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Khan, has also arrived as Governor son would have been destroyed in of Ghuznee, and as political agent. a few days. The bearer has reI received instructions to march, ceived only subsistence immediately on his arrival, for Ca- road, and is to receive a handsome bool, from the late Sir W. Mac- reward on delivering this letter. naughten, Bart.
Abandoned as We have upwards of 100 sick and this garrison has been, in the very wounded, and 137 casualties. The centre of the enemy's country, cut officers, including Captain Burnett, off from all communication with 54th, and Lieutenant Crawford, any quarter, and without a suffi. Shah Soojah's force, are all well. ciency of water, even at this sea
I have &c., son, with two hundred men de.
T. PALMER. tached to hold an out-post, which P.S. There is great reason to is destitute of water, and must fear for our safety, as there are have fallen in forty-eight hours, thousands of Ghazees in the city, nothing but capitulation remained. whom the chiefs cannot disperse. From the out-post falling into the The snow is still deep. No tidings hands of the enemy, they would from the southward, but report command our only well, and, com says the troops hold the city of manding the fort, the whole garri- Candahar and are daily fighting.
IV. OPERATIONS OF MAJOR GENERAL POLLOCK.
MAJOR-GENERAL POLLOCK TO MR. MADDOCK.
Peshawur, February 12, 1842. occasion of Brigadier Wild's adSir.-I hoped by this date to vance. I was thus compelled to have been able to report, for the remain at Attock until the Sikh information of Government, my troops moved away, which was intention of moving forward im- effected after many urgent mesmediately, but unforeseen circum- sages from Captain Lawrence, who stances have occurred, and which had joined the Sikh camp with the are likely to delay any active ope. view of hastening their advance to rations, though I hope not long.
Peshawur. As the British troops I left General McCaskill's bri. arrived on the day the Sikh troops gade three marches on the other marched, I remained with the side of the Attock, in the expecta- former to hasten them across the tion of reaching Peshawur the Indus. We unfortunately had following day, but on my arrival very heavy rain, but I crossed the at the Indus, I found the Sikh whole, and marched to Akora on troops encamped on the left bank the 4th. The next morning (the under Rajah Golab Sing, accom- 5th), I again left the camp, and panied by the prince, and the road proceeded to Peshawur with Capon the right bank was occupied by tain Lawrence, who returned again the four Nujeeb battalions, who to the Sikh camp on the 6th. The had so shamefully retired on the day after my arrival, I was much
concerned to hear from Brigadier Golab Sing, have not yet arrived, Wild that the number of sick in and I fear from the very unneceshis brigade amounted to about sary delay which has been made 1000 men.
I proceeded the next since I first met them at Attock, morning to camp, visited all the that I can expect little, indeed no hospitals, to endeavour to ascertain aid, from them ; it is unfortunate from the surgeons the probable that it should be so, but it is better cause : several were suggested that I should expect no aid rather such as the snow water, the attah, than depend upon receiving it, the inclemency of the weather, and afterwards be disappointed. and the effects of the late exposure The number of troops which I at Ali Musjid. I attribute it have now fit for duty, exclusive of chiefly to the weather at this sea cavalry, is scarcely equal to the son, which is cold, with constant strength of Brigadier Wild's brirain. I have ordered a special gade before I arrived. I could medical committee to assemble and not therefore hope to advance and report on the subject, for I regret keep open my communication with to say that the number of cases Peshawur. This is quite evident now amounts to more than 1800 ; from the circumstance of the comthe disease, dysentery and diarr, munication being entirely cut off hæa. It is, however, satisfactory between Ali Musjid and Peshato know that no case has been wur, while two regiments held fatal, and that almost the whole of possession of the former place, and them are slight, and I have little the other two regiments were at doubt of the complaint disappear the mouth of the pass. If, as I am ing almost entirely when the wea. led to expect from his Excellency ther becomes less severe. In the the Commander-in-Chief, another meantime, I have requested of brigade, including the 31st Queen's Captain Mackeson to endeavour and the 3rd Dragoons, is now on to procure for all the men the its march to join me, I shall have worsted gloves and stockings which no difficulty in advancing, for I I understand from Captain Pon- fully expect that the sickness sonby were granted to the other which now exists will cease as troops arriving here. I consider the weather becomes milder. I it the more desirable that these have every reason to believe that articles should be given to the with a force of about 10,000 men men, as the late affairs in which (which they would be, if the exthey have been engaged, have, pected brigade joins in time), I from some mismanagement or want should be able to reach Jellalabad of proper arrangement after Bri- almost without opposition. The gadier Wild was wounded, proved chiefs of Lalpoora and Ghoosta severe and trying. I shall visit are willing to, and desirous of aid. their hospitals frequently, and by ing us, if we advance with a force adding in any way to their com- sufficient to command respect, and forts, show that I feel an interest the same may perhaps be said of in them. There has been some the Sikhs; but unless the force is unpleasant feeling among them, formidable, and we are able to which I hope has entirely submake our way and keep open the sided.
communication, the tribes between The Sikh troops, under Rajah this and Jellalabad will not only
not aid us, but will feel compelled inforcement joins me, I should not to act offensively, to save them- hesitate to make every exertion to selves from the vengeance of the join him; but as we are in comCabul authorities whenever we munication, I do not expect any may withdraw from the country. sudden or unexpected call from“ The chief of Ghoosta has written him: he is, by the last accounts, a letter, a translation of which I well supplied for a month. Ali inclose; he has hitherto been Musjid is still in possesslon of the friendly, and will no doubt con enemy. I have made particular tinue so while we are in force. inquiry about it, and as I find it The late Lalpoora chief is still is commanded by two hills, I anhere, and feels fully confident of ticipate no difficulty in retaking being able to regain his authority it, which I propose doing whenwhenever we advance in sufficient ever I advance. numbers. In the event of Sir R.
I have, &c., Sale requiring aid before any re
MAJOR-GENERAL POLLOCK TO MR. MADDOCK.
Sulla Chunee near Ali Musjid, undertaking of considerable diffi.
culty. Sir, It is with feelings of much 3. The columns destined to acgratification 1 have the honor to complish this most important obreport, for the information of the ject, moved off simultaneously with Right Honorable the Governor- the main column intended to asGeneral in Council, the following sault the entrance, but were comdetail of operations undertaken and pelled to make a considerable decarried into effect against the tour to the right and left, to enable Afreedees.
them to commence the ascent. 2. Yesterday morning, at half 4. The right column consisted past three, the troops were under of the troops detailed in the mararms, the camp struck, and, ac- gin, * under the command of Lieucording to arrangements previously tenant-Colonel Taylor, Her Mamade, the treasure, ammunition jesty's 9th Foot, and Major Anand baggage placed on the road derson, 64th regiment Native Inleading from Jumrood towards the fantry. entrance of the Khyber Pass. The 5. The left column,t under the enemy had for some days appeared command of Lieutenant-Colonel in great numbers at the mouth of the Pass, which they had fortified with a strong breast work of stones
Four companies of Her Majesty's and bushes. The hills on the right jesty's 26th Native Infantry; four com
9th Foot; four companies of Her Maand left were rocky and precipi- panies of Her Majesty's 64th Native tous, presenting great natural ob- Infantry. stacles to the ascent of troops. To
+ Four companies of Her Majesty's gain the summit of these heights, 9th foot; four companies of Her Madefended as they were by a nu- panies of Her Majesty's 64th Native merous body of the enemy, was an Infantry; 400 Jezailchées.
Moseley and Major Huish, com and on each side, which were comenced the ascent, led by Captain vered with the enemy, who apFerris' regiment of Jezailchees. peared determined to contest every Both columns, after considerable inch of ground, but nothing could opposition, which they overcame resist the gallantry of our troops, in a most gallant style, succeeded who carried everything before in routing the enemy, and gaining them. A position of considerable possession of the crest of the hills strength above the bridge now reon either side. While the flank- mained to be carried, and again ing columns were in progress on the Jezailchees were conspicuous the heights, I ordered Captain in forcing the enemy to relinquish Alexander, in command of the their strongholds. Crowning par. artillery, to place the guns in posi- ties having taken possession of tion, and to throw shrapnell among their heights, all opposition on the the enemy when opportunity of part of the enemy may be said to fered, which assisted much in their have ceased, as no large body of discomfiture. As Lieutenant-Co- them has since come in sight. The lonel Taylor, from the opposition nature of the arrangements made he had met with, and the extremely for the protection of the baggage, difficult nature of the ground, was will be best understood when I some time in reaching the summit state that not a single baggage of the hill on the right, I detached animal has fallen into the hands a party# under the command of of the enemy. Brigadier Wild, to assault it in 6. It now remains for me to front; it was however so extremely perform the pleasing duty of statsteep near the top, that notwith ing how much I feel indebted to standing the undaunted gallantry the officers and men comprising of the officers and men, they were the force under my command, for unable to gain a footing on the their zeal, devotion, and unflinchsummit, and I regret to say, the ing valour, in performance of the enemy were enabled to throw stones
very arduous duty which they have with fatal effect upon some of the so nobly executed. leading Grenadiers of the 9th Foot. 7. From Major-General Mc Finding the heights in our posses- Caskill, K.H., commanding the sion, I now advanced the main infantry division, and who was on column to the mouth of the Pass, this occasion commanding the rearand commenced destroying the guard, I have received every assisbarrier which the enemy had eva. tance; as likewise from Brigadier cuated on perceiving their position Wild-to Lieutenant-Colonel Tay. was turned ; a portion of the right lor, K.H., my warmest acknowand left columns being left to keep ledgments are due for the spirit, the heights, under the command coolness and judgment with which of Lieutenant-Colonel Moseley, be discharged the duties entrusted and Major Anderson, respectively. to him. Where officers and men, Major Huish and Lieutenant-Co- European and Native, have all so lonel Taylor continued their ad- gallantly performed their duty, it vance to crown the hills in front is difficult to select the names of
particular individuals, but I can1 Gr. Her Majesty' 9th Foot; six not omit the names of those who companies of the 63rd Native Infantry, so admirably led the troops to
storm the heights, viz.: Lieuten- quired to be crowned. Both these ant-Colonel Moseley, 64th Native officers came on to the ground Infantry, Major Huish, 26th Na- which I now occupy. Captain tive Infantry, Major Anderson, Lawrence returned to Peshawur 64th Native Infantry, and Captain yesterday, and Captain Mackeson Ferris, commanding the Jezail. proceeds with the force. Captain chees, whose conduct excited the Sir Richmond Shakespear volundelight and admiration of all who teered his services to accompany beheld them; indeed I consider Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor, as his much of the success of the day to aide-de-camp, and took command be attributed to their gallantry, of the men lately composing the skill and perseverance in this most garrison of Ali Musjid ; his exerdifficult description of warfare. I tions throughout the day were have also to express my satisfaction most conspicuous and unceasing. with the manner in which the ar 9. I must here observe that, tillery was served, by Captain from the character of the operaAlexander commanding; the pre- tions, and the very great numbers cision with which shrapnell was of the enemy, estimated at about thrown, caused considerable loss to 10,000, I found the force under the enemy. To Captain Ponsonby, my command numerically deficient, my Assistant Adjutant-General, and in consequence the troops sufCaptain Codrington, Assistant fered severely from excessive faQuarter-Master-General, Captain tigue. Macadam, Deputy-Judge-Advo 10. There were some of the cate-General, and to Lieutenant enemy's horse in the vicinity of Pollock, A.D.C., I am much in- Ali Musjid, but I regret they did debted for communicating my or not wait for Brigadier White, and ders at different times during the his brigade, to make an example dav.
of them. 8. I cannot conclude this dis
I have, &c. patch without requesting that you
G. POLLOCK. will bring to the particular notice P.S.-herewith forward reof the Governor-General in Coun- ports from officers commanding cil, the very great assistance I have detached parties, but have not yet received from Captains Mackeson received the return of casualties, and Lawrence; Captain Mackeson's which shall be sent to-morrow. I knowledge of the localities was in. am happy to say, our loss has been valuable to me by enabling him to much below what could possibly point out those heights which re
have been expected.
MAJOR-GENERAL POLLOCK TO MAJOR-GENERAL LUMLEY.
Camp, Bootkhak, Sept. 14, 1842. rived at Tezeen the same day, Sir,- I have the honour to re where I was joined by Majorport, for the information of his General McCaskill, with the 2nd Excellency the Commander-in- division. On the 12th I halt. Chief, that I marched from Sehed, in consequence of the cattle Baba on the 11th instant, and ar of the second division having suf