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A letter says

a

man.

just delivered by the Government likewise their own homes and proofficers superintending the public perty, without any restriction whatworks!

ever, except an invoice or certifi“ The peasantry are armed, or cate of the person from whom are arming, almost to

the arms are purchased. Thomas The stores of the armourer are M'Grade is privileged by his Exmore frequently exhausted than cellency, and fully empowered by the provision stores. Auctioneers, the Hon. the Board of Excise, to with carts laden with Birming- offer for sale by auction to the ham arms, attend almost every peaceable inhabitants of this town, fair or market in the county of at the Assembly Rooms, Dublin Cavan, and the adjoining counties. Street, 500 double and single The rapidity with which they barrelled guns of various sorts, are sold is quite astonishing. Å and 1,000 pair of pistols, warstranger would think the dread ranted all double Tower proof, invader of our country was not 500,000 percussion caps, a large famine, but a hostile armada.— quantity of powder-flasks, shotYesterday, at the fair of Bally. bags and belts, wash-rods, turnjamesduff, two competing auc screws, and nipple-wrenches, &c. tioneers sold large quantities, at Sale to commence on Wednesday the following prices, in the open the 23d instant. street, to the frieze-coated pea

“ Thomas M'GRADE, santry

“Licensed Auctioneer.

£ . d. “ Castle Street, Dublin." Double-barrelled detonating

· N.B. The auctioneer's invoice guns, one barrel being

is all the licence required by the rifled......

2 0 0 Muskets, with bayonets 1 0 0 purchaser for keeping arms. Carbines, with bayonets....

0 12 0 The sale was not allowed to take Horse pistols

0 8 0 place in the Assembly Rooms; but Pocket pistols

0 5 0 Gunpowder, from 8d. to 10d, per pound. in Dublin Street ; where, says

the guns were sold at other rooms Bullet-moulds from 4d. to 6d. each.

the account-“ so crowded was The Government made a slight the meeting—so anxious were the effort to check this excitement, by peasantry to

arms—the issuing an official circular of warn competition for guns, pistols, powing; the only effect of which was der, and percussion caps was so to produce the following: great—that the auctioneer had

Whereas many evil-disposed some difficulty in providing a supply persons avail themselves of the for the demand ; guns and pistols present scarcity of food as a pre- being purchased the moment they text to commit acts of violence

were put up to auction. In fact, against property, and otherwise the country people, who crowded disturbing the peace of the coun the town, marched off all armed; try,--His Excellency the Lord- and the novelty of the sale was Lieutenant is pleased to grant all such, and so urgent the demand, her Majesty's peaceable and loyal that during the days of sale the subjects, without distinction, the room was crowded by this class, power to have and to keep any the bidding being momentarily, and description of fire-arms for the the supply incessant." protection of the public peace, and As might be expected, the pos

secure

save

The po

session of arms has led to many these poor persons would have to frightful outrages, and the Irish sell their cows, and eat their seedjournals teem with accounts of corn, and thus utterly destroy the murders and forcible entries; these provision of the future. The other are chiefly for the sake of carrying 130,000 required food immediately off arms; but the Government to

them from starvation, clerks entrusted with funds for the These were the only statistics he relief of the starving Irish, are had to lay before the meeting. the favourite objects of attack. This was, however, only the be

DESTITUTION IN SCOTLAND. ginning of the suffering in the While the people of Ireland have Ilighlands. Bad as it was, it was succeeded in compelling notice of on the increase. It was terrible their misery, and have received the now, but it would be far worse in succour they in so many instances spring. But all would feel that shamefully abuse, a scene of as statistics were cold and heartless, great destitution, but borne with and gave but a faint idea of the more resignation, exists in Scot nature of the distress which preland-fortunately the pauperised vailed. districts in Scotland are less ex Another speaker said :—He did tensive, but the misery is quite as not suppose that the whole of Skye deep. At a meeting held at the could furnish twenty barrels of Music Hall, Edinburgh, under the potatoes free of disease. presidency of the Lord Provost, pulation numbered 4,000 souls. Of the following statement was made : these, nearly 2,000 occupy small

Taking round numbers, there crofts, which have not yet yielded were 430,000 souls, who, strictly sufficient to support them for three speaking, inhabited the eight High- months. The other 2,000 were in land counties. From statistics state of absolute destitution. furnished from different parishes, But the whole 4,000 would imthis number were divided in the mediately be left destitute. The following manner :-those in com- proprietor was Lord Macdonald ; fortable circumstances, and who who had already made such arcould not be affected much by the rangements for relieving the people failure of the potato crop, amounted as would involve an expenditure to 100,000; those who only de- greater than the rental of the pended for three-fourths of the island. It was therefore plain, year upon potatoes, to 200,000; that unless the proprietor were asthose who depended upon that sisted the people could not be supcrop

for the whole year, to 130,000. ported. The letter concluded by These numbers were an approxi- stating, that from the writer's exmation to the truth. Mr. M.Leod perience the destitution in 1836-7 read several other figures ; of was nothing at all compared to which the result was, that in the that impending at present. Highlands and Islands of Scotland The Government have not been there were 330,000 persons deprived remiss in their efforts to administer of the usual means of subsistence relief to these distressed districts.

Of these, 200,000 re Several vessels laden with meal, quired assistance to enable them rice, and other kinds of food have to live over the season. If they been despatched to the points did not assist them immediately, where they are most urgently re

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this year.

quired, and as the comparative gives a succinct account of this fewness of the population brings useful discovery :them more within the reach of human aid, the extreme of suffering

“ Boston, Nov. 29. may happily be prevented.

I found on my arrival here, a DESTITUTION IN BELGIUM. new thing in the medical world, or While the different districts of this rather the new application of an wealthy country are suffering the old thing, of which I think you miseries of scarcity, it is not to be will like to hear. It is a mode of supposed that other countries have rendering patients insensible to the escaped the visitation. The dis- pain of surgical operations, by the tress in France has already been inhalation of the vapour of the mentioned ; Belgium is in a still strongest sulphuric ether. They more suffering condition.

are thrown into a state nearly reA letter written at Courtrai, on sembling that of complete intoxicathe 18th instant, says

tion from ardent spirits, or of “ The distress which is raging narcotism from opium. This state at present among our population continues but a few minutes—five has caused the establishment of to ten—but during it the patient slaughter-houses for horses in is insensible to pain. A thigh has several villages, which compete been amputated, a breast extirwith the established butchers. As pated, teeth drawn, without the soon as it is known that a horse slightest suffering. The number has been slaughtered, the flesh is of operations of various kinds, immediately purchased by the ope- especially those in dentistry, has rative classes at twelve centimes been very considerable, and I believe or 1d. the pound weight." The

The but few persons resist the influence Journal de Gand, of the 19th, of the agent. states, that on that day a band The effect is not exactly the consisting of fifteen persons at

same on all. In some the insensitacked the bakers' shops in that bility is entire, and the patient is city, and plundered them of all aware of nothing which is going their bread. Two of these rioters on; in others a certain degree of were arrested and lodged in prison. the power of perception remains, The number of indigent inscribed the patient knows what the operaon the books of the charitable as tor is doing, perceives bim, for exsociations amounts to from 700,000 ample, take hold of a tooth and to 800,000, out of a population of draw it out, feels the grating of 4,000,000—that is, nearly a fifth the instrument, but still has no of the population.

pain. USE OF ETHER IN SURGERY.

“ There are

no subsequent ill A discovery of the very highest im- effects to detract from the value of portance in operative surgery, and this practice, none even so great in practical medicine, has been made as those which follow a common by Doctors Jackson and Morton, dose of opium. One person told me eminent surgeons, of Boston, in she had some unpleasant sensations the United States. The following in the head for a short time, and letter, published in the “ British was weak, languid, and faintish and Foreign Medical Review,” through the day, but not more so

than she ordinarily was from hav- the molar teeth, amputation of the ing a tooth drawn. Another told leg, &c. During these painful operame that he experienced something tions, the patients were insensible to of the same kind, and, in addition, pain. The discovery was immedithat bis breath smelt very strongly ately turned to use in the London of ether for forty-eight hours, and Hospitals. Mr. Liston, at the was indeed so strongly impregnated London University Hospital, ampuwith it as to affect the air of the tated the thigh of a man, and reroom in which he sat, so as to be moved part of a nail in onychia (a disagreeable to others.

very painful operation), the patients “One of our best operative sur- having been previously narcotised geons informs me that he regards by the vapour of ether; and other it as chiefly applicable to cases of successful applications have been the large and painful operations made. The vapour does not seem which are performed rapidly, and to have the same effect on all do not require any very nice dis- patients, and some do not seem section ; but that for the more affected by it. delicate operations, which require 28. COURT MARTIAL. This some time, he would prefer to have morning a Court Martial was held the patient in his usual state. But on board the Victory, at Portsit is impossible at present to judge mouth, to try Commander Frewhat will be the limits to the ap- derick Patten, of Her Majesty's plication of such an agent. Objec- late sloop Osprey, 12 guns, and tions may

arise of which we do not the officers and ship's company dream, and evils may be found to generally, for the loss of that vesfollow, which we do not now per sel, on the western coast of New ceive. Still it certainly promises Zealand, in March last. much in surgery, and perhaps may Some evidence was brought be capable of application for other forward ; but a simple statement purposes besides the alleviation of of the circumstances of the wreck pain. Would it not be worthy of carried with it the exculpation of trial in tetanus, in asthma, and in the parties under trial. There are various cases of violent internal pain, two places on the coast of New especially from supposed spasms? Zealand, within fifteen miles of each

" It was brought into use by a other, known as True Hokianga, dentist, and is now chiefly em and False Hokianga. They resemployed by that class of practi- ble each other in so extraordinary a tioners. He has taken out a patent manner as to baffle the most experifor the discovery, and has de- enced navigator. The coast has spatched persons to Europe to never been surveyed. The ship secure one there also ; so you will made the True Hokianga in the soon hear of it, and probably have evening, and then stood off for the an opportunity of witnessing its night ; during which the weather effects. - Faithfully yours,

became boisterous, and the Osprey "JOHN WARE. drifted to the northward, opposite To this letter is appended a the False Hokianga. Commander number of cases in which the Patten was not aware of the existdiscovery was successfully applied. ence of the two places so exactly These consist of the extraction of resembling one another. In the

morning he found the landmarks assistance of the spare topmasts, and compass bearings precisely the the pinnace was launched overboard same as on the previous evening. with safety through a heavy surf. A flag like that at Hokianga, was I opened a communication with the raised as a signal (probably by a shore, which enabled the crew, with native) in reply to a gun ; Captain their arms and ammunition, to land Patten appoached the land in full in detachments from the bowsprit confidence ; and the ship struck on the following morning. Not within three miles of the shore. knowing whether the wreck would

In his defence Commander Pat- fall over on her broadside the folten gives an account of the subse- lowing tide, or a gale of wind quent proeeedings of the ship's knock it to atoms from the exposed company, so much to their credit, position, as much ordnance material and affording so strong a contrast and provisions as could possibly be to the miserable scenes that fol- got was saved that night, guardlowed a wreck in former days, that ing against the numerous natives it is worth preserving. The gallant that assembled near us (the country officer says :

being in a very unsettled and ex“ Every effort was instantly cited state); but fortunately they made by bracing the yards round were amicably disposed, although to extricate Her Majesty's sloop previous to our departure thence a from her dangerous position. This, large tribe at night plundered a unfortunately, could not be accom quantity of lead for warlike purplished, as the rudder soon became poses, which with some difficulty I unshipped and the main boom compelled them to return on makcarried away, which rendered the ing preparations to attack them. vessel unmanageable. The after "I trust, Mr. President and part of the upper deck was also gentlemen of this honourable court, knocked up from striking the that the evidence laid before you bottom with much force. Four will have shown that every exertion feet of water being in the well, and was made to save the vessel, also the heavy rollers pouring down, I to heave her keel out of water to directed the mast to be cut away, ascertain the extent of damage the guns thrown overboard, and sustained, and to save nearly everyhatches secured down, which was thing belonging to Her Majesty's most promptly and ably done, re service, including shot, tanks, balflecting the greatest credit on the last, and nearly all the copper off officers and ship's company, by the ship's bottom, and 1800 copwhose energy the lives of all were per bolts drawn from the hull, and saved at that critical period ; and transporting them through a deep the Osprey being a new vessel, and sand of more than a mile in extent, very strong, fortunately held to which the surveys laid before you gether. Being relieved from this (taken by the officers of Her Maimportant weight, and by keeping jesty's ship Castor at Auckland) the lower stays fast, it assisted very will certify. Having accomplished much in dragging the hull nearer everything that could be effected the shore, the heavy rollers forcing during two months of the most the mass of yards, masts, and sails indefatigable labour by the officers before it. The starboard bulwark as well as the ship's company, and was then cut away, and with the the provisions being expended, I

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