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affairs which was most commodious and conducive to edification in the one, becoming probably impra&icable under the circumstances, or altogether inadequate to the wants of the other.'
The position which these reasonings tend to confirm is this that “ Chrilt left the laws of his church so open and indeterminate, that whilft the ends of religious communion were fufficiently declared, the form of the society might be assimilated to the civil conftitution of each country, to which it nould always communicate ftrength and fupport, in return for the protection it received." This position, which avoids two extremes, equally the consequence of bigotry and prejudice under adverse directions, leads the excellent and ingenious preacher to this temperate and charitable conclefion, that Christie anity may be profissed under any form of church government.' Bat though his good sense and candour make a concesion so much to the credit of both, yet he trufts he may be allowed to maintain the advantage of our own church upon principles of public utility. The Diffencers, he observes, contend for a parity of order among their clergy. The church of England prefers a diftin&ion. This distinction of order in the church is not only recommended by the usage of the purest times ; but is better calculated to promote, what all churches must delire, che credit and the EFFICACY of the facer. dotal office.
This point Mr. Paley attempts to prove by a series of clofe and perfpicuous reasoning, founded on the following propofitions: 1. The body of the clergy, in common with every regular fociety, muft necessarily contain lome internal provision for the government and cora rection of its members. 2. The appointment of various orders in the church may be considered as the stationing of mioisters in religion in the various ranks of civil life; for the distinctions of the clergy ought in some measure to correspond with the distinctions of lay-fociety, in order to supply each class of people with a clergy of their own level and description, with whom they may live and associate on terms of equality. 3. It gives a dignity to the ministry itself; and the clergy share in the respect which is paid to their fuperiors. The disposition of honours is approved in other kinds of public employment-in the profession of arms, and of the law (and the profesions ihemselves de. rive a lustre from those honours). Why then Tould not the credit and liberality of the clerical function be upheld by the fame expedient? 4. Rich and splendid fituarions in the church have been juitly regarded as prizes held out to invite persons of good hopes and ingenuous attainments to enter into its service.--Some of the most jadicious and moderate of the Presbyterian clergy have been known to lament this defect in their constitution. They see and deplore the backwardness in youth of active and well-cultivated faculties to enter into the ministry, and their frequent resolutions to quit it. And if a gradation of orders be necessary to invite candidates into the pro. feflion, it is still more so to excite diligence and emulation, to pro. mote an attenuing to character and public opinion when they are in it; especially 10 guard againit that no:h and negligence into which men are apt to fall, who are arrived too soon at the limit of their expectations.
The conclusion of this very ingenious discourse is fo admirable both for sentiment and expresiion, that we know we Mhail be pardoned for exceeding our accustomed limits by transcribing it cntire: • Finally let us reflect, that these, after all, are but secondary objects. Christ came not to found an empire upon earth, or to invelt his church with temporal immunities. He came " to seek and to save that which was lott”--to purify to himself from amidit che pollutions of a corrupt world, a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” As far as our establishment conduces to forward and facilitate these ends, so far, we are sure, it falls in with his design, and is fanctised by his authority. And whilst they, who are intrusted with its government, employ their cares, and the influence of their stations, in judicious and unremitting endeavours to enlarge the dominion of virtue and of Christianity over the hearts and affections of mankind-whilft “ by pureness, by knowledge,” by the aids of learning, by the piety of their example they labour to inform the consciences, and improve the morals of the people committed to their charge, they secure to themfelves, and to the church in which they preside, peace and permanency, reverence and support--what is infinitely more, they “ fave their own souls"-chey prepare for the approach of that tremendous day, when Jesus Chrilt thall return again to the world, and to his church, at once the gracious rewarder of the toils, and patience, and fidelity of his servants, and the Atrict avenger of abufed power and neglected dury.'
As to the merit of this sermon, in a strially theological sense, we decline giving our opinion. It is enough for us to represent as faithfully as we can the Author's leading asguments. I he juftness of thein we leave to the discullion of others. But though we decline offering our opinion of the fubjelt, yet we heftale not to declare our sentiments of the manner in which it is discuif:d. We think it equally a proof of Mr. Paley's ingenuity and good sense ; ard, what is of more value in the Christian' divine, his benevolence and his piety. May the Lord of the barveft fend more such labourers into his vineyard! Ill. Delivered at Pudley in Yorkmi'e, Sept. 25, 1982. By the Rev.
Philip Holland: an Address on the Nature and Propriety of Ordination ; with Questions proposed by the Rev. Joseph Dawson; and the Answers by Willian 'Turner, Junior. A Prayer, by the Rev. William Wood; and a Charge, by the Rev. William Turner, Se. nior. 8vo. 18. 6 d. Johnson. 1782
Mr. Holland's Sermon is plain and rational, without any extraordinary elegance of language, or refinement of fentiment. The subject is-Christ the light of the world :-a very common subject, and treated in the common way. Mr. Dawson so far explains away the neceffity of ordination, as to reduce it to a public act of devotion, more folemn indeed than ordinary, but as coaveying Bo new power, as investing a person with no new office. The Diffenters have generally supposed it a requisite qualiñcation previous to the adminiitration of the facraments. Mr. Dawson scouts this idea. Ministers have the same right before ordination as they have after; and he is surprised that young minilters have not alerted it. Ordination, then, is nothing more than a minister's public declaration of his view's and engagements, accompanied with prayer and exhortation. He declares what he is, and wby he is lo: and his fathers and brethren give him good advice; implore the blefing of God on his miniftrations; and exhort the people to live in love with him and one ano. ther. Ordination in this feofe may only be useful per accidens : it is not necessary per se. The queftions proposed respect the general principles of Christianity; and they are answered as generally, but fomewhat 100 flippantly, by young Mr. Turner.-We pass over the Prayer for who would stay to criticise a prayer !--and come to the charge. And here the trial of our patience is fully recompensed ! It is serious, it is solid, it is affecting; it is every thing we could with or expect from an excellent and sensible parent to a beloved son.
*“A conftant Reader has been for some months expecting an account of two publications, a Review of which was announced as intended more than half a year since. The publications referred to are Lindsey's Catechift, and Toulmin's Letters to Sturges.”—The tracts here mentioned, with several others, were consigned to the inSpection of a gentleman of the corps, who, soon after, fell into a bad ftate of health,-in which he had the misfortune to linger, vill very Jately. He is now happily on the recovery, and hopes to be able, very soon, to pay off his critical arrears.
+++ A correspondent, who signs K. having read our account in the last Appendix *, of the Differtations relative to natural and revealed Religion, published by Teyler's THEOLOGICAL Society at Haar. lem, exprefies the satisfaction given him by the mode of disculling the questions. He is, however, much concerned to find that those essays are printed only in the Dutch language ; and he wilhes for a good translation of them in English, in order to excite our countrymen to a candid and liberal inveftigation of sacred truths. We heartily aquiesce in this laudable idea. • See, likewise, our Rev. for Feb. in which that Article is concluded.
StS We are obliged to our Norfolk Correspondent P.Q.R.S. for his hiots concerning a General Index to the Monthly Review (the trouble and expence of which, we believe, will never be rik'd)As to the humourous and witty parts of his Leiter, concerning the Roman Eagles and American Controversy, they are so exquifite, that our sober faculties, unuled to such brilliancy, are quite dazzled and loft in the splendor.
pr. 2.'s Letter is transmitted, and referred to one of our fo. reign Correspondents, under whose department it immediately falls.
*.* The ingenious “ Critical Inquiry into the Contitution of the Roman Legion,” printed at Edinburgh, in 1773, is quite out of time, with respect to the Monthly Review. This Work elcaped our notice when it first issued from the press, by its not appearing in the London papers. Authors who print their works in Scotland, or at any coontry preffes, and neglect to advertise them, muft not be surprized if they pass unnoticed by the Reviewers :who, though they ought to be Critics, most certainly are not Conjurors. EBRATUM in our laft, viz. p. 191, Art. 549. 1. 5; (Jenkins's Three Letters to Pentycross) for needy,' read wordy.
last Appendix, p. 501. par. 3. for red mine,' r. red ori.
Art. I. Supplement to Professor LORGNA's Summation of Series. To
which are added, Remarks on Mr. Landen's Observations on the same Subject. By the Translator of the above Work, Henry
Clarke. 4to. 28. 6 d. fewed. Murray. 1782. Art. II. An Appendix to Obfervations on converging Series. 4to.
i s. 6 d. sewed. Noarse. 1783. N our Review, Vol LXIV. May 1781, we gave an account
of two Articles which have occafioned the present publications; we observed that the latter of them was rather a severe review of the former, and endeavoured to state the matter fairly between them, as we also mean to do with the present Articles.
We write for the amusement and instruction of the Public, regardless of the pleasure or displeasure of Authors, who, if they mean to acquire the approbation of judges on these abstracted subje&s, ought to make candour and truth the objects from which it Thould be their chief endeavour not to deviate. The world has had more than enough of pretences and professions without reality and it is understood that much noise is only meant to mislead the ignorant.
The reason of these reflections will be apparent to the readers of the present publications. Mr. Clarke's Supplement is not like bis Translation, full of gross mistakes; it will not then be expected that we should go so far out of our way as to give the whole drift of it, because that cannot well be done without disgufting many of our Readers with what they would deem tedious processes of complex algebra ; we shall therefore content ourselves with giving a few examples of Mr. Clarke's defence, and Mr. Landen's reply, together with our own real opinion of the matter. Rey, April, 1783.
Mr. C. at p. 51, of his Supplement, says, "Here then has Mr. Landen come to the same point with Mr. Lorgna; having, we have before shewn, investigated his theorems for the algebraic summation (or rather given us the same theorems again, a little disguised), and now pointed out the poffibility of such summation, both on the very same principles with Mr. Lorgna.' Again, he says, • Now, would not any impartial person, enquire with astonishment,— what could be Mr. Landen's motive for publishing these Observations ? Was it to shew the fallacy of the criterion abovementioned, he has entirely defeated his own purpose by mistaking the principles; what he has said thereon being, to the last degree, futile and frivolous indeed ; and, in short, from what has been said above, is evidently nothing at all to the purpose. Or was it, invidiously to pluck the laurels from the head of a man who appears to have fairly merited them, by publicly misrepre senting and defaming his work,- this design is also rendered abortive : for the mistakes which Mr. Landen (and some others) have found in Mr. Lorgna's treatise, are, evident to every one, not mistakes in principle, or ellential errors, but only trilling inaccuracies or negligences in the application of some few examples to the general theorems; which theorems are now universally acknowledged to be exceedingly accurate, extensive, and ingenious.” And with regard to the Commentator, I must take the liberty to inform the Observator, as it may be of service in future, that illiberal language is not argument; and that the epithets oftentatious, boasting, vaunting, &c. which he has so profusely heaped upon him, appear to be ill-bestowed on the man whose character is publicly known to be juft the reverse. Vid. Hift. of Manchester, oct. edit. vol. ii.'
He says, moreover, in a Note, It cannot be fupposed, that a person who could investigate the general theorems in that (M. Lorgna's) treatise, which are carried through such a number of intricate transformations, could be ignorant of so triAing a mat.
being = to Imy?
ity ty? In answer to these and other charges, Mr. Landen fays, at p. 1, of his Appendix, “The purpose of my writing is chiefly to vindicate the reputation of a deceased friend, whose valuable work is unjustly depreciated, to set off one of much less value, published under a specious Title, and with a boastful Preface; promising to exhibit a method entirely new and much more general than any other which had before appeared on the subject, whilft the contents of the book are very far from answering the expectation such title and preface are calculated to raise : and I trust that the exposing such disingenuity, and bestowing applause where due, will not be deemed discommendable by the Pubc