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In the course of the discussion his personal position. He had, he which subsequently took place on said, joined the Opposition from the separate paragraphs, Senor mere political motives. The MiMartinez de la Rosa entered into nister of the Interior had asserted the history of the negotiations with that he had made his fortune the Holy See. He declared the during the civil war. conduct of the Government to have not the case. He had acquired been consistent and honourable. the greatest part of it in England, The Government was incapable of by his industry and the reputation employing means unworthy of the of morality which he had secured Spanish nation in the course of to himself. He had likewise had those negotiations. From the dealings with the Spanish Governcommencement it had entirely ment which had been equally adavailed itself of the services of its vantageous to the Treasury and to own agents, without having re- himself, and he had powerfully course to foreign mediation. The contributed to raise the national same course was followed at the credit. He had lately engaged in present as on former occasions. a financial struggle with the Bank A better line of conduct could not of San Fernando, because his interbe pursued, and it was such as ests were at variance with those had been desired by several Mem of that establishment; but the bers of the Chamber. The official latter being a commercial firm like communications received from the any other, he did not consider that Papal Government spoke of the he was waging war against the Queen as “ the Queen of Spain.” Government or the credit of the The presentations of the American State. As respected the tributary bishops, which were effected in the system, M. Salamanca pronounced customary manner, had been ap- it to be defective in theory and proved of. He asked, could the practice. After a desultory discusnegotiations be in a better condi- sion between him and the Minister tion ? He then alluded to the of the Interior, M. Mon, the Minister restitution of the unsold national of Finance, rose and declared that property, and maintained that the no allusion had been made to M. conduct followed by the Cabinet in Salamanca in any of the speeches that respect was prudent and just. delivered, since the opening of the The Government was determined session, by him or any of his colto support intact the interests leagues. He had said on the prenewly created, and would never at vious day, and he repeated, that tempt to disturb what the laws had he never inquired who was playing already sanctioned. He referred for a rise or fall. Every body had to the rescripts; and concluded by a right to dispose of his capital as saying, that at the termination of he thought proper ; what he wished the negotiations the Government

was, that those operations should would lay before the House docu- be perfectly moral, and it was far ments which would form a com from being so to circulate reports, plete justification of its conduct. knowing them to be unfounded, to

During the debate on that para cause a rise or a depression in the graph which related to finance, funds. Such expedients were inSenor Salamanca rose and entered jurious to transactions ; for they into some explanations respecting deterred the capitalists and citizens

from vesting their money in the uncle of the Queen, had to fear in stocks, and shook the public credit. the negotiations which were about M. Mon then justified his recent actively to commence for providing contract with the Bank of San a Royal consort. On the 5th of Fernando, and asked if it could January, some questions having be assimilated, as asserted by M. been put in the Cortes respecting Salamanca, to former contracts, the marriage of the Queen, Genewhen, to cite the last that had ral Narvaez thus expressed himbeen concluded, in January, 1844, self,—" I have come to a very dehe would merely mention that the licate question, that of her MaGovernment gave 20,000,000 to jesty's marriage. Here, gentlethe contractor for an advance of men, I shall say neither more nor 12,500,000, thus leaving to the latter less than is necessary, considering a profit of 7,500,000 on 20,000,000. both the delicacy of the topic and M. Mon, after drawing a parallel the respect due to the illustrious between the former and present person in question. Her Majesty financial situation of the country, has not yet expressed the desire to entirely to the advantage of his contract a matrimonial alliance. Administration, solemnly declared Her Ministers have not deemed it that since he had held office, his advisable to kindle such a feeling sole desire, as well as that of his in her heart. When it may please colleagues, had invariably been to her Majesty–when she shall herimprove the revenues, to promote self have named the person whom the welfare of the nation, and she may wish to marry—and she sacrifice their private interests to has not yet named one-her Ministhe general interests of thecountry. ters, acting as faithful knights and The State, he added, had derived men of honour, will come and inimportant advantages from its con form the Cortes of it, as nection with the Bank of San Fer- manded by the Constitution ;' nando, and, if the contract with and afterwards on the 26th of that establishment was again to be January, the same subject having concluded, he should not an instant been again brought forward in the hesitate to sign it.

Chamber of Deputies, he said that The address of the Congress of Ministers had resolved not to exDeputies was voted on the 29th of clude the pretensions of any prince January

—not even though he should come Amongst the number of those who from the centre of Africa ; much had pretensions to be considered as less of any one connected with the candidates for the Queen's hand in Queen by ties of blood and amity. marriage, was Don Enrique, the But, in fact, the question of the second son of Don Francisco de marriage had never come before Paula, the Queen's uncle, and con the Government, as her Majesty sequently first cousin of Iler Ma- had not expressed any wish to conjesty. This young man was in the tract matrimony Spanish navy, and it was generally Don Enrique about this time thought that he was the most published a manifesto to the Spanish formidable rival whom Count nation, in which he avowed himTrapani, the youngest brother of self a partisan of the Progresista the King of Naples and Christina or Liberal party, and thereby gave the Queen Mother, and therefore great offence to the Government,


who resolved to remove him from to General Narvaez, and


him Spain, and he was accordingly or authority to form a new Ministry. dered to join forthwith at Ferrol Up to this time his late colleagues his ship, to the command of which had not resigned their offices, and he had recently been appointed. refused to do so voluntarily, proDon Enrique immediately quitted fessing that they were ready to Spain, and not long afterwards carry on the Government without took


his residence at Ghent. him; but they were now deprived Although the Ministry was appa of office. Narvaez did not sucrently strong in both Chambers, ceed in forming a Ministry, and the and did not exhibit external symp- task was then confided to General toms of weakness in its adminis- Roncali, who was able at last to tration of affairs, it was in fact on bring together a Cabinet, of which, the brink of dissolution, owing to however, he did not limself bethe want of harmony amongst its come the head. The new Ministry members. It was no secret that consisted of the following memGeneral Narvaez was not on good bers:-Marquis de Miraflores, Preterms with his colleagues, and fre sident of the Council, and Minister quently dissented from the mea for Foreign Affairs ; General Ronsures which they approved; and at cali, Minister of War ; S. Isturitz, last, on the 11th of February, a Minister of the Interior; S. Topete, Royal ordinance appeared in the Minister of Marine; S. de la Pena y Gazette, signed by the Queen, Aguayo, Minister of Finance ; s. which announced her acceptance Arazola, Minister of Justice. of his resignation, under the pre

General Narvaez was at the same text of ill-health. It ran thus, time gazetted as Commander-in• My Secretary at War and

Chief of the army, President of the Council of Minis. On the 16th of February, exters, Don Ramon Maria Narvaez, planations took place both in the having represented to me that, Senate and the Congress, as to the owing to the debilitated state of causes which had led to the Minis, his health, he finds himself in the terial changes. In the Senate, impossibility of continuing in the General Serrano put questions reexercise of those important func- specting the nomination of General tions, I hereby accept the resigna- Narvaez to the rank and dignity of tion he has tendered to me, re Commander-in-Chief of the army, maining completely satisfied with and demanded that the House and the loyalty and zeal with which the country should be informed as he has performed them."

to the duties which that office imThis decree was followed by posed, and the political position another, appointing General Frede- which he occupied. rico Roncali, senator of the king The President of the Council redom, Minister of War, in the room plied, and said that the title of of General Narvaez.

General-in-Chief granted to the The Queen immediately sent for Duke of Valencia was merely honothe Marquis de Viluma, and asked rary, and that no powers were athim to endeavour to re-construct tached to it, except under extraorthe Cabinet. He accepted the dinary circumstances ; and then commission, but failed in the at any powers that might be granted tempi. The Queen then applied would be so by a special Royal

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order, countersigned by the Minis- that office, from the known disciter at War, and for which the latter pline of the Spanish army. was responsible to the Cortes.

General Serrano said that, notGeneral Narvaez addressed the withstanding the assurances given, Chamber, and gave some details such an authority as that conferred explaining the causes of his resig ought not, in any country where a nation. He said, that in conse- representative form of Government quence of the reports which had was known and received, to be conbeen in circulation for so long a fided to any individual. Such extime — reports which had been traordinary powers,

even under taken up by the public press, and extraordinary circumstances, could repeated over and over again—of only be conferred with the consent dissensions in the Cabinet of which of the Cortes. he was President, he had, after In the Congress the President much reflection, arrived at the con of the Council entered more fully viction that the necessity had ar- into explanation, and gave an outrived for his retirement altogether line of the intended policy of his from Ministerial life. He detailed Government. He began by alludthe interviews with her Majesty, ing to the expectation generally spoke of his own disinterestedness, entertained that a programme of of his love for his country, and his its future political conduct would attachment to the Throne and the be presented by the Cabinet. It Constitution. He added that he was his opinion that programmes was ready to serve her Majesty in were but of little use. They geneany capacity in which she might rally fettered a Government, and be pleased to employ him.

so many circumstances of an unThe Marquis of Viluma men foreseen kind might happen, that tioned the fact of his having been it might often be found necessary sent for, as well as the unsuccessful to depart from them. He should result of his attempt to form a therefore content himself with Ministry. There were other cir stating briefly what the Governcumstances, which he said he did ment intended to do respecting the not think proper to speak publicly measures brought forward by his of, connected with the same sub-predecessors. He, in common with ject, and said his duty was to be his colleagues, agreed to adopt the silent, no matter what the decision electoral law of districts, such as it of her Majesty was, and content had been already presented and himself with saying “Viva la passed in the Chamber of the ConReyna."

gress. They also accepted the General Roncali, Minister at tributary system as to its basis, War, repeated the assertions of reserving to themselves to introthe Marquis of Miraflores respect duce such modifications as the situing the nature of the title con ation of the country required. The ferred on Narvaez ; and declared estimates already presented by the that the Minister at War was the late Minister of Finance should be person responsible for any autho- again submitted to examination, rity hereafter conferred, in virtue with the view of economizing, as of that office, on General Narvaez. much as possible, the resources of IIe said that there was no occasion the country ; and, if it were also to entertain any fears respecting possible, of alleviating the burdens

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of the people. He took the pre- shortly after leaving the Chamber, sent opportunity of eulogizing the at rather an advanced hour, he conduct of M. Mon, the late Minis was summoned to the presence of ter of Finance, for the establish her Majesty. The Queen informed ment of his tributary system. He him of what had passed between dlluded to the law of the press, and her and Narvaez; and that the aeclared that its object would be President of the Council of Ministo allow the completest liberty to ters had just declared to her that, the expression of thought and pub- owing to the delicate state of his lic opinion ; while, at the same health, he found it utterly impostime, its excesses should be made sible to continue any longer in the amenable to the laws. He also re exercise of his laborious duties as ferred to the law of public order. Minister. He (Martinez de la With respect to public employ- Rosa) declared in the most solemn ments under the Government, he manner that there had not existed announced it to be his intention any cause of difference, political or never to sanction the bestowal of otherwise, of a public or secret such on any persons who were not character, as far as he knew, to entitled to them by merit and ser. call for the resignation of the chief vices ; and he rejected entirely the of the Cabinet. He then alluded system of favouritism. He then to the conduct of himself and his entered into the details of his ac- colleagues, in declining to tender ceptance of office, and his interview their resignation. They had seveand conversation with the Queen ral projects of law which it was and the late President of the Coun- necessary to carry through the cil. He said that the conduct of Cortes, and which they could not General Narvaez had been most leave in an incomplete state. straightforward and disinterested The new Administration did not throughout the whole affair. Ge- long continue in power, and it was neral Narvaez, on discovering that generally believed that its overhis becoming a candidate for office throw was occasioned by the amwould be an obstacle in the way of bitious design of General Narvaez the formation of the Ministry, at to possess himself once more of once declared that he was ready to the highest office in the tate. Almake every sacrifice rather than though he had been invested with such should be the case.

the office of Commander-in-Chief, ready not only to retire from pub- under the Miraflores Cabinet, he lic life, but even to abandon his had partisans of his own, with country altogether, and retire to whom he caballed and organized France, if his presence in Spain attacks upon the Ministry in both could be looked upon as the cause Chambers. In addition to this, it was of discord or disunion.

said to have earned the hostility of In the course of the discussion, the Queen Mother, by its lukewarmSenor Martinez de la Rosa, the ness in supporting the pretensions late Minister of State, gave his of her brother, Count Trapani, as version of what had occurred. He a suitor of the Queen. described his various interviews On the 16th of March a vehewith her Majesty. He said, that ment attack was made upon the on the night he last met the Con Ministry in the Chamber of Depugress as a Minister of the Crown, ties. M. Egana began it by de

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