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MINES AND COLLIERIES ACT.
AN ACT TO PROHIBIT THE EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN AND GIRLS IN
MINES AND COLLIERIES, TO REGULATE THE EMPLOYMENT OF Boys, AND TO MAKE OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO PERSONS WORK ING THEREIN.--5 & 6 Vic. Cap. 99.-[10th August 1842.]
Whereas it is unfit that women passing of this act, be absolutely and girls should be employed in void ; and from and after the first any mine or colliery, and it is ex- day of March one thousand eight pedient to make regulations regard- hundred and forty-three it shall ing the employment of boys in not be lawful for any owner of mines and collieries, and to make any mine or colliery to employ provisions for the safety of persons any female person whatsoever working therein : be it therefore within any mine or colliery, or to enacted by the Queen's most ex allow or permit any female person cellent Majesty, by and with the to work or be therein as aforesaid ; advice and consent of the Lords and every indenture of apprenticeSpiritual and Temporal, and Com- ship, or other contract or engagemons, in this present Parliament ment, whereby any female person assembled, and by the authority of whatsoever shall be bound to work the same, That from and after the or be liable to be called on to work passing of this act it shall not be within any mine or colliery (other lawful for any owner of any mine than such as are before declared to or colliery whatsoever to employ be void at the end of three calenany female person within any mine dar months as aforesaid) shall, or colliery, or permit any female from and after the said first day of person to work or be therein, for March one thousand eight hundred the purpose of working therein, and forty-three, be absolutely void. other than such as were at or be II. And be it enacted, That fore the passing of this act em- from and after the first day of ployed within such mine and col. March, one thousand eight hundred Tiery; and that from and after and forty-three, it shall not be three calendar months from the lawful for any owner of any mine passing of this act it shall not be or any colliery to employ any male lawful for any owner of any mine person under the age of ten years or colliery to employ any female within any mine or colliery, or to person who at the passing of this permit any such male person to act shall be under the age of work, or be therein for the pureighteen years within any mine or pose of working therein, other colliery, or permit such person to than such as at the passing of this work or be therein as aforesaid; and act shall have attained the age of any indentures of apprenticeship nine years, and were at or before whereby any female person who at and passing of this act employed the passing of this act was under within such mine or colliery. the age of eighteen years shall be III. And be it enacted, That bound to work or be liable to be it shall be lawful for one of her called on to work in any mine or Majesty's Principal Secretaries of colliery shall, at the expiration of State, if and when he shall think three calendar months from the fit, to appoint any proper person
or persons to visit and inspect any years, he shall be discharged from mine or colliery ; and it shall be such apprenticeship, and the artilawful for every person so author- cles of apprenticeship shall become ized to enter and examine such absolutely null and void. mine or colliery, and the works, V. And be it enacted, That buildings, and machinery belong. every person or persons, body or ing thereto, at all times and sea company, offending against any of sons, by day or by night, and to the aforesaid provisions, shall formake inquiry touching any matter feit a sum not more than ten within the provisions of this act; pounds nor less than five pounds, and the owner or occupiers of such for every person employed or suf. mines or collieries, or their agents, fered to be in a mine or colliery are hereby required to furnish the cortrary to the aforesaid provimeans necessary for such person or sions, to be sued for and recovered persons so appointed to visit and as after mentioned. inspect such mines and collieries, VI. Provided always, and be it works, buildings, and machinery; enacted, That if it shall appear on and every person to be so appointed inquiry before any justices under shall report his proceedings in the the provisions of this act that any execution of this act in such man person under the age hereinbefore ner as may be directed by the specified has been employed in any Secretary of State ; and he shall colliery on the representation of in like manner report the state and the parent or natural guardian of condition of the persons working in such person that he was above the such mine or colliery, and whether age so herein before specified, and if or not the provisions of this act are it shall appear to such justices that properly observed in the mine or such person was so empoyed under colliery which he shall so inspect. the bonâ fide impression and belief
IV. And be it enacted, That on the part of the employer that from and after the passing of this he was not under the age so speciact no person or persons shall take fied, it shall be lawful for such any apprentice who shall be bound justices, if they see fit, lo remit the to work, or be liable to be called on said penalty as against the party to work, or be otherwise occupied, employing such person, and to sumwithin a mine or colliery, who shall mon the parent or natural guardian be under the age of ten years, or of the person employed to appear befor a longer term of apprenticeship fore them on a day to be named for than eight years, except as the the purpose, and on conviction of apprentice of a mason, joiner, en- such parent or guardian of having gine wright, or other mechanic wilfully misrepresented the age of whose services may be required the person employed, such parent occasionally below as well as above or guardian shall forfeit a sum not ground; and every indenture of exceeding forty shillings. apprenticeship whereby any person VII. And be it enacted, That shall be hereafter bound contrary nothing hereinbefore contained to the provisions of this act shall shall prevent any person whatever be void ; and when any person who from being employed in or about is now serving under articles of ap- any mine or colliery, so as such prenticeship within any mine or col- employment shall be carried on siery shall attain the age of eighteen above ground.