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displayed therein ; and the gentoel satire and irony on the one side, and the rough wit and humour on the other, render it very entertaining. Some of these English pieces are become scarce; and out of juftice ca the memory of such a man, his son, or his nephew, or some of his family and friends, should collect them togecher, and 'cause them to be printed in a handsome and uniform manner.
• One of Dr. Bentley's moit formidable enemies, was Dr. Middleton, as appears from several parts of his works, and particularly from Dr. Bentley's projected edition of the New Testament; which remarks are supposed to be one principal obstacle to the publication of that work. But length of time having overcome all prejudices, it is much wilhed that the person who possesses the MS. would oblige the learned world, by setting forth fo curious a performance. By the death of Ds. King there was a vacancy of the malership of the Charter-house, a place which foune considerable persons at different periods have defired to fill. Bithop Benson and Dr. Jortin used to say, that there was a cercain pime in their lives when of all preferments they wished it the molt. And now the competitors to succeed Dr. King were Dr. Middle. ton and Mr. Mann. When Dr. Middleton applied to Sir Robert Walpole for bis vote and intereft, Sir Robert bonelly told him, that talking with Bishop Sherlock, he found the Bishops were generally against his being chosen Mafter. Mr. Maon had been tutor to the Marquis of Blandford, and when the Marquis was disposed to be diffipated and idle, he would say to him, that he thould apply himself more to his books and :o learning, or he would never make a figure in the world like the Duke of Marlborough. The boy replied, that he was already a beiter scholar, and knew more of Greek and Latin than the Duke ever did; and why then thould not he make as great a figure? The Duke of Marlborough was said to be rather illiterate, and to spell very ill, though in other respects he was one of the most illuftrious characters, as great a Statesman as a general, excelled cqually in the cabinet and in the field, and never fought a battle but he won it, nor besieged a town but he took it. It was through the interest of that family shat Mr. Mann gained the ascendency over Dr. Middleton ; and when he waited upon the Governors at their respective houses to return his thanks, he said very needlessly and impertinently to Archbishop Potter, " I suppose your Grace knows that you have made choice of an Arian." The Archbishop was startled ; but fuer secolo lecting himself, made answer, “An Arian, perhaps, may be better than a Deilt.” Dr. Middleton, it is to be hoped, was not a Deift, for late in life he accepted a small living in Surry, and of course took the usual oaths, and made che regular subscriptions. It is not easy 10 say what his religious principles were : they seem to have been va.
very correct edition of all the Differtations, conprehending the celebrated dispute with Mr. Boyle, under the superintendence of Dr, Salter, with lome original papers of Dr. Bentley, was published io one volume octavo, by Bowyer and Nichols, in the year 1777, accompanied with explanatory notes, and a copious index. Before this publication, the Dissertations were become exceedingly scarce, and their o:iginal price was more shan doubled in the catalogues,
rioos at various times. He was certainly a very unfair controvertit, and his quotations cannot be depended opon without particalar examination. He was sometimes guilty of literary forgery, by additions or omissions as best suited his purpose. His first connections were amongit the High Church party, as they were called, but he plainly appeared to have been warped and drawn afide to heterodoxy by pique and reseoimest, for not being preferred according to his merits and expectations. He was much burt and provoked at this difape pointment, and thinking Bishop Sherlock to be the primary cause of it, he wreaked his malice in his ill-natured and ill-timed animadver. fons on the Bishop's discourses on Prophecy, pretending that he had never seen them before, though they had been published several years, and had gone through several editions. Nor did he after. wards spare the Archbishop and his chaplains, but took every opportunity of making Lambeth-House the fubject of his wit and satire. It is also well known that he wrote a creatise of the Inouility and laefficacy of Prayer, which was communicated to Lord Boling broke, wbo much approved it, and advised the publication of it. Mrs Mid. dleton, however, never thought proper to publish it in her lifetime; and the Bishop has beard, that Dr. Heberden, a particular friend of Dr. Middleton, and to whom the widow left all his papers, has fince commixed it to the fames : an act worthy of so good a man, and the fitreft end of such a work.'
On this anecdote respecting Dr. Middleton, we cannot avoid remarking, that the good Bishop was somewhat too credulous, and coo haftily admitted reports that affected the reputation of those againft whom he had imbibed a prejudice. It was asserted by the Bishop, in his original account of the obnoxious manuscript, that Dr. Heberden purchased it of Mrs. Middleton, at the price that it was supposed it would fetch if it went to market; – infinuating, that the widow was equally indifferent to her husband's reputation, and the edification of the Christian world, provided she could secure her own profit. Dr. Heber. den having had some intimation of this very gross mistake, before the present work was published, infifted that the leaf which contained it should be cancelled ; declaring, at the same time, his resolution to contradiet it publicly, if it remained in its original ftate. The leaf was accordingly cancelled, and the information brought foine what nearer to the truth; perhaps it ought to be admitted, with some qualifications. We are so (trangers to the freedom of Dr. Middleton's sentiments on some points of religion ; but we can scarcely believe that he wrote a tra&t to disprove the neceflity of prayer, though poffibly he might not entertain such ideas of its efficacy as Dr. Ogden and fome other divines, who represent it not only as the means of our own improvement, but as an instrument to work on the Deity himself, as if his purposes could be changed, or as if he was altogether such a one as ourselves. Rev. Feb. 1783.
count but have had his name appear against a proceeding fo difgraceful to his king, and so destructive to his country. Mr. Gren. ville was not only an able minister, but was likewise a religious good man, and regularly attended the service of the church every Sunday morning, even while he was in the higheit offices; and whatever the world may pretend to the contrary, it is an infallible axiom that the best men, cæteris paribus. will always make the best ministers. Let Lord Clarendon, and Mr. Grenville, and Lord North be cited as witnesses.'
Some of our readers will smile at the above citation ; and others perhaps will not be restrained from bursting into a loud laugh! -ro various are the opinions of mankind about the méric of ' attending the service of the church every Sunday morning :'- at least the merit of it in the first lord of the treasury. It may be an outward and visible fign-but not of a wise or a good fatesman ;--nor can devotion palliate those errors in government, which, beginning in ambition, lead to carnage, and end in disgrace. To
-To Cælar we appeal. The following testimony to the worthy character of the prefent metropolitan is very amiable, and deserves notice :
• When Dr. Cornwallis was a young man at the university, he had the misfortune of a paralytic stroke on the right fide, from which he has never recovered the full use of his right hand, and is obliged to write with his left : but notwithstanding this, he hath bj. therto enjoyed uncommon good health, and never fails in his attend. ance upon the multifarious business of his ftation. He hath greatly improved Lambeth House, he keeps a hospitable and elegant table, has not a grain of pride in his composition, is easy of access, receives every one with affability and good nature, is courteous, ob. liging, condescending, ard as a proof of it, he has not often been made the subje&t of cenfure even in this censorious age.'
It is entertaining to read the Bishop's sentiments of Lord Mansfield and the late Earl of Chatham :
• He always regarded Lord Mapsfield as the best and ableft speaker cbat erer he had heard in parliament. Lord Chasham was indeed a great genios, and poste fled extraordinary powers, quick conceptions, ready elocution, great command of language, a melodious voice, a piercing eye, a speaking countenance, an authoritative air and manner, and was as great an actor as an orator. What was said of the famous orator Pericles, that he lighrened and thundered and confounded Greece, was in some measure applicable to him ; and during the time of his successful adminiltration, he had the most absolute and uncontrouled sway that perhaps arry member ever had in the House of Commons. With all those excellencies he was not without bis dcfects. His language was sometimes too figurative and pompous, his speeches were seldom well connected, often desoltory, and rambling from one thing to another, lo that though you were truck here and there with noble sentiments, and happy expressions, yet you could not weil remember, nor give a clear account of the whole togesher. With affected modefty he was apt to be too confident and overbearing in debate; fometimes
descended to personal invectives, and would first command, that he might more effectually abuse; would ever have the last word, and, right or wrong, fill preserved (in his owo phrase) an unembarraped countenance. He spoke more to your pallions than your reason, more to those below the bar and above the throne, than to the House ise felf; and when that kind of audience was excluded, he sunk and loft molt of bis weight and authority.-Lord Mansfield was happy io molt of the fame perfections, with few of the same failings and imperfections. His language was more natural and easy; his speeches were more in a continued chain of reasoning, and sometimes with regular divifions, so that you easily accompanied him, and clearly comprehended the whole from the beginning to the end. What he faid, as well as his manper of saying it, was more modest and decent, less presuming and dictatorial: he never descended to personal altercations, disdaiged to reply even to reflections call upon himself, and in all things preserved his own dignity, and that of the House of Peers. He addressed himself more to your reason than to your paflions : he never couried popular applause so much as the approba. tion of the wife and good : he did not with to take you by storm or surprise, but sought to prevạil only by the force of reason and argoment. He had always an immediate intuition into the merits of every cause or question that came before him, and comprehending it clearly himself, could readily explain it to others : persuasion Aowed from his lips, conviction was wrought in all unprejudiced minds, and for many years. the House of Peers paid greater deference to his aus hority than to that of any man living.'
The Bilbop's sentiments of his great friend the late Bishop of Gloucester are, in our opinion, equally liberal and juft.They may be added with great propriety to the very satisfactory account of that illustrious prelate, given in our Review for Nov. 1782, from Nichols's Biographical Anecdotes of Mr. Bowyer :
• Bithop Warburton was in a great measure lost to the world and his friends, fome years before his death, by the decay of his intelle&ual faculties, the body prelling down the mind that mused upon many things, which hath been the case with many a great genius as well as himself. For he was indeed a great genius, of the most extensive reading, of the moft retentive memory, of the most copi. ous invention, of the liveliest imagination, of the sharpeft discernmedt, of the quickelt wir, and of the readiest and happiest applica. tion of bis immenfe knowledge to the present subject and occasion. He was such a universal reader, that be took delight even in romances, and there is scarce one of any more, ancient or modern, which he had not read. He said himself, that he had learned SpaDith, to have the pleasure of reading Don Quixote in the original, He was excellent and admirable, both as a companion and as a friend. As a companion, he did not dwell opon litrie trivial matters, but disclosed a nicer vein of conversation, was lively and entertaining, was initractive and improving, abounded with pleasant ftories and curious anecdotes : but sometimes took the discourse too much to himself, if any thing can be said to be too much of such
an inexhausible fund of wit and learning. As a friend he was in. genuous and communicative, would answer any questions, would refolve any doubts, delivered his sentiments upon all subjects freely and without reserve, laid open his very heart; and the character which he was pleased to give Mr. Pope, of being the foul of friendJhin, was more juftly applicable to him, and more properly his own. The same warmth of temper which animated his friendship, tharpened likewise his resentment: but even to his enemies, if he was easily provoked, he was as easily reconciled, especially after the least acknowledgment and submision; so that his friend truly applied to him the saying
Irafci facilis, tamen ut placabilis efet. He was rather a tall, robust, large boned man, of a frame that seemed to require a good supply of provisions to support it: but he was fenfible, if he had lived as other people do, he must have used a good deal of exercise ; and if he had, it would have interrupted the course of his iludies, to which he was so devoted as to deny himself any other indulgence; and so became a fingular example, not only of temperance, but even of abilinence in eating and drinking ; and yet his spirits were not lowered or exhausted, but were rather raised and encreased by bis low living. . . . His capital work, the Divine Legation of Moses, is left unfinished, to the loss and regret of all who have any regard for religion and learning: It is indeed a loss much to be lamented, whatever was the cause, whether he was diígufted at the ill reception. which was given to the work by several of the clergy, for whose use and service it was principally in. tended, or whether he was diverted from it by the numerous controversies, wherein he was engaged in the defence of it. But he thould have cared for none of those things, and should have proceeded directly and steadily to the end. The viper might have faliened upon his hand, bui, like St. Paul, he should have shaken off the beast into the fire, and, like him too, would certainly have felç no harm'
Bilhop Newton informs us, that some books were pub. Tilhed in 1981, which employed fome of his leisure hours in his rural retreat (viz. Kew Green), and during his illness.'The following is his opinion of the respective merits of those which engaged the most general attention of the public; how just that opinion is we leave to the decision of our readers.
• Mr. Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman E17pire, he read throughout, but it by no means answered bis expecta. tions : for he found it rather a prolix and tedious performance, his manner uninteresting, and his file affected: his tellimopies not to be depended upon, and his frequent scoffs at religion Offensive to every rober mind. . . The Bishop's reading the whole was a greater compliment to the work than was paid to it by two of the moit eminent of his brethren for their learning and itacion. The one entered upon it, but was soon wearied, and laid it aside in disguft. The ocher recurned it upon the bookseller's hands; and it is said that Mr. Gibbon himseli happened unluckily to be in the shop at the same time.--Dr. Johnson's Lives of the Poets afforded more