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Lieutenant F. Van Straubenzee.
Doing Duly with the 35th Regiment
Jl. P. Burn, 1st Native Infantry.
Captain J. G. Gerard, 1st European G. Talbot.
Regiment. Adjutant J. S. Wood, lieutenant.
Lieutenant R. Dowson, 5th regiment Assistant-Surgeon J. Robertson,
W. Hillersdon, 53rd.
foot, doing duty with Her Majesty's 13th Light Infantry.
Broadfoot's Sappers and Miners.
Major G. Broadfoot, C.B., 34th Regi-
Surgeon J. Forsyth,
Assistant Surgeon, W. Brydon.
Major Mainwaring, 16th Bengal Na-
tive Infantry. The Governor - General will officers and soldiers of the garrison, transmit the medal to the mother who have died since that day. of the late Colonel Dennie, who
By order, &c. fell in the battle of the 7th of April; and to the relatives of the
T. H. MADDOCK.
NOTIFICATION BY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA,
Camp, Ferozepore, December 18, 1842. Major Huish, commanding the
This day Major-General Pol- regiment, that Major-General Pollock, C.B. passed the Sutlej, at the lock having, in an especial manner, head of the artillery and cavalry, expressed his obligations to the and of the 2nd brigade of infantry 26th regiment, and represented of the army under his command. their exemplary conduct on all
The Major-General was received occasions as meriting a particular at the foot of the bridge by the mark of the approbation of the Governor-General.
Government, he had great gratifiThe 26th regiment of Native cation in bestowing upon them, Infantry attached to the 2nd bri. on their return to India, the honor gade, was, at the desire of the of being henceforward a regiment Governor-General, formed into a of Light Infantry. hollow square, and the Governors
By order, &c.,
T. H. MADDOCK
Since the portion of our History relating to the Operations in Affgha
nistan and the alleged outrages commilled by the troops has passed through the press, the following Correspondence has been officially published, and in justice to the Officers and Men who composed the Force, we give it place in this portion of our Work.
From Major-General Joun M CASKILL, K.H., late in command of the
Force in KOHISTAN, to Major-General LUMLEY, Adjutant-General of the Army; dated Camp, Mobarukpoor, 2 April 1843.
Sir,- In obedience to the orders till about half past four o'clock in of his Excellency the Commander- the afternoon, when it retired, in-Chief, conveyed in your letter having been relieved by Brigadier to my address, No. 816, dated Stacey's brigade. During a part of 29th March, 1843, I have the their stay in the place, all the solhonour to report as follows, upon diers, 'sepoys, and camp followers the several particulars therein spe. took possession of whatever they cified :
found in the houses ; but with rea 1. At what hour the action at gard to Her Majesty's 9th Regiment, Istaliff began, and when it termi- am enabled to state that, for three nated ?
hours previous to retiring, Lieut.. The attack commenced between Col. Taylor assembled the regiment seven and eight o'clock in the in a garden, and restrained the morning, and the firing totally plunder as much as possible. The ceased in about two hours from articles chiefly taken by the men of that time. The place was com that corps were quilts, nearly all pletely in our possession by ten of them having lost their bedding o'clock.
during the advance to Cabul. On 2. Whether I gave up the town the following morning, with a view to plunder for a fixed number of to the restoration of order and hours, or suffered the troops to discipline, I took measures for putwreak vengeance upon it in their ting a stop to the pillage, by sendown way, and as long as they ing Brigadier Tulloch with the chose ?
2nd brigade to relieve Brigadier My instructions from Major. Stacey's troops. Brigadier TulGeneral Pollock being to destroy loch's orders were to patrol the the town by fire, I did not deem it place, and expel from it all soldiers necessary to restrain the troops not on duty, and all camp followers. employed in its capture from seiz- The provost serjeant, with a deing such property as they might tachment of irregular cavalry, was find in it. The 2nd brigade was posted in the town throughout the principally concerned in the action, day, to aid in carrying these orders and was not withdrawn to camp into effect,
3. To what extent was the town they remained during the night, burned, and by whose orders ? close to the tent of the chief, Jan
About one-third of the town Fishan Khan, contiguous to my was destroyed by fire, in obedience own; and were sent next morning to the orders of Major-General to one of his forts. Pollock; a copy of which is an
When the second brigade renexed. My instructions were to occupied the town on the day burn the whole; but not more succeeding the storm, Brigadier than the portion above stated was
Tulloch directed that all prisoners accomplished, the chief attention belonging to the place who might of the engineers and other officers be found should be brought to the employed having been directed to spot where he had established bis the destruction of the better sort of head-quarters; and during the buildings.
whole day the sepoys of the 26th 4. Treatment of the women?- Native Infantry were conducting
A single instance only of the to this place with care and kindmaltreatment of a woman has ness, aged and infirm men and come to my knowledge. When women, and young children, till a the troops were finally withdrawn large number were collected. from the place, an officer discovered They were provided with food accidently that such an act had and warm covering, and were left been perpetrated, but it was not in safety at that spot. When the possible to trace the culprit. The troops withdrew next morning, conduct of the soldiers and sepoys they appeared grateful for the towards the women was almost protection afforded them. universally good.
5. Whether there were any When the troops first attained cases in which Affglans were killed the highest point of the town, vast in cold blood, after resistance bad numbers of women and children ceased ; if so, by whose order?-were making their way up the I am firmly persuaded that no mountain ; several men were in such case occurred. Our more terspersed among them, and fired advanced troops, in rushing through upon our soldiers, who abstained the streets, were fired upon from from returning the shots, lest they some of the houses; they returned should injure the women. At the the fire, and in this way an irresame time a considerable number gular discharge of musketry was of women and children were so far kept up, by which two or three in the rear that our foremost old men, one woman, and perhaps troops, European and Native, were two or three children, were killed ; mingled with them, but suffered but this only occurred at the one them to proceed entirely unmo set. lested.
The troops on their way through About fifty women (some of the town found, in two or three them apparently of great respecta- places, small parties of the male inbility) were captured in the town. habitants, who begged for quarter. These were assembled, by order of They were in every case protected, Brigadier Tulloch, and conveyed and brought along, to ensure their under an escort, commanded by an safety till opportunity offered of officer (Lieutenant Vigars, of the letting them go uninjured. 9th), in safety to our camp, where Scarcely any coercion was ne.
cessary to prevent the practice of by the inhabitants, and all property cruelties. No disposition to it, withdrawn. but the reverse, was evinced by the Pursuant to my instructions, I troops, after the first excitement of destroyed the greater part of the the attack had subsided. While town by fire; and the service on that continued, it is probable that which the troops had been employten or twelve unarmed Aftghans ed, being of a nature to excite in may have fallen a sacrifice.
them a disposition to plunder and The second brigade, on with- violence, s issued the annexed drawing from Istaliff, formed the orders, dated Charekar, 3rd Octorear guard of the force. When ber, 1842. Its effect was such as calling in the picquets, a large I desired, by repressing disorder party of Affghans suddenly appear and restoring the proper discipline ed on the hill just quitted by the of the force. furthest picquet. The Brigadier,
I have also annexed a copy of supposing they intended an attack, an order issued by me, with similar ordered one of the mountain-train views, previous to our arrival at guns, which he had placed in posi. Istaliff. tion, to be fired upon them. The Besides the written instructions shot did not take effect, and it was from Major-General Pollock, of immediately afterwards perceived which I annex a copy, I received that these were unarmed men, the Major-General's verbal orders apparently having no purpose but to the same effect, dwelling partithat of picking up the posteens and cularly on the destruction of Chaquilts left by the troops upon the rekar, which had been the scene of camp ground. The Brigadier or treacherous barbarity towards our dered that they should not be mo officers and troops. lested, and they were unhurt, although within a few yards of
I have, &c. our troops.
6. Capture and destruction of (Signed) John M'CAskill, Charekar?
Major-General, On arrival at Charekar, the place
Late in the Command of the was found to have been abandoned
Force in Kobistan.
From Major G. Ponsonby, Assistant Adjutant-General, to Ma.
jor-General M'CAskill, K.H., Commanding the Troops proceeding to KOHISTAN; dated Camp, near Cabul, 25th September, 1842.
Sir,—The chief object of send- villages in the vicinity of Charreing out a body of troops under kar, or on the road thereto, as may your command is, if practicable, be occupied by the enemy, should to secure the person of Mahomed be destroyed by fire. Akbar.
The troops are not to be abThe force is not to proceed be- sent from head-quarters more than yond Charrekar: such forts and twelve days.
Major Pottinger will accom army of the Indus, are in Kohis. pany you, to give any information tan, and it is desirable they should he may possess.
be brought on. I have, &c. It is expected that a number of
G. PONSONBY, Major, natives, formerly belonging to the
The following is a copy of an Such scenes would mar the disci. order issued by me restraining a pline which renders them superior disposition to pillage and violence, to their enemies, and thus reduce which manifested itself previous them, first to their level, and fito the arrival of the force at Ista- nally below it. The Major-Gene
ral therefore notifies, that he has Camp near Timma, directed the provost-marshal's as(D.O.) 27 Sept. 1842.
sistant to punish summarily and The Major-General feels him- severely any future acts of pillage, self called upon to notice, in terms and calls upon all officers to put of the most marked reprobation, an end to irregularities by a prompt the acts of outrage committed by and firm exercise of their authosome of the troops of this force. rity. This order to be read and during the two last marches. He explained to the troops before they is not ignorant of the wrongs of are dismissed after their march, some of our soldiers, and many of and its substance to be proclaimed their nearest relations have been in bazaars in the usual manner. injured at the hands of the savage I have, &c. people of these villages; but it JOHN M'CASKILL, never can be suffered in any army
Major-General, that troops should take the right
Late in Command of the Force of retribution into their own hands.
Copy of a Morning Order issued at Chareekar, 3 October, 1842.
Major-General M'Caskill an must cease, and property and pernounces to the troops, that in the son be strictly respected ; and the destruction of Istalif and Chareekar, provost-marshal's assistants will be the objects of retribution in the instructed to flog severely on the Kohistan contemplated by superior spot any soldier, sepoy, or native, authority have been accomplished; attached to the camp, who may be no farther example need be made, detected in any act of devastation unless punishment is provoked by or violence. This order to be fully any attacks on our columns as they and immediately explained to corps march towards Cabul. Soldiers and proclaimed in bazaars. and followers must therefore una
I have, &c. derstand that from sunset this JOHN M'CASKILL, evening they are expected to return within the strictest limits of
Late in Command of the Force discipline. License and plunder