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Without entering into particulars, which would require much room, and for which, those who are defirous of seeing them will aaturally consult the pampblet ; it may suffice to shew the principle on which the plan was founded, in the Do&or's own words:
• In paying of debts with any given surplus appropriated to that perpose, their bearing a bigb rather than a low intere is a particolar advantage. A million surplus, in the fame time in which it would pay off a bundred millions bearing 3 per cent. intereft, will pay of 133 millions bearing 4 per cent ; 178 millions beariag 5 per cent ; and 241 millions bearing 6 per cent. - I was therefore proposed, that the 3 per ceris. should be converted inco 4 per ceris. and that fuo ture loans Thould be conducted on a plan which Mould make them the means of effecting this conversion ; and it is very remarkable, that on such a plan, independently of its use as a preparatory mea. sure, loans may be condu&cd wih more benefit to the public, and at the same time with more equity and fairness, chan on any other plan.
« The truth of this observation will appear from the following ac. count of the plan intended.
" At the time this subject was onder confideration, the average price of the 3 per cents. was 68, and of the 4 per cents. 86 mln these circumstances, it was proposed that, for 104 1. in money, the holders of the three per cent. ftocks Mould be offered, in exchange for 100 l. of this lock, 200l. four per cento fock; or, in general, that for every capital of 100 l. or more, which the proprietors of the 3 per cents. should subscribe, double that capital should be granted bearing an interet of 4 per cent. provided the subscription was followed by a payment in monty, at the rate of 104 1. for every 100 l. Aock subscribed.
In this case the intereft payable by the public would be 41. 16s. 2 d. per ceær. For an intereft of 5 1. (being the difference between the interest of 200 l. four per cent. and 100 l. ibree per cent. Rock) would be paid on 1041. in money; aod this is the same with paying 41. 165. 2 d. for 100 l. in money.
• It would be necessary, in order to obtain by such a subscription TEN MILLIONS in money, that 9,615,384 1. in the three per cont. stocks should be subscribed ; in exchange for which, a double four per cent. ftock would be granted, and, consequently, 19, 230,708 l. added to the four per cents,
one half of which would be so much add. ed to the capital of the public debis, and the other half a fubftitution of one capical for another equal capital.'
In order to obtain the required surplus of one million per annum, the Doctor declares it necessary that the nett annual revenue of the kingdom Nould be raised to ffteen millions ; an amount, whicb ace cording to the Earl of Stair, would fill leave us more than a million deficiene! Who Mall decide, when Doctors disagree?
Maay are the advantages kated by Dr. Price as resulting from loans of this complexion, employed in diicharging public debes; the failure of which he pathetically laments. Art. 17. A Defence of the Rockingham Party, in their late
Coalition with Lord North. 8vo. is. 6d. Scockdale. 1783.
A fenfible, temperatę enquiry into the characters and views of the present exiding political parties, and the contending chiefs of cach; Nn4
directed to establiļh the following positions: that the Rockingham connexion was the only one by which the country could be well served ; that they were not by themselves of sufficient strength to support the weight of administration; and lastly, that they were not the men whofe fervices were the most likely to be called for by the Sovereign, in the present crisis. Mr. Fox is the unrivalled hero of the piece; Mr. Burke enjoys the second place; and Lord North is treated with more respect than could ever have been foreseen from the admirers of the two foriner genilemen : but tempora mutantur, et nos moltamur in illis; and time only can fatisfacto:ily expound the why or wherefore. Some facrifice must be made, to cemeni unexpected connexions, and no one is ignorant of the victim on the present occasion.
E A S T IND I E S. Art. 18. A Vindication of General Richard Smith, Chairman of
of Select Committee of the House of Commons, as to his Competency to preside over and direct an Investigation into the best Mode of providing an Investment for the Eait India Company's homeward bound Bengal Ships. To which are added, fome lottances to prove, that the General is not trat proud, insolent, and irascible Man his Enemies would induce the Public to believe him to be. As also, a few serious Hints to the Select Committee, tending to Niew, that they are wafting their Time in the Minutiæ of Alatic Commerce, while the great Outlines and confequential Branches, are in Danger of being overlooked. 8vo. 2 s. od. Stockdale, &c. 1783.
The abligations which the General, abuve referred to, is under to his vindicator, are of a similar nature to those of the Earl of Shelburne to his defender; and if we can suppose both pens to be guided by any regard to juhice, it will be dificult to determine which is the moit exalted character of the two! On the other hand, thould their respect for truth have been no more, than it evidently is for the gentlemen concerning whom they record so many curiou, anecdotes, nothing will be more easy than to eliimaie the characters of such writers, The present vindicator is lively, and appears to be well informed
to eaflera trade and politics; he is the warm friend of Mr. Halling, and makes many very leve e unreserved (trictures on the conduct of our great orator Mr. Burke, in reference to that gentleman. But beside these p Isonal matters, he enters into a serious ins quiry into the commercial interests of this coupéry, and itrongly recommends incouraging the importation of coiton wool fiom the Eait • Indies for home manufa&ture: observing, that though the great breach made in the empire at the late peace, has derassed the whole of our foreign commerce; our lofies in the West may, with due attention, be repaired in the East. The facts he faies, and what he urges on this subject, will without doubt be duly contdered,
AMERICA. Art. 19. Remarks on the Letters from an Americax Farmer ; or
a Detection of the Errors of Nir. J. Hector St. Johnį pointing out the pernicious Tendency of thele Leuters to Great Britain. 8vo. 6 d.' Fielding. 1783. It is the opinion of this sensible Writer, that Ms. St. John's deligo,
in their excursions. He bas therefore confined bimself solely to the generic and specific characters of plants, as given in Murray's edition of Linnæus ; omitting the synonymes of other authors, and all other particulars. To perlons well acquainted with the Linnæan system, and killed in the investigation of plants, this work will answer its intention, and prove of confiderable utility. Younger botanists will find that they require more helps. The catalogue of British plants is drawn from Hudson and Lightfoot.
HUSBANDRY. Art. 25. A Practical Elay on the Management of Potatoes ; or,
. a new Method of preventing the Disorder thereof, called Curld Tops ; containing short and plain Directions for the right Management of Potatoes, with respext to their Preservation, Setting, Time of Growib, Taking-up, &c. chiefly designed for the Use and Benefit of FARMERS and COUNTRYMEN in general, being adapted to the lowest Capacity. To which is added, an Account of the artificial Manure of Potatoes, with respect to its Use, Effects, &c. &c. By William Raley, Student in Phyfic and Borany, in Barmby on the Moor, near Pocklington in Yorkshire, and Author of the Treatise on the Managemeat of Potatoes. 8vo. 1 S. Richardson and Urquhart, &c. 1782.
A method to prevent the disorder here spoken of would be a most invaluable discovery. To those who are unacquainted with the extent to which the potatoe is cultivated, a conjecture at the national loss that is annually sustained by this hitherto incurable disease, might feem to exceed the utmost verge of probability. The remedy which Mr. Raley proposes is not a very expensive one ; whether it may be effectual remains to be known. We most honestly confess, we are not greatly disposed to give credit to noftrums of any kind. Mr. Raley's book, at least, is worth purchasing. The potatoe grower will find some useful hints in it.
NOV EL. Art. 26. The Two Mentors : a modern story. By the Author
of the Old English Baron. 2 Vols. Small 8vo. 5 s. sewed. Dilly, 1783
A licentious guardian and a virtuous tutor are the two Mentors to the hero of this story. We have here a delineation of the various methods by which the one attempted to make him a gay, and the other a good man. Virtue, however, triumphs in the end; and the fory concludes with chis just reflection, that there is no reliance but upon the friends of virtue ; and that virtue is the only thing certain upon earth.' If fria morality can recommend a work, the present hath a claim to public attention.
POETICA L. Art. 27. An Ode to Mr. Lewis Hendrie, &c. &c. &c. Princi.
pal Bear-killer in the Metropolis of England, and Comb.maker in Ordinary to his Majesty, 4to. 15. Bladon. 1783.
One of those merry fons of the Muses, who have the talent of ex. tracting mirth from every thing, and every body that comes in their way, has here diverted himself at the expence not only of Mr. Hen. drie, ga advertising vender of bear's grease in Shug-lane, but ac the
ezperde of fc se orber por a characters, who are every day fgorie: away, if 20t is ncre 2, 4 - and is portant, at least in more tievaz. haticis. Art. 28. The Theatrical Portrait, a Poem, on the celebrate
Mrs. Widdots, in the Coaracters of Califta, Jane Shore, Belvidea, 2.d faucila. 4:0. Is. Kearley. 178;.
The author's defign in this poem is not only to compliment Vs. Sddons on her inimi:able performance of the several characters te: tioned in this tiile-page, tut also to point out the moral that may drawn from the relpeäive dramas to which they belong. The do fayn is good; the execution indifferent. Art. 29. The Times.' A Sacire. To the King; and deci
cated to the Emperor of Germany. By T. Browne, Efq. 4:6 28. No Publisher's Name.
The fix following lines, which are of a piece with the rel, E. answer the end of any critique that could polübly have been made on this incomprehenfible effufion of nonsenfe:
• Whatever man uforp 'gainit Providence,
Believe and pray by act of parliament.'
Ciridess of Health : being a complete Defence of the Paris 1) livered by the High Priettels of the Temple, as written b. Prihim cit. afto. is. 6 d. Bladon. 1-83.
Contrary to whes might have been expected from the infinerie in the file pigethis detence is, in more ferfes than one, Halition in praile ef women. all it. As RS485; or, the Ladies in the wrong 5
Wilcoperano casiergere l'oein. Wir Explaca:coy So po vertimmeara rors. .so. . B:3 is. !T
'1..,starehis piece is at lezdi sor:by or as ibe-alab aham Arace
19iae noi the bay. B; as À ** See The very "feacain
ed bers medi'
tionary, French and English, &c. Long 8vo. 25. 6d. Sold by the Author only, who may always be heard of at Mr. Dilly's, No. 22, Poultry.
Method may be studied and rendered so complicated as to end in confusion; and for the Auchor's sake, who appears to be a careful, well-meaning man, we with this publication may not prove an instance; for it must have been formed with no little labour and atten. tion. The Author's taste extends also to poetry; for some friend has furnished him with geographical definitions in verse, at che beginning of the book ; at the end we have verses on gratitude, in which
the Author celebrates all his friends : among whom, however fingui lar the fact may appear, in this iron age, he actually includes his Bookseller!
• And thou, O Dilly! I shall ne'er forget,
Thy personal worth should ever be disclos'd.'
the dispensers of their compofitions, that we think this rare exceprevidencia tion an extraordinary evidence in favour of both the Author and the Bookseller.
MISCELLANEOU S. sibe glo; Art. 34. Letter to the late Rector of Bourton on the Water, in
the County of Gloucester, in Bebalf of the present One ; in Answer to a Letter lately addressed to the Bishop of Chelter. 8vo. 1$. 6d. Brett. 1782.
The person addressed in this Letter is called upor, in an ironical Temple way, to stand forward, like a grateful and generous man, in defence
of his patron's fon, after the virolent and personal a:tack that had lately been made upon him by the author of a pamphlet, entituled,
Observations on the Decline of the Clerical Credit and Character, addressed to the Bishop of Chester.' In that pamphlet it was asserted, with an acrimony that kept no measure with candour or ceremony, that the present Rector of Bourton was totally unworthy of the honour which was conferred upon him by ordination ; yea, that the inftiruLeion itself was disgraced by the object to which it was applied. The
principal charges brought againit him were, his want of learning, and the baseness and fervility of his former employment. His want of learning, indeed, is rather supposed than proved : but, even allowing this part of the charge to have been true, the defect, fo onfeelingly exposed, fo wantonly insulied, with all the airs of the most fupercilious contempt, will be thought by many to be amply com pensated by a character at the same time uniformly and fingularly zood. Two testimonials are produced in behalf of the present Recor; one figned by the most respectable noblemen and gentlemen in he county of Chelter and ebe other by the clergy, whole teftimony *s confessed by their diocesan to be worthy of credit. With respect o the other charge, aileged in a manner equally contemptuous and nfulting against chis Rector, viz. that he had been in the low occualion of a wajter at at inn, and from being ' a ferver of ale,' had been promoted to serve at the altar,' we are informed that there s a small flaw in this matter; it wants truth. Mine hoft did sel