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ballot there appeared for M. Sauzet, est, and happiness, and of the glory 210; M. Odillon Barot, 131; M. of the French people. Should the Dufaune, 39; M. Gros Preville, Chambers not be sitting, then the 22; M. Dupin, 16; M. Berryer, Regent is bound to convene them 3: lost votes, 5.

within three months. As none of the candidates had “Article 6. The guardianship obtained an absolute majority of and tutorship of the young King votes, another ballot was had belong to the Queen, or to the when M. Sauzet obtained 227 Princess his mother whilst unvotes, M. Dufaune, 184 ; thus married ; and in the event of the giving M. Sauzet a majority of 43 demise of the Queen, or Princess, This took place on the 12th of or both, to the nearest female August. The four Vice-Presi. branch on the father's side not dents of the Chamber were also married." all supporters of the Soult-Gui

This bill passed the Chamber of zot Ministry, which thus dis- Deputies on the 20th of August. played considerable strength at M. Chapuys de Montlaville moved the commencement of the Session. as an amendment, “ That the ReThe Regency Bill proposed by Mi- gency be confided to the mother of nisters contained the following ar the minor Sovereign." It was reticles :

jected by a considerable majority. “ Article 1. The King's mi. Another amendment was moved nority ceases at eighteen years ac by M. de Sade, as follows: At complished.

the close of the present reign, Article 2. At the moment of should the Prince, called to the the King's death, if his successor throne by the declaration of the be a minor, the Prince nearest the 7th August, 1830, not have accomThrone, in the established order plished the eighteenth year of his of succession, according to the age, and until he shall have reachCharter of 1830, if he be twenty- ed that age, the eldest of his

paone years of age, becomes invested ternal uncles shall be invested with with the Regency throughout the the Regency." This amendment minority,

was condemned by M. Thiers, who « Article 3. The full and entire declared that it would comproexercise of the royal authority, in mise the monarchy of July. The the name of the King, belongs to amendment was rejected. M. Odil. the Regent.

lon Barrot's amendment, fixing the « Article 4. The 12th Article majority of the Regent at twentyof the Charter, and all the legisla- five years, was also rejected. Antive dispositions protecting the other amendment of M. de Tracy, person and constitutional rights of limiting the rights of the Regent, the King, are applicable to the was then dismissed, amidst impaRegent.

tient cries from the Conservatives Article 5. The Regent makes at the delays of the Opposition oath, in presence of the Chambers, members. An amendment of M. to be faithful to the King of the Beaumont (de la Sauvre), proFrench, to obey the Charter and posing that the Regent should conthe established laws of the king- voke the Chambers in twenty days, dom, and to act in every other re after the King's death, was likewise spect in the sole view of the inter- put to the vote, and rejected. Fi

nally, the whole bill was put to the behind us; and now for what is vote, and it was carried by a ma. before us. The Ultra-Liberals are jority of 216.

incapable of either governing themDuring the discussion on the selves, or governing the country. amendment moved by M. de There is nothing but anarchy in Sade, M. Thiers made a speech them ; and men incapable to come so strongly ministerial as to give to any understanding as to the the greatest offence to the Oppo- formation of a government. They sition generally ; and he seems to are incapable of keeping order in a have taken his own supporters country, or of doing anything ex. completely by surprise, so as to cept repeating the revolutions of give rise to the supposition that forty years ago, without the glory he meditated a coalition with M. that then attended them. Such Guizot, now that the death of was that party in 1830, and such the Duke of Orleans had put an is it now. Honest men are obliged end to all hopes he might have to separate themselves from those entertained of being invested with who attack the first principles of the office of Prime Minister, when society. Beyond even the anarchever that Prince should ascend ists, there are, further still, men the Throne. In the course of his professing the most abominable address he spoke as follows: principles. If the counter-revolu

" I see behind us a counter-re tion is behind us, here is an abyss volution. I am not the dupe of its before. Let us stand where we language. It tells us that it has are, then, on the ground, where been corrected. It pretends that the Charter has placed us.

Our it required the experience that the labour should be to build, not to result of the Ordonnances of July destroy." taught. It declares itself liberal A dreadful railway accident hapnow, and that it leans on no fo pened in the month of May this reign party for support. But coun year on the line between Paris and ter revolution deceived the country Versailles, which is quite unparalonce, and would do so again. It Jeled in the history of railroad gave the Charter of 1815, pro

disasters.

What is called the mising to observe it; and when King's file was celebrated at Verthat Charter became serious and sailles on Sunday, the 8th of May, efficient, it violated it.

by a display of waterworks and tended to be patriotic, and called fireworks. After this was over a Massena the pet of victory; but it crowded train left Versailles for shot Marshal Ney. I would never, Paris, to which were attached two as I never was, be deceived by engines. Between Bellevue and their promises : that party must Meudon the axle of the foremost lean on the foreigner, because it engine broke, and it and the second has no support in the country, and engine were both overthrown, because there are no hopes for its scattering their burning coals and returning but by the same way it ashes on the ground. A scene of came in first. I am as much afraid horrible confusion now followed. of that party as I was in 1830; The carriages were hurled over, and therefore I now give my ut. and many of them took fire. The most support to the reigning dy- passengers had been locked in, so nasty. So much for the party that many were prevented from

It pre

escaping; others, more fortunate, bruised and wounded was also congot out by means of their carriages siderable.* being burst open by the concussion. In the Chamber of Peers the

The ill-fated travellers in the three Regency Bill, after an uniniportant first carriages were literally burnt discussion and futile opposition was to death, and most of the bodies adopted by a inajority of 163 to were so reduced to a calcined state, 14, and the Chambers were then that it was impossible to recognise prorogued until the 9th of Jathem. Upwards of fifty persons nuary, 1843. are ascertained to have perished on this occasion-amongst whom was

* For a more detailed account of Admiral d'Urville, a celebrated this dreadful accident, see CHRONICLE circumnavigator. The number of for May.

CHAPTER XIII.

SPAIN.-Opening of the Spanish Cortes-Speech of the Regent-Elec

tion of Presidents and Vice-Presidents-Discussion on the Address in the Senate-Discussion in the Chamber of Deputies-Insurrection at Barcelona - Combat between the Troops of the Garrison and the National Guard-Suspension of the sittings of Cortes-Arrival of Espartero at Barcelona-Negotiations on the part of the JuntaBombardment of the Town-Surrender by the Insurgents— Proclamation by General Van Halen-Execution of Carcana, Leader of the InsurgentsFine levied upon the City. PORTUGAL. — Municipal Elections at LisbonTriumphant resuli for Ministers-Revolt at Oporlo, and Declaration in favour of the Charter, by Senhor Costa Cabral and othersRevolt spreads to Lisbon - Ministers resignThe Court resolves to adopt the Charler--Public rejoicings - New Ministry formed, including Costa Cabral-Opening of the Portuguese Corles-Royal Speech. Prussia.- Ordinance by the King of Prussia, convening a General Assembly of Committees from the Provinces--Meeting of the Assembly-Deliberations of the Body. BAVARIA.- Inauguration of the Valhalla, by the King of BavariaIts object and origin of the Name.

E

ISPARTERO opened the gather strength by the bonds of

Spanish Cortes on the 26th strict harmony and good intelliof December, 1841. The Queen gence, which are tightened by sinwas seated on the Throne in cere friendship. The other pathe Chamber of the Senate ; her tions that have recognised an exsister on her left, and Espartero alted Queen, preserve those sention her right, but a step lowerments of justice which dictated than the Queen. The Minister that recognition.

The governof Foreign Affairs delivered the ments which have not taken that Speech to the Regent, after hav- step contemplate us without hosing kissed the band of her Majesty. tility; make continued inquiries It was couched in the name of the respecting our political situation ; Regent. After a complimentary and as it becomes more stable, the address to the Cortes, he entered day is not distant, in my opinion, upon foreign affairs:

when reason shall triumph, and I can acquaint you, with the the national cause complete its utmost pleasure, that our relations victory.” with friendly powers continue to The Regent reported the cone

clusion of treaties with the South obliged the Government io declare American States of Equador, Uru- that rich and populous city in a guay, and Chili. A treaty with state of siege. This measure, which Portugal on the navigation of the had for its object to avoid the effuTagus was in the course of nego- sion of blood, produced neither tiation

violence nor punishments; so that “England has given satisfaction these punishments might be exefor the disagreeable occurrence of cuted according to the ordinary Carthagena last May, and the laws, when the legal situation of French Government has seen with these was re-established. The tri. pain the violation of the territory bunals are busy with the causes to of the Aldudes. The Government be tried, as actively as the adminof Her Majesty, desiring to remove istration of justice requires. the causes which have always led

“Since these events, peace has to these deplorable conflicts, is been restored throughout the whole negotiating a treaty with the King monarchy by the triumph of the of the French, who has presented laws, and every cause of new disa project, met on our part by an turbances has disappeared.” other on a different basis. The He next promised a variety of definitive settlement of this will new measures

. Roads and bridges be inade known at the proper were to be constructed; Government time.”

would proceed with the encourageHe then turned to the state of ment of agricultural banks; normal Spain

schools for the education of teach“ The revolt ich broke out ers had been established in several in the month of last October dis of the provinces; and education turbed the public tranquility, and had already been extended to see obliged the Government to proceed veral parishes. The army still rewith activity and energy to crush tained its organization. Of 50,000 it in its origin. The constitution, men whom the Cortes authorized as well as the precious lives of our to be levied, more than 30,000 had innocent Queen and her august been procured. New codes of jussister, were menaced by an armed tice were announced. The meaconspiracy. But Providence en sures taken by Government had abled loyal Spaniards to save those put a stop to Papal aggressions. dear objects of our hopes. All the The augmentation of the public means at our disposal were em funds and the arrangements of ployed to repress this horrible at. Ministers, had enabled them to tempt, and the hand of justice fulfil their obligations to the public chastised the principal delinquents; creditor with more punctuality their criminal attempt failed against than in former years. The sale of the firm attitude of the nation and national property, consisting of the the energy of the Government. property of extinct ecclesiastical The public vengeance once satis- establishments, continued with acfied, the Government deemed that tivity. The necessary funds had it might exercise clemency, and been provided to pay the interest spare the lives of some of the of the capitalization at home and rebels.

abroad. “The events of Barcelona, which “The navy, which formerly was sprang from an abuse of confidence, the glory and honour of the Span.

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