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but dross, that we may win Chrift, and be found in him. O! how dear and desirable are the un searchable riches of a Saviour to such wretched insolvents, such absolute bankrupts !- And dare I call my Right Hog. and highly honoured correspondent a bankrupti dare do this, and more.'- This, however, is all in the way of compliment to Lady Fanny: for more is meant than meets the car. It is, indeel, an odd way of paying a compliment to a lady, to call her a bankrupt; but Mr. Hervey did it in the simplicity of his heart, in order the better to beltow upon her the blessing of the poor in SPIRIT!

1 hele letters will be highly acceptable to those who place religion in a warm fancy, rapt into vision by what is called the love of Cbrift. But persons of cooler judgments will be disguiled with their puerilities, and fatigued by encless and trifling taurologies. Art. 54. Three Letters, containing Animadversions on the Bap

tismal Discourse of the Rev. T. Pentycross, A. M. 8vo, 3d. Johnson. 1782. A shrewd and sensible Antipædobaptist attacks, in this little piece, with spirit and argument, the illogical assertions of a needy declaimer. He hath the advantage of his opponent in every thing that requires dexterity in debate. He turns Mr. P's own conclufons against himself: and makes his very wit appear as ridiculous as his reasoning. We think Mr. Jenkins (for that is the Author's name) may be answered :--but not by Mr. Pentycross.

S E R M O N. 1. A Sermon, preached at the Chapel in Penzance, at the or.

dinary Vifitation of John, Lord Bishop of Exeter, July 19, 1782. By Cornelius Cardew, M. A. Vicar of Ewny. Lalent, and Master of the Grammar School in Troro. Published at the Requel of his Lordship, &c. 4to. Is. Rivington.

A very useful and judicious discourse on the moral influence of Chritianity; and more particularly on the happy tendency of the Christian miniftry to correct the vices, improve the understandings, and establish and promote the true intereft of mankind. The text is, ' Ye are the salt of the earth.'- It is well illustrated, and very forcibly applied by the ingenious Author. II. Tbe Utility and Importance of Human Learning Pated, in a Sere

mon preached in the Parish Church of Alhford, in Keni, August 14, 1782, at the Anniversary Meeting of the Gentlemen educated at that School. By Francis Whi:field, Vicar of Godmersham, in the fame County. 4to. 15. Johnson.

Consists of some common and general observations, tending to thew the importance of human learning to the interelt of civil fociety at large; and more particularly to demonstrate its utility to religion and the Christian church. There is a genuine alliance, a native conne&ion between found learning and true religion: they are both derived from the fame Fountain and Father of Lights: hence we are not to wonder, if those who have been most eminent for their proficiency in koowledge, have been equally diftinguithed by their accachment to revelation. The incomparable Newton, the profound Bacon, the fagacious Locke, and a long lift of others,


whose names are an ornament to human nature, as well as an hoi nour to this country, have all ranked under the fandard of Christ. ianity, and consecrated their labours to its service. And let not the friend to Revelation be ashamed, if some who have been dig. nified with the appellation of philosophers have proftituted their talents in the defence and support of irreligion : for I presume we Thall hardly compare the manly argument and solid reasoning of a Locke, with the inconfiftent declamation of a Bolingbroke ; or the rational philosophy of a Newton and a Boyle, with the petulant fophiftry of a Hume or a Voltaire.' III. Preached in Norwich, on the evening of the Fall-Day, appoint

ed by Government, February 8. 1782. By R. David. 8vo. 6d. Hogg.

Our honest Welchman (whose theologico-political discourse ought to have been noticed some months ago, but was millaid) is in great wrath with the promoters of the American war, and with those who guided the helm at the time when this fulmination of his zeal made its escape from him. As the American war is now at an end, and the obnoxious Ministers are removed, it is hoped Mr. David has recovered the serenity of his teinper fufficiently, to see the impropriety of mixing party politics with religion. IV. The Substance of a Sermon preached at St. Botolph, Bithopsgate,

March 17, 1982, for the Benefit of the London Dispensary. By Henry Peckwell, D. D. Chaplain to the Most Honourable the Marchioness of Lothian, and Rector of Bloxam cum Digby in Lincolnshire. • 8vo. 6 d. Dilly. 1782.

The Preacher has chosen a proper text for his discourse, John xi. 3. Lord, behold him whom thou lovesi is fick; and be enters on it in an agreeable manner : “ To the fountain of compassion, a petition of this kind was never put up without being heard-was never heard without being answered. - Humanity will lend an ear to the voice of distress, but it is the genius of Christianity to enter into its feelings—to say, who is weak, and I am not weak-and to mourn witb them that mourn. So Jefus wept.'--But as this writer proceeds, he rather falls into a declamatory methodistical manner. He, however, recommends, with energy and propriety, the particular and excellent charity, which is the principal object of the discourse. The design of the infitution is to supply the fick poor with medicine and advice gratis.

We cannot but kindly accept the reprehenfion contained in the Letter from Workfop, as it evidently comes from a Friend; but the Writer, we presume, did not expect that we should publish his ftrictures, or enter into a conteft with bim, on the flippery ground whichi he has taken.We shall, on every occafion, deem ourtelves obliged to any Reader who will favour us with hints or animadversions, conveyed with the candour and good manners of this Correspondent.

+++ J. B.'s Remarks relative to Xenophon de Cyri Exped, are transmitted to the Editor of the Gentleman's Magazine; according to the Author's request.

new edition, is the placing the Rules jurmediately before the Exer. cises which relate to them, and shortening them as far as is consilent with perspicuity. Our Author, who informs us, that he was educated at the university of Paris, from his infancy, and has taught the French and Latin languages many years part in some of the capical schools of this kingdom,' appears to have executed his talk with judgment and propriety. This improvement on Chambaud hach already received the recommendation of some eminent schoolmasters ; , and we have litile doubt but it will be very generally adopted. Art. 49. A Radical Vacabulary of the French Language. Printed

for Joba Murdoch, Teacher of French, &c. in Staples-inn Buildiogs. 12m0, 25. 6d. 1782.

A new attempt to teach the French language, by making the {cholar learn the radical words. In this Vocabulary we have above 3,000 words which will require a long time to learn, and an uncommon memory to retain : in their detached, or, if we may ro express it, infulated fate. All this while too, the underltanding is not Tarpened, or improved ; and memory acts, as it were, by itself. It is certain that these words must be known before the scholar can be faid to have acquired the language, in whatever way a master may teach it. Bat, independent of the knowledge of idiom, inflection, &c. &c. which he acquires by the authors he reads, he is amused, and, perhaps, instructed too. He sees the words in their proper connection, which imprints their fignification more strongly than by learning their meaning in their primitive and unconnected ftate. They coalefce with others; and the affociation of ideas makes the impresion of them deeper and more lasting.

Mr. Mardoch is, however, confident of the success of his plan ons der his own fuperintendence. We cannot dispute this point with him, because we are not acquainted with his pupils, nor have we feen the result of his experiment. If any have a better opinion of it than we have, they are at liberty to make the trial; and we wish it may answer.

RELIGIOUS. Art. 5o. An Entrance into the Sacred Language; containing the

necessary Rules of Hebrew Grammar in English: with the ori. ginal Text of several Chapters, select Verses, and useful Hittories,

translated Verbatim, and analysed. Likewise some select Pieces . of Hebrew Poetry. By the Rev. C. Bayley, of Tria. Coll. Camb.

8vo. 55. fewed. Longman. 1782. We think the Author promises too much, when he says, that the whole is digested in so easy a manner, that a child of seven years old may arrive at a competene knowledge of the Hebrew scriptures, with very little alliitance.'- -The admission of the Majoretic points will necessarily create some degree of perplexity to the ftudent in Hebrew, even though he may be passed the days of childhood. Mr. Bayley is, however, a very zealous advocate for the utility, and even the necesity of the points. He thinks they are an ential part of the facred language : they determine the pronunciation, and zot only fo, but they define the exact meaning of the words.Without thein there will be too much left to wild conjecture, and dow bazardous it would be in leave any part of the facred records

the gth of May 1626; the 27th of May 1641; and the 7th of December 1666.

"- Or against particular members, the 7th, 8th, anå gth of May 1621; the 6th of August 1625.

« - Using the King's name irreverently, or to influence the debate- the 5th of March 1557 ; the 4th of May 1624; in the Journal, page 697 ; the 5th of April 1715.

c Hifling or disturbing a member in his speech, the 20th of June 1604, and the 8th of February 1661.

Walking up and down the House, standing on the floor, in the gangways, or in the gallery, Toth of February 1698, and the 16th of February 1720.

- Taking papers and books from the table, or writing there, to the great interruption of the clerks, 3d of April 1677 ; and the 25th of March 1697

' - Croffing between the chair and a member that is speaking-or between the chair and the mace, when the mace is off the table.

The reason which the venerable old Speaker Onslow afligned for observing these rules with strictness is ingenious, and places a common subject in an uncommon point of view ; at the same time it gives a degree of political importance to what would otherwise appear rather to belong to the duty of a master of the ceremonies, or the theory of a dancing-master, than the gravity of a great Speaker. “He used to repeat it as a maxim, which • he had often heard, when he was a you.g man, from old expe• rienced members, “ That nothing tended more to throw power in" to the hands of Administration, and those who acted with the ma. “ jority of the House of Commons, than a neglect of, or departure " from, these rules.-That the forms of proceeding, as instituted " by our ancestors, operated as a check and controul on the actions " of ministers, and that they were, in many instances, a shelter and “ protection to the minority, against the attempts of power. • far,' observes Mr. Hatfell,the maxim is certainly true, and is ' founded in good sense-that, as it is always in the power of the * majority, by their numbers, to flop any improper measures propo. sed on the parts of their opponents, the only weapons by which the

minority can defend themselves against fimilar attempts from those • in power, are in the forms and rules of proceedings which have • been adopted, as they were found neceffary, from time to time, • and are become the landing orders of the House; and from the • ftri&t adherence to which, the weaker party can only be protected from those irregularities and abuses, which these forms were in• • tended to check, and which the wantonness of power is but too • often apt to suggest to large and unsuccessful majorities - I remem• ber a story of Mr. Onslow, which those who ridiculed his strict ob"servation of form, were fond of telling, That as he often, upon a ' member's not attending to him, but perfiling in any disorder, • threatened to name him, “ Sir, Sir, I must name you."' On being

• asked • asked, what would be the consequence of putting that threat into • execution, and naming a member? he answered, “The Lord in “ Heaven knows !" from whence they collected, that it was nothing • but a threatening expression of his own, that would have no conse

quence at all. He might have referred them to the Journal of the

5th of May 1641, or of the 22d of January 1693, where they would • have found, that if the Speaker is compelled to name a member, • such member will thereby iocur che displeasure and ceasure of the House.'

As the name of Onslow occurs frequently in the course of these pages, a short character of this celebrated man is judiciously introduced in the Preface. We confess ourselves highly pleased with the respectful and spirited eulogium Mr. Hatsell has bestowed on his old friend and patron. Mr. H.'s extensive parliamentary and conftitutional knowledge, as well as his ingenuous and amiable manners, have rendered him juftly esteemed both within and without the walls of the House of Com. mons; and praise from a mind like his, is the most grateful incense to the memory of departed worth.

The account of Mr. Onslow is thus introduced :

' It will be imposible to peruse a page of the following Work, without observing the great advantage that it derives from the notes and observations of Mr. Onslow, the late Speaker of the House of Commons, which have been very obligingly communicated upon this occasion by his son, the present Lord Onslow.

• Is would be impertinent in the Editor of this Collection to fuppose, that any thing, which he can say, will add to the reputation of a character so truly eminent as that of Mr. Onnow; but, as it was under the patronage, and from the instructions of that excellent man, that he learnt the first rudiments of his parliamentary know. ledge ; and when Mr. Onslow recired from a public ftation, as it was permited to the compiler of this work to visit him in that retire. ment, and to hear those observations on the law and confticution of this government, which, particularly in the company of young perfons, Mr. Onslow was fond of communicating, he may perhaps be allowed to indulge himself for a moment in recollecting those virtues which diftinguithed that respectable character, and in endeavouring to point them out as patterns of imitation to all who may wish to tread in his steps. Superadded to his great and accurate knowledge of the history of this country, and of the minuter forms and proceedings of parliament, the diftinguishing feature of Mr. Onslow's public character was, a regard and veneration for the Britih conftitution, as it was declared and established at the Revolution. This was che favourite topic of his discourse; and it appeared, from the uniform tenor of his conduct through life, that, to maintain this pure and inviolate, was the object at which he always aimed.-In private life, though he held the office of Speaker of the House of Commons for above three and thirty years, and during part of that time enjoyed the Jucrative employment of Treasurer of the Navy, it is an anecdote perfeally well knowo, that, on his quitting the Chair in 1761, his income from his private fortune, which had always been inconfiderable,

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