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bayonets each, with 12,000 cavalry. subjects of the most favoured naThis number never to be exceeded tion. without the concurrence of the In consequence of the neutrality British Government.
observed by the powerful Chieftain 8. The thirty-six remaining Gholab Singh during the war, and guns which had been pointed his exertions to negotiate a peace against the British during the re between the British and Lahore cent hostilities to be immediately Governments after the final catasurrendered to them.
strophe at Sobraon, the Governor9. The entire control of the ri- General had determined to reward vers Beas and Sutlej, to the con his conduct by raising him to the fluence of the Indus at Mikenkote, dignity of an independent Prince ; and the control of the Indus from and the object of the twelfth artiMikenkote to the borders of Beloo- cle of the treaty was to secure the chistan, shall, in respect to tolls recognition of his independence by and ferries, rest with the British the Lahore Government. The terGovernment.
ritory over which he was invested 10. British troops to be allowed with dominion was defined in the to pass through the Lahore ter first article of a separate treaty, ritories for the protection of the which was concluded on the 16th British territories, or those of their of March, between him and the allies ; due notice being given on British Government, at Neuritzur. the subject to the Lahore Govern. It was as follows:ment, who will afford facilities in Article 1.-The British Govern forwarding supplies and boats for ment transfers and makes over for the passage of rivers.
ever, in independent possession, to 11. The Maharajah never to Maharajah Gholab Singh, and the take into his service any British heirs-male of his body, all the hilly subject, nor the subject of any or mountainous country, with its European American state, dependencies, situated to the eastwithout the consent of the British ward of the river Indus and westGovernment.
ward of the river Ravee, includ12. Rajah Gholab Singh to be ing Chumba and excluding Lahool, recognised as an independent so- being part of the territory ceded vereign over the territories which to the British Government by the the British may make over to him. Lahore State, according to the
13. All disputes between Gholab provisions of Article IV. of the Singh and the Lahore Government treaty of Lahore, dated the 9th to be referred to the British. of March, 1846.
14. All change in the frontiers The only other articles which of the Lahore State prohibited it is material to notice are the without the concurrence of the following: British Government.
Article III.-In consideration 15. The British Government of the transfer made to him and not to exercise any interference his heirs, by the provisions of in the internal Administration of the foregoing articles, Maharajah the Lahore State.
Gholab Singh will pay to the 16. The subjects of either State, British Government the in visiting the territories of each of seventy-five lacs of rupees other, to be on the footing of the (Nanuckshahee), fifty lacs to be Vol. LXXXVIII.
paid on the ratification of this fore the expiration of the year, treaty, and twenty-five lacs on or if the object to be fulfilled shall, before the 1st of October of the in the opinion of the Durbar, have current year, A.D. 1846.
been' attained, but the force shall Article IX. — The British Go- not be detained at Lahore beyond vernment will give its aid to the expiration of the current year. Maharajah Goolab Singh in pro Thus ended one of the most tecting his territories from exter- eventful wars in which we have nal enemies.
ever been engaged in India. By Article X.-Maharajah Goolab the blessing of Divine Providence Singh acknowledges the supremacy upon our arms we were enabled to of the British Government, and will, repel an invasion which threatened in token of such supremacy, present destruction to our Indian dominion, annually to the British Government and to chastise the aggressors by -one horse, twelve perfect shawl a series of brilliant victories which goats, of approved breed (six male annihilated their military power. and six female), and three pairs of The war was forced upon us by Cashmere shawls.
a faithless and daring enemy, who With regard to the occupation hoped to find us unprepared for of Lahore by a body of British their attack ; and nothing but troops, to which allusion was made the indomitable courage of our in the speech of the Governor-Ge- troops, animated and sustained by neral, from which we have quoted such generals as led them into acsome passages ; this was made tion, could have saved India from the subject of a separate agree- the horrors of being conquered by ment, the preamble of which stated the ferocious soldiers of the Punthat the Lahore Government had jaub. At Moodkee, Ferozeshah, solicited the Governor-General to Aliwal, and Sobraon, the waves have a British force at Lahore for of the coming inundation were the protection of the Maharajah's arrested and rolled back; and in -person and of the capital, until each of these memorable battles the reorganization of the Lahore the stake that was played for was army, according to the provisions of tremendous moment ; for it is of Article VI. of the treaty of hardly too much to say, that had Lahore, dated the 9th of March. we been defeated in any one of The first article of the agree them, the result might have been ment provided as follows :
ruin to our Indian empire. “ The British Government shall the danger has passed away, and leave at Labore, till the close of our power seems to be fixed on the current year, A.D. 1846, such a firmer basis than ever by the force as shall seem to the Governor- campaign of the Sutlej. It has General adequate for the purpose tested the fidelity of the Sepoy of protecting the person of the as well as his courage, and both Maharajah and the inhabitants of have shone with brilliant lustre the city of Lahore, during the throughout the wars. We need reorganization of the Sikh army, hardly fear that
Eastern State in accordance with the provisions will, for many years, venture to of Article VI. of the treaty of provoke a conflict with us again. Lahore. That force to be with During the remainder of the drawn at any convenient time be- year, however, the Punjaub be
the scene of important Een surrendered to Lieutenant
An attempt was made Colonel Lawrence, the British to contest the newly acquired so agent, on a guarantee from that vereignty of Gholab Singh ov officer, that if the Sheik could, the fertile province of Cashmir ; as he asserted, prove that his and Sheik Enam-ood-Een, the son acts were in accordance with his of the late Mohee-ood-Een, gover- instructions, and that the opponor of that district, organized an sition was instigated by the Lahore insurrection in which he was aided Minister, the Durbar should not by the hill chieftains. Gholab be permitted to inflict upon him, Singh marched at the head of either in his person or his prohis troops against his refractory perty, any penalty on account of subjects, but was defeated ; and his conduct on this occasion. At he applied for British assistance, the same time the British agent which we were certainly under pledged his Government to a full no obligation to afford, as the and impartial investigation of the stipulation of the treaty whereby matter. we guaranteed his independence A public inquiry was thereupon provided only for his protection instituted into the facts adduced by us against external attacks. by Sheik Emam-ood-Een, and it However, it was thought right was fully established that Rajah to support his tottering musnud; Lall Singh had secretly instigated and when he advanced again to him to oppose the occupation by wards Cashmir, for the purpose Maharajah Gholab Singh of the of engaging once more with the province of Cashmere. enemy, a large body of British When sufficient proof of this troops, under the command of had been obtained, the GovernorBrigadier Wheeler, marched for- General immediately demanded ward from Jullinder to occupy that the Ministers and chiefs of Jamoo, Gholab Singh's capital, the Lahore State should depose, and thus afford him à point and exile to the British prod'appui in case of second vinces, the Vizier Rajah Lall Singh; reverse, and at the same time and consented to accept the deposimanifest our determination to up tion of the Rajah as an atonement hold the authority of the ruler for the attempt to infringe the whom we had placed upon his treaty of the 9th of March, by throne.
his secret intrigues and machinaThis demonstration had the tions. It was not proved that desired effect; and not long the other members of the Durbar afterwards Sheik Epam-ood-Een had cognizance of the Vizier's communicated to the British au- proceedings ; and the Governorthorities that he was acting under General publicly stated that the orders received from the Lahore conduct of the Sirdars and of the Durbar in the course he was pur Sikh army in the late operations suing, and stated that the insur- for quelling the Cashmere insurrection had been instigated by rection, and removing the obwritten instructions received by stacles to the fulfilment of the treaty, him from the Vizier Rajah Lall proved that the criminality of the Singh.
Vizier was not participated in by Afterwards Sheik Emam-ood- the Sikh nation.
[2 B 2]
The Ministers and chiefs then tion shall not be made, except met, and unanimously decreed and when found necessary for effecting carried into immediate effect the the objects set forth in the foredeposition of Lall Singh, who was going clause, and for securing the removed across the Sutlej.
just dues of the Lahore GovernAfter a few days' deliberation, ment. These details shall be conrelative to the means of forming ducted by native officers as at a Government at Lahore, the re present, who shall be appointed maining members of the Durbar, and superintended by a Council in concert with the Sirdars and of Regency, composed of leading chiefs of the State, solicited the Chiefs and Sirdars, acting under interference and aid of the British the control and guidance of the Government for the maintenance British resident. of an Administration, and the pro
Article V.-The following pertection of the Maharajah Duhleep sons shall, in the first instance, Singh during the minority of His constitute the Council of Regency, Highness.
viz. : This request was complied with, Sirdar Tej Sing, Sirdar Shere and the following articles of agree- Sing Attareewalla, Dewan Deena ment were accordingly concluded Nath, Fukeer Noroodeen, Sirdar between the British Government Runjore Sing Majethea, Bhaee and the Lahore Durbar, on the Nidhan Sing, Sirdar Utter Sing 16th of December :
Kaleewala, Sirdar Shumsher Sing Article I.-All and every part Sindhanwala, and no change shall of the treaty of peace between the be made in the persons thus nomiBritish Government and the State nated without the consent of the of Lahore, bearing date the 9th British resident, acting under the day of March, 1846, except in so orders of the Governor-General. far as it may be temporarily mo Article VI. - The Administradified in respect to clause 15th of tion of the country shall be conthe said treaty, by this engage- ducted by this Council of Regency ment, shall remain binding upon in such manner as may be deterthe two Governments.
mined on by themselves, in conArticle II.--A British officer, sultation with the British resident, with an efficient establishment of who shall have full authority to diassistants, shall be appointed by rect and control the duties of every the Governor-General to remain department. at Lahore, which officer shall have Article VII.- A British force of full authority to direct and control such strength and numbers, and all matters in every department of in such positions, as the Governorthe State.
think fit, shall remain Article III. — Every attention at Lahore for the protection of the shall be paid, in conducting the Maharajah, and the preservation of Administration, to the feelings of the peace of the country. the people, to preserving the na Article VIII. - The Governortional institutions and customs, General shall be at liberty to ocand to maintaining the just rights cupy with British soldiers any fort of all classes.
or military post in the Lahore terArticle IV. - Changes in the ritories, the occupation of which mode and details of Administra- may be deemed necessary by the
British Government for the secu Article XI.-The provisions of rity of the capital, or for maintain- this engagement shall have effect ing the peace of the country. during the minority of His High
Article IX.-The Lahore State ness Maharajah Dhuleep Singh, shall pay to the British Govern- and shall cease and terminate on ment twenty-two lacs of His Highness attaining the full Nanuckshaee rupees, of full tale age of sixteen years, or on the and weight, per annum, for the 4th September of the year 1854 ; maintenance of this force and to but it shall be competent to the meet the expenses incurred by the Governor-General to cause the arBritish Government ; such sum to rangement to cease at any period be paid by two instalments of prior to the coming of age of His thirteen lacs and 20,000 rupees Highness, at which the Governorin May or June, and eight lacs and General and the Lahore Durbar 80,000 rupees in November or De- may be satisfied that the interpocember, of each year.
sition of the British Government Article X.-Inasmuch as it is is no longer necessary for mainfitting that Her Highness the Ma- taining the Government of His haranee, the mother of Maharajah Highness the Maharajah. Dhuleep Singh, should have a pro The agreement was executed at per provision made for the main- Lahore by Frederick Currie, Esq., tenance of herself and dependents, and Lieutenant-Colonel Lawrence, the sum of one lac and 50,000 on behalf of the British Governrupees shall be set apart annually ment, and by thirteen of the for that purpose, and shall be at principal Sirdars of the Punjaub, Her Highness's disposal.
acting for the Lahore Durbar.