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the Do&tor's ridicale is of fo Saturnian a cast, that our faculties fuccumb under the weight of it. How unfortunate is the writer whose illustrations darken, and whose very wit flattens his subject *.
hoc fcriptum ef TIBI Qui magna cum minaris, extricas nibil!
S E R M O N S. 1. Preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in the Abbey
Church, Westminfter, January 30, 1783. By Lewis, Lord Bishop of Bristol. 4to.
I s. Cadell. This elegant and courtly sermon is introduced by some general reflections on the wisdom and power of Divine Providence, in controul. ing the a&ions of individuals, so as to make them eventually answer the great ends of human society, and thus contribute to preserve the barmony of the whole. The reason of man (says his Lordship) is free to expatiate within its own limits ; the choice of his actions is in himself; but the issue of that choice is under the direction of him who alone can bring good out of evil, and order from the principles of confufion. This general sentiment is more particularly applied to the design of the day; and it is observed, that the whole volume of history doth not exhibit an event (one only excepted) which, confidered in all its circumstances, admits of more serious and useful res Alection than that which it commemorates.' The Bilkop takes a view of the origin and progress of those contentions and struggles, which terminated fo tragically; and remarks, that pretences of a religious colour first began the mischief.—The forming and modelling of fates Chrißianity meddles not with, nor ever did. The greac Author of it left that matter at large, and untouched ; only giving in his own person an example of submission to the powers in being. Notwithstanding this, ambitious and designing men have found means to employ the Gospel as an engine to difturb at one time or other the peace of almost every state in Europe.' Speaking of the means set on foot by the crafty and factions spirits of the times to fubvert the government of this kingdom in the last age, he says, ' Seditious preachers were employed in all quarters, and the people indoftrioufly taught by them that the intolerant rigours of their favourite discipline were of the very essence of the Gospel itself, and that God would aflift them in the eltablishment of it by whatever means, In the end, the very name of Christ was held forth as a fignal for rebellion.'
From the events commemorated, the Bishop draws some important lessons of advice and caution, and concludes the fermon with a pane
• This Writer thinks, that his Enquiry is conducted on grounds hitherto unoccupied. He is miltaken. The very learned and judicious Le Clerc published a work on the Causes of Incredulity, in which the Doctor bath been anticipated in some of his principal observations, and particularly in those which relate to fingularity, and the prejudices which arise from evil habits, and wrong representations given of Christianity by some of its defenders.
gyric on the martyr'd King; and an exhortation to loyalty and obs dience. II. The proper Confitution of a Christian Church.- Preached at the
New Meeting in Birmingham, Nov. 3, 1782. To which is prefixed a Prefatory Discourse, relating to the present State of those who are called Rational Dissenters. By Jof. Priestéy, LL. D. F.R.S. 8vo. IS. Johnson. 1782.
Dr. Priestley laments the want of discipline among the Rational Disenters as they call themselves. Their Church connections are 10 loose, that the apoftolical exhortacions to watch over, and to ex: hort one another, are almost wholly disregarded by them. Hence their lukewarmness, even in the support and propagation of principles which they profess most firmly to believe. Hence too the visible declension of their societies every where ; and the negle&t of many of the ordinances of the Gospel. Their want of zeal is more appatently manifest in omitting to inculcate their principles on their children, and nurture them in the habits of religion. The Doctor is anxious to revive the languishing spirit of zeal among the people of his conne&tion ; and proposes a plan of discipline which he thioks hath the likeliest tendency to effect it. The members of religious societis Thould consider themselves as, in some degree, accountable to each other for their conduct. This reciprocal tie will promoie circumspection, and those offices of Chriftian charity which we owe one to another. To the more general obligations of society will be superadded those particular and more folemn obligations of religion, which will give continual exercise to our vistues, and confirm the habits of piety.-Dr. Priestley recommends, with great zeal, the ca. techizing of children, and the instruction of youth in the great priociples of Christianity, that an early foundation may be laid for their attachment to it. Foreign Protestants, says he, I believe, of all denominations, pay the Atrictest attention to this business, and they find the happy effects of it. In Geneva, I am informed, that all perfons, without regard to rank or fortune, are put into a course of ca. techetical instruction from 12 to 14 years of age ; after which they are always examined by the paltor, and then constantly become communicants, or receive the Lord's Supper, which they afterwards never neglect.
• Being at Strasburgh in the year 1774, I had the coriofity to go into one of the Lutheran churches at fix o'clock in the morning, and at that carly hour, I found three ministers doing duty in three different parts of the church. One of them was inftructing a class of young children, another one of bigger boys and girls, and the other a class of young women full grown. In another church, I found two ministers to employed, and this on a week-day. I was much ftruck, and I hope edified, by the sight. I was informed, that this business of catechizing is indispensible with all the Lutherans, and that, as in Geneva, they all become communicants at the age of 14, or even younger. Both these things tend to produce an attachment to their religion, and make them less liable to desert it, or their respe&live churches.'
The revival of a class of men to regulate the affairs of a Christian Society, called Elders, is an obje&t which Dr. Priestley hath much at
heart. He thinks ten or a dozen persons of this description should be elected out of the congregation (if it be pretty numerous) and that the ele&ion hould be annual, to prevent abuses, or to re&tify them as soon as posible before they have been confirmed. These elders Thould be chosen by ballot; they should be persons of credit and influence ; 'they should meet occasionally to confult about any thing that occurred to them for the good of the society ; report grievances, and apply remedies.
The preface and the sermon have the same object in view. The latter seems to have fully answered the Doctor's wishes. The subscribers to the New Meeting House in Birmingham assembled in consequence of it, and in conformity with the proposal there made, proceeded to the choice of twelve persons to superintend the affairs of the congregation. At the same time, a vote of thanks was moved for to the Doctor, and passed without a division. This voluntary testimony (says he) I think more truly honourable than the thanks of our House of Commons to an Admiral or a General.' Every one hath his object of ambition.
Si me ..... inferes
SUBLIMI feriam fidera vertice ! Horace, III. A Probation Sermon, preached before the United Parishes of St.
Magnus the Martyr and St. Margaret, New Fifh-ftreet, London, Jan. 12, 1783, on a Vacancy in their Lectureship. By the Rev. Thomas Jones, A. M. formerly Fellow of Clare-Hall, Cambridge, and Chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 4to. 1 s. Dodfley. 1783.
The text is—"The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.! The fermon procured Mr. Jones the lectureship. The recompence was very ample. We wish he had been satisfied. It is not every. one's fortune to secure profit and fame at the same time. IV. Zion built, the Glory of the Lord: Preached at a Monthly Exer
cise, op account of the present State of Public Affairs, at the Rev. James Kello's Meeting House in Little St. Helen's, Feb, 19, 1783. By N. Hill. 8vo. 6 d. Buckland,
This discourse is formed on the model of the Presbyterian divines of the last century, and is seasoned with that species of mysticism and allegory which fo distinguished their popular harangues. It breathes, however, a very serious spirit, and may be read with much edification by the pious Diffeoter, who confiders the Meeting-house as one of Zion's habitations, where the Lord delightech to take up his abode. V. The Chara&ter of Samuel : Preached to Children and young Pero
fons at Hackney. By S. Palmer. J2mo. 3 d. Buckland.
Well adapted to its design; and as such we recommend it to paIçnts and masters to be distributed among the younger branches of their families. As it blends example with precept, it is most likely to accomplish the pious wishes of the Author.
CORRESPONDENCE. We really find it difficult to answer, with becoming seriousness, ; be e remonftrance of our zealous Correspondent, A. B. ; who, after
paying paying a compliment to our general conduct, complains of our hav. ing [M. Rev. November lait, p. 363.) produced before our Readers,
who are not all profeljed naturalists, and are of various ages, and of both sexes, that deteftable subject,' as he calls it, of unnatural mixtures;' the managers of which he treats as guilty of impiety,' and us of indecency, .in recording what mould never have seen the light.'
We thank our Correspondent for his compliments, and respect his good intentions; but we never yet heard the breeders of mules, commonly so called, treated as impious, or as violating the laws of nature, for endeavouring to produce a useful class of animals : and if nature likewise favours the eccentric amours of wolves and dogs, or of goldfinches and Canary birds, by the production of an offspring, we cannot perceive with what justice their intermixture can be called unnatural.
As to the supposed indecency, imputed to us by our too prudith Correspondent, he should conlider that, as our work is miscellaneous, and as it comprehends every science and branch of knowledge, it is our duty to convey curious or useful information on every subject; even on fuch as midwifery, the venereal disease, &c. It is true, that as our Readers are likewise miscellaneous, there is a certain manner, a decorum, to be observed in the conveying this information; but we are not conscious that we have violated such decorum in the present instance.
The pamphlet entitled “ A serious Answer, &c. printed in 1782 (but which never before came to our knowledge), was received by the Editor too late for a proper notice in this month's Review.
ERRATA in the Review for last Montb.
318, par. 1, l. 5, del fill, as it first occurs in the line,
for their,' r. these.
Τ Η Ε
For j U N E, 1783.
ART. I. An Hiftorical Sketch of Medicine and Surgery, from their
Origin to the present Time; and of the principal Authors, Discoveries, Improvements, Imperfections, and Errors. By W. Black, M. D.
8vo. 58. Boards. Johnson. 1782. THE difficulty of writing a history of Medicine cannot pro
ceed from the want of materials, or of books treating of the art.
Astruc, as the Author observes, writing at a time when the venereal disease had been known in Europe only about 256 years, was enabled to form a list of above five hundred treatises on that single distemper. Nay, Baron Haller's catalogue of medical and chirurgical writers, notwithstanding numerous omissions, amounts to more than thirty thousand names, or titles, of authors, or their works; much the greater part of which have been the produce of the last 300 years. The two principal histories of this art, that have been compiled from this immense mass of materials, are those of M. le Clerc, and Dr. Friend. In the former, the medical history, though occupying near 800 pages in 4to (exclusive of an Appendix, or an Essay towards a Continuation, annexed to it), is brought down no lower chan the year 200 after Chrift, or the time of Galen. In Dr. Friend's work, which is a professed continuation of the former capital and well executed performance, the history is brought down to the beginning of the 16th century, and occupies two volumes in 8vo.
The present delineation, which comprehends the whole hirtory of medicine and surgery, and of all their branches, as well as of those parts of natural and experimental philosophy that are connected with them, is very properly entitled by the Author a Sketch : as a volume of little more than 300 pages cannot posfibly be fupposed to contain more than the mere outlines, or Rev. June, 1783.