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From Lichfield we deviate a little from the great road, and pass through some villages, which are duly noticed, and proceed to Tamworth, a borough town, between the conflux of the Tame and the Ankor : the church particularly attracts our Traveller's attention.
Returning to Lichfield, we resume the London road, and enter Warwickshire; where the first place that appears to merit observation, is the town of Coleshill. Here is a handsome church, with a number of monuments, particularly of the Digby family : for particulars we refer to the book.
In this neighbourhood are Maxtoke Castle, and several gentlemen's seats, which afforded our curious Traveller an opportunity of viewing several pictures, particularly at Blithe-hall (Mr. Guest's), che portraits of Lord Keeper Littleton, Sir William Dugdale, and the famous Elias Ashmole.
At Packington, the seat of Lord Aylsford, were likewise feen some portraits of eminent persons; and the pleasant village of Mireden, commonly called Meridan, receives from our Author the usual tribute of praise from travellers, especially for its magnificent inn,
And now we enter Coventry, another ancient but homely city, ftill more dark and dirty than Lichfield; but this we say not from our Author, who takes no uncivil notice of either place. Of Coventry, however, he has a good deal to say. He gives us the history of the city, civil and military; he touches on the story of the long-hair'd Lady Godiva, and does not over-look Peeping Tom. He speaks of the Parlements which have been held here in remote times; and he enumerates the manufactures, among which is the great one of ribbons, which is carried on here, to an extent, of which those who are unacquainted with the place can have no conception ; especially when it is considered that this branch of the weaver's art is by no means confined to Coventry.
Our Author gives us likewise engravings, by Mazell, from the elegant drawings of Mr. M. Griffiths *, of Sponne and Grey Friar's Gates, &c. The objects of his verbal descriptions are the churches, halls, hospital, priory, canal navigation, with other particulars which we have not room to enumerate.
Leaving Coventry, we come to Combe Abbey, now pofleffed by the Craven family, and where are many productions of the pencil, worthy the notice of the connoiffeur.
After describing the pictures at Combe, our Traveller proceeds, through several villages, to the county of Northamp
To these ingenious artists we are also obliged for a beautiful view of Eat Gate, Chester; which stands as an ornament in the titlepage of this book.
ton; and, in the course of this branch of his excursion, he gives us an account of Daventry, the camps of Borough-bill, the Castle Dykes in the parilh of Farthingstone, Tocester, EastonNefton, Whittlebury Foreft, &c.
At old Stratford 'we cross the Ouze into Buckinghamshire; of which county we soon take leave, after a flight view of the towns of Stoney and Fenny Stratford, and one or two other places.
We next enter the county of Bedford, arrive at Hocliffe (Vulg. Hockley in the Hole), Chalk-hill, Dunstable, &c. which being briefly described, we come next to Hertfordshire,
Gorhambury, once the seat of the Great Bacon t, now of Lord Grimfton, is rich in materials for our Traveller's liberal purpose. The productions of the pencils of the greatest masters are numerous, and the portraits are drawn from the most illustrious personages. From this diftinguithed collection Mr. Pennant has given us engravings of the Counters of Suffolk, wife to the Lord Treasurer ; George Calvert, the firft Lord Baltimore; and Margaret Countess of Cumberland, daughter of Francis Earl of Bedford : these are engraved by Caldwell.
Quitting Gorhambury, our Traveller presently enters the ceJebrated Verulamium. Of the veftigia of this once great municipal city he takes a proper survey, and gives a very satisfactory detail of its hiftory.
From the ruins of Verulam fprung the neighbouring town of St. Alban's; at which we are now arrived, under the guidance of our intelligent and curious Observer.Here we have abundant employment for the antiquary, who will with pleasure accompany our Author in examining the truly venerable abbey ; of which we have here an ample account, illustrated by three quarto copper-plates. Particular attention is paid to the tomb of the good Humphrey Duke of Glocefter.-The other churches of this respectable town are also described, with the hiftory of the battles fought in and near this place, during the horrid struggles between the ambitious houses of York and Lancafter,
Leaving, with regret, this attra&ive spot, we soon reach the county of Middlesex; arrive at the great metropolis of the king. dom; and here terminates the First Part of the prefent publication.
Part II. of the entertaining volume before us, contains the observations made by our Author in a preceding excurfion to London, in which he quitted the common road, near Daventry, and ftruck off for Northampton. This Journey is therefore entitled “ From Northampton to London."
† A good print of this roble old mansion is here given, drawa and engraved by Griffiths,
Badby Badby is the first place mentioned in this excursion; but there is little or nothing here to attract the Traveller's notice. Proceeding to Fawiley, we have a particular account of this ancient family-seat of the Knightleys. Here some portraits caught the Author's eye; as did also the church, and the tombs. We drive on to Flore and Upton, and so to Northampton. This large, handsome, populous town, affords the Author. confiderable materials for his Journal ;-19 which we must refer for: particulars.
From hence we repair to Caftle-Alhby, the magnificent feat of the Compton's, Earls of Northampton. Mr. P. gives us a view of this place, by his ingenious draughtsman, already named; and by whole performances so many of this gentleman's publications bave been embellished. We have here likewise, two portraits (engraved by Bafire) of the heroic John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, and his Countess, Margaret, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. These two original portraits our alliduous Virtuoso had the merit of redeeming from beneath a load of paltry pictures flung into a garret. He had been informed that a picture of the great Talbot existed in this house ; but the person who attended him knew nothing of it. After much search, the noble Earl and his Countess were discovered in the disgraceful fituation above-mentioned. They were coarsely painted on wood, as might be expected from the artists of the period in which they Aourished.-Many more of the DEPARTED GREAT are here still breathing on canvas; but for our Author's account of them we must refer to his book.
Entering Buckinghamshire, we come to Gothurst, the seat of the Digby family; which produces a long and very curious account, illustrated by an elegant print of Lady Venetia Digby; of whom many extraordinary circumstances are related.
Newport Pagnel is next described; and then we arrive in Bedfordshire.
In paffing Wooburn Sands, Mr. P. directs our attention to the noted pits of Fuller's earth, an invaluable substance, which is supposed to give that great superiority to the British cloth (hone/tly worked) over that of other nations.'
The ftrata which lie over this important species of marl are thus described by Mr. Pennant: First, . Several layers of reddish fand, to the thickness of fix yards; then fucceeds a stratum of land-stone, of the same colour ; beneath which, for seven or eight yards more, the sand is again continued to the Fuller's earth; the upper part of which, being impure, or mixed with fand, is Aung aside, the rest taken up for use. The earth lies in layers; under which is a bed of rough white free-stone, about two feet thick, and under that sand; beyond that the labourers have never penetrated.'
buried magnificently, at the expence of his master; his loss being one of the few things that touched his hardened heart.'
We shall here take leave of these valiant knights and illustrious dames, and proceed, with our Author, to the completion of this tour.
From Woburn we are conducted to Ampthill, where there is little remarkable, except Lord Offory's house in the park; of which, with it's paintings, Mr. P. in his usual manner, gives an account. Houghton Park and House are contiguous, and are all described. Houghton House being a very magnificent structure, is here made the subject of an elegant engraving. The house and manor, we are told, were purchased by the late Duke of Bedford from the Earl of Aylesbury, and with it the stewardship of the Honour of Ampthill, held under the crown.
We next arrive at Wrest, Lord Hardwick's, where the curious traveller will meet with a grand collection of paintings.
The portraits, and their history (says Mr. P.) would take up a volume: I must therefore be cxcused for giving a more brief account than their merits may demand.'
Speaking of three fine portraits, of James I. in his robes ; Anne of Denmark, in white, with a hoop, a feather fan, and her neck exposed; and their son, Henry, in rich armour, boots, and with a truncheon,-Mr. P. observes, that the prince's miJitary turn appears in the dress of all his portraits.-Our Author subjoins the following reflection, which may be given as an inStance of his candour, and perhaps of his penetration. Had Henry lived, England might probably have transferred the mi. series of war to the neighbouring kingdom. His mother had inspired him with ambitious notions, and filled his head with the thoughts of the conquest of France. She fancied him like Henry V. and expected him to prove as victorious. I am sorry to retract the character of this lady; but I fear that my former was taken from a parasite of the court. She was turbulent, restless, and aspiring to government; incapable of the management of affairs, yet always intriguing after power. This her wiser husband denied her t, and of course incurred her hatred. Every engine was then employed to hurt his private ease: Ne affected amours of which she was never guilty, and permitted familiarities which her pride would, probably, have never condescended to. James was armed with indifference.'
We come next to Luton, and Luton-Ho. The former a small dirty town, but affording some remarkable monuments, and a very fine font in the church. The latter is become famous on account of its present poffeffor, the Earl of Bute. All the
particulars we have here, of this noble seat, are comprized in the following short paragraph :
• Luton-Ho,' the seat of Lord Butę, lies near the London road; about three miles from the cown. I lament my inability to record bis taste and magnificence; but alas ! the ofeful talent, Principibus placuili viris, has been unfortunately denied to me. I must therefore relate the ancient story of the favoured spot. In the zoth of ed. ward I, it was poffefsed by Robert, who took the addition of de Hoo, from the place; which fignifies a high fituation. His grandson, Thomas, was created Lord Hoo and Hapings, by Henry VI. in 1447. He, if no mistake is made in the account, settled two parts of the tiihes on the Abbey of St. Alban's, for the use of Arangers. Lord Hoo left only daughters. From one, who married Sir Godfrey Bula len, was descended Queen Elizabeth.-'
The next place of any considerable note, that we arrive at, is Hatfield, where the great Cecil
built the magnificent house yet standing, and which is still possessed by his descendant the Earl of Salisbury. It has lately [since our Author wrote this account] been completely repaired and beautified, in the original style.
Here Mr. P. had his taste gratified, by the view of a fine collection of paintings, of the principal of which an account is here given :- And then we proceed to Gobions (vulg. Gubbins) iate the seat of Sir Jeremy Sambroke, now of Mr. Hunter. Of this place we have only a short historical sketch.
We now enter Middlesex; and after some account of the New River, Enfield Palace, Waltham Cross, Waltham Abbey, Theobald's, &c. we return with our entertaining guide to London.
The volume is closed by an Appendix, consisting of copies of original papers, relative to the ancient history, records, &c. of some monastic and other places, mentioned in the course of these Journies. The whole is followed by an INDEX; an advantage which no publication of any considerable bulk ought to appear without; but of the want of which we have too frequently had occasion to take notice.
Art. II. Sermons, by Alexander Gerard, D.D. Professor of Di
vinity in King's College, Aberdeen, and one of his Majesty's Cha-
the first volume of Dr. Gerard's Sermons; and what was said of the first, may, with equal juftice, be applied to the second yolume. There are very few writers who have a clearer or more diftin&t view of the subjects they treat of than Dr. Gerard, who possess greater strength of reasoning, or who dhew more çandour and liberality of sentiment.