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enough to have its summit at the distance of three inches from the ball, which terminates the iron bar, to which he fastensa very sensible electrometer, and also a linen thread to discover the smallest degrees of electricity. As this inftrument is but little ele. vated, and has no pointed extremity, it is not easily charged with the electricity of the air, which, at such a degree of proximity to the earth, is always imperceptible; but rain, snow, hail, mist, and dew, if they are electrical, will render it also electrical by falling upon the cone; the degree of electricity is ascertained by the electrometer, which is under the receivers and in order to know whether it be positive or negative, the observer has only to employ the method indicated above, in our account of the instrument used to measure the electricity of the air. Besides the use of this inftrument in discovering the electricity of aqueous meteors, it may still serve farther purposes : it may be highly üseful to compare it with the atmospherical electrometer, in 'order to discern the true principle of the electricity with which it is charged, and to see whether it proceeds immediately from the air, or from the heterogeneous bodies that are suspended in the atmosphere ; for the atmospherical electrometer may also become electrical by rain, snow, hail, or mist, and the comparing these two instruments is the only method that occurs to M. ACHARD by which we can know, whether it receives its electricity dire&ly from the air, or by the intervention of bodies (indued with a conducting power) which are diffufed in it. If, during rain, hail, snow, or mift, the atmospherical electrometer is elettrical, while that which indicates the electricity of aqueous meteors is not so, we may conclude, with certainty, that the ele&ricity of the former proceeds only from the air; if, on the contrary, they are both electrical, it must then be inquired, whether they be so in the same degree; if this be the case, it is only to the rain, or snow, &c. that the electricity must be attributed. (Is this conclusion just ? ask we.) I need not ov. * ferve (concludes M. Achard) that when there is neither rain, snow, hail, nor mist, the atmospherical electrometer will always indicate the electricity of the air.
ART. XVII. Le CORAN Traduit de l'Arabe, i. e. A French Translation of the
Koran from the Arabic, accompanied with Notes, and a compena dious Account of the Life of Mahomet, drawn from the most esteemed Oriental Writers. By M. SAVARY. 2 Vols. 8vo. 1782. "HÉ learned Author of this translation resided long in
among whom he lived several years, that he undertook this dif
ficult and laborious work. He has not been unsuccessful in imitating the concision, energy, and elevation of style, for which the original is fo remarkable, and he has even só far respected the obscurity that reigns in a multitude of its phrases, as rather to leave their meaning dark, than to weaken the expression, by any attempts to render it more clear. He has enriched his tranlation with Notes, to explain the difficult paffages : he has given a judicious actount of the nature of the work, and the manner in which it was composed. All this is inftructive for the unlearned, and to such this publication is a useful and entertaining present: we prefer, however, upon the whole, Sale's translation,
ART. XVIII. Relation de deux Voyages dans les Mers Auftrales et des Indes, &c. i.e.
An Account of Two Voyages in the Southern and Indian Seas, made in the Years 1771, 1772, 1773, and 1774. By M. DE KERQUELEŃ, with several of the King's Ships under his CommandOr, Extract from the Journal of his Navigation for the Disco very of a Southern Continent, and for ascertaining a New Course, proposed, as shortening, to the Amount of 800 Leagues (French), the Passage from Europe to China. 8vo. Paris. 1782. THIS work is the recital of a calamitous and unsuccessful
expedition, and it is designed to plead the cause of its Author against the accusations of his officers, and the sentence of his judges. He was sent by government to verify the pretended discoveries of Meffieurs Gonneville and Grenier; and his unlucky navigation terminated in the discovery of the Inand of "Madagascar. His Journals discover a wrong-headed man, who, though not ignorant in the line of his profeflion, is unworthy or every degree of confidence, by the ralhoess of his decisions out cr chat line, and the presumption with which he judges of objects, that seem almost totally unknown to him. All this appears more efpecially in the Observations on the American War, which he has subjoined to his Journal. He tells us, among other things, that there are very few lands in America adapted to furnish a subsistence to their inhabitants by agriculture, that an increase of population ought to be to them an object of apprehension ; and that they are likely to be always tributary to, and dependent upon, other nations. The two first of there are fertions are too absurd to deserve refutation : on the lalt we shall
not pronounce;--the effects of the independence of America on its national happine's are yet in the womb of futurity.-Thefe fbfervations are followed by Remarks on the manner of making war upon England, which we recommend devoutly to the attention and approbation of the French court.
IN D E X
To the REMARKABLB PASSAGEs in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet," see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
Bscu, M. his machine for proving VARTERET, Lord, account of, zis.
the compressibility of Water, 176. CHARCOAL, chem. obreron, 345. ACHARD, M. his process for making CHATHAM, Earl of, Algarotti's account artificial Tourmalines, &c. 632. For
of, 18, making his new invented Electrome- Bishop Newton's account of, 148.
His birth, family, &c. 310. ACID, now, experiments with, 3810' Panegyric on his eloquence, 313. ACID, foups, new manner of preparing. COLOMBIER'S observations on the Ve. See CORNITTI.
nereal Disease, &c. 556. ADDI803, character of, 502.
CORNETTE, M, his memoirs on various AGRICULTURE, observations and expe- medical subjects, 557, 560, 563, 629. riments relative to, 212.
CoxNWALLIS, Archbilbop, teftimony to Ai, paré, inflammable, the same with the worth of his character, 148.
phlogifon, 377. Curious experiments CRELLIUS, D. Experimenta Cbemica, 380. relative to, ib.
-dephlogisticated. See INGENHOUZS. AUBENTON's mem. on wool, 625. ANDREY and Thouret, on the use of the Load-stone in medicine, 563.
translated, 3. Why styled the Man afANTIPATHY, natural, to particolar ani- ter God's oron beart, 528.
mals, &c. curious instances of, 2i1. D'AZYR, M. Vicg, his observations conARCHITECTURE, general obfervations cerning various medical fubje&ts, 557. on, 14.
his memoir on the voice, 626. ARTIRY, axillary. See DEHORNE. DEHORNE on a considerable aneurism of Ali Bey, his estimable character, 531. the Axillary artery, sbr.
DENTARIA root. See De Jossnit,&c. Acon, Lord, account of, 233. DE HERTZBERG, M. his reflections on
the ftrength of states, &c. 162. BLOW.PIPE, its use in the examination De JUSSIEU, DE LA LOUETTE, &c. of Mineral Subftances, 175.
their experiments to ascertain the proBLINGBROKE, character of, 504.. perties of the Dentaria root, 559. Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux, his bigot. DISSENTERS, Bp. Newton's character
ry, 569. BOYLE, Mr, account of, 234.
LECTRICITY, new difcoveries ree' William) his nobie conduct towards the
lative to, 382. perfecuted French Protestants, 565.
natural, lightning, and other phao BRANDON, Charles, Duke of Suffolk, nomena, produced by it, 6oo. Useful account of, 103.
remarks on, 603. Bøtt, Lord, account of, 312,
Hed by Urine, 563.
AMECH, reie&ions on his speech M. Achard, how made, 632.
to his two wives, 3. EPILEPSY. See SAILLANT.
LANDE, M. de la, on the planet of ETERNAL punishment, doctrine of, con- HERSCHEL, 630. On the inclinatica troverted by a late Bishop, 236.
of the third Satellite of Jupiter, ib. Oa
the theory of Venus, ib. VTZGERALD's experiments with Lassone on the unhappy accidents atChinese hemp seed, 387..
tending the Small Pox, and Mealles ei
a malignant sort, 559. the historian, his charac- Lead-ore, improvement in the smelt. ter by a Bishop, 150.
ing of proposed, 349. Criticized, 487.
LINCOLN, Bp, sonnet to, 46. GISENI Cpunt de, his account of a new LOAD-STONE, observations on the uk kind of rain, 381.
of, in Medicine, 563: Good manners, rules for the preservation Lock, John, account of, 234. Remark
of in the House of Commons, 193. on the style of his writings, 504. GRANGE, M, de la, a felf-taught Geo. LORRY's mem. concera. human fa', 559. metrictan, $89.
Lowth, Bishop, verses by, addretted to a GRAVITIES, (pecific, &c. See Kor
young ladys 47.
Lungs, irritability of, 562. ttt on the phænomena exhibit.
(ADAGASCAR, newest account of,
611. HAMMON, Will, his letter to Dr. PrieltMAGNET. See LOAD-STONE. day, in defence of Atheism, 129,
MANSFIELD, Lord, some account af, HAWXWG0D, Sir John, account of, 322.
paralleled with Lord Chatham, 143, HEMPSEED, Chinese. See. FITZGE. MATTHEWS; Mr. remarkable story of
his antipathy to Spiders, 211. HERSCHEL'S, new Planet; observations Mauduit's'observations on medical "rel. to, 6304
ele&ricity, 557. HISTORY, Augustan, memoir rek to the
MESSIER on the 17th Comet, 630. writers,of, 163.
on an eclipse of the Sun, 631. YDROCEPHALUS, internal, See ODI• MELAZZO, (the ancient Mylesa) ruins of
the Roman temple there, 263.
MIDDLETON, Dr. account of, 144. jer the Pleiades
, &c. 630 EAURAT on the position of the 64 8273 MONIER, M. le, on the longitude of No.
va Zembla, 631. On Cape Circumcie on the Diplantidian Telescopes, &c. fion, ib. 631. His description of an Astro. Morand on the population of Paris, &c. METER,, ib.
029. JEPHTHAH's daughter, story of, 152. Mort, Mr. his account of Scoria from Not facrificed, 154.
iron-works, 382. JESSE, Mr. his letter to the Reviewers, MOULINES, M. on the writers of what is 95.
called the Augustan Hiftory, 163. INGENHOU SZ, Dr. on dephlogisticated Music, ingenious remarks rel. 10, 392,
air, &c. 603. Josse, M. his analytical examination of the Columbo root, 557.
TAPLES, account of, 584. JFECACOANHA. See CORNETTE.
NEWCASTLE, D. of, his charac. (ron, wbite ores of, 171.
ter, 311. ISRAEL, an Indian prince, basely treat
NIwton, Sir I. account of, 234. ed by the Spaniards, 608.
Newton, Bp, general review of his chs.
racter, 136. His life, 137–141. ITALY, observ. rel..to the fate of, 586.
NICXEL, difficulty of obtaining, 171. ATHARINE, St. collegiate church NORTH, Lord, account of, 312, count of, 323
DIER, M. his on an intera,
nal Seas, 636.
Onslow, Arthur, his laudable character, KIRWAN, Mr. his continuation of the
195. experiments and observations on the Onis, metallic, obs, on the ellaying of a Specific Gravities, &c. 377.
175. KORAN, French Tranllation of, 635
41XTER, qualifications of, critically TEA
OXFORD, 'university, burlesque account of SYBILLA, grotto of, its present fate, 163,
SYPHON, experimen, sel. to, 96.
TEA, the drinking of, medically con-
THERMOMETER, an improved one, 385,
THOURET on the conformation of the
bones of the skull in new-born infants,
on the Magnet, 563.
TILLET on the manner of diffolving
TILLOTSON, character of, 502.
TOURMALINES, artificial, how made, 632
TRAPANT, account of, 168.
ÀRNIER'S mem. on the Milliary
on the Lungs, 568.
VAN MARUM, Dr. his dissertation on
VENERLAL Disease. See COLOMBIER.
cipline of, 3050
VOICE, of man, and other animals, ana-
tomically confidered, 626.
VOLTA, M. his method of rendering very
sensible the weakest, natural, or artifi.
cial electricity, 382.
riations of, 563.
ARBURTON, Bishop, account of,
WATER, exper. sel, to the comprefibility
evaporated from the earth in hot wea-
eflay on the degrees of heat in which
water begins to part with its air, and.in
which it boils, 347. . a count of a-fin-
gular kind of water which fell in a
WEGUELIN, M. on Tacitus, 162,
of mortality at York, 387.
INC, ores of, chemical account of,
END OF VOL. LXVIII.