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It was

success.

Gorgon ; and the Expeditive cor utmost intrepidity and coolness, in vette (French), Captain de Miniac. a boat, cut asunder the cable

under the command of which bound the bridge of vessels Commander Sullivan. It took up together, the steamers passed a position on the right side in the through the opening, and, taking above order in a line across the up a second position above the river, and thus commenced opera- fourth battery, on the left of the tions. The second division con centre of the river, they attacked sisted of the Dolphin, 3 (English), the batteries in flank with great brigantine, Lieutenant-Commander Levinge ; the San Martin, the During the hottest part of the French commodore's ship, the engagement Captain Hotham wrote Comus, 18 (English), Lieutenant- to his colleague, Captain TreCommander Inglefield, and the houart, the words, "Si le titre de Pandour (French) brig, Capt. Du brave à jamais été merité, c'est Parc; this division, commanded by par vous et vos equipages.' Capt. Trehouart, proceeded to the The engagement with the batbridge of vessels, and took up a teries began at ten A.m., and position close to them in the above lasted till five P.m., during which order, on the left side of the river, time there was an incessant firing. engaging the batteries, receiving From five to seven P.M., the landtheir fire and also the broadside ing and the destruction of the of the Republicano with damaging works took place. effect, but which they returned The loss of the English was ten with the most successful results. killed and twenty-five wounded; The third division was composed of and of the French, eighteen killed the steamers the Gorgon and Fire- and seventy wounded. brand, English frigates, Captains The combined forces landed Hotham and Hope, and the Fulton at about five in the evening, and (French), Captain Mazeres. This drove the enemy from their posidivision, under the command- tion after little resistance. In one in-chief of Captain Hotham, was fort 200 dead bodies of blacks at first stationed at the longest were found, in another 120. The distance from the batteries below forts were all destroyed, and, with the first division, but on the left the exception of ten brass pieces, side of the river, their broadsides the guns were thrown into the bearing on the three first batteries. Parana. From this position, after using The siege, however, of Monte their heavy guns for some time, Video, by General Rosas, conthey proceeded to join the second tinued throughout the present division-the Fulton first ; and year without any decisive result. after Captain Hope had, with the

CHAPTER XIV.

INDIA.—Retreat of the Sikhs across the Sutlej Proclamation by the

Governor GeneralThe Sikhs again cross the Sutlej - Manæuvres of the Troops under the command of Sir Harry Smith-Battle of Aliwal-General order issued by Sir Henry Hardinge-Fortified entrenchments of the Sikhs at Sobraon - Attack by the British Forces, and battle of Sobraon-- Decisive victory gained over the Sikhs--Our Troops cross the Sutlej, and advance towards Lahore- Proclamation issued by the Governor-General at Kussoor- Proceedings of the Lahore Durbar-Interview between Sir Henry Hardinge and the Sirdars deputed from the Durbar Terms of Peace agreed upon-Meeting between the Maharajah and Sir Henry Hardinge at Lulleeana-The British Troops arrive at the Capital Occupation of the Citadel-General Order issued by Sir Henry HardingeTreaty of Peace between the British and Lahore Governments, signed on the 8th of March-Independent Sovereignty created for Rajah Gholab Singh-Separate Treaty with him Terms of Occupation of Lahore by British Troops--Reflections on the close of the CampaignRefusal of Sheik Enam-ood.deen to acknowledge the supremacy of Rajah Gholab Singh-Movements in consequence, and intervention of a British Force-Disclosures made by Enam-ood-deen-Deposition and expulsion of Rajah Gholab Singh from the Punjaub-Application from the Lahore Durbar for British protection--Articles of Agreement.

WE

E resume our narrative of conquest of Hindostan, without

the war on the banks of the another struggle for victory. On Sutlej. After the battles of our part it was necessary to reduce Moodkee and Ferozesbah, the Sikhs to unqualified submission a power disheartened by their losses, and which had dared, without the fearing to oppose the onward march shadow of a pretext, to invade our of the British troops, retreated in territories, and to take such meaconfusion upon the fords of the sures as would effectually prevent river, and crossed over into their the recurrence of such an outrage own territory. But the campaign for the future. It consists neither was not yet finished, and the fierce with the dignity of the British army of the Punjaub was de- name, nor the safety of our dotermined not to quit the prize which minion in India, to be content with it had fancied was within its grasp, repelling an unprovoked attack ; and which was no less than the we must make the aggressor feel

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the full weight of our power, and taking service with the Government convince the restless and turbulent of the other ; but now that the Laneighbours on our frontiers that, hore state has become the avowed by making war upon the territories enemy of the Government of Hinwhich are under the government dostan, it is incumbent on all or protection of the British nation, natives of Hindostan whose homes they rush upon their own destruc- and families are under British protion.

tection, to quit the service of the On the last day of the closing common enemy, and join that of year, the Governor-General issued the Government of their own the following proclamation from country. All persons of the above Ferozepore; the object of which description are, therefore, hereby was to recall from the Punjaub called upon to repair to the British those natives of Hindostan, who side of the Sutlej, and to report had, during the continuance of themselves to the British authoriamicable regulations between that ties"; their interests will in all cases country and British India, engaged be respected ; they will, if fit for in service under the Lahore Go- the military service, be taken into vernment.

that of the British Government, “ Foreign Department, Ferozepore, with all the advantages of pay and Dec. 31, 1845.

allowances enjoyed by British “ The Lahore Government has, soldiers. without provocation, or any decla " All natives of Hindostan who, ration of hostilities, and notwith- after the promulgation of this prostanding the existence of a treaty clamation, continue in the serof amity and alliance, made war vice of the enemy, will be conupon the British Government. A sidered to have forfeited all claim large Sikh army has invaded the to British protection, and will be British territories, which has been treated as traitors to their country repulsed and driven across the and enemies of the British GovernSutlej with the loss of ninety-one ment. pieces of their artillery, now in our " By order of the Right Hon. possession. It becomes necessary, the Governor-General of India.” therefore, for the British Govern We mentioned in last ment to take measures for punish- volume that the territory subject ing this unprovoked aggression, to the Sikhs was not confined to and for preventing in future similar the right bank of the Sutlej, but acts of treachery by the Govern- that they recruited their forces ment and army of the Punjaub. from amongst the inhabitants of The British Government considers the left or British side of that river, it right now to call upon all natives who cultivated large jaghire estates and inhabitants of Hindostan who belonging on that side to the have taken service under the La- Sikhs. After their army had rehore Government, to quit that ser treated across the Sutlej, it began vice, and place themselves under to be distressed from want of surthe orders of the Governor-General plies, and its leaders accordingly of India. As long as relations of resolved to draw them, if possible, amity existed between the two from the Sikh territories on the states, there was no objection to left bank. In the early part of the natives of the one territory January in the present year, Sirdar

our

Runjoor Singh Majeethea, at the bending round one wing of his head of a large body of troops, army, enveloped his flank, he excrossed over from Philour, and tricated himself by retiring with took up a position at Baran Hara, the steadiness of a field-day by between what are called the old échellon of battalions, and effected and the new courses of the Sutlej, his communication with Loodiana, where he threatened the city of but not without severe loss. Loodiana, and seemed likely to in “ Reinforced by Brigadier terrupt the line of our communica- Godby, he felt himself to be strong ; tions. Loodiana was at that time but his manæuvres bad thrown occupied by three battalions of him out of communication with Native Infantry, under the com- Brigadier Wheeler, and a portion mand of Brigadier Godby, and of his baggage had fallen into the other reinforcements were march- hands of the enemy. The Sikh ing up to his support. Major- Sirdar took up an entrenched posiGeneral Sir Harry Smith had been tion at Budhowal, supporting himsent a few days previously with a self on its fort, but, threatened on single brigade of his division, and a either flank by General Smith and light field battery against the town Brigadier Wheeler, finally deand fort of Dhurrumkote, which camped, and moved down to the were filled with grain for the use Sutlej. The British troops made of the enemy, and garrisoned by a good their junction, and occupied small body of mercenary auxiliaries. the abandoned position of BudWe had just effected the reduction howal ; the Shekawattee Brigade, of the place, when, in consequence and Her Majesty's 53rd Regiment of the movements of Sirdar Run- also added to the strength of the joor Singh, he was ordered imme- Major-General, and he prepared to diately to advance with his brigade attack the Sikh Sirdar on his new at Dhurrumhote, by Jugraon, to- ground. But on the 26th Runwards Loodiana, and his second joor Singh was reinforced from the brigade, under the command of right bank with 4000 regular Brigadier Wheeler, moved on to troops, twelve pieces of artillery, support him. The manœuvres that and a large force of cavalry. now took place are so succinctly Emboldened by this accession and clearly detailed in a despatch of strength, he ventured on the from the Commander-in-Chief to

of advancing towards the Governor-General, dated Feb. 1, Jugraon, apparently with the view 1846, that we prefer giving an ac- of intercepting our communications count of them in his own words. by that route.

"The Major-General, breaking It was then that Sir Harry Smith down from Jugraon, moved towards determined to attack the enemy, Loodiana, when the Sirdar, rely- and on the morning of the 28th of ing on the vast superiority of his January moved forward against forces, assumed the initiative, and them, they being distant about six endeavoured to intercept his pro- miles. When the British troops gress by marching in a line parallel came in sight of the Sikhs, the to him, and opening upon his troops latter were drawn up along a ridge a furious cannonade. The Major. close to the village of Aliwal (or General continued coolly to ma- Ulleewul), their left line resting nouvre, and when the Sikh Sirdar, upon their entrenched camp, and

measure

land ;

their right occupying the ridge. therefore quickly brought up The following is Sir Harry Smith's Brigadier Godby's brigade, and, account of what followed :

with it and the 1st Brigade under “I immediately deployed the Brigadier Hicks, made a rapid and cavalry into line, and moved on. noble charge, carried the village As I neared the enemy, the ground and two guns of large calibre. The became most favourable for the line I ordered to advance, Her troops to manœuvre, being open Majesty's 31st Foot and the native and hard grass

I ordered the regiments contending for the front; cavalry to take ground to the right and the battle became general. and left by brigades, thus display The enemy had a numerous body ing the heads of the infantry of cavalry on the heights to his columns, and as they reached the left, and I ordered Brigadier high ground I directed them to de Cureton to bring up the right ploy into line. Brigadier Godby's brigade of cavalry, who, in the most brigade was in direct échellon to gallant manner, dashed in among the rear of the right, the Sheka them, and drove them back upon wattee infantry in like manner to their infantry. . Meanwhile the rear of my left ; the cavalry in second gallant charge to my right direct échellon on, and well to the was made by the light cavalry and rear of, both flanks of the infantry. the body guard. The ShekaThe artillery massed on the right wattee brigade was moved well to and centre, and left. After de the right, in support of Brigadier ployment I observed the enemy's Cureton. When I observed the left to outflank me, I therefore enemy's encampment, and saw it broke into open columns and took was full of infantry, I immediately ground to my right; when I had brought upon it Brigadier Godby's gained sufficient ground, the troops brigade, by changing front, and wheeled into line ; there was no taking the enemy's infantry "en dust, the shone brightly.

reverse.' They drove them be. These maneuvres were performed fore them, and took some guns with the celerity and precision of without a check." the most correct field-day. The In the meantime the brigade, glistening of the bayonets and under the command of Brigadier swords of this order of battle was Wheeler, and also that under most imposing, and the line ad. Brigadier Wilson, had in the most vanced. Scarcely had it moved gallant manner advanced with great forward 150 yards, when at ten rapidity, and carried the guns of o'clock the enemy opened a fierce the enemy, and driven back the cannonade from his whole line. At troops opposed to them. In order first his balls fell short, but quickly to cover their retreat to the river reached us. Thus upon him, and and passage across it, the Sikhs capable of better ascertaining his had strongly occupied the village position, I was compelled to halt of Bhoondee, and a squadron of the line, though under fire, for a the 16th Lancers was ordered to few moments, until I ascertained charge a body of the enemy drawn that by bringing up my right, and up on the right of that village. carrying the village of Aliwal, I They were accompanied by the could with great effect precipitate 3rd Light Cavalry, and the Sikhs myself upon his left and centre. I were driven before them ; at the

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