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are inclined to in fer from the present sketch of universal history. The scheme, however, appears too comprehensive, including not only the history of facts, but of government, laws, religion, arts, and manners. Art. 38. The London Directory for 1783; or, List of Mer
chants and Traders in and abouí London. &vo. Lowndes. 1783.
A Guide to Stage Coaches, Waggons, Barges, &c. With the Rates of Hackney Coaches, Chaiss, Boats, &c. 8vo. 18, 1783.
The two foregoing articles are very useful companions for the the counting house, &c. For the accuracy and cheapnéis of which, merchants, tradesmen, and others, are much obliged to the attentive and industrious compiler. Art. 40. The Bank of England's Vada Mecum, or Sure Guide, &c. By a Geruleman of ine Bank.
Becker. 1782. This little directory is calculated for the use of persons having bu. finess at she bank, who have not been conversant with the different offices, and modes of proceeding in money and bill transactiuns, the focks, dividends. &i, &c. Art. 41. in Address to his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales,
on the important subject of Imprilonment for Debt; pointing out the Neci,ility of a speedy and effe:tual Act of Infolvency; and ila lulirati s with Sketches, taken from real Lite, of some of the unhappy sufferers. Small 8vo. Scarcherd, &c. 1793.
In prilor ment for debt is a melancholy fubje&t ; but prison walls hide che milery within, until we are occasionally reminded of it by some advocates in behalf of the unhappy suffe,ers. We think this well-meaning writer has rather injured nis piras, by introducing his address with political remarks and daher names. Art. 42. Obfervations on such Nutritive Vegetables as may be
fubftituted in the Place of ordinary Fuori, in Times of Scarcity. Extracted from the French of Mr. Parmentier. 8vo.
I s. 6 d. Murray. 1783.
Though the fate of agriculture and police in a country must be very wretched, in which it is necessary to have secourse to the roots and feeds of the uncultivated field for luterance ; yet it is certainly right that people should kaow what might be lately employed on such an emergence. The present publication, howe er, is litile cal-. culated to answer that end, above three fourths of i: treating only of the various ways of preparing potatoes, which in this countries is als ways a product of culture, and is beil used in the limpleit way of preparation. In the remainder, we have two lils of soors and feeds, from one set of which it is necessary to exeract the par:h (which wira Parmentier accounts an identical inatrer in all vegetables, and a principal nutritive fubillance) by a particular procef; the other it may be used entire, like the farinaceous seeds and roots commonly culo tivated. There is also a list of plants which may be used as por.. herbs. These catalogues undoubtej'y may have their ule; bur if the translator's aim had been merely to serve the cause of humanity, a column of a news-paper would have been the best mode of publi. Rev. June, 1783.
cation, and all the preceding part of the pamphlet might have been omitted.
MEDICAL and CHIRURGICAL. Art. 43. A Letter to Lord Cathcart, President of the Board of
Police in Scotland, concerning the Recovery of Persons drowned and seemingly dead. By Dr. William Cullen, his Majeity's First Physician ai Edinburgh. 8vo. 1 8. 6 d. Murray. 1776.
This letter, though printed so long ago, but lately came into our hands. We were glad to find that a fubje&, concerning wbich there was much diversiiy of opinion, had been treated by a person of such deserved reputation; and though the reader may not meet with many new ideas in it, he will probably be led to think on this topic with more method and accuracy by the perusal of it.
The frit ftep to be taken in refforing a person drowned, or appareo!ly dead, but in whom the vital principle may yet remain unexcin. guished, is, acco
ccording to Ds. Cullen, to renew the heat of cbe body. This is to be attempted by warm coverings, the heat of the sun, a fire, a bath. &c. allilted by fri&tion. At the same time, means are to be used for restoring the action of the moving fibres, which is to be effected by stimulants; of which the kind most infifted on is the injection of tobacco smoke into the intestines. Dr. Cullen hints no fufpicion of the narcotic qualities of this remedy, which have induced others to reject it. These intentions being pursued for some time, it is proposed, that the business of revivification should be completed, by restoring the action of the lungs and heart. The inflation of the lungs with air is recommended for this purpose, which, from the au. thority of Dr. Monio, is said to be best done by a wooden pipe introduced into one noftril, the other, as well as the mouch, being as the some time stopped. Besides the above, which may be termed fential 'means, some other auxiliary ones are recommended, as opening the jugular vein, applying volatiles to the nose, and pouring in warm drinks as soon as the power of swallowing retards. Vomits are supposed useful, by reason of the general concuffion they give to the fyftem. It is particularly urged, that all these methods be perfisted in for a long time, and that cales be not too soon given up as desperate.
Sume papers are annexed, relative to the carrying into execution plans for the recovery of drowned persons throughout Scotland, foued. ed on the directions contained in this letter.
An Account, and Method of Cure, of the Bronchocele, or Derby Nick. The Third Edition. With some Reasons attempte ed for confidering the Bronchocele, and Dropfy of the Ovarium, a: kindred Die fes. And a Place, accurately engraved, reprefent. ing the Figure of the Disease. By Thomas Prosser. 410. 25. 6d. Kerby. 1582.
An accent of the fi:f edition of his work appeared in our Re. view for Noven:ber 1769. The additions to the present are meno tioned in the title page. Wih respect to the pathological opinion advanced, of the fimilarity of the Bionchocele a d Ovarian Droply, Heim gine mest readers will join us in this king it reited on a very nytt? uidation. In the cale of a person who died of the BreaChucidede thyroid glued was en'argid by a gumber of cytte, vindle
with a magnifying glass, which discharged water on puncturing: but in the dropsy of the ovarium large cylts are formed, containing often very large quantities of water. This last disease usually happens (as Mr. Proffer confesses that his authorities inform him) at the decline of life; the Bronchocele comes on at a very early period. The general state of health and circumstances of the constitution are al. most totally different in the two diseases-- Ac the conclusion of the treatise are some criticisms on what Mr. Wilmer has published concerning this disease in his Cases in Surgery *. From these, Mr. P. appears much hurt at an expresion of Mr. Wilmer's, which, how. ever, was not probably meant as he takes it. There is some similarity between the Coventry method, as it is called, and Mr. Proffer's; but the latter appears to us to have a less empirical cast t. Art. 45. Some Thoughts on the Relaxation of Human Bodies, and
on the Misapplication of the Bark in chat and some other Cases. 8vo. 25. Nicoll. 1783.
Without attempting to lay down any precise and accurate ideas of the nature of relaxation, this writer gives his thoughts respecting the treatment of a varie:y of diseases in which this circumstance is sup. posed to exist, wherher as a primary cause, or a consequence We ihall not follow him in his enumeration of these unconnected cases, each of which is but very slightly touched upon. In general; he approves rather of the evacuant than the conic plan in most of the direases which he adduces as instances of relaxation.
There are, in this pamplet, some remarks worthy the attention of practitioners; but we by no means would advise an implicit reliance on all ihe opinions which the writer advances. In particular, we are requested by a correspondent to guard our readers against what he elleems a very dangerous error of this writer, viz. his recommendazion of an emeric in the uterine hæmorrhage, sometimes succeeding delivery. He was led to this, by observing the Aux of blood immediately stopped after a spontaneous puking in a woman, reduced to the greatett extremity by such an hæmorrhage. But our correspondent nightly observes, that the cessation of the hæmorrhage was probably owing to the fainting ; and that the effect of vomiting would be more likely to renew than to fuppress it. The recommendation of emetics in hæmorrhages is, indeed, not a new thing; but it seems before to have been merely on the ground of the temporary debility, and suspention of the contractile power of the heart, brought on by the nausea ; an effect fimilar to that produced by the faineness itself, which the discharge occasions. And when fickness comes on fpon
• See Mon:hly Review for November 1779.
+ Mr. P. has tavoured us with a letter, in which he complains that notice was not taken of bis having anticipated Dr. Milman, in his attack on the doctrine of antisep:ics, as maintained by Pringle, by his remarks on Mr. Alexander's experiments, annexed to the first edicion of the treatise on the Bronchocele, and now omjured.
But we desire Mr. P. to recollect, that medical reviewers are mortal men, like their brethren; and that it is impollibie the corps og to-day mould have in their head: the iubitance of all pamphlets which passed in review before their predecefirs,
taneoudy, taneously, it is certainly rather an effort of nature to relieve herself from the effects of debility, than to suppress the hæmorrhage,
We shall just hint to this author, who appears to affeit the character of a scholar, that his application of a passage from Horace, p. 12. can only be founded on a total misconception of its meaning. Art. 45. 7. N Lieberkur Differtationes Quatuor, &c. Four
Anatomical Dissertations of the late Dr. Lieberkuon, &c. now fisti collected and published by John Sheldon, Lecturer in Analo. my, &c. 4to. 6s, fewed. Cadell. 1-82.
We need only to observe, with respect to this collection, that the first of hale dissertations is an inaugural thesis of the lace well-known and in zenious author, on the Valve of the Colon, and the use of the vermi ular process, on his taking his doctor's degree at Leydeo, ia 1739. The second is a memoir on the Structure and Allion of the Vili of the small Inteftines. The third was published in the Berlin Memoirs in 1-48; and contains an account of the author's method of injecting the vessels of the different vifcera, for the purpose of difcovering their internal or vascular firucture. The second of these tracts is illustrated by ihree piates, and the following by two more.
The fourth dillertation contains the description of an · Anatomical Microscope,' with its horrid apparatus, for the purpose of crucifying living animals, and fixing them and their bowels in such a manner, with pointed hooks, as that they cannot move, in the midst of their protracted tortures, so as to disturb the operator, after he has opened their bellies, and dragged out their intestines, for bis deliberate inspection. Those who are disposed to purchase, probably uselels, knowledge at fo very high a price, must consult the memoir itself.
RELIGIO U s. Art. 47. A Treatise on the Sahbath. By William Lewelyn.
8vo. 2 5. 6d. Evans, 1783. This Writer contends that the division of our time into seven equal parts, and setting aside one out of the seven for a general and sacred relt, is, in itself considered, strictly moral.' Ard, as if this position was not sufliciently Atrong and explicit, he adds, 'It is a rule in its own nature necesjary for the benefic and even existence of society, ar.d confequently strictly enjoined and commanded of God.' So ertravagantly high doth this Writer carry his notions of the essential and inherent lanctity of the Sabbath, ihac he confiders the fourth Commandment as of more folemn authority, and of greater coole. quence than all the rest. It was the very first delivered to man: it was not only observed by man in his perfe&t ftate, but by God him. felt.-REMEMBER, was prefixed to this precept on Mount Sinai, and to this only.' Mr. Lewelyn runs into a strain of compliment on the occasion. God found it a thing in itself fo wise, fo decent and judicious, so perfectly fit and proper, that he was refreshed with delightful reflections on the observation of it. He saw the thing itself to full of beauty and propriety, chat he could not but commend and ap. plaud his own wildom for iaking so discreet a flip, and biting exalily upon the proper day and the precise measure of time for ceating from work.'-' A day over, or a day under would have maimed its beauty and propriety; and this, it seems, would have betrayed an indiferent
and injudicious ftep! Thus God left off his work just when and where he ought. Had the wbole (lays this Author) been set up in a day or (wo, what a picture of wild halle and violence it would have exbibited! And had it been many days more, it would have been com: paratively call ad tedious.-- six days was time enough for God to do the work of a God; the same is sufficient for man to do the work of man.
It is a perfect, exact, and beautiful rule, luiting every working being, of any rank, place, or capacity, God, man, or beatit.' The proclamation, we are informed, is supposed to run as follows • Be is known to the whole creation, that I, the Creator, having, in setting up the creation, worked fix days, myself made the experiment of stopping and seiling the 7th, and have, upon the trial, found it a thing full of beauty, profit, and propriety. Be it therefore known, that I have blified and sanctified the practice and made it che rule for bringing my realonable creatures to happiness and holiness.'
With respect to the change of the day from the seventh to the first, the Author exprefies himful fo myftically, and enigmatically, that he brings all Jacob Behmen before us * Our Lord having removed the whole universe out of its old itate, and landed with it on the other fide death, and fixed it in its perfect and permanent glory, the Evangelilts begin the history of the new creation as if nothing had ever exitted will then. They call that morning Mia, first, making it the birth and date of the existence of the universe. No substantive could have reached their idea. They do not say first day, first morning, first Sabbath, though these are included, but First in the absolute and sublime. This word reduces to no:hing all that had ever been, and makes past days, months, years, ages, and all worlds as if they had never been before, and comprehends and fixes the date of the creation in its new existence. No other word bad propriety, force, and expreflion fufficient for the purpose.'. ....Some might wonder that we have not rules for keeping the day precep:ively delivered in the New Tellament. Fut this was neediefs; for they are delivered and enacted elsewhere : and by a myllical trandtion carried over inio the New Teilament. Every commandment of the Law is there declared to be in full force, and io remain so without the lealt aba:e. ment; consequently the 4th Itands there as the guide and rule of the church: for Matthew says, that the evening or edge of the Sabba. hs reached over, and in the dawn ascended into the Mia of the new Sabbath, and therefore brought over all that cffentially belonged to is in its former flate.'
Why such partial praise should be lavished on the Mia of St. Matthew, and the Prote of St. Mark (entitled to an equal Mare of honour, and that too, by a prior claim, and by right of inheritance) should be totally neglected, we are as much at a loss to accounc lor, as to comprehend many of the very fingular paradoxes of this itrange, heterogeneous, verbore, ard myftica publication. And yet we trequently perceive the gleams of a vigorous imagination which break out from the clouds which obicure ihe Author's judgmens. They are such, indeed, as may be compared to those equivocal fathes which some times play upon the fairis of night, but only fesve (as the great poet fays) to make darkness visible."