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The bombardment of the city shall be inflicted on the proprietors therefore commenced on the 3rd of houses in which any persons of December, and a great number may be found concealed who are of shells were thrown into the amenable to the provisions of the town. The Somaten or tocsin bell former article. was rung, and excited the populace “ Art. 5. All military, of whatto an extraordinary degree of fer ever class, who did not recognise vour. But the resolution of the the revolutionary Junta or take insurgents did not continue long, any part in the insurrection, but for on the evening of the 4th, remained in the city since the Barcelona surrendered, and Gene 24th November, and who were al. ral Van Halen and his troops en lowed to leave the city by the revotered the city.

lutionary Junta to join the army, Before the bombardment had are also to present themselves to begun, the British Consul pub- the military governor. Those perlished a notification that he had sons under government, in civil ordered the British vessels in the offices, who are similarly situated, roads to hoist the national flag and are also to present themselves beto admit on board all foreigners fore their respective chiefs, as set who should apply for admission forth in Art. i. with the exception of Spanish sub Art. 6. Individuals comprised jects.

in Art. 5 are, from the fact of their General Van Halen immediately remaining at Barcelona during the on entering the city issued the fol insurrection, suspended from their lowing proclamation:

situations, without prejudice to “ Art. 1. All military men, of their justifying themselves, by whatever class and of whatever proving that it was impossible for rank, who have yielded obedience them to leave the city, in conseto the revolutionary Junta, or who quence of the orders of the Junta, have taken part in the insurrec- published on the 24th Novem. tion, are to present themselves to ber.” the governor of the city, or the Shortly afterwards Carcana (or chief who performs the functions Carcarra), who had acted as capof that office. Those who belong tain of the insurgents, was shot by to the marine are to present them the orders of Van Halen, and on selves to their respective chiefs. the 12th, thirteen soldiers of what The public officers of all the dif was called " The Free Corps," sufferent civil administrations are also fered death on the Esplanade. to present themselves to their re A contribution of 12,000,000 reals spective chiefs.

(120,0002.) was levied on the city, “ Art. 2. The persons to whom and it was compelled to repair the the previous article refers will be citadel, which had suffered during tried by a military commission, the revolt. The privilege also of which will be immediately formed. coining, and the manufacture of

“ Art. 3. The persons alluded tobacco, were taken from the into in Art I, who shall fail to pre- habitants, who, in other respects, sent themselves as there directed, had no cause to complain of the within twenty-four hours, will be use made by the Regent of his put to death.

victory. "Art. 4. The same punishment PORTUGAL, On the 19th of

December, 1841, the municipal General of Oporto, proclaimed elections commenced at Lisbon, there, on the 27th of that month, and the result was looked forward Don Pedro's charter, and formed to with great anxiety by the two a provisional government in the contending parties, the Moderados name of the Queen, in the preand the Septembristas. The former sence of the municipal authorities were the supporters of the Ministry and the troops in the garrison. and friends of the constitutional or. There was a general opinion that der of things; the latter were Revo- all this was done in secret aclutionists and Republicans; and, in- cordance with the wishes of the asmuch as the municipal elections Court. The government, how. in Lisbon exercise a most import- ever, at Lisbon, appeared to act ant influence upon the Cortes re- vigorously in opposition to the turns, and, in fact, may be said to movement. Costa Cabral was disdetermine the result, the present missed from his office, and a Royal contest was justly considered as de- proclamation was issued against cisive of the fate of the government. the insurrection. Twenty-two deThe Moderado party had been very puties, however, amongst whom desponding, and regarded with ap were three colonels, commanding prehension the probable triumph regiments in the garrison, refused of their opponents; but the event to sign a protest which was drawn of the elections completely falsified up against it. their fears, and appeared to prove a On the 7th of February a Cabireaction in the public mind, most net was formed by the Duke de gratifying to all the friends of good Palmella, the Minister of War order and constitutional govern. being Viscount Sa de Bandeira, ment. The entire number of who dismissed several of the colothe constituency entitled to vote nels commanding regiments in amounted to about 7,000, and the Lisbon, as they were avowed adnumber of the municipal officers vocates of the Charter. The Gowas thirteen. Of these the whole veror of the Castle St. George were elected from the Moderado was also dismissed, but the garrison party. The presence of two Bri- there declared for the Charter, and tish men-of-war in the Tagus con- the outbreak became general. The tributed not a little to strengthen populace and the troops both comthe hands of government.

bined in demanding Don Pedro's But the ephemeral nature of Charter ; and next day (Feb. 8,) political power in Portugal was the Cabinet tendered their resigstrikingly shown soon after this nations to the Queen, accompanied event, for at this very time, when by a letter, stating that they were the Ministry seemed to be stronger unable to put down the popular than ever, a change was preparing movement. In this emergency it which might almost be dignified was resolved to give way; and, by the name of a revolution. At perhaps this determination was not the latter end of January, a revolt disagreeable to the Court-and on broke out at Oporto, attended by the 10th, a Royal decree was isimportant consequences. The Mi. sued, proclaiming that the Charter nister of Justice, Senhor Costa was once more the law of the land. Cabral, together with the Military Three days of public rejoicing took Commander and Administratore place, and the Queen went to

the Cathedral to return thanks gust, an ordinance was issued by openly for the event.

the King of Prussia, convening For some time no ministry could “An Assembly of the United Combe formed, chiefly owing to the mittees from all the provinces of difficulty of dealing with Costa the Empire.” The King therein Cabral, the prime mover of the stated, that the course he was revolt, who was too popular to be taking was “ with a view to the passed over-and yet, whose con development of the representative duct seemed to preclude the possi- system, established by his deceased bility of his taking office with his father.' “I have accordingly former colleagues. The ministe- called upon the assembled Comrial crisis terminated at the end of mittees to adjust the conflicting February, after an interregnum views of the diets of the separate of seventeen days, and the result provinces ; to utter their sentiwas the formation of a Cabinet, in ments and views on laws under which the Duke da Terceira was consideration in the higher departthe nominal Premier ; but Costa ments of legislation ; to give exCabral, as Minister for Home Af- pression to their opinion on the fairs, in reality wielded the power necessity for the enactment of new of government. The Minister of laws, and on the direction to be Justice was Senor Mello e Car. given to them; and also to assist valho, and Baron de Tojal was my government with their advice, appointed Minister of Finance, founded on their practical expe. while the portfolio for Ecclesiastic rience of the interests of their cal Affairs was given to J. Bap- provinces, in matters which have tista Filgueiras; but this last ap not hitherto been submitted to pointment being distasteful to Costa the consideration of the Provincial Cabral and his partizans, Filguei- States." ras was dismissed, after holding The following subjects were prooffice only two days.

posed by the ordinance for the On the 10th of July the Portuconsideration of the Assembly :guese Cortes were opened by the 1st. The details of proposed reduce Queen in person. With regard to tions in taxes ; 2nd. A comprethe Charter, the Royal Speech hensive system of general railsaid: “ Your mission is to con roads ; 3rd. The enactment of a solidate it; and, I trust, you will law for the regulation of private fulfil it.” Two treaties concluded rivers. between England and Portugal On the 18th of October, the are alluded to very shortly in the Assembly met at Berlin, and the following terms : '“ Two treaties session was opened in a hall of the which I have concluded with Her palace, by Count von Arnim, MiMajesty the Queen of Great Bri- nister of the Interior, who read at tain have been signed, and will be length the ordinance above quoted, presented to you immediately after and, at the conclusion of his adratification ; one of them is for the dress, exhorted them to “ let the repression of the Slave-trade, the common cause of all Prussia be other to strengthen the mutual re constantly borne in mind--prelations of commerce and naviga serve always a lively consciousness tion."

that you are assembled here as PRUSSIA. On the 19th of Au- the members of one body of the

State, as the faithful subjects of and solemnly inaugurated by the One King."

King of Bavaria. The Valhalla The deliberations, however, gave is a noble building near Ratisbon, little satisfaction in Germany. The on the left bank of the Danube, deputies were restricted to pare in which it is intended to place ticular discussions, and the limits statues of illustrious Germans, who within which they were to con- by their writings or acts have shed fine themselves, were marked out glory over their native land. The by intimations from the govern name Valhalla, or more properly ment. The time has not yet ar. Walhalla, was given in the old rived when the privileges of a German mythology, to the PaBritish House of Commons can be lace of Odin, in the great hall conceded in Germany.

of which the souls of departed heBAVARIA.-On the 19th of Oc roes met and drank goblets of wine tober, the Valhalla was opened and mead.

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CHAPTER XIV.

United STATES.— Annual Message of President to Congress-Cor

respondence between Lord Palmerston, Lord Aberdeen, and Mr. Stevenson, respecting the Right of Search— Presentment of the Grand Jury of Philadelphia against N. Biddle and others for ConspiracyCase of the brig Creole, and Mutiny of Slaves on board - The British Government determines to send oui Lord Ashburton to America as a special Ambassador-Repudiation of State Debts- The President vetoes two Tariff Bills-Report of the Senate condemning the conduct of the President - Protest of the President - Treaty respecting the North Western Boundary signed at Washington Ils provisionsPublic Entertainment given to Lord Ashburton at New York-Correspondence belween Lord Ashburton and Mr. Webster-President's Message to Congress.

N the 7th of December, 1841, fix at what stage of proceedings

be

President (Mr. Tyler) was deli. “I cannot fail, however,” says vered to Congress on its opening. Mr. Tyler, "to suggest to Con

Fle began by congratulating gress the propriety, and, in some Congress that throughout the year degree the necessity, of making "peace has been on our borders, such provisions by law, so far as and plenty in our habitations.” they may constitutionally do so, He then alluded to the acquittal for the removal, at their comof Alexander M‘Leod, in which mencement, and at the option of he rejoiced ; while he regarded the party, of all such cases as may the trial of M.Leod as the only hereafter arise, and which may answer that could be given to the involve the faithful observance and demand of Great Britain for his execution of our international obdischarge," by a government, the ligations, from the State to the powers of which are distributed Federal judiciary. This governamong its several departments by ment, by our institutions, is charged the fundamental law.” The exe with the maintenance of peace and cutive government of the Union the preservation of amicable relacould enter a nolle prosequi upon a tions with the nations of the prosecution pending in a State carth; and ought to possess, withCourt; but no foreign power could out question, all the reasonable complain of that, as it was a mere and proper means of maintaining point of municipal regulation to the one and preserving the other..

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