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in the Saxon time, and fince the Conqueft; which used to be chained on the high altar, and opened with a lock and key on folemn occasions. This book, in respect of the charters and privileges contained in it, was subscribed by many of the Kings of England, as also by many Popes and Cardinals, and on those occasions been frequently sent to Rome.' It is said to be now in the Vatican, or some of the other public libraries at Rome. This article is finifthed by, 'An account of all the records of the leveral courts of the County Palatine of Durham, which are kept in the Chancery office there, by John Richardson, Esq; an.
1618.' We must not dismifs this number without some notice of Boldon Book, an ancient record, in the nature of Doomsday Book, containing an account of the customs and revenues of the whole bishoprick. It was written by Hugo Bilhop of Durham, in 1183. An ancient transcript of it is extant in the Bodleian library, writeen in a small neat hand, about the age of King Henry IV:
The three next numbers are, Of the books used in churches and monasteries, &c. here in England, before the Reformation.' Of the vestments in use in the church of England before the Reformation. Church utensils or ornaments. All written by J. Lewis, Minister of Margate, and taken from MSS. in the Bodleian library, Oxford.' These papers serve, among many others, to reveal and expose the absurdity and impofitions of the Romith church. It was indeed with great justice, as here observed, that Dr. Wicliff called their legends, fermons, &c. a serving of fables, chronicles, and lesings, a preaching fables and Aattering lefings, to deceive the people in faith and good life, and rob them of their worldly goods, &c. Thus then, it is added, they entertained the people with the most trilling tales and infipid stories : “ Four men stale an Abbot's ox to their larder (aughter-house). The Abbot did a sentence, and curled them : lo three of them were thriven, and asked mercy: the fourth died, and was not affoiled (freed from excommunication), and had not forgiveness. So, when he was dead, the spirit went by night, and scared all the people by night, that none durft walk after fun-down. Then as the parish-priest went on a night with God's body to housel (give the facrament) to a fick man, this spirit went with him, and told him what he was, and why he went, and prayed the priest to go to his wife, that they should go both to the Abbot and make him amends for his trespass, and io to affoil him, for he might have no rest. And anon the Abbot assoiled him, and he went to rest and joy for evermore.'
Thus much for their books; and as to their vestments, what an awkward, and ridiculous figure must a man make, dressed up" in four or five garments, hanging over one another, beside bits of linen and filk wrapped round or flowing loose here and there,
and over all, at times, a cope; or principal vestment, very rich, open only at the top and bottom, and confining the hands and arms, fo that he could have but little command of himself! No less childish, to speak moft favourably of them, are the church utensils and ornaments of which we have here a long catalogue. Astonilbing, that men could be thus deluded!
• No. 14. Observations on the remarks of Mr. Collier (in bis Ecclefiaftical History) on several passages in Bishop Burnet's History of the Reformation. By J. Lewis.' A good vindication of a valuable hiftory from the objections and censures of a partial and interested writer.
• Nomenclator Fecialium, qui Angliæ et Wallia Comitatus viktârunt, quo anno et ubi Autographa seu Apographa reperiuntur.' To those who are fond of, and much versed in heraldry and pedigree, this article may afford fome amusement: it gives a list of visitation books throughout England and Wales: the last commission for visitations of this kind expired in the year 1686.
The thirteen numbers which follow are taken from the archives of All-Souls college, Oxford. Some of them are in Latin. They are briefly, An ancient Inventory of Books, Plate, Vestments, &c. given by the Founder (Henry Chichely, Archbishop of Canterbury) to the college, for the use of the chapel... Some account of the ancient altars in the chapel ... Admiffio J. Birkhede in Confratrem.' This J. Birkhede was executor of the will of the Archbishop, and himself a benefactor to the college. . .' Admissio Abbatiffæ, &c. Monafterii de Syon in fratres et forores.' This is an expression of respect and gratitude, in the manner of those times, for some favours received. .. • The names of all who have been admitted into the fraternity of the college... Renuntiatio, &c. A renunciation of the Pope and recognition of the King as the Head of the church.-Archbishop Parker's Letter to the college commanding them to de- . face their plate remaining in superstitious fashion ... Letter from Queen Elizabeth's High Commisfioners concerning the fuperftitious books belonging to the college ... Another Letter from the Queen's Commissioners . ... Order of the Queen's High Commissioners for defacing the church plate.- Order from the Queen's Commissioners at Oxford to deface all monuments of superftition within the College. - Another order from the same.--The Mandate of James II. for the election of L. W. Finch into the office of Warden.'--Of this laft, we have given a brief account under No. 8.
Numbers 28 and 29 give · An account of plate, gold, and filver, made for Cardinal Wolsey, from the ninth year of Henry VIII. unto the nineteenth year: wherein is set forth what he gave to the colleges founded by him, &c.' In these curious pa• pers we are presented with the Goldsmith's bills for plate fur
nished on different occafions; among others, there are some for the Abbey of St. Alban's, thus entitled, 'Thes bene the parcellis of plate made and deliveryd unto my Lordes Grace, by me Robt. Amadas, for th abbey of Sent Albones by the commandement of my faid Lorde as follouethe.' At the end of one of these bills is added, “Sum totalis of this accompte due to me Robart Amadas amountethe to... ccclxxviij l. ij s.'
* No. 30. Extract from Fiddes's Life of Cardinal Wolley ; page 516.' This article presents us with a Grant from King Henry VIII, restoring money, goods, and chattels to the Cardinal, to the amount of six thousand and three hundred pounds.
We all only mention the names of the four numbers that follow, ' A Letter to Mrs. West, &c. on the education of her fon, 12 Jan. 1739. . . . Extract from Sir William Blackstone's Reports, page 14th of the Editor's Preface, containing memoirs of his life, relating to the following memoir and answer. Dean Littleton's Memoir concerning the antiquity of his Magna Carta, from the Minutes of the Antiquary Society: June 8th, 1761. . . Mr. Blackstone's Memoir in answer to the late Dean of Exeter, now Bishop of Carlifle, 29 May, 1762.'
The five first numbers in the Supplement are, “A Letter to Archbilhop Sancroft relating to the examination of witnesses concerning the Pretender's birth, 26 Oct. 1688... Earl of Rom chester's paper referring to a discourse with the King concerning the Bishop's signing an abhorrence of the Prince of Orange's defigns... Abp. Sancroft's declaration that he did not invite the Prince of Orange into England, 3d Nov. 1688... Letter from Sir T. Powys, Attorney General, relating to the order for profecuting the seven Bishops: Jan. 1688.--Account of the expenees fuftained by the seven Bishops on their prosecution, trial, &c. with the valuation and tax on their several incomes for the purpose of defraying the said expences. To this last article is added a note which we here insert : • A late historian observes, that the Counsel for the seven Bilhops all generously pleaded and exerted themselves without any reward, scorning to take a fee in fo great and noble a cause : but it appears by this account of their expences, that only two of them refused, and they only the last offer of 20 guineas apiece.' The amount of the expence is between five and fix hundred pounds.
• Numbers 6, 7, 8, 9. Letter to the Bishop of London from the Bishop of Rochefter (Thomas Spratt) relating to an alteration in the 5th of November Office, 1689. Letter from the Bilbop of St. Afaph to Mr. Dodwell : relating to matters of fact at the end of King James II.'s reign, particularly the pretended birth of the Prince of Wales, 95. Nov.9. - Scheme (for a publication) drawn up by Dr. Gibson, afterward Bishop of Lincoln and London: Monumenta Ecclefiæ Anglicana, &c. A copy of a Letter written by Mr. White Kennet, about the 03
year 1698, and sent without a name to Bishop Stillingfeet, at whose disposal it was then said Sir Thomas Winford Cook's 10,000 l. was left. Each of these articles contain somewhat worthy of attention; the last consists of hints for founding a college for the sons of the clergy.
* No. 10, 11, Extract from Dr. Brady's Historical Treatise of Cities and Boroughs. -De Viginti, &c. Concerning twentyeight British cities, &c. By Abp. Usher.' These are curious ; but they have been before published.
' A Letter relating to the last behaviour of Sir Walter Rawleigh *, written by Dr. Robert Tounson, Dean of Westminster, and afterwards Bishop of Sarum, to Sir John Ilham.'- Iter Carolinum; being a succinct relation of the neceffitated marches, retreats, and sufferings of his Majesty Charles the First, from January 10, 1641, till the time of his death, 1648; collected by a daily attendant upon his sacred Majesty, during all the faid time; -and an • Extract from an Account of King Charles the First's escape, or departure from Oxford, in 1646. By Dr. Michael Hudson ;'--there subjects furnith the materials of No. 13, 14, and 15, which, with the Index, conclude the Collection,
We briefly hinted our opinion of the general value and importance of this publication, in our account of the first volume. See our last month's Review.-Mr. Gutch, the Editor, has prefixed to the second volume, an advertisement of his design of publishing Wood's English manuscript of the “ History and Antiquities of Oxford,” provided he can be affured of sufficient encouragement to defray the expence of printing.
He was, says the Doctor, the most fearless of death that ever was known, and the moft resolute and confident, yet with reverence and conscience.
Art. X. Continuation of the Account of Bishop Newtor's Works. See
last Review. E have already with freedom, and, we hope, with im,
partiality, delivered our sentiments of the general merit of the Bishop's character and writings; though we ingenu. oufly acknowledge, that we were not wholly divested of bias and prepossession :—but it was in the Bishop's favous. We have made every apology, for some instances of misguided and precipitate zeal, which candour could suggeft. We were sorry to see so much goodness made the sport of credulity. We lamented, that the milk of human kindness should be foured by the spirit of party; and our love of the man anxioufly fought out excuses for the zeal of the priest.
The present publication consists of the Account of the Author and his Friends, from whence wę , made such copious exsets in our last Journal. This is succeeded by the Differta
» the Prophecies, already too well known to the world to The Bishop, in his Dissertation on Dreams, adopts the hypothesis of the late Mr. Baxter, and attempts to make a practical use of it. He confiders them as proofs of the immateriality and immortality of the soul, and as indications of our natural temper and disposition. He gives some directions how to make them turn to a good account; and, at the fame time, guards the reader against the extremes of fuperftition and scepticism.
In the Disertation on our Saviour's Temptation, he opposes the speculations of those divines who would refine away its reality, by considering it only, as typical, allusive, and visionary; and contending for the fait, enters into a discusion of its reasons. If he had been so fortunate as to have offered any new ones, we fhould have been happy to have presented them to the Reader. The old are well known, and have been well answered.
One of the most learned and laboured of the Differtations is that on the Demoniacs. The subject is also ingeniously discuffed, and with temper and moderation too. The Bishop thinks all the instances of Demonical poffeffion recorded in the Gospel, cannot be referred to any natural causes, such as madneis or epilepsy, but 'must be attributed to the operation of spiritual agents. - In this Dissertation be produces some passages from the works of the learned Joseph Mede, to prove that he was not (as hath been reported) a favourer of the novel doctrine. The following is very observable : “ The use of the word Demon, in the worst fense, or directly for a Devil, will be almoft confined to the Gospels, where the subject spoken of, being men vexed with evil spirits, could admit no other sense nor use." It is evident then (says the Bishop), that Mr. Mede was so far from falling short in belief, that the carried it farther than the generality of Christian divines.'
From different parts of the Bishop's Works, we will transcribe his sentiments of some diftinguished fects of Christians; and from thence the judicious Reader will be able to discover the leading bias of his mind, with respect to theological principles and institutions,
POPERY, “ It took its rise in times of the greatest ignorance and fuperftition, of the greatest degeneracy and wickedc; wis advanced by little and little; was propagared sometimes with all the cunping and dexterity, sometimes with all the malice and cruelly in the world.'
DissenTERS. " I speak not of all, but of many of them (and am Sorry to say it, but the truth compels me), that shey are no less ene. mies to the constitution in church and state thin the Papiis ihemfelves. Nay it may be quesioned, whether the danger is not greater at present arising from the Difler ters than the Papiits.— The Papists are no declared enemies 10 royal:y and acbility ; but the Difeniers are for levelling all degrees, and have laid the crown and nobility all in the duit. When Jacobition: fubited, the Papills were for