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tion, that Mr. Jesie protests he never declared to the Protestant Affo. ciation, or to any other, that now, at York, the Roman Catholics give ten pounds to any mao who will embrace their religion, &c.? And. I wish you to take care not to insert in your Review any thing to the prejudice of a gentieman's character, of which you have noc
preof, or fomething better than the word of the anonymous author of the frietures, Worceftershire, 10th Jan, 1783.
W. JESSE. This letter may be called the lie direct to the author of the frietures on Mr. Berington's pamphlet. Let him look to it, if he hath any charadier to support.
+++ On account of the assertion of Mr. Chambers in his Dictionary, that a syphon once ser a raining will perfift in its motion, though removed into the most perfect vacuum our air-pumps can make. (See ou Review for March talt, p. 180.) We willied some gentleman, fure nished with the proper apparatus, would try the experiment, and we have accordingly been favoured with the following account, from a correspondent who made it to satisfy himself.
• I took (fays be) a thermometer tube of a pretly wide bore, and having bent it in form of a typhon, the degs being abouc five inches long, I inserted one into a vial full of mercury, and having set it so run into a small cup, placed them all together on an air-pump, under a receiver. Having extracted the air, I found the mercury to sepasate at top, and fall down into each leg, to' about three inches above the surface of the stagnating mercury; and it continued to fall as I worked the pump, till it came to be about three quarters of an inch from the farface below, where ic stood ull che air was let into cbe receiver ; when it began to rise in both legs, equally from the surface, till it run over through che leg in the vial, and having joined, cona tinued to run till I again extracted the air, and she effect was the same as before. Had water been used, the air semaining in the receiver, which I found capable of fustaining a column of mercury about three quarters of an inch in height, would have been powerful enough to bave sullained a column of water nine or ten inches high, consequently at that, or any less height of the fyphon, the water would have continued to run. The want of attention to a limilar defect in the righe. ness of the air-pump made use of, feems to be the only foundation for the assertion that water would continue to run through a syphon the weighi of the atmosphere being removed, which, unleisthe iyphon be capillary, or some other pressure be fubllituted for that of the atmofphere, I believe to be physically impossible. Salilury, Dec. 24.
R. D. - Such communications as the above, by increasing the common Rock of knowledge, are of use to mankind; ue hope therefore to be excused for deviating so far from our plan as to give it a place here; and are much obliged to R. D. for the pains be has taken to let this matter in a clear light.
ERRATUM in this Month's Review. Viz. Page 1, 1. 7-8 from the bottom, for collection,'. collation. THE
For FEBRUAR 1783.
Art. I. A Journey from Cheffer to London. By Thomas Pendant,
Esq. 4to. [With many Engravings.] 11. 55. in Boards. White. . 1782, T is always with pleasure that we attend this very agreeable
and intelligent Traveller, in his various excursions and tours ; as he never fails to entertain, and often instructs us, by his remarks and descriptions; in which he constantly approves himself the man of taste occasionally the antiquary and the scholar, and invariably the gentleman.
With respect to the present recital, Mr. Pennant observes, in his previous Advertisement, that the ground here described has been, for some centuries, passed over by the incurious traveller; and has had the hard fortune of being constantly execrated for its dulness. To retort the charge, and clear it from the calumny (says he), is my present business. To Mew that ihe road itself, or its vicinity, is replete with either ancient historic facts, or with matter worthy of present attention, is an affair of no great difficulty. Poffibly my readers may subscribe to the opinion, that the tract is not absolutely devoid of entertainment, and that the blame rests on themselves, not the country.'
We, for ourselves; readily subscribe to this' opinion. We have trod the same ground, and this book hath convinced us that, whether from hafte, inadvertency, or the want of due information, we have not always made the best of our way.
Our Traveller began his annual journey to London in March 1780; and his observacions commence with the metropolis of Cheshire; of which very ancient and remarkable city he had given for ample a description, in his former tours, that Vol. LXVIII,
he has left himself little to add on the present occafion. He briefly notices fome improvements, with respect to public buildings, erected fince his preceding account, and the discovery of fome Roman antiquities; and then he proceeds to Beeston Castle, once a ftrong fortress, of which fome magnificent remains ftill bear fufficient teftimony. A good engraving of the great rock, crowned with these noble relics, accompanies Mr. Pennant's description and historical detail.
From Beeston we aceompany our Author to Acton, Nantwich, &c. visiting, in our way, the churches, monumenis, feats of the nobility and gentry, canal navigations, &c. &c. Mr. P. does ample justice to that unparallel'd water-work, the GREAT TRUNK, as it is often styled ; and gives a particular account of the nature and public advantages, the dimensions and extent, of this truly magnificent undertaking: which will, perhaps, ever remain as the FIRST in greatness, importance, and dignity, of our British inland navigations. Nor does he forget that aftonishing genius, BRINDLEY, the director of this amazing enterprize. But we have already given a more ample account of that wonderful man, in our extract from the 2d volume of the new edition of the Biographia Britannica. See Rev. for Aug. 1781.
Before we quit the eastern confines of Cheshire, and the line of our Traveller's progress through part of Staffordshire, we cannot but remark a very unaccountable omission. When Mr. P. was so near as within a mile or two of the British Etruria, the scene of Mr. Wedgwood's highly improved and extended manufactory, how was it possible for him to escape the temptation of visiting those celebrated works! Had he made a stop there, and been so lucky as to have found, at home, Mr. W. himielf (the animating foul of this great body of whatever is useful or elegant jn that multifarious branch of the arts) he would not have lost the opportunity of enriching his present work with, but we forbear : Mr. W. like other artists of real merit, is as modest as he is ingenious; and therefore we leave his works, as he does, to speak for themselves.
Of Shugborough, the feat of Mr. Anson, in Staffordshire, Mr. Pennant gives two elegant prints, with a just description; and then he proceeds, through Tixal, and Ingftree, to Stafford : of which good town we have here a proper account. From hence we are conducted to Lichfield; stopping, however, by the way, at several places worthy of observation, viz. Cauk Wood and Foreft, Wolseley Bridge, Hermitage, Winchenour Manor, and Beaudesert, the princely seat of Lord Paget.
Lichfield is an oid, ill-favoured city; but the venerable cathedral, the close, the hospitals, and some antiquities, find employment for our Author's defcriptive powers, and for thofe of his ingenious draughtsman and engrayer.
From Lichfield we deviate a little from the great road, and pass through some villages, which are duly noticed, and proceed to Tamworth, a borough town, between the conflux of the Tame and the Ankor : the church particularly attracts our Traveller's attention.
Returning to Lichfield, we resume the London road, and enter Warwickshire; where the first place that appears to merit observation, is the town of Coleshill. Here is a handsome church, with a number of monuments, particularly of the Digby family : for particulars we refer to the book.
In this neighbourhood are Maxtoke Castle, and several gentleinen's seats, which afforded our curious Traveller an opportunity of viewing several pictures, particularly at Blithe-hall (Mr. Guest's), che portraits of Lord Keeper Littleton, Sir William Dugdale, and the famous Elias Ashmole.
At Packington, the seat of Lord Aylsford, were likewise feen some portraits of eminent persons; and the pleasant village of Mireden, commonly called Meridan, receives from our Author the usual tribute of praise from travellers, especially for its magnificent inn.
And now we enter Coventry, another ancient but homely city, still more dark and dirty than Lichfield; but this we say not from our Author, who takes no uncivil notice of either place.-Of Coventry, however, he has a good deal to say. He gives us the history of the city, civil and military; he touches on the story of the long-hair'd Lady Godiva, and does not over-look Peeping Tom. He speaks of the Parlements which have been held here in remote times; and he enumerates the manufactures, among which is the great one of ribbons, which is carried on here, to an extent, of which those who are unacquainted with the place can have no conception ; especially when it is considered that this branch of the weaver's art is by no means confined to Coventry.
Our Author gives us likewise engravings, by Mazell, from the elegant drawings of Mr. M. Griffiths *, of Sponne and Grey Friar's Gates, &c. The objects of his verbal descriptions are the churches, halls, hospital, priory, canal navigation, with other particulars which we have not room to enumerate.
Leaving Coventry, we come to Combe Abbey, now pofleffed by the Craven family; and where are many productions of the pencil, worthy the notice of the connoisseur.
After describing the pictures at Combe, our Traveller proceeds, through several villages, to the county of Northamp
* To these ingenious artists we are also obliged for a beautiful view of East Gaie, Chelter; which stands as an ornament in the titlepage of ihis book.
ton; and, in the course of this branch of his excursion, he gives us an account of Daventry, the camps of Borough-hill, the Castle Dykes in the parilh of Farthingstone, Tocefter, EastonNefton, Whittlebury Foreft, &c.
At old Stratford we cross the Ouze into Buckinghamshire; of which county we foon take leave, after a flight view of the towns of Stoney and Fenny Stratford, and one or two other places.
We next enter the county of Bedford, arrive at Hocliffe (Vulg. Hockley in the Hole), Chalk-hill, Dunstable, &c. which being briefly described, we come next to Hertfordshire,
Gorhambury, once the seat of the Great Bacon t, now of Lord Grimfton, is rich in materials for our Traveller's liberal purpose. The productions of the pencils of the greatest masters are numerous, and the portraits are drawn from the most illuf. trious personages. From this distinguished collection Mr. Pennant has given us engravings of the Countess of Suffolk, wife to the Lord Treasurer; George Calvert, the firft Lord Baltimore; and Margaret Countess of Cumberland, daughter of Francis Earl of Bedford : these are engraved by Caldwell.
Quitting Gorhambury, our Traveller presently enters the celebrated Verulamium. Of the vestigia of this once great municipal city he takes a proper survey, and gives a very satisfactory detail of its history.
From the ruins of Verulam fprung the neighbouring town of St. Alban's; at which we are now arrived, under the guidance of our intelligent and curious Obferver.--Here we have abundant employment for the antiquary, who will with pleasure accompany our Author in examining the truly venerable abbey; of which we have here an ample account, illustrated by three quarto copper-plates. Particular attention is paid to the tomb of the good Humphrey Duke of Glocester. The other churches of this respectable town are also described, with the history of the battles fought in and near this place, during the horrid struggles between the ambitious houses of York and Lancafter.
Leaving, with regret, this attractive spot, we soon reach the county of Middlesex; arrive at the great metropolis of the kinge dom ; and here terminates the First Part of the present pube lication.
Part II. of the entertaining volume before us, contains the obfervations made by our Author in a preceding excurfion to London, in which he quitted the common road, near Daventry, and struck off for Northampton. This Journey is therefore entitled “ From Northampton to London.'
† A good print of this noble old manfion is here given, drawa and engraved by Grifiths.