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Democratic South of the supremacy of the white race, the very basis of our republican institutions."

Let us analyze the grounds upon which the “Caucasian" claims a generous support: Not on account of ability ; not because it advocates the Baltimore Platform, or the Cincinnati Platform, or any platform adopted by a Democratic convention, great or small, anywhere; nor because it breathes the spirit of independence which animated our forefathers, nor adheres to the broad principles of Jefferson, or Madison, or Jackson, or any other eminent Democrat, of any age; nor because it advocates popular sovereignty, or goes for the Union, or fights against traitors. No, no; all this, that par excellence Democratic journal ignores or repudiates. But hear it, О Earth! it claims unlimited Democratic favor, solely upon the ground that it boldly preaches the great idea that slavery is the basis of our republican insti. tutions.

We ask the Democratic people of New Hampshire, when, where, and by whom this interpolation was made on the old Democratic creed, and how extensively it is believed that Democracy and slavery are synonymous ? We ask them again, What would the patriots of the Revolution, — who endured the privation and toil and suffering of an eight years' war to establish a government for themselves and their posterity forever, based on the great principles of the rights of man,- what would they have thought if they had been informed by Washington and Hamilton and Adams, that the great Revolution, which has conferred undying lustre on the American name the world over, was solely to establish the great Democratic truth of the supremacy of the white race as the basis of republican institutions ? Shame on the miscreant who will utter such a sentiment.

[AUGUST 5, 1862.]

BE NOT DISMAYED.

These, we believe, are the darkest days which our country will see. Perhaps they are necessary as a sort of “trial of our faith.” We can now discover who stands firm, and who are weak-kneed, wavering, and ready to cry, All is lost! Be not dismayed. God, and justice, and big cannon, and twenty millions of people are on our side, while only six millions (and a third part of them are dragged like sheep to the slaughter) are arrayed against us. Who will cry baby? Who will skedaddle? Who will tamely yield up the noblest government in the world ? No man will do it; no friend to republican institutions will entertain the thought a single moment.

The skies will soon brighten. The miserable folly of striving to blow the buried embers of party strife has nearly past. Parties founded on dead issues are themselves dead. In a struggle like this only one party is possible in the loyal States, - a Union party. All our interests, all our hopes, all our expectations are centred in this. When we shall present the grand spectacle of thorough unity, earnestness, and determination, as we shall ere long be compelled to do; and when our noble army shall be reinforced to the extent desired, and led by determined living generals, and encouraged by the prayers of the vast Union throng which no man can number; then quick work will be made with this rebellion.

[AUGUST 5, 1862.]

ROUSE, YE LION HEARTS. Men of New Hampshire, we appeal to you. Now your cheering counsels and your strong arms are needed. Those of you to whom God has given health and strength are favored with high and noble privileges. A voyage through life that is all calm and gentle leaves but a dreary blank; while to buffet the storm and the tempest, to sacrifice, to fight or die in the holy cause of one's country, makes heroes and patriots whose names are held in affectionate remembrance, and whose great deeds are celebrated by an admir, ing and grateful posterity. We do not forget the long and weary marches you may be called upon to endure. We do not forget the sacrifices you must make and the dangers you must encounter. We remember all this, but we know that everything worth living for is at stake. We know that we have no property, no home, no country, if the dissolution of the Union is acknowledged. The free North, a long and ungainly strip of country extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, if this rebellion is not subdued, will fall to atoms like a raft of ice that leaps upon the breakers. The power of cohesion will be gone, our nationality destroyed, and the talismanic words, "I am an American citizen,” will cease to rouse the pride of the descendants of revolutionary sires. Hence, no earthly truth is more certain than that, however desolating the war may be, there can never be peace in this country, nor prosperity, nor permanency in anything until what was one country shall be again one country.

So feeling, we advocated, with all our might, conciliation and peace, so long as any hope in that direction remained. So feeling, we have earnestly labored, since the war actually began, in behalf of a bold and vigorous prosecution of the fight on our part, as the only means by which we could be extricated from our terrible peril. This Union, freighted with the hopes, not only of those who now live, but of unborn millions as well, is too great and good to be thus early shipwrecked and submerged. Look over the fair and fruitful fields that lie around you, men of New Hampshire; see the happy homes that nestle sweetly in the valleys and on the hill-tops ; and as you are not willing that they should become desolate, oh, by the love you bear to constitutional liberty and to your fellow-men, rouse your lion hearts, gird on your armor, and meet the accursed spoilers of your heritage of freedom at their own guilty thresholds.

CHAPTER IX.

THE CIVILIAN BECOMES A SOLDIER.

1862.

In August, 1862, Mr. Harriman was both surprised and embarrassed at receiving from Governor Berry and his council a commission as colonel of a regiment of New Hampshire volunteers, to be raised, and numbered The Eleventh. A letter accompanied the commission strongly urging acceptance, and earnestly requesting that he take the stump at once, to raise his own regiment, and to stimulate enlisting, generally. It was a time when darkness was upon the Union cause. It was the summer of McClellan's peninsular campaign, the summer of Yorktown and Williamsburg, of Fair Oaks and the Seven Days' Fight which ended on Malvern Hill, the summer when Union valor nobly stood its fearful test, but Richmond was not taken. The campaign had discouragingly failed of its intent, and the government urgently called for three hundred thousand new men to recruit the army. Enlistment and muster under this call were to be made, while the Confederate army, having turned the tables, was marching northward, was overcoming Union resistance on its bloody way, was threatening Washington, and was pushing on through Maryland, to meet there, however, Antietam's withering check.

Mr. Harriman accepted the commission, and took the stump. His earnest appeals touched the hearts of the people; his eloquent words wrought the desired effects. Of his speeches made during this period of recruiting service, there is extant only the report of the one delivered at a large meeting in Chester, at which Hon. Daniel Clark, of the United States Senate, also spoke. But within eight days he had enlistments, many more than sufficient to fill his regiment. The Eleventh, thus speedily raised, went at once into camp on the Fair Ground in Concord, on the east bank of the Merrimack. The work of drill and organization was vigorously pushed; and by the ad of September officers and men were duly mustered into the service of the United States.

1 He had, during the past year, frequently addressed the people in support of the war for the Union.

The “Weekly Union,” in its issue of August 26, 1862, displayed at the head of its editorial columns the following announcement :

FOR SALE.

We offer for sale the "Weekly Union" — the material, the office, and all the appurtenances thereto belonging. It is one of the best newspaper establishments in the State; has a large circulation among good paying subscribers, and a large amount of advertising and job-work. The hard. times have not lessened the subscription-list, nor materially affected the business of the office. No paper in the State rests on a firmer foundation. The editor in chief is going to the war, and some new arrangement becomes necessary. A great chance is offered to any suitable man desiring to engage in the newspaper business. Apply immediately.

Mr. Harriman was desirous of transferring the paper to hands that would keep it to the loyal support of the government; but, after unsuccessful efforts to that end, he was compelled to see it go back, in full, to its former ownership, and to the temper it had manifested before the editorial charge of it was assumed by him. In disposing of his interest, he made, too, a large financial sacrifice.

The Eleventh regiment remained in camp at Concord until September rith. It numbered almost the maximum of one thousand men, and was armed with the Springfield

1 The speech is printed at the end of this chapter.

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