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Asaph and Bangor, was renewed Wales under the operation of the by that noble lord on the 20th of Commission : 2,0001. a year had July. He proposed the second been so given; and although the reading of his Bill in a succinct Act were carried out, Wales would and temperate speech. The cir- still profit to the extent of 5001. a cumstances under which the union year. Lord Lansdowne was preof the two sees had been sanc pared to assert that the Commistioned by Parliament were already sioners were justified in considering well known; the revenue saved that an improved arrangement of being destined to support a new the bishoprics of Great Britain and bishopric of Manchester. That Wales would contribute essentially union had caused the greatest dis- to the efficacy of the episcopal satisfaction in Wales, and indeed office and jurisdiction. The bithroughout England. There was shopric of Ripon had been already nothing to prevent the appoint- created, and the Commissioners had ment of a Bishop of Manchester, provided for a bishopric for Manand the continuance of the Sees of chester. If the state of the popuSt. Asaph and Bangor at the same lation in that district were taken time. It was well known that the into account, it would at once be union was recommended from de allowed that the Commissioners ference to the feelings of persons and the Government had done no who thought that the number of more than their duty when doing Bishops in the House of Lords all in their power speedily to esought not to be increased.
tablish that see of Manchester. The Marquis of Lansdowne re- Bu ke, in speaking of the populasisted the motion. The utmost pub- tion of London, said, “when he conlicity had been given to the Report templated the masses of poverty, of the Ecclesiastical Commission- vice, and crime, that were conceners recommending the union of the trated in that city, he almost looked two sees ; and the Act of Parlia- up to heaven expecting its lightment giving the recommendation nings would fall and exercise an the force of law had been accom act of Divine vengeance on a mass panied in its passage through the so foul; but when he looked at the Legislature with the usual noto- spires and public institutions raisriety. It should also be borne in ing aloft their heads in the midst mind, that at the head of the Com- of that corrupt mass, they seemed mission was the Primate of all to him as so many electrical conEngland, and that the most emi- ductors to draw aside the wrath of nent authorities of the church were Heaven and avert the vengeance members of it. If those eminent which was impending on all around.” prelates concurred in the arrange As with London then, so it was ment, that afforded at once a ne with Manchester now. To estabgative to the charge of “ reckless lish a bishopric of Manchester was, spoliation” which was made in one therefore, a primary condition; of the petitions presented by the and, with every respect for the noble Earl. It was not till six feelings of the inhabitants of the years had elapsed that any fault dioceses of North Wales, he could was found with the measure. The not admit the claims of either of Welsh Commissioners never ob- them, as a matter of expediency, jected to anything being given to compared with those which called
for the establishment of a bishopric present Bill, he did not think that of Manchester.
Earl Powis was justified, in the The Bishop of London would existing circumstances, and confollow the same course he took on sidering the recent formation of a former occasion, and would not the Ministry, in asking their Lordvote at all. As one of the Com- ships to join with him in affirming missioners, who came reluctantly part of the plan of the Commisto the decision that that was not sioners and disaffirming the rest. the proper time to increase the If the Bill were rejected, he hoped number of English bishops, he felt Lord Powis would, at the combound in candour to state, that he mencement, not at the end, of the thought the Commissioners were Session, take measures for obtainsomewhat wanting in courage; ing the opinion of Parliament wheand he believed that if they had ther there should be an increase in taken longer time to deliberate the number of bishops, and whether upon what they were doing, the they should have seats in Parliaprobability, he would not say the ment; ascertaining also to what certainty, was that they would have extent that increase, if it were come to a different conclusion. He made, ought to go. thanked the Marquis of Lansdowne The Bishop of Salisbury sug. for the friendly feeling he had ex- gested the withdrawal of the Bill, pressed towards the Church, and but expressed his intention to vote the encouragement he had held for it, if a division should take out on the subject of the see of place. The Bishop of Norwich Manchester. He thought that by also advised its withdrawal, and the funds already in hand, and by the introduction of a Bill in the subscriptions, as much might be next Session to create a number of raised in a few months as would assistant or suffragan bishops. provide an income of 3,5001. to Earl Grey testified to the bene4,0001. for a bishop at Manchester, ficial effects which had arisen from without waiting for a vacancy in
the labours of the Ecclesiastical the Welsh bishoprics. He was Commission. He thought with Lord sorry to hear Lord Stanley, on a Lansdowne, that this Bill was obprevious occasion, say that he was jectionable, as being a futile and opposed to any increase taking imperfect alteration of a large and place in the number of bishops extensive measure.
His opinion, with seats in the House of Lords: with respect to giving new bishops he hoped he had misunderstood a seat in that House was, that if him.
new sees were created, the prelates The Bishop of Bangor strongly should take their seats on the epissupported the Bill, as a measure of copal bench. He thought that an justice to Wales.
increase in the strength of the Lord Stanley explained. He had episcopal body by the creation of never expressed an opinion in op- suffragan bishops was worthy of position to increasing the number mature consideration. But if the of bishops ; although at the period want of episcopal superintendence alluded to he had stated that it was was a crying evil, he thought the not a fit time for bringing forward want of an adequate number of the question. With respect to the parochial clergy in the country was
a still more crying and a still more The House then divided :-
38 directly at the possibility of mak Against it
28 ing an improvement in this respect by increasing the number of the Majority for the Bill 10 parochial clergy in proportion to the population.
The Marquis of Lansdowne then The Bishop of Oxford at some announced that after this decision length supported the Bill. He of the House he did not intend to thought the real question was whe- offer any further opposition to the ther there ever should be an increase Bill. At the same time it was not of the English episcopate. Hedwelt to be understood that his conviction on the paucity of bishops in Eng- respecting it had been altered. land as compared with other coun Upon the third reading being tries. The consequence was that shortly afterwards proposed, Lord our bishops, instead of being en Lansdowne stated that he had felt abled to devote themselves to the some doubt whether under this spiritual duties of their office, and Bill the consent of the Crown were to lead the way wherever the Gos- necessary. IIe had thought it howpel was to be preached or destitu ever tho most prudent course to tion relieved, were oppressed with apply for Her Majesty's consent, secularity, and their time absorbed and was now authorized to say that in the outward administrative parts the Crown would oppose no obof their offices. No man could stacle to the measure. The Bill look into the prevailing state of was then passed. things without seeing that some A few nights afterwards, (Aunew, greater, and more persever- gust 4,) Lord Clive inquired in the ing effort must be made to leaven IIouse of Commons what course the people with Christian princi- the Government intended to pursue ples, otherwise the laws of the land with respect to the Bill. in a season of difficulty would be Lord John Russell said, that a but cobwebs. The experience of Bill which had received the consent all times showed that a prerequi- of the House of Lords, and of site to the increase of the clergy nearly all the bishops, deserved to
an increase of the bishops. be very respectfully considered. Their labours in the West Indies He could not agree with the Bill, were in vain till a bishop was sent however, even supposing that he there, when a clergy grew up such were prepared to depart from the as had never been previously known. Report of the Ecclesiastical ComSo in the other colonies. If they missioners. IIe did not conceive believed this system to be of God, that all that was required was to let them show something of faith preserve the dioceses of St. Asaph in its efficacy. If they made an and Bangor: he was called upon to effort themselves, they would find consider the state of the parishes a voice from their people cheering in those dioceses, and their boundthem on; and they would be en aries, with a view to better episabled to endow and otherwise to copal superintendence. The Gocarry out their objects.
vernment were prepared to consider
the subject; but time was required, try, it was taken up by the new and should the Bill be pressed in Government, and after undergoing the present Session he must op some slight alteration, was passed
into a law. It provided for the Upon this statement Lord Clive appointment of about sixty local said, that he would not press the judges, who were directed to make Bill to a second reading.
periodical circuits through their The remaining business of the districts, and to hold courts in all Session may be briefly stated. The the principal towns twice in every discussion of Poor-law affairs occu month. pied a considerable portion of time; At length the termination of this but as it turned for the most part long - protracted Session arrived. on personal and ephemeral ques. On the 28th August, Parliament tions, arising out of its administra was prorogued by Commission, the tion in particular cases, it does not Commissioners being the Lord require notice in this place. The Chancellor, the Marquis of Lansconduct of the Poor Law Commis- downe, Earls Spencer and Minto, sioners became a subject of fre- and Lord Campbell. The Lord quent controversy, in connection Chancellor read the following with the proceedings of a Select Speech from the Throne :Committee which had been appointed to investigate the adminis.
My Lords and Gentlemen, tration of the law in the Andover Union, and which excited consider “We are commanded by Her Maable public interest. Much warmth jesty to express to you the warm of feeling was excited by some of acknowledgments of Her Majesty these discussions, the opponents of for the public spirit you have the existing law inveighing with evinced in the discharge of your great severity against the abuses laborious duties during an anxious which they alleged in its ope- and protracted Session. ration. The legislative results of “ Her Majesty trusts that you the Session, as they relate to this will be rewarded by witnessing the subject, were limited to a Bill, which beneficial results of the measures passed into a law, for modifying which have been sanctioned by Her the Law of Settlement, by exempt- Majesty for the present relaxation ing poor persons from removal and ultimate repeal of protective after a certain period of residence duties on corn and sugar. in a parish, subject to certain con “ Her Majesty entertains a conditions.
fident hope that the more free adAn often attempted, but long de- mission of the produce of foreign ferred, measure received the Royal countries into the home-market will assent before the close of the Ses increase the comforts and better sion, establishing local tribunals the condition of the great body of in every district of England for the
the people. recovery of small debts and the “Her Majesty feels the greatest trial of actions under a certain satisfaction in reflecting that Her amount. A measure for this pur Majesty's efforts to settle, in a pose was brought in by Sir R. manner consistent with national Peel's Administration; but being honour, the conflicting claims of suspended by the change of Minis- Great Britain and the United States
with respect to the territory on the pleasure that a considerable diminorth-west coast of America, have nution of crime and outrage has been completely successful. taken place in those counties of “ Her Majesty continues to re
Ireland which had been most disceive from all Foreign Powers the turbed. strongest assurances of their desire “ Her Majesty is confident that to cultivate friendly relations with on your return to your several this country.
counties you will find a spirit of “ Her Majesty commands us to loyalty generally prevalent. The congratulate you on the victorious extension of works of improvement course and happy conclusion of the has increased the demand for lawar in India; and Her Majesty has bour ; and the tranquillity of the much gratification in announcing country has favoured the pursuits to you that perfect tranquillity pre- of industry in all its branches. vails throughout the whole of the “ Her Majesty trusts that by a British possessions in that quarter combination of prudence with enof the world.
terprise, and of a willing obedience
to law with a desire for social pro“Gentlemen of the House of Com- gress, Her people will, through the mons,
Divine blessing, enjoy the full ad“Her Majesty has observed with vantages of peace.
Thus terminated a Session, the satisfaction the care you have taken
results of which have scarcely been to prevent permanent loss to the revenue, and to maintain the pub- nals of modern Parliaments.
paralleled in importance in the an
The lic faith. “ Her Majesty has commanded
history of its proceedings may, inus to acknowledge the zeal and deed, be written in a single word —
Free Trade; the ratification of that unanimity with which you assented to the increase in the Naval and principle formed the sum and sub
stance of its labours. But if we Military Estimates, which regard to the exigencies of the Public Ser- cording to the interests of parties,
are to estimate legislation not acvice induced Her Majesty to pro
or by the changes wrought in pose
the distribution of political power, “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
(though even in this respect that
of 1847 was pre-eminent,) but ra“Her Majesty has to lament that ther by the range of its influence, the recurrence of a failure in the the duration of its effects, the numpotato crop, in an aggravated de- bers to whom it brings a blessing gree, will cause a serious deficiency or a bane, and its connection with in the quantity of a material article the daily occasions and most pressof food.
ing necessities of mankind, we “ Her Majesty has given Her might look back as far as the era cordial assent to measures by which of 1688 ere we discovered changes this calamity may be mitigated in more operative than those of the that part of the United Kingdom year just recorded upon the destiwhere the cultivation of the potato nies of Great Britain. Whether has hitherto afforded the chief sup- these changes are to be regarded ply for the subsistence of the people. with more of fear or hope : whe
“ Her Majesty has seen with ther we should look on them as the