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Closing Events of the Year 1845–Sudden Dissolution of Sir R. Peel's Go-

vernment—Causes of that Event-Failure of the Potato Crop— Lord John

Russell is sent for by the Queen-Unsuccessful Attempt of that Nobleman

to form a Cabinet-Sir R. Peel returns to Office in the new character of

an Opponent to the Corn Laws,Examination of his Conduct and Motives

in this juncture-Lord Stanley resigns the Secretaryship for the Colonies,

and is succeeded by Mr. W. E. Gladstone-Great interest attending the

Assembling of Parliament-It is opened on the 19th of January by the

Queen in person-Her Majesty's Speech-Debates on the Address In the

House of Lords it is moved by Lord Howe, and seconded by Lord De Ros

It is then put by the Lord Chancellor, and declared to be carried—The

Duke of Richmond makes some severe observations

on the Conduct of the

Government-He is answered by the Duke of Wellington-Remarks of

Lord Stanley, Lord Hardwicke, the Marquis

of Lansdowne, Lord Brougham,

Lord Radnor, and other Peers-In the House of Commons Lord Francis

Egerton moves the Address in an able and impressive Speech, in which he

opens the subject of the Corn Laws—He is seconded by Mr. Beckett

Denison—Sir Ř. Peel enters into a full explanation of the Reasons and

Motives of his change of Policy, and of the circumstances attending the
retirement of his Cabinet from Office and their return to it-Lord John

Russell then makes a full statement of the part which he had taken in

the recent Transactions, and the results of his Interviews with the Queen

on the different occasions when he had been consulted by Her Majesty,

with the Correspondence which had taken place—Mr. Disraeli follows

with some severe animadversions on Sir Robert Peel's conduct_Mr. Miles

and Colonel Sibthorp follow on the same side-The Address is carried

without a Division-On the 26th the Duke of Wellington states in the

House of Lords the Reasons which had induced the Government to resign,

and afterwards to return to Office-Remarks of the Duke of Buckingham,

who declares his Opposition to the Ministerial Policy-Speech of the Mar-

quis of Lansdowne, explaining his Abandonment of the Principle of a

Fixed Duty-Further statement of recent Transactions by the Duke of

Wellington-Observations of Lord Radnor, the Duke of Richmond, Lord

Beaumont, the Earl of Aberdeen, and other Peers on the same subject

Page 1

The House of Commons goes into Committee on Sir Robert Peel's Resolutions

on the 2nd of March-Mr. Villiers moves as an Amendment, That all

Duties on Imported Corn should cease-Division of Parties on this Pro-

position - Speeches of Sir Robert Peel and Lord John Russell - The

Amendment is lost by a Majority of 187—Debate on the Second Reading

of the Corn Bill continued by adjournment for four nights--Mr. E. Yorke,

seconded by Sir John Yarde Buller, moves an Amendment for the rejection

of the Bill-Speech of Sir Robert Peel in answer to the Attacks made upon

him--The Amendment is lost, and the Second Reading is carried by a

Majority of 88–Further Debates on the Corn Bill in the House of Com-

mons—The Third Reading is moved on the 11th of May by Sir James

Graham, and is carried by 327 to 229, after an animated Debate-The

Corn Bill is discussed in the House of Lords, on the Motion for a Second

Reading, on the 25th of May-Speeches of the Earl of Ripon, the Duke of

Richmond, Earl Fitzwilliam, the Duke of Cleveland, the Marquis of Lon-
donderry, Lord Stanley, Lord Brougham, the Earl of Wilton, the Duke of

Cambridge, the Marquis of Normanby, Earl Grey, Marquis of Lansdowne,

the Earls of Dalhousie, Clarendon, Carnarvon, Haddington, Hardwicke,

and the Duke of Wellington-On a Division there appear for the Second

Reading (including Proxies) 211 ; against it, 164 ; Majority, 47-Various

Amendments are moved in Committee, by the Duke of Buckingham, the

Earl of Wicklow, and Lord Ashburton, which, after much discussion, are

rejected by considerable Majorities–The Duke of Richmond opposes the

Third Reading by an Amendment, which is subsequently withdrawn, and

the Bill is passed


Spirits-After a short Diseussion, the Amendment is negatived-Mr. W.

Miles moves an Amendment for exempting Live Animals from Reduction

of Duty-A desultory Debate takes place, which ends in a Division in

favour of the Government by a Majority of 39— Timber Duties—The

Marquis of Worcester leads the opposition against the proposed Scale

Remarks of Mr. H. Hinde, Mr. Cardwell, Mr. A. Chapman, Mr. G. Palmer,

Mr. Warburton, Mr. Hume, Lord George Bentinck, Sir George Clerk, and

Mr. C. Buller-The Resolution is affirmed on a Division, by a Majority of

123—On the Third Reading of the Customs Bill being moved, Lord George

Bentinck moves that it be read a third time on that day six months to

is answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. G.

Bankes, Mr. Hawes, Mr. Plumptre, Mr. Hudson, and other members

Lord George Bentinck withdraws his Amendment, and the Bill is passed

-Debate on the Second Reading in the House of Lords on the 4th of

June-Lord Dalhousie introduces the measure The Duke of Richmond

moves that it be read a second time on that day six months-Speeches of

the Earl of Wicklow, Lord Ashburton, and Lord Monteagle, after which

the Bill is read a second time without a Division--The Duke of Richmond,

on going into Committee, moves that Counsel be heard against thé

Reduction of the Silk Duties--The Earl of Dalhousie opposes the motion,

seconded by Lord Ellenborough and the Duke of Wellington - Lord

Brougham supports it-It is negatived by 78 to 74-Lord Stanley

opposes the Reduction of the Timber Duties, but without success --Other

Amendments are proposed and negatived-The Bill is read a third time,

after an ineffectual opposition by the Duke of Richmond The Budget-

The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his Financial Statement on the

29th of May-Various Comments upon it by Lord George Bentinck, Mr.

Charles Wood, Mr. Hume, Mr. Hudson, and other members


Ireland Prevalence of Assassination and Outrages in that country. Lord

St. Germans introduces a Bill in the House of Lords for the Protection of

Life in Ireland - His Speech on moving the second reading Speeches of

the Marquis of Lansdowne, Lord Brougham, the Marquis of Clanricarde,

and other Peers The Bill is read a second time, and amended in Com-

mittee-It is introduced in the House of Commons by Sir James Graham

on the 30th of March-It is vigorously opposed on the Motion for the first

reading-Speeches of Sir W. Somerville, Mr. Smith O'Brien, Mr. Shaw,

Mr. O'Connell, and Lord George Bentinck—Sir James Graham states the

nature and objects of the Measure-The Debate is prolonged by the

opposition of Irish and other Members, and is repeatedly adjourned

Speeches of various Members for and against the Bill-A Division at

length takes place, and the Bill is read a first time by 274 to 125~The

contest is renewed on the Motion for the second reading, which is moved

on the 9th of June-Reasons of the delay-The discussion is continued by

numerous Adjournments, from the 9th to the 25th of June--Selections

from various Speeches—Sir W. Somerville moves an Amendment that the

Bill be read a second time that day six months-Mr. Bernal seconds the

Amendment—Speeches of the Earl of Lincoln, Mr. M. J. O'Connell

, Lord

George Bentinck, Mr. Sidney Herbert, Mr. Hawes, Lord F. Egerton, Mr.

Colquhoun, Lord John Russell

, Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Roebuck, Lord J.

Manners, Sir James Graham, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Stafford O'Brien, Lord

Newport, Mr. Hume, Mr. Shiel, the Solicitor-General, the Marquis of

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