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Town, to take the Sense of the Lohabitants in the concisef Man. ner, in regard to a Reform in Parliament, and its Duration. 8vo. is. 6 d. Harrison, &c. Among other whimsical improprieties in speech, is that of calling those men who have the weakest heads, headfrong! For this character is given to men whose other weaknesses are increased by that of over-saring their own abilities. To fuch men the agitation of Subjects of popular importance is a real misfortune ; by caufing a commotion in their intellects, which the slender texture of their brain is unable to bear: they teem with ideas, and instinctively have secourse to pen, ink, and paper, to disburden themselves for present ease, not forgetting the pablic good. A suffering Reviewer may, however, be allowed to complain that one man thould procure relief at the expence of another; which is the case, when one is obliged to read whatever another chuses to write. We are taught now, that • by the general consent of all the people, a house of representation was formed to receive the body of the elected for the good and welfare of the whole. The pamphlet is figned Job Williams; and as honelt John wishes to have a hand in the reformation pie, we advise bim previously to study the history of England, learn something of the nature of the ingredients, and get a little knowledge of political cookery.
AMERICAN. Art. 22. An Answer to that part of the Narrative of Lieutenant
General Sir Henry Clinton, K. B. which relates to the Conduct of Lieutenant-General Earl Cornwallis, during the Campaign in North America, in the Year 1781. By Earl Cornwallis. 8vo. 3 s. 6d. Debrett.
From the tendency of Sir Heary Clinton's relation of facts *, the appearance of an exculpatory fate of transactions was naturally to be expected; the claim of which to the public attention, is now, alas ! merely on private confiderations, that characters may, if possible, be fairly estimated. This answer consists of the chain of correspondence between the two Commanders, during the campaign referred to ; which, as Lord Cornwallis has fummed up the whole in his Introduction, is to thew, that our failure in North Carolina, was not oc. cafioned by our want of force to protect the rising of our friends, but by their timidity, and unwillingness to take an active and useful part,—that the move to Wilmington was rendered necessary from the distresses of the troops, and the sufferings of the numerous fick and wounded, -that the march into Virginia was undertaken for us. gent reasons, which could not admit of my waiting for the approba. tion of the Commander in Chief,-chat I did not eltablish the station in Virginia, but only reinforce is, --ibat I occupied the posts of York and Gloucester by order; and was induced to remain in them by the prospect of relief, uniformly held out to me by the Commander in Chief, -and chai, during the considerable interval between my arrival at Petersburgh, and that of the French feet in the Chesapeak, my corps was completely at the disposal of Sir Henry Clinton, either to be withdrawn, or employed in the Upper Chefapeak, or sent back to
• Rev. Jan. p. 88,
che Carolinas,--and consequently, that my condo& and opinions were not the cause of the catastrophe which terminated the unforcunate campaigo of 1781.'
So far from pretending to decide on the complicated circumstances of difference between these noble Commanders, we tall leave them to the judgment of their military Peers, with only this remark; that the viciffitudes attending the joint operation of detached armies, will frequently furnish occasions for ill-bumour, that would never have discomposed their minds had their endeavours been crowned with fuccess. Art. 23. A Letter to the Earl of Shelburne, on his Speech
July 10, 1782, respecting the Acknowledgment of American lo. dependence. By Thomas Paine, M. A. of the University of Pennsylvania, and Author of a Pamphlet incitled “Common Sense,* and of “ A Letter addressed to the Abbé Raynal on the Affairs of North America, &c. Philadelphia printed, London reprinted. 8vo. IS. Srockdale.
This noble Lord, during his short adminitration, bas met with several adversaries, who, right or wrong, have been very liberal in their coarse freedoms with him; but he never was treated with such juit severity, as he is now, by the American pen of Mr. Paine. We have to regret, that his Lord!hip not only exposed bimself to the keenest animadverfion, but his country also; which,'on so inviting an occafion, is combined with him, and created with the same indifcriminate asperity.--Mr. Paine's Letter to the Abbé Raynal in our next, Art. 24. The Claim of the American Loyalists impartially stated
and considered. Printed by Order of their Agents. 8vo.
Willie. Art. 25. The Particular Case of the GEORGIA Loyalists: in
Addition to tb: General Care and Claim of the American Loyalists, 8vo. 6d. Wilkie.
Very clear, indeed, is the case of the American Loyalists; and their claim upon the generosity, nay the justice, of the British nation is ir. refragable: we will venture to add, that no one who reads the two pamphlets above mentioned will deny this, --unless their prejudicer exceed all that we can imagine.
E A S T
IN DIE S. Art.-26. A Series of Falls, shewing the present political State
of ladia, as far as concerns the Powers at War; and the probable Consequences of a general Pacification in Europe, before we shall have decided our Conteits in the Carnatic. Addressed (for form fake) to the Earl of Shelburne; but recommended to the serious Confideration of all his Majesty's Ministers, and the Members of boch Houses of Parliamear. Svo. Is. Stockdale.
There is a sensible honelt bluntness in this correspondent (for form fake) with the Earl of Shelburne, that disposes us to place a confidence in his representations. He is a warm advocate for the Eastera adminiftration of Governor Hastings; and from a knowledge of facts there, argues that no peace made with the French will operate beyond the Cape of Good Hope: but that shey will fill pursue their
hofile purposes against us in India, as auxiliaries to Hyder Ally and his confederates : what he u'ges under this persuasion, will, we hope, obtain at least a perusal from those who have the regulation of our Eatern politics.
IR EL A N D. Art. 27. A Letter to the Earl of Shelburne, &c. &c. from a
noble Earl of the Kingdom of Ireland. Upon the subject of Final E pianation respecting the Legiflive Rights of Ireland. To which is annexed, an Extra&t from the Proceedings of the Irish House of Lords, upon the Sutject of the Repeal of the 6th Geo. I. 8vo. 12, 6d. Robinson,
This letter is from Lord Bellamons, io forcing the neceffer of 2 final explanation of the legislative rights of Ireland; a futject yet under the bands of the parliaments of bor! kingdoms : and there we leave it to be completed, as nos chusing to anticipate the merits of uo published works.
MER Ç A N TIL E. Art. 28. State of a Re Insurance underwritten by Mr. Charles
Biring, Merchant, for Sir John Donize. With the l'articolars of an intended Reference in Exeter, colleated from the Original Papers, and submitted to the Candour of the public. Exetes printed, by Thorn. Svo. 65 pages.
Re-insurances are provided again it by an express law; but if, neverthelels, where fair dealing only is intended, it is allowable by cultoin for underwriters to cover themselves by fuch a cransaction, good faith ought to be preserved. Should it be deemed an indirect practice, prima facie, it must be injurious to the character of any man to land in the capacity of a second infurer, with an intention to avail himself of a safe bargain ; or, eventually ppon loss, to shelter himself under a law, again it which he previously hut his eyes. This being an abilract llate of the general question, either boob of the above parties itand in an unfavourable poine of view, in a transzation, the circumlances of which we do not wish to enter into: - or The second infurer will be liable to harsh conftructions for his fineffe. The appcal is made to the Public, and must be decided by the custom of merchants.-On the whole, however, we imagine, the affair was negociated with clean hands on both fides. Art. 29.: Sir John Duntze's Reply to Mr. Charles Baring's Whale
State of the Cafe. 8vo. 15 pages. No bookseller's name, This is the rejoinder to a pamphlet which we have not yet feen, and which was itself a Reply to the preceding publication. . Of that reply (which probably extended no further than Execer) we cannot pretend to form an opinion; and therefore we can take no farther notice of the pretent publication*
MILITARY. Art. 30. The Sentence of the Court-Martial, held at the Horse
Guards, for the trial of the Hon. Licutenant General Murray, late Governor of Minorca, on the Twenty Nine Articles exbibitid
• The dispute, too, is grown fo personal, that we dismiss it with pleasure.
against him. To which are added, the Whole of the Evidence on The Two Articles of which the General was found guilty; and likewise upon the Four Ar:icles of complaint of Personal Wrong and Grievance. Taken in Short-hand by Joseph Gurney. With an Appendix, containing General Murray's Answer to every Article of the Charges; the Correspondence between General Mure ray and Sir William Draper ; the several Councils of War, and the subsequent Proceedings of the Court Martial relative to the private dispute between General Murray and Sir William Draper,
&c. 35. od. M. Gurney, Debrett, &c. 1983. Art. 31. Obfervations on Lieutenant-General Murray's Defence.
By Lieutenani-General Sir William Draper, K. B. I s. 6 d. Debrett, &c.
None of our Readers, we imagine, will move for a new trial-in The Nonthly Review Art. 32. The Trial of the Hon. Cofma Gordon, of the Third re
ginent of Foot-Guards, for neglect of duty before the Enemy, on the 230 June 1733, near Springfield, in the Jerieys : Contain. ing the whole proceevings of a general Court Martial, held at the city of New York, on the 22d of August, and continued, by several Adjouriments, to the 4in September 1782. 8vo.
Colonel Gordon was honourabiy acquitted on every part of the charge. For pariiculars, we refer io the Trial. Art. 33. The Field of Mars; being an Alphabetical digestion of
the Principal Navai and Military Engagements in Europe, Afia, · Africa, and America, particularly of Great Britain and her Allies,
from the çth Century to the present Perind. Selected from the beit Hiltorians and Journalilis, and acjufted from the greateit Au. thority. Intersperled with concise Delcriprions of she Towns and Places, the subject of each sriçle. 410. 2 Vols. 1l. 11$. 6 d. boards. Robision.
Those who delight in perusing the “ annals of blond,” (which is one of Dr. Jennson's definitions * of hillcry), wil meet with an inexhaustible turd of entertainment in this compilation of the details of batiles, lieges, expeditions, invasions, sea-tights, &c. &c, which have been given by hiltorians, journalists, Gazette + writers, &c. The alphabetical arrangement has this advantage over the chronologi. cal method, that we can immediately turn to any particular event, the account of which may be occasionally wanted. A number of maps and charts are given of the countries in which memorable acrions have happened ; with some plans of lieges, and views of battles, To the second volume is added, a very brief seatise (only 12 pages) on Fortification, illuftrated with copperplates: this may be satisfactory to general readers ;-as may also the Explanation of naval and military, terms ; which terminate the whole of this compilemento
N. B. The actions wbich occurred in the years 1780 and 1781,. must be sought for in the Appendix.
• Nor in his Dictionary, but in convertauon.
+ These are too servilely copied ; which has given an unneceffary and useless expansion to the work. The details in our Gazittes Fita tt acrdinary contain a thousand circumttances that are improper for, and unworthy of, historical preservation.
DR A MAT I C. Art. 34. The Capricious Lady, a Comedy (altered from Beaumont
and Fletcher), as it is now performing at the New Theatre Royal in Covent Garden, 8vo. i s. 6d. Dilly. 1783.
This production is introduced to the Reader's notice by a Preface, which begins thus:
• The Public will readily see that this comedy is an alteration from the “ Scornful Lady” of Beaumont and Fletcher ; names that Hand too high in dramatic fame, to need any eulogium here. Io te. spect to the alterations, they will be beit judged of by a comparison of the two plays : all becoming me to say of them, is, that I have availed myself of the remarks made on the original by Dryden, and some of the first critics in the begioning of the present century, according to the best of my abilities.
But whilft 1 yielded to the necessity of lopping off a number of in. delicacies and coarse allufions, which ihe morals of no age ought to bear, I felt some difficulty in complying with the rigidity of our modern school of politeness, as by it I found I must give up fome part of the wit and humour of the comedy; however, 'uis, perhaps, the more prudent part of a dramatic writer to follow, rather than attempt to lead, the manners of his time; and, prescribing myself this role, I trust I fall ftand excusable (whatever my other defects may be) from Jetting one expreflion fand, which may give offence to the challett ear.'
The humility of the modern Author's pretensions, and his frank avowal of his own weakness, cannot but operate as a kind of depre. cation of critical severity. We shall, therefore, only add, that Tbe Capricious Lady has been introduced to the Public by a pretty good Prologue, and attended by a much better Epilogue. Art. 35. Rofina, a Comic Opera, in Two Aes. Performed
at the Theatre-Royal in Covent Garden. By Mrs. Brooke, Author of Julia Mandeville, &c. 8vo.
Cadell. 1783 We cannot give a better account of this little piece, than in the words of the Authoress, in an Advertisement fubjoined to it:
• The fable of this piece, taken from the Book of Ruth; a fable equally simple, moral, and interesting, has already furnished a subjedt for the beautiful episode of Palemon and Lavinia in Thomson's Seasons, and a pleasing opera of Monf. Favart; of both I have availed myself as far as the difference of my plan would allow; but as we are not, however extraordinary it may appear, so eahly satisfied with mere sentiment as our more sprightly neighbours the French, I found it neceffary to diversify the story by adding the comic characters of William and Phoebe, which I hoped might at once relieve, and heighten, the sentimental cafts of the other personages of the drama.' Art: 36. Barnaby Brittle; or a Wife at her Wit's End : a
Farce; in Two Acts: as it is now performing with universal Applaofe at the Theatre Royal at Covent-Garden. Altered from Moliere and Betterton. With Additions. 8vo. I s. Kearfly. 1782.
Betterton's Amorous Widow, or' Wanton. Wifi, cut down to a farce of two A&s! Betterton's play was a moft wretched travesty of the excellent George Dandin of Moliere ; and is therefore properly re