged to be confronted with the geostrategic problems of access and communications. Contributors present the implications of land-lockedness and the historical development of trade routes.
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Introduction Keith McLachlan
Power Vacuum or Geopolitical Focus George Joffé
Landlocked Niger and its Alternative Seaport Access Ali Djimba
Landlockedness and Dependency
African Land and Access Corridors Ieuan Ll Griffiths
the Geopolitics of a Buffer State Keith McLachlan
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