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it in an uncombined and detached state. But it is by no means proper to speak decisively on a subject in which so much remains yet to be inveltigated.'

He proceeds then to give a very clear account of the other fimples and compounds, which is both useful and entertaining; but we cannot pretend to descend to particulars. We, however, recommend the work particularly to those who have not leisure or' opportunity for consulting many books, and still are defirous of having some acquaintance with these subjects.

W

Arr. IV. Pare the first of an latroduction to tbe Writing of Greek ;

after the Manner of Clarke's Introduction to Lacio, . For the Uie of Wincheiter College. By G. J. Huntingford, A.M. Fellow of New College, Oxford. The Third Edition, with considerable Im

provements. Svo. 2s. Oxford, printed. Dodiley, 1782. ART. V. Part the Second of an Introdu&tion to the Writing of Greek; being select sentences from Xenophon's Cyropædja, for the Use of Winchester College. By, G, J. Huntingford, Fellow of New College, Oxford. Svo. 2 s. 6d. Oxford, printed. Sold in London by Dodsley.

TE could not procure these little books at their first pub

licacion, from which circumstance we conclude, that they were confined solely to the use of Winchester college. We Thould otherwise have bestowed on them, much earlier, the notice to which they are juftly intitled, from their claim to originality: a claim which would have inclined us to commend them, even if the Author had failed in his attempt.

Mr. Hunsingford, in printing these publications, has very judiciously followed Mr. Warton *, in the rejection of accents. We know no reasons why they should ever deform the pages of Greek literature. To students, they are only unnecessary puz. zles; and to the learned, they seem of litule use; and that little is, pechaps, fanciful—if we except, however, that the accents have frequently afforded them opportunities of displaying their erudition.

The mode of giving the examples in Greek and English we highly approve ; but still we do not feel satisfied. We cannot help withing that a Latin translation had likewise been added. The two languages are now united by the strongest ties, and will adhere more closely every day : a connection surely very defireable, and which cannot, indeed, be avoided, as long as

• Ms. Warton published his learned and elegant edition of Theo. critus without accents; and they have also been rejected by Mr. Tyrrwhit, in the editions of Babrius, Orpheus, and Plutarch, wish which he has favoured the literary world.

they

they jointly form the principal part of education at our public seminaries. The English tranflation certainly renders the Greek examples more perspicuous and intelligible to a student; but by the use of a double version, his progress in the Latin language; in our opinion, might at the same time have been facilitated.

Every scholar of tafte, who is desirous of writing Greek, will certainly chuse Xenophon for his model in composition. Yet we are rather surprised, that Mr. Huntingford fhould feled his whole second part from the Cyropædia of that author. This portion of his works is read in several schools ; and is accessible to almost all school-boys ; few of whom, we believe, would have strength of mind sufficient to resist the use of such an affittant as the original, in order to accelerate the performance of their Greek exercises. - This circumstance must considerably lessen the value of the latter performance, and circumscribe the 'ufe of ir by very narrow boundaries.

In the third edition of the first part of this work, the additions, and alterations are very considerable.' From a small pamphlet of fifty-fix pages, it has increased to more than an hundred, and the price from fix-pence to two shillings. Corrections do not always merit the citle of improvements; but they certainly do, in the present instance. The significations of the prepositions are exhibited in a greater variety of examples. Most of those which, in our perusal of the former editions, seemed to us as if they had been selected only from the Port Royal grammar, are now expunged; and their places supplied by others, which are really extracted from the classics.

In the veros, the names of the authors are very properly af. fixed to the examples. But why is the * preter-pluperfelt of the middle voice onitted, while the perfeet 'is retained? We can, without regret, resign the Paulo poj? future, and the second futures, in all the voices; and we would with those, who lament the loss of them, to per use the observations of Lennep, which Villoison has inferted in his edition of the Pastorals of Longus +.

We neither wilh to offend the Author by these remarks, nor to depreciate his works. We have given our opinion with freedom, solely from a wish that these errors may be avoided, if the

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* As Mr. H. has given the English names of the tenses, we do not imagine that the continuance of the a diphthong, in the word preter, can be tolerated as necessary, or vindicated as proper. Mr. H. rejects it in the word prepoftion; and in our language it has no right to a place in any word. We would likewise with an alteration in page 61, where there is an example taken from part of a verse of Menander, as the whole line is inserted afterwards in page 91.

+ Page 248. The passage is likewise quoted by Dr. Bargess, in his Appendix to Dawes's Miscellanea Critica, P. 371,

present

present publications should induce others to enter the road, through which Mr. Huntingford has certainly passed with credit; and great praise he may surely claim, for first venturing to enter an untrodden path ; a path, by which those, who follow his rules and directions, may arrive at sound knowledge, if they are ambitious of intellectual eminence. 'For though there are errors in some parts of the plan and execution of these works, yet we readily allow that they possess a very confiderable portion of merit. As first attempts, they have a claim to indulgence; and, as useful auxiliaries, they deserve encouragement. On account of their utility, therefore, we with that the sanction of Winchester college may advance their success.

With the moft solid fatisfaction, we observe, that the study of Grecian literature is prosecuted, in the present age, with increased ardour, and with equal success, if we may judge by some late publications *. A taste for composition in that noble and expressive language has diffused itse!f through our schools and univerfities, which may be ftill farther promoted by M. H’s.compilements. On that account, we can pardon omillions and imperfections. Cheerfully, therefore, do we recommend them to schoolmasters and tutors, as well as to the use of all students, who are emulous of writing Greek, and of investigating and imitating those elegancies of thought and expresion, which have rendered the Attic writers, through so many ages, the objects of universal admiration.

To prove the importance of these ftudies, we shall quote a paffage from Mr. Huntingford ti and if his affertions should require any additional tettimony, our Readers may consult Mattaire's Preface to his Græcæ linguce dialetti I:

• With the preservation of Grecian literature is connected the cause of taste, freedom, virtue, and religion : for the GREEK WRITINGS present us with the most perfect models for composition in all kinds, whether in History, Oratory, or Philosophy; whether in Pastoral, Elegiac, Lyric, Epic, or that which excels all others, Dramatic poetry : they intpire us, with a noble contempt of tyranny and despotiim, and with a generous disdain of that abject servility, which debases the subjects of arbitrary power: and partly by philosophers, but more fully, forcibly, infallibly, and authentically, by the EVANGELISTS, and founders of ChrisTIANITY, they teach us our duties to God and man.'

• Mr. Glaffe's Greek translation of Mason's Caractacus, and Mr. Huntingford's Metrica quædamn Monotrophica.; of which lat an account will be given in our next.

+ Preface to the Second Part. I Edit. Hagæ Com. 1738.

Art.

Art. VI. Elays, Moral and Literary. By Vicefimus Knox. 12moa

2 Vols. 7s, 6d, bound. A new Edition. Dilly. 1782. UR opinion of the general merit of these very ingenious

are numerous, justify our recommendation. Through the whole, the Author supports his character as a man of taste and good fense. His reflections are generally judicious; frequently acute and spirited'; and always of a pure and virtuous tendency.

We have carefully, compared this edition with the laft, and find the following papers entirely new :

· On entrance into life, and the conduct of early manhood, -08 the wisdom of aiming at perfection.-On the fear of appearing fingu. lar.-On the injuflice and cruelty of the public prints.-Oo forming a tafte for fimple pleasures. On supporting the dignity of a commercial character. -An idea of a patriot. The respectableness of the clergy. On the tendency of moral profligacy to deftroy civil liberty.

On that kind of wisdom which consists in accommodation, founded only on felfishness.- On the prevalence of religious scepticism.-Fa. mily unhappiness the frequent cause of immoral conduct.-Hints to young men designed for Orders.—To those designed for a military or naval life.--Style of history.–Of writing voyages and travels.--On the folly of being anxious to know what is said of us in our absence.Efficacy of moral instruction. - Modern criticism.-- Periodical Essayilts. – A cultivated mind only fit for retirement-Encouragement of the community in virtuous love.-Hints to gentlemen who are not designed for any profession -Want of personal beauty a frequenc caule of virtue. - Excellive and indiscriminate love of company. Moral effects of painting and prints.—Impropriety of publicly adopting a new translation of the Bible.—The multiplication of books. Letters a source of consolation.-Choice of a profession.-Vanity of becoming authors and orators without proper qualifications.-Mercartile life.--Selfilhness of the men of the world. The folly of denying that Homer hath faults.-On Thuanus the historian. On Owen, the Latin epigrammatit.- Politian, Muretus.--Vida.--Sannazarius. — Venerable Bede.-Schoolmen.-On the value of an ho. neft man.---Extension of classical studies to philosophy.-Effects of bad example of the great among domeftics and dependants.-Exciting in boys literary emulation.---Antiquarian taste.-Objections to the fiudy of antiquities, how far improper.-Of some parts of university education.- Fear of growing old.-Short system of virtue and happiness.-On the propriety of exciting manly virtue in a time of public diftrefs.--On the means of reading to the best advantage.- Neglect of a family for idle pleasures.-On forming connections.-Address to a young scholar on a liberal education.-Want of piety from a want of lenfibility. - Religious and moral priociples promotive of true po: liteneis.-Guilt of running in debt.-On Petrarch.- War.-lotem. perate ftudy.--- Present llate of conversation.---Goodness of heart. Characters of Theophraflus.- Paffages in Epictetus.--Delicacy of Byle.--Profeflion of physico-Complaints against modern literature 111-founded. -Diflentions in a country neighbourhood.-Profeffion of the law.-Inconveniencies attending living writers.-Obligations of learning to Chriftianity.---Extravagance in trifles, and parlimony in matters of importance.- A tafte for flowers and shrubs.-Learned profession without a competency.-Decency as the only motive to virtue and religion. Animofiries from the game laws.--Government of the temper.-Moral effects of a good tragedy.-Politics.-Bufa foonery in conversation.--Style of Xenophon and Plato.-National advercity.- False pretences of art and avarice. ---Prevailing taste in poetry.-- Indolence in a literary life.--Manners of a metropolis.-On Philelphus and Theodore Gaza of the 15th century.--Frothy speaking and writing.- Erasmus.-Education of a prince.-Poems of Rowley.-Writings of Sterne.—Example of the great.-Profligacy of the lower clares. - Ariftotle's rhetoric. - Ingenuousness. - Remedy for discontent -- Religious ceremonies. - Parliamentary eloquence. Life of letters innocent.-Scripture phrases enforce the pathetic, Freedom of speech.--Reading as an amusement.-Method of ftudy by Ringelbergius.-Folly of sacrificing comfort to taste.-Henry V.-A good heart necessary to enjoy the beauties of nature.--Bareness of vice in nobility. --- Affectation of sensibility.-On fermon writers.-A concluding Effy.'

In these Efsays the Reader will find much to entertain, and not a litele to instruct him. Some of this Author's opinions may be controverted; and though we are by no means disposed to retract the judgment which from the beginning we have passed on the genius and writings of Sterne (and which gave him so much offence that an affe&ted laugh could not hide his chayrin), yet we think the censure passed on him by our ingenious Essayist is too severe. After an estimate of the general merit of Tristram Shandy, and the Sentimental Journey, Mr. Knox passes this harsh sentence on his private and literary character. Sterne himself, with all his pretensions, is said to have displayed in private life a bad and a hard heart; and I fall not hesitate to pronounce him, though many admire him as the first of philosophers, the grand promoter of adultery, and every species of illicit commerce.'

Of the poems of Rowley Mr. Kuox hath the same opinion with ourselves. His observations on Chatterton are humane and generous : but if he had read Mr. Walpole's letter, we think his candour would have fortened his reflections on the conduct of that gentleman towards the unfortunate youth.

We ihall select for the amusement, as well as for the information of our Readers, a very curious and spirited Essay on the Difcipline of the English Universities :

Our Loglith univerfities are held in high eleem among foreigners; and, indeed, conadering the number of great men, who have received a part of their education in them, and their opulent eitablishments of colleges and professorships, they are really respectable. I have therefore been the more disposed to lament, that the public excrciles thould be so fusile and absurd, as to deserve not only the leof cenfure, but the utmost poignancy of ridicule. i!, 73. à

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