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text have received great confirmation from the late very elabosate collations of Dr. Kennicott.

It appears from the present collection of parallel passages that about seventy texts in the New Testament have been taken verbatim from the Septuagint; or at most only changing the person, &c. About forty-seven have a fight variation from this ancient version. Thirty agree in sense, but not in words : thirteen differ from the Septuagint, where they exactly or very nearly correspond with the Hebrew. And nineteen differ so far from the Hebrew and the LXX. as to make it probable that they were taken from some other translation or paraphrase.

Dr. Randolph hath affixed critical and explanatory notes to the present work, in which the correspondencies and variations, and the several texts in the Hebrew and Greek, are minutely set down, and judiciously commented upon. From an impartial Review of the whole, it must appear to every candid and unprejudiced Reader, that the Writers of the New Testament took no other liberties in their citations from the Old, than are generally allowed even to the most accurate writers in their appeals to the authority of others. Some of these quotations may be rather called references than citations : they are more designed to illustrate than to prove: and may be considered as allusions rather than as arguments. This point is well reasoned by the learned Author. Instances are also pointed out to exemplify and to corroborate his sentiments respecting the corruption of the Hebrew text. The fact is too obvious to be denied; though infidelity may cavil at the candour of the conceffion; and some weak and timorous believers may take offence at the boldness of it. However, the Author takes care to guard it in the best manner, to baffle objections on the one hand, and to remove scruples on the other.

• Though God hath not wrought perpetual miracles to preserve his boly Scriptures invariably the same without any alteration, yet he has not left us without all remedy or resource. We have greater helps towards correcting the Hebrew text, than that of any other ancient author whatsoever. We have the Samaritan copy of the Pentateuch received by the Samaritans about 400 years before Christ. We have the Septuagint translation, which (or at least part of it) was made 2coo years ago, all of it older than the Christian æra. We bave the Vulgate version, the chief part of which is taken from St. Jerom's tranllation from the Ilebrew. We have foune fragments of the old Italic version. We have the Syriac version, taken from the Hebrew, which is generally supposed to be very ancient, made soon after the times of the Apostles. We have the Arabic version, which, though not fo ancient, was translated also from the Hebrew. The agreement of this version with many of the citations in the New Teftament, and that sometimes in opposition to the present Hebrew copies, is very remarkable. We have the Chaldee paraphrases, two I 4

of of which are supposed to be as ancient as our Saviour's time. And though we do not set up any of these in opposition to the Hebrew original, or suppose them to be free from all error or imperfections, yet they may be of fingular use in amending and correcting the origi. nal text. We find that these, in many instances, sead the text dif. ferently from what we have it now in our printed copies. If this reading gives us a much better fenfe, why thould we no: prefer it? Some of the citations in the New Testament differ from the present Hebrew text ; but agree with these versions: and this I cannot but look on as a plain proof shar our present copies are faulty. We have also several MSS. of the Hebrew Bible, some of them of good autbority, near 800 years old. These have been hitherto ftrangely neglected. An opinion seems to have prevailed, that all the Hebrew copies were invariably the same: but the contrary hath been fully demonstrated. The learned Dr. Kennicott bath, with indefatigable industry, discovered and collated, or caused to be collared, 600 manuscripts. These differ in many respects from the printed copies. Some variations there are of great consequence, and by the help of them the text may be greatly amended ; and great light thrown on many obscure passages. Several difficulties have been cleared up, intonfiftencies have been removed, objections answered, the old verfion in some points confirmed, and the citations in the New Testament jur. tified.

TH

Art. VI. Annus mirabilis; or, The eventful Year 1782. An hiltorical Poem. By the Rev. W. Tasker, A. B. 4to.

2 8. 6 d. Dodsley. 1783. HE praise of genius cannot be wholly withheld from this

Writer. But his genius is “ extravagant and erring." His judgment is not equal to his imagination. He seems to have no steady principles of taste to attemper and regulate his powers of invention : which are suffered to rove at large and to act at random. There is no arrangement in his ideas; and little selection in his expressions. Hence his performances are mixed and made up of heterogeneous matter. We discover in them the glowing and the frigid; the sublinie and the bombast; the beautiful and the vulgar.

The present poem is a very striking proof of this. It hath every quality of good and bad poetry strangely blended.-We acknowledge the difficulty of the Author's undertaking: and on that score are willing to make the most candid apology for its defecis. Recent events, familiar names, and familiar circumstances ill accord with the dignity and folemin tone of the heroic Muse. They have somewhat of the air of burlesque, and we are tempted to smile in the midst of a grave narration, even while

the poet

- paints to public view
The mighty wonders of fam'd EIGHTY-TWO!

The Like fabled swan, raise then thy notes on high,

Sing thy lait song, and fing it well, and die.” Mr. Tasker is the very Job of poetry! Lefs patient spirits would have cursed the Muse--and died. But though the starve him, yet he will never leave her nor forsake her. We hope, however, the will bless his latter and more than his beginning,

M

ART. VII. Colle Elanea Curiosa; or, Miscellaneous Tracts relating

to the History and Antiquities of England and Ireland, the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and a variety of other Subjects; chiefly collected, and now first published, from the Manuscripts of Archbishop Sancroft, given to the Bodleian Library by the late Bishop Tanner. Svo. 2 Vols.

12 s. Oxford, printed; and fold by Rivington, Cadell, &c. in London. 1981, TIGHT we judge of the importance of a publication by

the number of respectable subscribers, this before us would certainly claim a considerable share of attention. Subscriptions, we know, are often promoted by connections, friendfhip, or other confiderations; but whatever influence such considerations might have, as to the present performance, there can be no doubt that the Editor's prevailing motive has been the bringing to light some curious tracts, and letters, which have long rested obscurely on the undisturbed shelves of a library.

This miscellany being chiefly compiled from the manuscripts of Archbishop Sancroft, the Editor introduces his collection by fome extracts from the BIOGRAPHIA BRITANNICA, respecting this prelate ; to which is added a letter (never before published) from Mr. Thomas Baker, Cambridge, to Dr. Richard Rawlinson, of St. John's, Oxford ; which letter contains an account of the Archbishop, taken from the MS. papers of Roger North, Esq; fteward of his courts, and youngest son to Dudley Lord North. Dr. Sancroft was a public and a party man, and, consequently, his character has been differently represented. In common with other mistaken high-churchmen, no doubt, he entertained principles unfriendly to that liberty for which reason, humanity, and Christianity plead; but whatever inconsistency might otherwise appear in his conduct, it must be acknowledged that he gave a Itrong testimony of sincerity, as this writer remarks, in sacrificing high dignities and advantages to what he thought truth and honesty.

The first volume of this work contains seventy-four numbers; concerning fome of which it will be sufficient to mention their names without any farther remarks: “ The antiquity, use, and privilege of cities, boroughs, and towns: written by Mr. Francis Tate of the Middle Temple, 9th Feb. 1568.' {The antiquity, use, and ceremonies of lawful combats in

England; England : written by the fame, Feb. 13. A. 1600.' . A difcourse touching the unlawfulness of private combats : written by Sir Edward Cook, Lord Chief Justice of England, at the request of the Lord Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton.'

Of a lie, how it may be satisfied, or at least how it ought to be dealt in by an Earl Marthal; as also what laws are necessary to be established to prevent the many barbarous mischiefs that daily do happen, for default of some such course to be taken. Anonyinous.' This last is the best of the tracts on the subject, inculcating true principles of honour and magnanimity of soul, in opposition to duels and private encounters,

• No. 5. Of the first establishment of English laws, and parliaments in the kingdom of Ireland, O&. 11. 1611. Written by James Usher, afterwards Archbishop of Armagh.' • No. 6. A discourse fhewing wher, and how far, the Impeperial laws were received by the old Irish, and the several inhabitants of Great Britain. By the same.' The firit of these articles may be somewhat entertaining at the present juncture. It appears very clearly, that early care was taken, and contia nued, that the laws of England should be observed in Ireland. As to the parliaments of that country, it appears also, that the first order out of England which the Archbishop could obtain concerning them, is the constitution of King Edward II. in the 12th year of his reign, directing that parliaments should be held yearly in the land of Ireland. By other means it is found that they had been held much earlier, even in the 48th of Henry Ill. As to the Imperial law, we are told, that the precife time of the first profession of the civil law in England was about the year 1149 : It is more a matter of curiosity than of importance. The principles of good sense, of truth and equity, of justice and humanity, are now too well understood to render it necessary for us to look back to directions of barbarous, or far less enlightened ages, and rules prescribed in times of conquest or arbitrary power. We may insert here a short sentence trom che next arricle; “ herein appeareth some of the glory and riches of the Common law above the Civil or Feudal laws; for these laws hammer out plenty of legal or chymical diftinctions-by reason whereof ihe poor clients in their courts roll the stone of Silyphus.' Happy, then, are the people who are emancipated from these shackles, which, under the notion of superior learning and abilities, serve only to enrich and aggrandize, at their expence, a few individuals !

Of ancient tenures. Written by Sir Walter R2leigh.' This is a long and curious article. "No. 8. is an original letter to the Marquis of Buckingham from Queen Anne, wife to James I. copied by Abp. Sancroft,'-This, if we mira

tako freedom

No. 7.

take not, has appeared in preceding collections: we have cer. tainly read it before, but do not recollect where. As, how, ever, it is very short, and relates to so great and so unfortunate a person as the celebrated Raleigh, our Readers will not be difpleased with a transcript of it.

• Anna R. "My kind dogge *, if I have any power or credit with you, I pray you let me have a trial of it, at this time, in dealing fincerely and earnestly with the King, that Sir Valter Raleigh's life may not be called in question. If you do it so, that the success answer my expectation, assure yourself that I will take it extraordinarily kindly at your hands, and rest one that witheth you well, and desires you to continew still, as you have been, a true servant to your master.

* To the Marquis of Buckingham.' No. g. relates to a dispute between the Knights commoners, as they are termed, and the Aldermen of the city of London, concerning precedency; and it appears to have been determined, on the 19th February 1611, that within the city Aldermen shall have and take place and superiority before the faid Knights commoners, which are freemen or citizens of the said city.'

An apology for the late Lord Treasurer Sir Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury. Written by Sir Walter Cope.' This is ada dressed to his Majesty, no doubt meaning, James I. It is sensible and well written, according to the style of the time. But we have seen it before, perhaps, in the Harleian collection of tracts.

The next five numbers relate to the marriage of the children of James I. They begin with an account of the management as to the Spanish match, first proposed with the Infanta major, and after with the younger Infanta ; written, with great appearance of fidelity, and in vindication of himself, by Sir Charles Cornwallis to the Lord Digby. Then follow, - A discourse concerning the marriage propounded to Prince Henry with a dughter of Florence: written by the same, being the Prince's treasurer, at the Prince's commandment.' 'A letter to the King. By the same, being an apology for himself.' • Mr. Thomas Alured his letter to the Marquis of Buckingham, 1620, to dissuade the match with Spain.' This Mr. Alured, or Aldred, is said to have been one of the Marquis of Buckingham's chaplains. It is written with freedom, -that

This was the style of cours favouritism in the reign of the Britih Solomon. “ Dear Dad,” and “ Dear Goflip,” was Buckingham's mode in addressing the King (in his private letters); and " Dear Dog,” and “ Dear Stinie," food at the head of his Majesty's loving billets to that minion, 6

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