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nocent, or very artful, respecting the crime of which she has been accused.”' Wonderful ! Art. 51. A Letter to Richard Hill, Efq; Member for the Coun

ty of Salop; Author of che “ Sky Rocket,' Tables Turned,&c. The third Edition. 8vo.

Is. 6.

Debrett. Considerable alterations and additions appear in this edition of the Ludlow Burgess's very tart, satirical, vindi&tive letter,- beside the Supplemental tract, intituled, " Remarks on the Parliamentary Speeches, Literary Productions, and Religious Opinions of Richard Hill, Esq. &c.” To the whole is prefixed an ADVERTISEMENT, containing Atri&tures and anecdotes, occafioned by two pamphlets, wri'tcn in answer to his letter, viz. “ A Reply,” and “ Curfory Remarks, &c." for the first of which see Review for December lait; of the latter we could not procure a copy, though much enquired for by our Collector. These tracts, disclaimed by Mr. Hill, he confi. ders as the productions, in the whole, or in part, of that Gentleman's pen, although profesledly pubiilhed, on his behalf, as the voluntary effufions of unsolicited, and even unknown friendthip.-We fuy this in reference only to the Reply," wbich we have seen.

In the presatory advertisement above mentioned, we observe a note, wherein the Author civilly acknowledges our impartiality in speaking of the preceding publications relative to this controversy ; but he adds an incimation, that some “ maneuvres" had been used, to preposiess the Monthly Reviewers againft the pieces written by the Ludlow Burgess. - Now, we must honeilly affirm, upon our credit (which is taking the whole properly of the corps), that we know nothing of any such manæuvre; and that we really do not understand, nor can even guess at, what the ingenious Author means by this ioa timation. If he would infinuaie, that Mr. Hill had been rampering {we do not much admire that word) with us, either in behalf of his own writings, or against those of bis spirited opponent, we can asfure the Reverend Burgess (for we understand he is a clergyman), and we do hereby declare to the Public, that the worthy Member for Salop, so far from making any application to us, did not so much as pay us the compliment of sending us his pamphlet, intituled, “The Tubies Turned.” It refts, therefore, with our Author to explain what he means by talking of a " manæuvre," made use of to prepossess the Monthly Reviewers against his (the Burgess's } publications. — And now, pray Gentlemer, put up! Wheretore should you go on tilting, and pinking, and fiajhing each other's jerkins (as poor Yorick said), for the diversion of the bystanders ?

“ Enough of paper's spoild—what foods of ink!" Art. 52. The Repository: A Select Collection of Fugitive pieces

of Wit and Humour, in Prose and Verse. By the most eminent Writers. 8vo. Vols. III. and IV. 6 s. sewed. Dilly. 1783.

The two preceding volumes were announced to the Public in the Review for July 1777, page 81. The nature of the collection was then explained, and the pieces of wit and bumour (of which the two volumes then published were composed) were enumerated. Nothing more is therefore necessary, on the present occafion, than to medtion the titles of ihe Leveral articles collected in these two additional volumes.

In the first volume we have-Bonnel Thornton's City Latin.- Plain English, in answer to City Latin.-City English.-Hall's An dyne Sermon, and his Pasoral Puke -Dr. Armitrong's El ay for abridging the Study of Phyfic.-- The Coronation, a poem. - Advice to Mir. Lrgan, the Dwarf Fan-Painter,-- Antwer to dito.-Table-Talk ---Fragments of a copy of verses to Lord March and Lord George, sons of the Duke of Richmond, on their falling in the pool, through the ice, at Godwood, Jan. 1747.-Scheme for punishing Felonirs Imitation of the RAMBLER. - Three Imitations of the INSPECTOR.-Thoughts concerning Happiness, by Irenæus Kranizovius.

Several of the above pieces were originally published as pamphlets; and their characters will be found in the Monthly Reviews corresponding with their several dates.

In the second volume are republished, Smart's 'Hilliad,' a mock Epic poem, in ridicule of Dr. Hill, the celebrated Inspeelar.-Pa. triotism, a mock Heroic, in fix cantos, first printed in 1765.-An Esay on Nothing, by Henry Fielding.-Philosophical Transactions, for the year 1742-3. By the the same. --Epi/ile 10 Gorges Edmond Howard, by George Faulkner, Esq; and Alderman. --- Account of the progress of an Epidemical Madness. - Heroic Answer from Richard Twili, Elg; 10 Donna Teresa Pinna Ruiz.-Arcicological Epistle to Jeremiah Milles, D. D.

Of these, 100, the principal performances have been chara&erized in our Reviews ; some of them very larely.

VOYAGE; and TRAVELS. Art. 53. An Account of a Voyage to the Spice Islands, and New

Guinia. By M. P. Sonnerat, &c. Wich Notes. sewed. White, &c. 1781.

From the citle of this Work, the reader, who does not attend to the size and price of it, migh: be led to infer, that it is a uanslation of the whole of M. Sonnerat's ingenious performance; which is a large quarto volume, ornamented with 120 copperpla:es-an account of which was given in the Appendix to our 54th volume, pag. 546. It is, however, only an abridgment, or rather contilta of Thort extracis from such parts of the original work, as the translator and abridger thought the most instructive and entertaining. These extraéts are succeedeu and illustrated by notes, which equal the text in bulk; and which thew the annotator's extensive reading and acquaintance with books of cravels. He has added, too, a Lacin index, or description of the various birds, plants, &c. that have been des scribed and delineated by M. Sonnerat.

PHILOSOPHIC A L. Art. 54. Elements of the Branches of Natural Philosophy, connect

ed with Medicine, &c.; Including the Doctrine of the dimosphere, Fire, Pblogiffon, Water, &c.; together with Bergman's Tables of Elective Attractions, with Explanations and Improvements. By J. Elliot, M. D. Svo. 5 s. in boards. Johnson. 1782.

Medicine is so intimately connected with Natural Philosophy, of which, indeed, it is one of the branches, that those who practite that art ought certainly to be well versed in the general principles of philosophy, particularly such of them as bear a near relation to the healing art. The pollution of such knowledge is not merely ornamental,

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and indeed useful in any station of life, but is, on innumerable oc. calioos, absolutely neceffary to a juft and rational practice. The prefent work, however, is principally intended for the use of those, particularly in the pharmaceutical line, who have not had the advantage of receiving a regular medical education ; but who may, neverthelesi, have sufficient leisure to acquire a competent knowledge of what may be called the necessary branches of Natural Philosophy, properly selected from the common mass, for that particular purpole.

This tak the Author has well executed in the present performance, which he has divided into three parts. In the first, he explains the principles of philosophical chemistry; referring the Tyro for the merely practical part, to those works in which it is particularly taughs. The Author has considerably enriched this part of his work, with those valuable compendia of chemical science, the tables of the celebrated Professor Bergman, on two large sheets. The first thews, at one view, all the fimple ele&tive attraklions, and is divided into two parts; the upper exhibiting the humid, the lower the dry way of chemical combination. The second relates to double ele&ive attractions, and chemical operations. These cables, we believe, bave not yet been published in any Englith work. They are equally adapted to inform and exercise the ingenuity of the fludent, and to refresh the memory of the proficient in chemillry.

In the second part, the Author trears, but very briefly, of certain miscellaneous subjects, viz, of optics, so far only as may tend to explain the functions of the human eye. The other articles, which are found, hydrefiatics, and electricity, are fill more briefly difcussed.

In the third part, the Author treats of phyficlogy, or what may be termed the philosophy of phyfic; so far as relates to the structure of the human body, and the functions of its various parts.

It will not be expected, that we should more minutely analyse an elementary work of this kind. It will be sufficient to say, that it is executed--the chemical part in particular-in a manner well adapted to inform those for whose use it is intended. The more learned reader, 100, will here meet with a few hints respecting the theory of fire in particular :--a subject on which it is well known that the ingenious Author has, at least, exhibited the powers of a very fertile imagination.

M E DICA L. Art. 55. New Thoughts on Medical Elefiricily; or, An Attempt ta

discover the real Uses of Electricity in Medicine, &c. 8vo. Cumberlege. 1782.

The anonymous Author of this tract appears to have been induced to publith it, in consequence of a very remarkable case in medical electricity, which fell under his notice. The patient, in confequence of mismanagement after a fracture, had entirely lost the use of her arm and hand; which had likewise become almost totally insensible, and were greatly wasted, so as to resemble those of a skeleton.

Electricity was not applied fill nine months after the accident; but, by courageously perfevering a very contiderable time in the ofe of it, the patient appears nearly to have obtained a cure; which


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seems, 'from certain circumstances here related, not to have been owing to the powers of nature alone, but to have been effected by those of electricity. Powerful sparks were drawn one day, and strong Shocks on the succeeding, alternately, under the direction of Mr. Long, Soho.-' Sometimes the number of shocks amounted to one hundred and fifty, and even to two hundred;' [in a day, or at one fitting, we fuppose] ' lo insensible was the arm at that time. They were, however, fufficient in number and strength, to make the whole limb fwell exceedingly.'

The Author discusses several points relative both to the theory and practice of medical electricity. It will be sufficient for us to observe, that his principal theoretical position is, That electricity is peculiarly adapted in the removal of rigidity, tenfion, &c. but pernicious in cafés of laxity ;'- and that if medical philosophers bad attended to this single circumstance, it had, long before this time, been brought into regular practice; and many miserable objects might have received the benefit of a relief, which the whole Faculty, armed with the most powerful medicines, were not able to afford.' Art. 56. Narrative of a singular Gouty Cafe: With Observa

cions. By John Lee, M. D. Physician at Bath, Member of the College of Physicians in London, and Fellow of the Royal Society. 8vo. 1S. Evans, &c. 1782. The circumstance chiefly remarkable in this case, is the deposition of a glutinous, fætid, green matter in the arine, by which the fymptoms of a wandering gout were repeatedly relieved. This sediment was in considerable quantity, and sometimes continued for months together, during which time the patient was free from complaints, though advanced in years, and of a debilitated conftitution. The relater's Observations will not, probably, be thought very makerly or inftructive. Art. 57. Candid Animadversions on Dr. Lee's Narrative of a fine gular Gouty Case. To which are prefixed, Strictures on Royal Medical Colleges : Likewise, a Summay Opinion of the late Disorder called the influenza. By William Stevenson, M. D. 8vo. 25. 6d. Newark printed; sold by Dilly, &c. London. 1782.

Dr. Lee's " friend and countryman" has here pablished a critique on his Cafe, several times exceeding in bulk the case itself. Di. Stevenson is a writer of so extraordinary a kiod, as to puzzle a Re. viewer to give any diftinct account of his performances. With much rambling, extraneous matter, self.conceit, petulance, and abfurdity, this pamphlet contains some sensible and threwd remarks. But, in fact, no writer has an eager task than one, who, cutting and fathing at all around him, confines himself to no plan of operation, and fits loose to all ties of method and discipline. We have met with several such, who, while they were tolerably succellful at raising a laugh against others, were themselves the moft Mallow and ridiculous of mortals. Dr. Stevenson affects to fight under the banners of medical incredulity; and yet no one can pronounce more dogmatically than himself. He supposes a variety of names will be given bim, as a votary of this new Apollo ; such as, Strange-man, Dr. Eccentric-man, Dr. Troublesome-man," &c. &c.;

“ Dr.

but we believe they will all be comprized under the title of Dr. C***** b. Art. 58. A Letter addressed to Dr. Stevenson, of Newark, occa

Goned by a Postscript publihed in the Second Edition of his Medical Cares : With Remarks on Four Letters, writien by Philip Thicknesle, Esq. By Edward Harrison, Member of the Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh. 8vo. 1s.

Brown. 1782. Art. 59. A Reply to a Letter addressed to Dr. Stevenson, of

Nervark, by Edward Harrijon. By William Stevenson, M. D. 8vo. 15. Newark printed; fold by Fielding, London. 1782.

We mult refer any of our Readers, desirous of entering into the merits of this very idle controversy, to the pamphlets themselves. That of Dr. Stevenson may afford some entertainment; and if it be poluble that the great orator, his countryman, should ever be exbaufted of tropes and metaphors, he might from bence supply himself with a fresh Rock. Art. 60. An Address to the King and Parliament of Great Britain,

on the important Subject of preserving the Lives of its Inhabitants, by Means which, with the Sanction and Asistance of the Legillature, would be rendered Simple, Clear, and Efficacious to the People at large. With an Appendix, in which is inserted a Letter from Dr. Lettlom to the Author. By W. Hawes, M. D. To which are subjoined, Hints for improving the Art of restoring suspended Animation ; and also for administering Dephlogisticated Air in certain Diseases, &c. Proposed (in a Letter to Dr. Hawes) hy A. Fothergill, M. D. F. R. S. 8vo. 2s. Dodley, &c. 1782.

Dr. (late Mr.) Hawes, well known for his benevolent assiduity in promoting the scheme for the recovery of persons apparently dead, here addresses the Legislature on a plan to render the above design general, by establishing in every parish receiving houses, with proper afiftants, and every thing necessary, for the restoration of suspended animation. He also propoles a school for teaching the principles of this salutary art, which shall be supported by Government, and the lectures of which hall be free to all persons of the Faculty. Dr. Hawes is not, perhaps, fully aware of the magnitude of his scheme, which may probably be thought too operose and expensive for the ends likely to be answered by it: at least, it cannot be expected that the Public will concur in it, till they are better convinced of the fuccess of the means usually employed for the purpose of restoring life, and see a greater uniformity in the opinions of the Faculty themselves concerning them.

With respect to Dr. Fothergill's bints, as they are confefiedly founded on mere speculation, we leave their merit to be eliimated by those who chose to adopt thein. A hint can do no harm, unless, indeed, it be to the proposer himself, when too palpably crude and extravagant.

SCHOOL-BOOKS. Art. 61. An Introduction to the Study of Polite Literature. Vol. I.

12mo. 2 8. Dodley. 1782. The design of this volume is, to furnish a set of lessons for the use of children, at their firft beginning to read, in order to lead them to

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