Imágenes de páginas

I 2mo.

young, the ignorant, and the thoughtless, constitute a large part of the bulk of mankind; and this small tra&t is very properly calculated for their peroral: or, rather, (as they never read,) for the perusal of those who have some influence over them. The Shrove-cide amusements of our common people are monstrously and basely cruel ; and we have often expressed our abhorrence of the unmanly, and worse than brutal cuitom of cock throwing: a custom (by the way) wbich, we hope, is now declining, in every part of the kingdom.

It is to be wished also, that our preachers would charitably extend their admonitions to the unfeeling savages of the cock.pit, who de. ligb: in itimulating those noble yer inoffensive birds to tear each other in pieces, for the diversion (or from ftill worse motives) of idle fellows :- some of whom, from their education, their raok in life, and their age, cught to be ashamed of the cruelties they wantonly exerçise upon more innocent, more useful, and (we will add) more ra. Lional creatures than themselves. Oper: by mouth for the dumb.".

LEMUEL. No v E L. Art. 35. A Lesson for Lovers : or the History of Colonel Melville and Lady Charlotte Richley.

2 Vols, 6s, fewed. Noble.

1783. A very tragical story, but not a very interesting one. The Means are not fuchas juitly warrant so deplorable a catastrophe. If a moral lesson be meant to be inculca:ed, the Author bath not laid the plan with judgment; nor doin the execution promise any good effect. Innocence is involved in the punishment of the guilty. Indiscretion, or too great a degree of diffidence, is made to undergo the extreme of suffering witnour relief. This sometimes happens in. real life : but the painter of patinous life should take care how be mixes his fades, lett what was deligned for instruction should only produce melancholy; and despair of reaching the rewards of virtue should quell all generous exertions, when we see a trivial and almost necessary deviation from it, involve in it all the consequences of the most aggravated wickedness.

But, abftracted from the moral, the story itself is not well cold. Its incidents are all of the crite and hackneyed kind; and the obsera vacions that accompany them are Alimzy and superficial. The lasa guage is not remarkable for force or delicacy; for perspicuity or elegance: and, on the whole, we pronounce this Leson to Lovers, to be one of those infipid things which, if it hath any merit, is wholly of the negative kind.

POETICA L. Art. 36. The Beauties of Painting. By Pollingrove Robinson, A. D. 400.

Robinton. Kearney, &c. 1782. Mr. Pollingrove Robinson seems better acquainted with the theory of painting than with the practice of poetry.His blank verse differs

2 s.

• Some Justices of the Peace, and Parish Officers, have laudably and successfully exerted themselves for the fupprefsion of such barbarous diversions ; and it is to be hoped that their good example will be generally followed, till this opprobrium of a country, which deems itself civilized, ihall be intirely done away.

very very little from prose. We cannot speak of his poem in the fame terms of rapture, in which he speaks of the thirteen master-pieces in the Farnesian gallery.-- What fire! what fury! what impetuoas dah!

MEDICAL. Art. 37. A Treatise on the Infantile Remittent Fever. By Wil

Jiam Butter, 14. D. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and Member of the Medical Society, both of Edinburgh. 8vo. 18. Robson, &c. 1782.

The disease which is the subject of this treatise is what most authors have denominated the Worm Fever; though several others have given i: appellations noi relating to this fupposed cause. Thus it is entitled by Sauvages Hectica Infantilis. Dr. Butter's definition of it is the following: The Infantile Remittant Fever is diftinguithed by drowsy exacerbations, wakeful remissions, pain of head and belly, total loss of apperire, little thirst, and slimy ftools.' He represents it as common to all ages, from the birth to puberty; and he arranges the different forms in which it appears, under three heads, viz. the acute, the flow, and the loze. These he particularly describes ; and though the several kinds seem to differ much in degree of violence, yet he observes that they all afford a favourable prognoftic.

In the chapter on the causes, nature, and seat of this fever, the au. thor begins with some remarks on the peculiarity of the infantile conficution, which he inakes chiefly to conhit in irritability, and proneDess to indigeition. From there he accounts for all the symptoms of this disease, which he suppoles to take its rise from crude accumulations in the first pafrages, causing Spasm in the inteftines, which is communicated to the reit of the body, constituting the fever. Ac the close of this chapter be warmly opposes the idea of this disorder being occasioned by worms; and declares his opinion of the entire innocence of the worms generally found in the bodies of children. This opimion, as he acknowledges, has been already maintained by other writers.

In treating on the core of the Infantile Remittant Fever, he sets out with this poiition, that all the diseases to which the human frame is liable, are fourded in irritation,' and that our knowledge of the cause of this irrirarion ein alone lead us to a racional idea of the nature of a disease, and its cure. in the present case, the irritating cause is foffi. ciently obvious, and the indication is proportionally clear: Yet this, he lays, we mult be content to fulal by round-about means, till there is discovered, what probably exists in nature, a inedicine which will, in not many hours, remove the febrile spasm. The means he at prefent chiely recommends are, rest and quiet; diluting and nourishing drinks ; opening medicines (of which he prefers a solution of Sal Polschrcit): Nitre, when the body is fufliciently open; and Extract of Hemlock, in cales complicated with luofeness, and particularly in ibe flow species of the disease. As the use of most of these remedies seems pretiy obrirus; and, according to the Doctor's own representation, the ditcafe almost always ends favourably, his concluding paragraph

will probably appear somewhat extraordinary, “ Thus (says he) have *we recommendtd a variety of heips for taking off febrile irritation, Auch darkness, coolness, sett, Glence, diluents, emollients, and laxatives. This pradlice, however, is merely artificial, and cannot


be founded in nature, as it employs too many means for answering one intention. These means, while they discover the delect of our art, at the same time point out the remedy; for they are all, properly considered, but lame subflitutes for a single medicine, which porfeffes their aggregate power in a much greater degree, so as to be cap. able of nipping the disease in its very bud, without perhaps occasione ing any evacuation except by ftool. Such a medicine is most likciy to be found in the vegetable creation.'

Now we imagine that few cases can be conceived in which the india cations are more simple, and easily effected by medicines already known, than the diseate under consideration. For, notwithlianding the enomeration of various means which the wri:er has given as, it is obvious that the whole stress of the cure must depend on purgatives alone, and that the rest are only the common cautions or auxiliaries, recommended in almost every diforder. Thas such fuggestions as the above are likely to remove the medical are farther from : mpiri. cifin, we cannot conceive. Whether this paisage, compared with one before quoted, betokens any particular consequences, we leave to time to ascertain. Art. 38. Farther Remarks on the useless State of the lower Limbs,

in consequence of a Curvature of the Spine : being a supplement to a former Treatise on that subjet. By Percivall Port, F. R. S. Surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital. 870. 35. Boards. Juhofon, 1782.

Io our Review for O&ober last we took notice of a publication of cases by Dr. Jebb, confirming the efficacy of the method of core proposed by Mr. Port, in the deplorable disease which is the subject of the piece before us. The public mult receive much additional Catisfaction from this supplemental work of Mr. Pote himself; in which not only the mode of successful practice is established on the firmelt foundation of repeated trials, bot new light is thrown upon the nature of the disease, and some mistakes concerning it are candidly corrected.

Mr. Pete now regards the curvature of the spine as an effect of a scrofulousinaisposition fixing iiself upon the parts composing the spice, or its immediate vicinity. The morbid afections thus produced are various, and frequently, as he imagines, pass unnoticed, cr miltaken for cher diseases, for want of hewing themseives outwardly. When an evident curva:ure is occafioned, it is by means of wertsion (note:largement) of one or more of the budies of the vertebre, whereby the whole column is, as it were, fapped or undermined, and a curve produced always from within ou!wards. This curvature is then only a confequecce of an original disease, and not of itself the cause cither of the other symptoms, or of the vieless ftp:e of the limbs; for after a cure by means of issues is obtained, the curvature frequently remains nearly as before. The cure depends on such a derivation and discharge of the morbid bumours, as removes che caries of the vertebra, andczures the union of the bones with each other by a kind of anchylofis., On this ground the writer propose is to the conlideration of pradlicioners, whether the issues might not properly be used by way of prevenrative, when symptoms appear which give room to suspeo the form, ation of such a disease in the spine, cough it is not a yo maniteited by any external change,

It is not necessary for us to extract more from a work, which one doubtedly will be in the hands of every practitioner; and which, from the variety of pra&ical matter it contains in a small compass, is scarce. ly capable of abridgement. Valuable as every attempt is of this most able and judicious writer, towards the improvement of his profession, he has perhaps in none more clearly rendered important service to mankind; and we may congratulate the public on the too uncommon event, of a fimple, easy, and efficacious remedy discovered, for a most afflicting, and generally deemed incurable disease.

The title-page has omitted to mention, that some plates (which are uncommonly beautiful) are added for the illustration of his work. Art. 39. Observations on the Prognostic in Acute Diseases. By

Charles Le Roy, M. D. F. R. S. Regias Professor of Phyfic in the University of Montpellier, and Member of the Royal Society of Physicians at Paris. Translared from che French. Wich Notes, 8vo. 5 8. boards. Wilkie, 1782.

There is no part of the medical art which more deserves the study of a young practitioner, with respect to his credit and reputation, than that of marking prognoftics; fince his knowledge or ignorance in this point is rendered manifest to the bystanders. It may be questioned, however, whether this skill can be attained on any other principles, than a thorough knowledge of the nature of diseases, and of the animal economy; for, with respect to the detached and unconnected figos mentioned by Hippocrates and other authors, it is well known how little they are to be relied on when taken fingly. The present writer feems aware of this; and has therefore classed' his observations so as to shew their mutual connexion and dependance, and the inferences to be drawn from them respecting those leading circumftances which conduce to a happy or an unfavourable event. He begins with those figns which indicate the state of the circulating powers: from thence he proceeds to those which point out the found or diseased state of the viscera. He next treats on the evacuations, depositions, and eruptions, observed in acute diseases, and the prognostics to be drawn from them. This chapter is followed by some anomalous figns, not reducible to the foregoing heads ; by prognoftics relative to some particular diseases; and a digrellion on crisis and critical days. The prognostics themselves are many of them those of Hippocrates ; the rest are the author's own, or derived from other authorities. The prognoftics of Hippocrates at length are subjoined, in Latin, arranged under various heads. The volume is closed by notes referred to in different parts of the work.

We doubt not that this collection will prove of considerable utility to those who consult it; yet, after all, a great deal must be left to the fagacity and judgment of the practitioner. Thus, with respect to many of the prognostic figns, we are told that they are falucary when critical, but otherwise when symptomatic. But the author beforeband acquaints us, that by the term critical, he always means what contri. butes to the happy termination of the disease; and by that of sympromaric, what has no such effe&t. When there, then, are applied to characterize any appearance, it is saying no more, than that it is a fa. vourable one, if the event thews it to be such ; but not otherwife. He is obvious that the physician muft depend entirely upon his own jodgment to form any conclufion in these cases.


Several useful pradical observations are contained in the writer's notes ; which thew a liberal {pirit, and an acquaintance with physic in its molt improved ftate.

The translator seems in general to have faithfully rendered the meaning of his author; yet he is not free from inaccuracies. In particular, we remark in p. 28 and 29, the word palpitation used for palpation or bandling. But this may be a typographical error.

Art. 40. The Glory of the Heavenly City, and Blefjedness of departed

Spirits, graciously manifested, in a Vision ; to a young Lady of Bristol,
on the io:h of O&ober, 1781. Written by herself. 8vo. 6 d.
Hazard, Bath. Robinson, London, 1782.
The effect of a sever : and neither new nor uncommon, especially to
winds cinctured with enthusiasm.-This young lady seems to have
more piety thao understanding ; and we wonder not at her mistaking
the reveries of a delirious imagination, for the extraordinary mania
feltations of the Spirit of God.


S E R M O N S. 1. National Reformation the way to prevent National Ruix: confidered

at a Monthly Exercise, on account of the present State of Public affairs, ac Dr. Gibbons's Meeting house in Haberdasher's Hall, February 20th, 1782. By Samuel Morton Savage, D. D. 8vo, 6d. Buckland.

A plain, serious, sensible discourse, from Jeremiah xviii. 7 and 8. The subject of it is expressed above. There is no doubt that the prefent ftate of our country particularly, calls us to attend to the good adv ce given as in this and other discourses of a fimilar kind. 11. Piety ; or, che Happy Mean between Profaneness and Superftition.

By the late Rev. Mr. Mole of Hackney. 8vo. 15. Dilly. 1782.

It is a difficult thing to characterize fermops that have nothing remarkable in them. The greatest part of those which are published may be referred to one general class. But we are tired of saying the same thing over and over again. Our invention, however, will not always fupply us with new words to express old and familiar ideas: and theretore, if a fermon be not very bad or very good; if it doth not contain fome original nonsense, or some excellent reasoning; if it proceeds in that middle path which hath been trod by thousands, without snatching a grace to be admired on the one hand, or running into some absurdily to be ridiculed on the other, we thall in all probability be reduced to the neceflity of repeating what we have to often said, what we must at present say, and what our hard lor will, we fear, oblige us to say, a thousand times more- plain and practical, and so forth-ut fupra?

ttt It is with pleasure we comply with the wishes of Mr Jesse in she
Publication of the following letter:

HOPE you will do me the justice, in your next Review, to inform
the auchor of an address f to the President of the Psorestant Associa.

+ Sec Review for December lalt, p. 477

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