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sea, for the suppression of slavery, then reminded the House, that and that increased the difficulty of those who should compel Lord J. our position. In all that had been Russell to abdicate power, were said by Lord George Bentinck re bound to ask themselves whether specting the abomination of the they were prepared to take it. traffic in slaves, it was impossible Two Governments had existed in not to agree. Nevertheless, enter the last three weeks.
Should a taining such opinions, and having third be now formed? On what great apprehensions of the mea- principle? Should it be on the sure now proposed, and fearing that principle of restoring the late it would give a great stimulus to Government ? He said,
No." the slave-trade, he had come to the Should the Protectionists be called conclusion, though not without great to power, who would not only dehesitation and reluctance, that he feat this measure, but would also must give it his support. In coming revoke the measure which had just to that conclusion, he was obliged been passed? The House and the to consider the present position of country both said, "No." Consi. parties, and the prospect of forming dering, then, that if an opposition another Government. He agreed were made to this measure, it with Lord George Bentinck, that ought not to be a sham, but, if no sham or delusive opposition possible, a successful opposition, ought to be offered to these resolu- he declared that he was not pretions, and that, if an opposition were pared to take upon himself the reoffered to them, it ought to be one sponsibility and the consequences intended to be successful and fatal. which must attend success. Не, , He believed that by a combination therefore, felt bound to support of parties it would be possible to these resolutions from a conviction displace Lord John Russell
, or, at that, so long as uncertainty preany rate, to prevent his success vailed upon them, there would not upon these duties. He felt that it be that stimulus given to the emwas practicable to give the noble ployment of labour and capital in lord à temporary defeat on these the British sugar colonies, which resolutions ; but then he could was essential to their success. not refrain from asking himself, Entertaining a conviction that at whether it would be consistent no remote period these resolutions, with his character to lend himself if obstructed now, must be carried to such a combination ; and his hereafter, and that the noble lord conviction was, that it would not was best entitled to the credit of be consistent. Lord John Russell carrying them, he had come, bad made a proposal for the though not without reluctance, to final adjustment of this ques- the conclusion to support them in tion, and he was not surprised that principle, and not to embarrass the the noble lord had done Government by any opposition to The noble lord might have ad them in detail. journed the consideration of it to Sir T. Acland expressed great another Session; but he thought indignation that Sir R. Peel had that it was better that the noble rested his vote on this occasion lord had made it at once, as he upon the state of parties in that would otherwise have kept the House, and upon the mode in country in great uncertainty. He which the Government would be
affected by it. He should cer
was more in the hands of the Extainly vote against throwing the cise than the Excise was in the English market open to sugar ob hands of Government. The West tained we cruelties, which we had India proprietors also called for endeavoured to put down at every an equalization of the duties on cost, save that of character.
spirits, and he trusted that in a fuMr. P. Miles supported Lord G. ture Session Lord J. Russell would Bentinck's amendment, on the accede to that call. After exground that the measure of the pressing his opinion, founded on Government was calculated to en what he had seen in Cuba and courage the slave-trade. He then Louisiana, that free labour was proceeded to lay before the House cheaper than slave labour for the the state of the West Indian Co- production of sugar, he quoted the lonies, and the probable effects of authority of Governor Light, to the measure upon them. It would prove that the introduction of free throw a vast number of estates labour into our West Indian colo-out of cultivation, especially those nies would not reduce the rate of which were not well situated for wages now paid to the negro free communication with the shipping. labourers. He concluded by exIt was not owing to any fault of pressing his sorrow that Sir R. the West India proprietors that Peel had last night declared his several of their estates had already intention to support this introducgone out of cultivation ; but it was tion of slave-grown sugar into the owing to the want of labour, and British market. For, as it must to the high price which was paid give a stimulus to the slave-trade, for it since the emancipation of the how could we call upon other naslaves had been carried into effect. tions to stop it, whilst we were The West India proprietors asked ourselves undoing with one hand for an unlimited supply of labour; what we were doing with the and, instead of a scanty supply other? from that part of the coast Mr. Borthwick said he should of Africa where the British flag vote for going into Committee upon was flying, they wanted a supply the resolution, but he should at from the whole coast of that con a future period move that the tinent, as the natives of that conti- differential duty of 9s. 3d. should nent were best qualified to sustain be continued for a period of five tropical labour. With such an years, in favour of
West amount of labour an ample supply Indian sugars against all other of sugar might be provided for the sugars, both slave-labour and freeconsumption of Great Britain at labour sugar. its present price. They also The Marquis of Granby said he wanted free trade to be carried should vote against the resolution out to its full extent, and there on two grounds ; first, because he fore they demanded free access for was convinced that it was their commodities to the breweries
cessary to afford protection to our and distilleries of this country. own colonies, and, secondly, because The Government refused he was reluctant to increase the pliance to that demand for reasons abominations of the slave-trade. of excise-reasons
Mr. A. Oswald opposed the vinced him that the Government amendment.
Mr. Hume maintained that the whatsoever. Now, the last reduce admission of slave-labour sugar tion in the amount of the Sugar into the British market would pro- Duties was of no use to the conduce no effect on slavery in the sumer; and he was afraid that colonies. He also insisted that Sir the present reduction would not do R. Peel was not justified in as do him much more good. He serting, last night, that this mea- thought it would have been sure would increase slavery in much better had the differenCuba and the Brazils. He con- tial duties in favour of our own tended that the horrid statements colonies been continued until the exwith which Lord G. Bentinck had piration of the present Corn Laws. harrowed the feelings of the House, It would have produced this benehad nothing to do with the ques. fit, if no other, that it would have tion before it, and ought to be encouraged those who were most dismissed at once and for ever interested in the change now profrom the minds of all who heard posed, to carry that change out in them. He wished to have this the spirit in which it was conceived question of the Sugar Duties per- by the Legislature. manently settled ; and, though hie Sir John Reid predicted, as the considered these resolutions to be a result of this measure, the total deviation from principle, he should ruin of the West Indian cologive them his support. He con. nies. curred with Mr. D. Hume that, Mr. Bernal declared his intention whilst Cuba and the Brazils had to vote for the resolutions ; but at slavery and the slave trade, and the same time he should stickle for whilst our planters were deprived the admission of West Indian of that means of raising their pro- spirits on the
terms as duce, the question of a free trade English, Scotch, and Irish spirits; in sugar was taken entirely out for the admission of sugar into the of the category of free trade. In breweries and distilleries of Great giving his assent, then, to such a Britain ; and for the extension of deviation from principle, he must the contracts which Lord John recommend the Government to Russell now permitted the West remove every impediment to the Indian to make with the African supply of labour in our West Indian negro in Sierra Leone, and other colonies, and to free those colonies British possessions. at once from every commercial Mr. E. Denison felt anxious to restriction now imposed upon impress upon the House the prothem. Looking again at the ques. priety of taking care that the tion in a financial point of view, great experiment which for some he was not satisfied that the years past we had been trying in Chancellor of the Exchequer was the West Indies did not become a not, in proposing this measure, sa failure. With that view he called crificing a large amount of revenue, the attention of the House to the without any benefit to the con course which we had pursued on sumer at all. If you remit taxa- the western coast of Africa, and to tion, and do not give the benefit the conduct which we had adopted of the remission to the consumer, towards our West Indian colonies. you throw away a certain amount He then established, by reference of revenue for no useful purpose to a mass of public documents,
that our efforts to suppress the the present position of parties, op-
money, three propositions of Lord G. health, and life. Having observed Bentinck's speech, and observed that it was lamentable to add that that the Chancellor of the Exchethose efforts had, from their quer, in his reply to it, had offered failure, aggravated the horrors of to the first an assumption, had met the slave-trade, he proceeded to the second with an hypothesis, contend that the best arm which and had combated the third with we could employ against slavery a sophism. He then proceeded to was the promotion of free labour substantiate that assertion, conin our colonies. He then gave a tending that Lord G. Bentinck had history of the different measures not over-estimated the supply of which had been taken for the pur- sugar from the West Indies, the pose of admitting free labour into Mauritius, and the East Indies, the West Indies, and read a re and had not underrated the concommendation given by a com- sumption of the British market ; mittee of that House to the
that he had maintained the critiGovernment, to make the importa. cism which he had passed on the tion of free blacks into those financial calculations of Lord J. colonies a Government measure. Russell; that the Chancellor of He, therefore, entreated Her the Exchequer had only upset Majesty's Ministers not to allow those criticisms by producing a any vague fears of being accused series of figures completely differof doing wrong, when they were ent from those of the First Lord conscious that they were doing of the Treasury, and by transmutright, to prevent them from en ing 20,000 into 30,000 tons of couraging that immigration. The sugar, by a novel species of alWest Indians had a right to chemy; and that the irrefragable demand such a supply of free arguments of Lord George Benlabour ; and he for one should be tinck, respecting the promotion of prepared to support a grant of slavery and the slave-trade, bad 50,0001. to them for such an ob- only been met by the vain, deluject, and to deduct it from the sive, and flashy sophism, that our grant annually made for the sup- efforts to put them down had been port of the naval force on the coast neither effective nor complete. He of Africa.
then proceeded to controvert the Mr. E. James expressed a qua- position which Lord John Russell lified approval of the scheme, but had advanced in his opening speech thought that, if we admitted corn on this measure, that it would not duty free, we ought to apply the give any encouragement to the slavesame principle to sugar.
trade, and to examine whether his Mr. H. Barkly expressed him- lordship was justified in calling self in favour of free trade in upon the House to accede to it sugar, but he made several objec. for the sake of great commercial tions to the details of Lord John considerations and to secure the Russell's very complicated scheme. trade and commerce of the Brazils. He should, however, considering He reminded the House that it
was only last night that the Minister. No one understood the Chancellor of the Exchequer had West Indian question better than read to it a letter from a Brazilian, Sir R. Peel-no one could have whom he represented as a high au been a more effective champion of thority, stating that that trade and West Indian interests.
Great, that commerce were not in exist- therefore, was his mortification ence, and could neither be forfeited when he found Sir R. Peel delivernor secured. Mr. Disraeli contend- ing a speech fatal to all his hopes. ed that our West Indian Colonies. The reasons, too, which Sir Robert even in their lowest fortunes, were had given for the conclusions at better customers of our manufac- which he had arrived, were more turers at Manchester than the ingenious and surprising than most scattered population of the Brazils, of the arguments which the House and that the millions of men who had heard from bis lips. He (Mr. obeyed our sway in Hindostan, Disraeli) appealed to the people of consumed incomparably more of England, and asked them whether our productions than all the they thought that great Colonial Fonsecas and slave-dealers in the interests were to be sacrificed for world. He did not, however, op- such minute considerations as who pose the resolutions of Ministers should sit on the Ministerial bench? merely because they were antago- If great principles were to be nistic to our previous arrange- given up by members of Parliaments for the suppression of slavery ment against their conviction for and the slave-trade ; he opposed party considerations, he should them because they were antago- say, “ Farewell to the Parliament nistic to the fragment left of the of England.” Sir Robert Peel had old colonial system of England. also said that he could not see how He ventured to predict, that the Government could be formed House would soon retrace its steps, supposing the present Ministry to and reconstruct that now almost be broken up. He did not set annihilated system. He said so, much value on that declaration of because the history of England opinion, for he would tell Sir R. was a history of reaction. Turn- Peel frankly that his forte did not ing from this subject, he animad- lie so much in the construction as verted with great severity on the in the destruction of a Governfuneral oration delivered last night ment. He concluded by stating, by Lord Sandon over the cause of that in resisting these resoluabolition. It completed the pic- tions he felt no hostility against ture of this eventful Session, to the existing Government, that see the noble lord, who moved the he was actuated by no factious resolutions of 1841, sitting on a motives, and that the friends of hogshead of sugar in a white sheet protection could take
no other performing penance, and crying course than that which they had * peccavi.” Notwithstanding the taken. defalcation of Lord Sandon from Lord John Russell said, it was the ranks of colonial protection, he impossible for him to accede to still thought that its friends might the amendment of Lord George have fought its battle successfully Bentinck. He vindicated his rehad they been able to retain solutions from the objections which among them
the late Prime had been urged against them, in