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DEATHS-Feb. gratitude for the benefits which he had sometime Governor of Bengal. He conferred upon the profession. He was married, Oct. 31, 1787, Mary, only buried by the side of his father in Pad. daughter and heir of Sir John Bridger, dington church-yard, and his remains of Coombe-place, co. Sussex, and of were followed to the grave by a long Coln St. Aldwyn's, co. Gloucester, Kot. train of mourners. But it was in private In 1807, he was first returned to the life that he was pre-eminently distin House of Commons, as representative guished. The gentleness of his nature, of Lewes, for which borough he was rethe eveoness of his temper, the amenity elected in 1812 and 1818, in which year of his manners, and the sweetness of he was created a Baronet. lle left four his disposition were only equalled by sons and four daughters. the activity of bis benevolence. He was In St. James's-square, aged 75, the never weary of assisting others, especi- Right Hon. William Henry Vane, Duke ally his professional brethren when in of Cleveland (1833), Marquess of Cleve. difficulties.
Jand (1827), third Earl of Darlington -- At his seat in Ireland in his 70th and Viscount Barnard (1754), Baron year, the Hon. G. E. Massy. He was Barnard of Barnard Castle (1699), and born July 29, 1772, the third son of Baron Raby of Raby Castle (1833), Hugh second Lord Massy, by Catha K.G.; Lord-Lieutenant and Custos Rorine, daughter and coheiress of Edward tulorum of the County, and Vice-Admi. Taylor, ot Ballymore, co. Limerick, esq., ral of the coast of Durham, Colonel of and sister to Sarah Countess of Carrick. the Durham Militia, &c. &c. His Grace Mr Massy married in December 1791, was born on the 27th July, 1766, the Eliz., daughter of Michael Scaulin, only son of Henry, second Earl of Daresq., of Ballynahana, by whom he bad lington, by Margaret, daughter of Roissue four sons and three daughters. bert Lowther, esq., and sister to James,
31. In Davidge-terrace, Walcot-place, 5th Earl of Lonsdale. His tutor was Lambeth, in his 50th year, Mr. George the Rev. William Lipscomb, late Rector Bothwell Davidge, lessee of the Surrey of Welbury, near North Allerton (and theatre.
father of the Bishop of Jamaica), who was also tutor to the present Duke and
his brother Lord William Powlett, and FEBRUARY.
is still living. Whilst still Viscount
Barnard, he was returned to Parliament 3. In Upper Harley-street, aged 63, in 1789 for the borough of Totnes, and Sir Henry William Martin, the second in 1790 for Winchelsea. When only Bart. of Lockynge, co. Berks. (1791). 26, be succeeded his father as Earl of He was born Dec. 20, 1768, the second Darlington, on the 8th Sept. 1792 ; and but eldest surviving son of Sir Henry in the same year he became Colonel of Martin, the first Baronet, Comptroller
the Durbam Militia. His first and of the Navy, by Elizabeth, daughter of chief ambition was to shine as a sportsHarding Parker, of Kilbrook, co. Cork,
He spared no expense in the esq., and widow of St. Leger Howard splendour of his kennels and stables'; Giilman, of Gillmanville, co. Cork, esq. and he stood first on the roll of masters His youngest brother is Admiral Sir of fox-hounds. Everything in Lord Thomas Byam Martin, G.C.B. and K.S., Darlington's stud was managed with also sometime Comptroller of the Navy. order and method; his coverts and his He succeeded to the Baronetcy on the fences were constantly watched, and death of his father, Aug. 1, 1794. He some estimate may be made of the exmarried June 23, 1792, Catharine, daugh. pense he was at in preserving foxes, ter of Thomas Powell, of the Chesants, by the single fact of his paying 3301. near Tottenham, co. Middlesex, esq., a-year to his own tenants for rent of and bad issue.
coverts north of the River Tees. The At Coombe Park, Sussex, aged 79, Earl of Darlington was advanced to the Sir George Sbiffner, Bart. Sir George title of Marquess of Cleveland, by paShiffner was born Nov. 17, 1762, the tent dated Sept. 17, 1827, and raised to elder son Henry Shiffner, of Lin the dukedom by patent dated Jan. 14, coln's Inn-fields, and Pentrylas, co. 1833. This title was derived from his Hereford, esq., M.P. for Minehead, who representation, through his grandmodied in 1795, by Mary, eldest daughter ther the wife of the first Earl of Darand coheiress of John Jackson, esq., lington, of the family of Fitzroy Duke
DEATHS-FEB. of Cleveland and Southampton, she
Thomas Bowen, 7th Hussars, only son being Lady Grace, daughter of Charles, of the late Ensign Bowen, 3rd Royal the first Duke of Cleveland, one of the Veteran Battalion. natural sons of Charles the Second, and 14. At Stodham House, near Peters. coheir to her brother William, second field aged 68, Cornthwaite John Hector, and last Duke of that bouse. The Duke esq., late M.P. for Petersfield. He was was elected a Knight of the Garter the a banker and brewer in that borough, 17th of April, 1839. His Grace was and formerly steward to the Jolliffe fatwice married. The first Countess of mily for more than thirty years. In Darlington, to whom he was married on 1835, he first successfully opposed at the 19th Sept. 1787, was bis maternal an election Sir H. Jolliite, and concousin, Lady Katharine Margaret Pow tinued member until the last general lett, second daughter and coheiress election. (with Mary Henrietta, Countess of Sand At Paris, in his 74th year, the celewich,) of Harry, sixth and last Duke of brated diplomatist Count Pozzo di Borgo, Bolton. Her mother was Margaret, late Ambassador from Russia in London. sister of James, first Earl of Lonsdale. The Pozzo family is honourably ranked After her death in 1807, the Earl mar among the ancient and baughty nobles ried, July 27, 18J3, Elizabeth, daugh. of Corsica, and, for centuries inhabited ter of Mr. Robert Russell, by whom he a sınall castle called Montichi, in that had no issue. He was elevated to the island. In modern times, the race of Dukedom in 1833, during the adminis Pozzo established themselves at the viltration of Earl Grey. His Grace is said Jage Pozzo di Borgo, no great distance to have left 1,250,0001., in the 3 per from Ajaccio. Charles Andreas Pozzo cent. consols, besides landed estates of di Borgo was born in the island on the immense value, and plate and jewels es 8th of March, 1768, a few years before timated at nearly a million.
the annexation of Corsica with France. 9. At Rearquhar, parish of Dornoch, His early education was entrusted to Alexander Sutherland, who was born in the church. The shock with which the 1722, and consequently had attained the French Revolution electrified Europe patriarchal age of 119.
was communicated to Corsica, and at. At his seat, Thorpe Lodge, near tended by the actual horrors of civil Norwich, in bis 87th year, John Harvey, dissension. The little island was di. esq., a magistrate of the counties of vided into two parties; the families of Norfolk and Suffolk and City of Nor- foreign extraction adopted the demowich, Lieut.-Colonel of the 3rd Regi. cratic principles of France; they advoment of Norfolk Yeomanry Cavalry, cated ibe theory of universal liberty; President of the Norwich Union Life In- the natives of the soil sought to fix the surance Company, &c. He was de- independence of their country, and descended from an ancient family settled manded the restoration of ancient Corat Beecham Well, Norfolk. His father sica. At the head of the Republican was Robert Harvey, esq., twice Mayor party stood the houses of Bonaparte, of Norwich, and an eminent banker and Azena, and Salicetti. The patriotic merchant there. Mr. John Harvey was party were led on by Paoli and the much beloved on account of his active youthful Pozzo di Borgo. From the generosity and benevolence to the poor. commencement of the revolution, young He was called the “ Weaver's friend." Di Borgo took an active part in its
10. At Malta, on his return to Eng- proceedings. He was chosen to repreland, Captain E. W. Cartwright, of the sent Ajaccio in the Legislative Assem23rd Bombay Native Infantry, eldest bly of France. He then became a memson of the late Rev. E. Cartwright, ber of the diplomatic committee, under Rector of Earnley, Sussex.
the presidency of Brissot. Pozzo di ll. At the house of Robert Walters, Borgo did not remain long a deputy. esq., Frances Stewart Macgregor, fourth He returned to Corsica, became again daughter of the late Sir Patrick Mac imbued with the spirit and feelings of gregor, Bart.
his ancestors; and, in concert with Paoli, 12. Barbara Lady Chambers, wife of began to agitate the establishment of Sir Samuel Chambers, of Bredgar House the national independence. The comin the county of Kent, in her 76th patriots were denounced by the French year.
party, and summoned to justify themAt Montreal, aged 21, Henry selves at the Bar of the French Conven
DEATHS-FEB. tion. At Corte, the capital of the moun Count, and attached to the imperial tains, Paoli and Pozzo replied to the person by his appointment as Colonel de summons by assembling their country. la suite, was in the ranks of the Rusmen, and ' 1,200 bold mountaineers sian army. After the battle of Jena vested the government of Coreica in he was again employed at the Austrian their hands, and devoted the Bona. Court, to atteinpt to rouse it from its partes and Azenas to public infamy. political lethargy, caused by the peace An appeal to arms was unavoidable. of Presburg. His mission was in vain, A British Aleet appeared before Ajac. and he was removed to the Dardanelles, cio, bearing, offers of protection and that, in conjunction with the British aid, provided Corsica would place itself ambassador, he might treat with Turkey. under the supremacy of Great Britain. In the engagement between the RusThe terms were accepted, a Constitu sian and Turkish fleets, the diplomatic tion was drawn up, and Paoli proposed Colonel greatly distinguished himself. Pozzo di Borgo as President of the State The peace of Tilsit begat personal Council. Before two years had expired, friendship between Napoleon and the it became evident that Corsica must young Czar. Pozzo di Borgo thought it subinit to France. Pozzo di Borgo did impolitic, and clearly saw that his connot wait to witness the catastrophe. tinuance in the Russian service would be He sought refuge first at Naples and unpleasant, and perhaps dangerous. He Elba, and subsequently came to Eng. frankly declared his opinions to Alex. land, where he remained upwards of ander, and requested permission to reeighieen months, enjoying all the bo tire from his service. Pozzo di Borgo nours and distinctions justly due to his retired to Vienna, and so energetically high abilities and firm fidelity. The employed his diplomatic skill throughyear 1798 saw him in Vienna ; France out the cainpaign between Austria and had then experienced various reverses, France in 1809, that, after the succeedand had lost all her Republican con ing treaty of peace had been signed, quests with the exception of a few Napoleon demanded that his faithful points on the Alps, Royalty seemed enemy should be delivered up to him : about to gain the ascendancy once more, this demand was refused; but Pozzo Pozzo di Borgo, then in the flower of withdrew, and travelled through Turhis age, took a most active part in the key, Syria, and Malta. Towards the diplomatic movements: he was con, close of 1810, he was once again in tinually traversing Germany and Italy London. The British Government knew to forward and sustain, by his cabi. the importance of the refugee, and wel. net intrigues, the warlike operations of comed him as a valuable acquisition, the Russian Field Marshal' Suwarrow. Many and long were the consultations His labours were in vain; Massena's between Pozzo di Borgo and the Marvictory at Zurich consigned him once quess Wellesley, in which the Count more to inaction at Vienna, 'there to pointed out the vulnerable part in witness the continued success and ex Napoleon's overgrown power, througla altation of his countryman, Napoleon which its vitality might be most advan. Bonaparte, towards whom his hatred tageously assailed. His experience and was strong and inextinguishable. On sagacity confirmed the able and states. the renewal of the war, after the peace manlike, though then unappreciated, of Amiens, Pozzo di Borgo entered into views of the Marquess. The peace of the diplomatic service of Russia, and Tilsit proved, as Pozzo had predicted, a was sent to Viepna as the Emperor's mere truce of arms. In 1812, the war agent, to consolidate a new coalition between France and Russia broke out against the self-created monarch of anew, with exterminating fury. The France. He shortly after repaired to Count then resumed his old official Italy, to represent his Royal master in functions; and, as the accredited agent the military operations which the com, of Alexander, negociated a renewed albined armies of England, Russia, and liance with England. The danger of Naples were to commence in southern his country obliged Alexander to sacri. Italy. The secession of Austria, after fice his own judgment to the prejudices the defeat of Austerlitz, again took of the nobles, and dismiss all foreignPozzo to Vienna, and thence to St. Pe. ers from the high offices of State. Pozzo tersburg. When Prussia joined the di Borgo was therefore recalled, and, çoalitiou, Pozzo di Borgo, created a after an interval of five eventful years,
DEATHS-FEB. he again found himself before the Rus wavered, and Pozzo trembled lest his sian emperor at Calitz. The mighty enemy, now within his grasp, should army of Napoleon disappeared before escape. A march en masse on Paris the snow of Russia. Alexander wished was his undeviating advice. He was to remain satisfied with that victory, again successful. The intrigues of Taland the wily statesman with difficulty leyrand and Caulaincourt were disreconvinced the imperial understanding garded; and Alexander, accompanied that European safety was only to be by his counsellor, was soon seen in the found in the complete destruction of the French capital. The abdication of Nafalling colossus. He proceeded to col. poleon was followed by a regency. Alexlect the necessary means to effect that ander was not unwilling to treat with it, determination. The battles of Lutzen had not Pozzo di Borgo been at hand and Bautzen, and the retreat of the to represent to the irresolute potentate Russian army on Upper Silesia, tried that “the regency was only another the indomitable spirit of Di Borgo. term for Napoleon himself." For two The aid of Bernadotte and Sweden was hours the Emperor hesitated ; but the important; but the Crown Prince, be Count wou not quit his presence withfore whose vision the imperial crown of out an assurance that no negociation France occasionally fitted, coquetted should be entered into either with Nawith the allied cause, lingered with his poleon or bis family. He obtained the army at Stralsund, and there watched promise, and bastened to Talleyrand, the progress of events. Thither hastened to whom, in the fulness of his joy, he Pozzo di Borgo, and at last induced Ber exclaimed, “ Not only bave I sláin Na. nadotte to accompany him to the mili- poleon politically, but I have just thrown tary congress held at Trachenberg- the last shovel-full of earth over his there inet the three most inveterate imperial corse!” He had revenged the enemies of Napoleon, Each hated the cause of Corsica on the Corsican usurman: Moreau hated in Napoleon the per.
The Bourbon dynasty was reFirst Consul; Bernadotte, the Em. called, and Pozzo di Borgo was apperor; Pozzo detested the Corsican, the pointed by the allied monarchs to proConsul, the Emperor. The curtain drew ceed to London, to announce to Louis up at the Congress of Prague for the his accession to the throne of his ances. last act in the European tragedy. Aus tors. He was also deputed to lay before tria, at the eleventh hour, roused by the King the undisguised state and feel the insults of Napoleon, became re ings of the nation. He fulfilled bis solved, and placed her troops at the task ; its product was the declaration of disposal of the allied powers. The pros St. Quen, the foundation of the subsepects of Pozzo di Borgo brightened; he quent Charter.
Pozzo di Borgo was was made a general in the Russian ser summoned to the great Congress of vice; and in his military capacity be Vienna. In that assembly be vehejoined Bernadotte, who was then cover mently pressed the removal of Napoing Berlin. The defence of Dresden, Jeon from Elba to some more remote and the battle of Leipsic, soon followed. and obscure corner of the globe. While The allied forces began to move slowly the congregated statesmen were deand warily towards France. Pozzo di bating on the proposition, intelligence Borgo was summoned to Fraukfort, to arrived that Napoleon had disembarked aid the united powers in examining the in France. Pozzo di Borgo was alone moral, physical, and political condition prepared for such an event. He coolly of France, before they hazarded the de- observed, " I know Bonaparte-he will cisive blow. Thence he was despatched march on to Paris ; our work is before to London, in January, 1814, on the part us ; not a moment must be lost." The of the allied monarchs, to convince the allied powers advanced towards the British Cabinet of their moderate wisbes Rhine without delay, in consolidated and unambitious views, and to bring masses. Pozzo di Borgo joined the back with him Lord Castlereagh, then Anglo-Prussian army, forming the vanForeign Minister, to join their councils. guard of the allies, in Belgium. WaterHis mission prospered. Lord Castle. loo was fought and won ; and the Count, reagh and Pozzo di Borgo embarked for though wounded, followed Wellington the Continent, and soon reached the to Paris, and resumed bis portfolio as head-quarters of the allies at Baden. Russian Ambassador. The cabinet of The resolution of Alexander sometimes Talleyrand was formed under the aug
DEATHS-FEB. pices of Wellington ; Pozzo determined lowed, and a piau of offensive operations to effect its downfall. Talleyrand en was already sketched out at St. Peterse deavoured to propitiate his protection burgh, by which the Polish army was to by a French peerage, and an oiler of the form the vanguard of the great host inMinistry of the Interior, but in vain. tended to chastise Louis Philippe. The Talleyrand gave place to the Duke Polish revolution saved Europe from a of Richelieu, and Russian ascendancy general war, and the Russian emperor soared above all competition. The ex. directed his ambassador to stay where ertions of Pozzo were taxed to the utter he was, and, by temporising, prevent most at the congresses of Troppau, Lay- any intervention on the part of France. bach, and Verona, to attain influence Success once more attended his efforts ; and weight for Russia in the south of but the struggle was one of the most Europe, at the expense of Great Britain. trying labours ever committed to the To forward these ends, he was dis diplomatist. His person, his suite, were patched to Madrid, to pave the way for in danger from a turbulent multitude ; the cabinet of Zea Bermudez, who had his hotel was only protected from debeen gained to Russian interests during struction by a guard of safety. Peace his long residence at St. Petersburgh returned, Nicholas's aversion to the as the consul-general for Spain). He French dynasty was shown by the indirfulfilled his instructions to the letter, ference of bis ambassador towards his and then returned to Paris. Pozzo di own advice. This begot the alliance, Borgo disapproved of the military pro formed by Talleyrand between Englaod menade of the Duke of Angouleme and France. The renewal of the Russoacross the Pyrenees; but at that pe Turkish war soon demanded other conriod, as his influence had declined, all duct, and a diflerent policy again concihe could do was to observe, and shrug liated the court of the Tuileries. The his shoulders. After the death of Alex. oriental war over, Pozzo di Borgo was ander, and the succession of Nicholas, commissioned, much against his own inthe Count continued Ambassador at clination (for Paris was his home, his Paris. On the breaking out of the war delight), to visit London, and ascertain between Russia and Turkey, Pozzo en the precise state of affairs in the cabinet deavoured to induce the French govern of St. James's; but not as yet in the ment to co-operate with Russia : in this character of Ambassador, for Prince he failed, but he prevailed on them to Lieven still retained that character. guarantee an armed neutrality. When But after the formation of the quadruple the Polignac ministry was formed, Pozzo alliance, the Emperor Nicholas thought di Borgo early foresaw the approach of fit to appoint as Ambassador at the Bri. the revolution, of which he repeatedly tish court a man whose diplomatic genewarned his own sovereign, who repeated ralship had never been foiled in the his apprehensions to Mortemart, then service of his adopted land. Debilitated the French ambassador at St. Peters- by age and illness, Pozzo di Borgo acburgh. On the 26th of July, 1830, ap. cepted the embassy of England with peared the ever-memorable ordinances. great reluctance. He remained bere All the diplomatists, too, were thrown upwards of two years, when his bealth into the wildest confusion. They as gave way, and he returned to Paris, sembled at the hotel of Pozzo di Borgo, where, in the hotel which was once the to determine their wisest course. The scene of his diplomatic triumphs, he Russian ambassador advised them to awaited in a state of insensibility the await the issue of the struggle, without approach of death. His funeral took taking any public official step; they place on the 17th Feb. with great pompp, unanimously assented. Louis Philip, on in the church of St. Thomas d'Aquin, assuining the title of King of the French, Paris. persuaded Pozzo di Borgo to wait for 15. At Brussa, in Asia Minor, M. instructions from his court, and wrote Constantine Zohrab, father of Edward an autograph letter to Nicholas, in Zohrab, esq., Turkish Consul-General which he described himself as having in England, in his 720 year. been compelled by lamentable events to - At Florence, Sir Thomas Sevestre, ascend the vacant throne. Nicholas re late surgeon on the Madras Establisha plied coolly to the apologetic epistle; ment, in his 57th year. but his representative was not ordered At Frankfort on the Main, aged home. The Belgian revolution fol. 44, Sir Francis Fletcher Vane, the third