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Don Francisco de Paula. We descendants of Philip V., and acneither propose nor prohibit any tual or possible suitors for the one of them. He who may be hand of the Queen of Spain, is as acceptable to Spain will be ac follows : ceptable to us, provided he be - The Prince of Lucca is marwithin the limits of the House of ried. Bourbon. This is for us a French “ The position of the Count of question of the highest importance. Trapani is rendered very unfavourWe have no right and no preten- able ; 1st, by the violent expression to impose a husband on the sion of public opinion against Queen of Spain, or to interdict him ; 2nd, by the fall of General one ; she is at perfect liberty to
Narvaez. choose whom she pleases. We have • The sons of the Infante Don a profound respect for the inde Francisco de Paula are subject to pendence both of the Crown and grave objections ; viz., 1st, the the people of Spain ; but we have false steps they have taken ; 2nd, in our turn a right to think and to their intimacy with the Radical say that such or such an alliance party, and the consequent antiwould appear to us so contrary to pathy with which they are the interests of France, that if it garded by the Moderate party ; took effect it would place us in a 3rd, the ill-will of the Queen hostile position with regard to Mother, and of the young Queen Spain. This is the object, and it herself. is certainly a very legitimate one, “ The sons of Don Carlos are, of our declarations, and in making for the present, at least, out of the it openly beforehand we are acting question; 1st, in consequence of the honourably towards Europe, as well often and declared opposition of all as prudently with regard to our parties ; 2nd, in consequence of selves. If the choice of the Queen their formal exclusion by the conof Spain falls on one of the de- stitution ; and 3rd, of the disposiscendants of Philip V., we shall tions manifested in their own conhave nothing to say, even though duct, which is at variance with we may think that, within those any that could afford them the limits, another alliance might have smallest chance. been more for the interest of Spain • The situation of the descendherself.”
ants of Philip V, with relation to In February of the present year the marriage of the Queen of we find M. Guizot holding the fol- Spain, is, therefore, become very lowing language, in a memorandum unfavourable. communicated by M. de St. Aulaire, • Whatever be the causes, thie the French Ambassador in London, fact that the difficulties of the to Lord Aberdeen :
marriage between one of the de• The principle we have main- scendants of Philip V. and Queen tained, and which the English Isabella are greatly aggravated, is Cabinet has accepted, as the basis incontestable. of our policy respecting the mar And, at the same time, great riage of the Queen of Spain, is and redoubled efforts are at this become one of very difficult and moment making to bring about uncertain application.
a marriage between the Prince “The situation of the Princes, Leopold of Saxe Coburg and
either Queen Isabella the marked in italics is the masterInfanta Donna Fernanda. key to all the intrigue and di
• The Court of Lisbon is the plomatic trickery which followed. centre of these efforts. This is M. Guizot assumed that the obvious from the tenor of private English Government was exertletters, and of the Portuguese and ing itself to bring forward as a Spanish journals.
candidate a Prince of the House “It is affirmed that Prince Leo of Saxe Coburg; and seizing upon pold of Coburg, who was to leave that pretext, he held his GovernLisbon on the 24th February, for ment absolved from all its previous Cadiz, Gibraltar, Algiers, Malta, professions and engagements, and and Italy, will proceed secretly free to act exactly as was most or openly to Madrid. This report conducive to the interests and agis corroborated by many circum- grandizement of France. But the stances.
fact was not as M. Guizot stated, “ We have been, and we shall The British Government did not facontinue to be, true to the po vour the pretensions of any Prince, licy which we have adopted, and and we believe it to be an entire to the engagements we have en mistake to suppose that they intertered into, respecting the marriage fered in the slightest degree to ad either of Queen Isabella or of vance the claims of Prince Leopold Donna Fernanda.
of Saxe Coburg But if the existing state of The views and conduct of our things should continue, or should Government are explained in a lead to any further results, we note addressed by Lord Palmerstou may be placed abruptly in a con to Lord Normanby, the British tingency, in which we shall be Ambassador at Paris, and dated
* 1. Subjected to the absolute September 22, 1846 :necessity of preventing our policy * What I understood to have from receiving, by the marriage been the ground taken by Ier either of the Queen or the Infanta, Majesty's late Government was, a blow to which we could not con that unless the Queen of Spain sent to submit.
were likely to marry a French “ 2. Released from all engage Prince, to which the British Goment, with respect to either mar vernment would, upon political riage.
grounds, have an unquestionable " Which would be the result, in right to object, the marriage of case the marriage, either of the the Queen of Spain was a Spanislı Queen or of the Infanta, with question, with which no foreign Prince Leopold of Saxe Coburg, Government was entitled to inor with any other Prince not terfere, so as to control Queen descended from Philip V., should Isabella's choice, whether that become probable or imminent. choice might fall upon a Bour
“ In that case we should be bon or upon any other Prince. released from all engagement, and That the British Government free to act immediately in our own would make no objection, theredefence, by demanding the hand, fore, to her selecting a descendant either of the Queen or the Infanta, of Philip V., although it did not for the Duke de Montpensier." join in endeavouring to impose
The passage which we have any such restriction upon her ;
that Prince Leopold of Saxe ble and simultaneous marriage was Coburg was not a candidate put received with loud indignation by forward or supported by the the press of England, but we think British Government, and that, on, that the ground of opposition which the contrary, the British Govern was chiefly insisted upon will on ment thought for many weighty examination be found untenable.
that a Spanish Prince It was declared to be a direct viowould be a fitter husband for the lation of the treaty of Utrecht, Queen, and that among Spanish and contrary to the renunciations Princes Don Enrique seemed to therein made by the Orleans branch be the best suited to be her con of the French Bourbons of all fusort.'
ture right and title to the Spanish With reference to the engage- Crown. But we think this is a ments which France had entered mistaken view of the question. into with England on the subject, It appears to us to be clear that Lord Palmerston says, in another the great and main objects of the despatch to Lord Normanby, dated treaty of Utrecht were twofold. October 31, 1846 :
1. To secure the Throne of Spain They were, first the engage to Philip V., the grandson of ment, originally and spontaneously Louis XIV. and his descendants. made by His Majesty the King of 2. To prevent the possibility of the French, that no son of his the union of the Crowns of France should marry the Queen of Spain; and Spain on the same head. and secondly, the engagement, Now neither of these objects was also spontaneously taken by His defeated by the Montpensier marMajesty and by his Minister, in riage. It cannot with any fairness September 1845, at Eu, that in be contended, that by the treaty no case should the Duke of Mont- of Utrecht all intermarriages pensier marry the Infanta until the
interdicted between the Queen of Spain should have been Royal families of France and married ; and until, by her hav- Spain, for several such alliances ing had children, the prospect of took place during the last century a direct succession to the Spanish without opposition or remonstrance. Crown should have been assured.” Let us take the three following
Whatever promises may have instances : been made, and whatever expect 1. Louis I., King of Spain, ations may
have been raised, the the eldest son of Philip V., result was, that in the course of ried, in 1721, Louisa Elizabeth the autumn of the present year of Orleans, Mademoiselle de Montit was made known throughout pensier, fourth daughter of the Europe that the Queen of Spain Regent Duke of Orleans. was about to marry her cousin, 2. The Infant Don Philip, Don Francisco d'Assis, the eldest Duke of Parma, son of Philip V., son of her uncle, Don Francisco married, in 1739, Louisa Elizade Paula, and that her sister, the beth of France, eldest daughter Infanta, would at the same time of Louis XV. bestow her hand upon the Duke of 3. The Dauphin, son of Louis Montpensier, the youngest son of XV., married, in 1745, Maria the King of the French.
Teresa Antonia, Infanta of Spain, The announcement of this dou- daughter of Philip V.
The only contingency arising youthful Queen. Indeed it is too from the Montpensier marriage, obvious to require comment, that which could militate against the the less chance there was of a object and intention of the treaty happy union between the Sovereign of Utrecht, would be the case of and her cousin, the more likelihood any issue of that marriage be- there was of the throne being evencoming entitled to the crowns of tually filled by the Duchess of both France and Spain, through Montpensier or her offspring. But failure of any nearer claimants. we forbear to dwell on this the This might happen, if all those darkest side of the picture. who now stand between the Duke The Count de Montemolin (the of Montpensier and the throne son of Don Carlos, in whose favour of France, as well as their issue, his father abdicated his claim to were to become extinct, and if the the throne, as detailed in our last Queen of Spain were to die child- volume) had for some time been less, or her issue were likewise to living at Bourges, in France, under become extinct. In such an event a kind of surveillance. But thinka descendant of the Duke of Mont- ing that the Queen's marriage afpensier and the Infanta of Spain forded a favourable opportunity for would become heir to both thrones. once more appealing to the Spanish But then the treaty of Utrecht nation, he made his escape from would at once come into operation, Bourges in the evening of the 14th and effectually prevent such an of September, and succeeded in union of the two crowns; and reaching England soon afterwards. the proper time for discussing the At the same time he caused the folprovisions of that treaty will be lowing proclamation to be issued:when the contingency has arisen which it was framed to meet. “ Spaniards,-My dignity and The probabilities are at present my sentiments render it my duty to too great against its occurrence await the result of events which I to render it worth while to agitate see without astonishment about to the question.
accomplish themselves in Spain ; There is no doubt, however, that I could have wished to hold to what public opinion in Europe was out- I announced to you in my maniraged by the mode in which this festo of May 23, 1845. I then double marriage was brought about. made known my principles; I told It was universally believed that the you I had no other desire than to Queen was not a free agent in a draw our country from the abyss matter so deeply involving her fu- into which she is plunged, to bring ture happiness ; and that the hus- about a lasting reconciliation beband provided for her was neither tween all parties, and to give you the object of her choice, nor likely the peace and happiness of which to conciliate or deserve her love you have so much need, and which and esteem. That French influence you so well merit. The results was actively at work admits of no have not responded to my efforts, doubt ; and in the anxiety to secure and your hopes have been deceived. the hand of the Infanta for the “ Your duty, and my word of Duke of Montpensier, neither Louis honour, impose on us new efforts Philippe nor M. Guizot appears to to fulfil our mission. have considered the feelings of the “ Spaniards, the moment which
I have 'sought to avoid with so your prudence. The admirer of much care, at the price of your your courage and your exploits, I sacrifices and my own—that mo shall know how to recompense
them ment is at last come ; it would be on the field of battle. a disgrace for you, and a stain on
“ Carlos Luis.” me, to show ourselves less to-day “ Bourges, 12th Sept. 1846.” than we have been up to this time in the opinion of Europe.
Two days afterwards, the Count “ I know no parties, I only see
de Montemolin issued another proSpaniards, all capable of contri- clamation, addressed especially to buting powerfully along with me to the Basques and Navarrese, exhortthe success of the great cause for ing them to rise and rally round which Providence reserves me. I the standard of their lawful prince. therefore call you all to me; I hope Not the slightest movement was in you all, and I have no fear of occasioned by these manifestoes. any one.
About the same time, Don En" The cause which I represent is rique, who was at Ghent, transjust, no obstacle must impede us mitted to the Spanish Cortes a in saving it; success is certain, for public protest against the Queen's I feel sure that you will all answer intended marriage with his brother ; my appeal, full of zeal, active, and but soon after the event had hapbrave.
pened, in a letter addressed to Her “I implore you and recommend Majesty, he stated that he formally you not to think of the past. The annulled his protest. era which is about to commence The announcement to the Cortes ought not to resemble that which of both the intended Royal marhas preceded it. Concord must be riages took place on the 14th of established among all Spaniards; September. Senor Isturitz made let the epithets of parties cease; the official communication to both let hatreds and remembrances of Chambers; and in the Senate no injury be buried in forgetfulness. questions were asked by any of the
İnstitutions conformable to the members; but in the Congress, spirit of the time we live in, the Senor Orense, one of the Progreholy religion of our forefathers, sista party, who were supposed to the free administration of justice, be strongly opposed to the French respect for the rights of property, alliance, rose and asked, “wheand a cordial amalgamation of ther it was the determination that parties, lo! these are the prin- the marriage of the Infanta, the ciples which guarantee the posses immediate successor to the Crown, .sion of that happiness which you should take place as soon as her so fervently desire.
Majesty should have issue? or “I will adhere to what I pro whether it was to take place at the mise and what I oífer; and in the same time?" Senor Isturitz remoment of success nothing will be plied—“The marriage of her Royal more sweet, nothing will give me Highness the Infanta, the immegreater satisfaction, than to see diate successor to the Crown, will around me neither victors nor van take place simultaneously with that quished.
of her Majesty." Senor Orense “I thank
you for all you have then said, that he would reserve suffered, for your constancy and for what he intended to say until the