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tance to the telegraph station, the shore, the fluid returning to the wires were continued from that negative pole through the water place to the Royal Clarence-yard. without the aid of any metallic By this addition, however, although conductor, except a short piece of the inconvenience was lessened, it wire thrown over the dockyard was far from being removed, for parapet into the water, connecting the harbour yet intervened, leav- it with the batteries. The fact of ing a distance of upwards of a mile the water acting as a ready return to the Admiral's house uncon conductor has been established benected. Notwithstanding the de- yond question; for to test this sire of the authorities, both at most thoroughly, repeated experiPortsmouth and London, that the ments were made in the presence telegraph should be extended to of some of the principal dockyard the dockyard, no attempt had authorities, including the heads hitherto been made to do so, be- of the engineering departments. cause it had been considered im- There can no longer be any

doubt possible to convey it under water. that, without reference to distance, An offer, indeed, was made to the the water will act as a return conAdmiralty to lay down a telegraph ductor in completing the circuit. enclosed in metallic pipes, which In 1842 Mr. Snow Harris, when were to be fixed under the water proving the efficiency of his lightby the aid of diving bells. This ning conductors in his experiments scheme, however, was thought to from this dockyard to the Orestes, be impracticable. Whatever diffi- exemplified that water would serve

have hitherto inter- to complete the electric circuit; on fered to prevent the establishment that occasion, however, the distance of submarine telegraphs, they ap- traversed by the return current pear now to have been easily over through the water was but trifling come, for the time occupied in con compared with the space accomveying the extension wires of the plished in the present instance. telegraph from shore to shore, to Independent of the simplicity of the transmitting signals, did not this submarine telegraph, it has an occupy a quarter of an hour. The advantage which even the teletelegraph, which has the appear- graphs on land do not possessance of an ordinary rope, was

in the event of accident it can be coiled into one of the dockyard replaced in ten minutes. boats, one end of it being made cess of the trial here has, it is said, fast on shore, and as the boat was determined the inventors to lay pulled across the telegraphic rope down a line across the Channel was gradually paid out over the from England to France, under the stern, its superior gravity causing sanction of the respective Governit to sink to the bottom immedi ments. ately. The telegraph consisted of POLICE. - Marlborough but this line, and, unlike those Street.-R. Hawkins, a lad, was along the various railways, requires charged with having thrown W. no return wires to perfect the cir- Hingley, another lad, from the cuit. The electric fluid was trans- gallery of the Tottenham Street mitted from the batteries in the Theatre into the pit. dockyard, through the submersed It appeared from the evidence insulated wire, to the opposite that a dispute arose between the

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defendant and the complainant at James's Park: three persons were the theatre on Monday night, prin- immersed by a breakage, and one, cipally through the misbehaviour

a young man, perished before he of the complainant towards a couple could be got out. Three accidents of young women, who were seated happened on Tuesday: a man and near the defendant. The a boy knocked each other down stable on duty was appealed to, while sliding, and the man's arm and he threatened to remove the was broken, while the boy suffered a complainant from the theatre if he fracture of the skull. Å man fell persisted in his improper conduct. while skating, and broke his collarAt the close of the performance the bone. Many accidents resulted dispute was renewed between the from the slippery state of the parties. The complainant aimed streets. A barge was found in the a blow at the defendant, which was river drifting without any one in returned by a blow on the head charge: it had left Chelsea with that knocked him over the low a lighterman on board, but marks railing of the gallery, causing him on the gunwale seemed to indicate to fall into the pit. The complain- that the man had slipped off, from ant was taken up in an insensible the vessel's edge being covered state, and removed to Middlesex with frozen snow. By Wednesday Hospital, where he was examined morning the Thames presented å by a surgeon, but no bones were continuous stream of ice in the midfound to be broken. It appeared channel. that notwithstanding the terrible In the metropolis only a small fall sustained by the con plainant quantity of snow fell, but there he was in a very short time enabled was a good deal throughout the to get up and to walk home from country. Newcastle was so cut off the hospital. He presented hini- from its communications by a heavy self in court to make his complaint, fall of snow, that it resembled a apparently little or none the worse besieged city. The Carlisle trains for his descent, although the height were brought to a stand-still near he fell from was not less than Hexham, and six remained blocked twenty-four feet.

up on the line from Saturday to As the occurrence was quite ac Monday, the passengers, after encidental, Mr. Long ordered the during intense cold, making their defendant to be discharged.

escape on foot.

The trains from THE WEATHER.—The winter North Shields and York suffered began early in December, and the same fate, the passengers in after a partial return of milder one instance having to walk beweather set in with intense frost tween four and five miles to the about the 8th instant. At eight nearest village through the tracko'clock on Monday morning, the less snow, in the middle of a dark 10th, the mercury was fourteen and intensely cold night, The degrees below the freezing-point. London mail train due at Newcastle

A number of venturous persons at eleven o'clock on Saturday did began skating and sliding on the not arrive until Monday night. An waters in the Parks on Monday. attempt was made to clear the Many got a ducking by the breaking lines from the snow, by the united of the ice; and during the afternoon efforts of six engines yoked to& fatal casualty occurred in St. gether, but without effect; and Vol. LXXXVIII.


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it was not until several hundred food all the time she was in the men had been set to work, that lodging. On a post mortem exthe communication was reopened. amination of her body there was Several deaths from the inclemency not the slightest

not the slightest particle of food of the weather have been reported. found in her stomach.

Two people, an old man and a On Wednesday, the 23rd instant, child, who were deck passengers a woman named Elizabeth Sefton, in a steamer from Londonderry to aged 66, who, with her husband, Greenock, perished from the in- received a scanty support from the clemency of the weather.

Droitwich Union-balf-a-crown An inquest was held at the Grapes week each-left her cottage at Tavern, Fulham Road, New Bromp- Wardon, about four miles east of ton, on the body of Anne Boyce, Worcester, to walk to Cotheridge, aged 56 years, whose death it was about the same distance on the alleged had been caused by the want west side of the same city, for the of the common necessaries of life. purpose of seeking a participation The deceased was the widow of a in the charitable alms given out at soldier in the Life Guards, who died this season at Cotheridge-court, about two years ago, and usually the seat of the Rev. J. R. Berkeobtained her living by washing and ley. After wandering about the charing. She had latterly had country, however, it appears that 1s. 6d. per week from the parish the poor woman, who was of weak of St. George's in the East. On intellect, lost herself, and, having Saturday, the 5th inst., she rented been for several days subjected to the back kitchen of the house No. 3, the severity of the weather, was at Yeoman's Row, Fulham Road, for length found, on Sunday, five days which she agreed to pay ls. 3d. after she left home, frozen to death per week ; and it was in this apart at the parish of Hallow, situate ment she was found on Tuesday about half-way between Worcester last, by her landlord, stretched and Cotheridge. upon two boards placed across a A labourer at the farm of Mr. couple of chairs, without anything Rimell, of Callister, where the deunder her or over her, and in a ceased was found, states that he state of complete nudity. She met the deceased on Thursday appeared to be very cold and faint, night, the 24th, in the middle of a and nearly insensible. There was field, apparently wandering about, a bit of fire in the grate, but not having lost her way. Witness acbigger than could be held in the costed and asked her if she had hollow of his hand, and there was lost her way; but she replied that neither food nor à farthing of “she had put some tea-things money in the room.

As soon as down in the field and could not her wretched condition was dis find them.' He thought the covered, she was helped to a cup woman was out of her mind, but of tea, and some bread and butter, he left her there, as he had a pig but she gradually sunk, and was in his care to drive to another farm, found lying

dead on the floor and the animal had been wanderon Wednesday morning, at five ing while witness was talking to o'clock, having it is supposed the deceased. The woman had a fallen off the boards. The de- basket on her arm, with a few ceased was seen to have chips in it. On Sunday he was

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returning from Hallow Church, in a dreadful manner, were when he was accosted by a beggar- moved to the Bristol Infirmary, man, who told him that there was the poor boy Thatcher died from

ne lying dead in a field. the extent of his injuries before Witness accompanied the beggar, reaching the Infirmary, and a man who led him to a spot by the side named Walker died the of a cart-road, about 200 yards night. distant from where he had last seen 21. MURDER AND SUICIDE.- A the deceased, and there he found shocking discovery was made by the same woman lying on a heap of two boys, who obtain a living by short hop-poles, and quite dead dredging along the water-side, who, and frozen. When the deceased whilst passing along the bed of the was found her shawl was under river, nearly opposite to Waterlooher head, and her cloak by her dock, were astonished at finding side. Her gown was wrapped the body of what they at first beround her legs. Several mice ran

lieved to be a man.

They imfrom her clothes when these per- mediately repaired to the coroner's sons approached, and some of them constable, who sent a number of had bitten her in the arm.

men with a shell to the spot to 19. STEAM BOILER Explosion. take possession of the body. It -Bristol.-Shortly before nine being firmly embedded in the mud, o'clock in the morning, a dreadful some difficulty was found in disexplosion occurred of the boiler engaging it, when a horrible scene of a steam engine, on the works presented itself. Instead of findof Messrs. Stothert and Co., iron- ing, as they at first imagined, the founders and locomotive engine- body of a man, they discovered makers, Cheese Lane, St. Philip's, that it was the body of a woman, by which it appeared that two men with her child tied round her waist were killed, and several severely by means of a piece of rope yarn. injured. Notwithstanding there is The arms of the woman were both a printed rule in the works to the pressed round the neck of the contrary, the men, in consequence child, leaving ground for supposing of the severe weather, have been that in the agonies of death she in the habit of going into the was firmly pressing the infant to different engine-houses, and sitting her breast. The two bodies were upon and by the boilers of the immediately removed to the vaults steam-engines, for the purpose of of St. John's Church, Waterloo the heat while taking their break- Road, where a more minute exfast. Upon this occasion a boy, amination was made. It was then about sixteen years of age, named found that the child was a boy, Thomas Thatcher, and four men, apparently about eleven months went into the engine-house, and old ; the woman seemed to be about were taking their breakfast, when thirty years of age. They were suddenly an explosion of the boiler very meanly clad. took place, and the steam and An inquest was held on the boiling water rushing out, they were bodies, when it appeared that the all most severely scalded. As soon unfortunate woman had been a as the place became clear of steam servant, had been seduced and assistance was given, and the five deserted, and that the child was sufferers, all of whom were scalded the fruit of her illicit intercourse.

A letter was produced, written by for insertion in the Supplement; the deceased to her brother, com and he craved damages from the plaining of harsh treatment by her Messrs. Black for the copies “pirelations, and threatening to de- ratically" sold by them in the substroy herself and her child. It sequent edition, as well as in a appeared that for some time past detached shape. The Jury found the woman had been almost entirely for the defendants, a verdict that dependent for support on a poor was received with a burst of apcouple who had given her a refuge, plause in court. that she had pawned every thing 26. STATE OF IRELAND.— While she had, and that oppressed by her the condition of the people of Iremisery, she had more than once land, their destitution and misery, threatened to destroy herself. The have excited the utmost compasjury's verdict was, that Hannah sion, and millions are freely spent Reid had wilfully murdered Wil in an attempt to preserve them liam Reid, and destroyed her own from starvation, (nearly half a millife, she being at the time of un lion of labourers being at this time sound mind.

employed on the public works,) a 24. Law OF COPYRIGHT.-An state of things has arisen calculated interesting case of copyright came to create great alarm, and to debefore the Jury Court of the First stroy all feelings of sympathy. In Division of the Court of Session, at several parts of this Chronicle there Edinburgh. The late Archibald are statements of the crimes and Constable, publisher, applied to outrages committed in every part Professor Dugald Stewart, the of the country, by which an imeminent writer, to furnish prelimi- pression is conveyed, that the whole nary Dissertations on Mental Phi- country is in a state little removed losophy for the Supplement to the from insurrection. In the midst fourth, fifth and sixth editions of of the most horrible starvation, a the Encyclopædia Britannica; and universal mania has arisen for the at completion paid him the sum of possession of fire-arms ; to so great 16001., being a sum equivalent an extent, that the gun trade at to double the rate at which Sir Birmingham has experienced a Walter Scott and other distin- great revival, and the old store guished contributors were remu shops have been cleared of their nerated. On the failure of Con entire stocks. The peasantry are stable, Adam and Charles Black mostly to be seen armed, and inpurchased the property of the En- stances have occurred of men bringcyclopædia ; and after some years ing pigs to market, armed with a issued a seventh edition, in which gun, and with a cartridge box at the Dissertations of Stewart were their side. At night volleys of included, besides being published musketry are heard, and groups of in a separate form, in common peasants have been seen practising with other treatises furnished to the shooting at a mark. In Clonmell, work; but in the latter form, when it is stated, that 1138 stand of the complainant objected, they were arms were disposed of in a few withdrawn from sale. The action days. A large number of the purwas brought by Professor Stewart's chasers of these were persons emson, on the ground that his father had ployed on the public works; and only disposed of the Dissertations the arms were paid for in the silver

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