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population of Turkey, France did seeing that the very existence of not encourage them to revolt; she the Pasha was menaced, interfered disapproved all attempts on their on his behalf, and Prussia and part to shake off the Ottoman yoke, Austria had at first evinced an inbecause such an act would inevit- clination to obtain better terms for ably kindle a general conflagration. him ; but after the capture of The policy of France towards Beyrout and St. Jean d'Acre those Turkey was loyal ; she wished her Powers declared that the events integrity to be respected at home had decided the point, and that and abroad. 'France endeavoured they could not undo by negotiations to impress the Divan with the ideawhat had been achieved by the that the real danger with which force of arms. M. Guizot then the empire was menaced proceeded read various despatches, addressed from its Christian population, and by him to his government during the cabinet was doing everything the negotiations, and which dein its power to prevail on the Porte monstrated that he had met with to better the situation of the latter, support from the German mi. and to treat them with more jus- nisters. One of those despatches tice and lenity. M. Guizot, desir was written by Prince Metterous to prove the sincerity of France nich, who declared that he would in that respect, then read a despatch not co-operate in the overthrow addressed by him, on the 13th of of Mehemet Ali as governor of December last, to the ambassadors Egypt, and that if Austria abat the foreign Courts, in which he stained it was through deference protested against those insurrec- for France. At a conference held tions, and denounced and disap- in Constantinople on the 20th of proved the machinations of the December, 1840, between the Mi. propagandist committees to rouse nister of Foreign Affairs of the them to revolt."
Porte and the representatives of And in defence of the conduct the four Powers, Baron de Sturmer, of the government in regard to acting up to the instructions which the affairs of the East, M. Guizot, he had received from Prince Metin the Chamber of Deputies, on the ternich, announced that he consi19th of January, proceeded to ex dered the submission of Mehemet amine the situation of the Eastern Ali to be sincere and complete, and question when he accepted office, that it should be accepted. M and read a series of diplomatic Guizot maintained that it was in documents in proof of the active consideration of France, that the part which France had taken in its conference had adopted that resoadjustment. In one of them, dated lution; that the Pasha was not the 9th November, 1840, M. Gui- disturbed in the possession of zot notified to the Pasha of Egypt Egypt, and that the principle of that he had no assistance to expect his heredité was conceded. In the from France; that the latter would course of January following the not expose herself to the chance of whole affair was arranged, and a war for the sake of upholding England, who had at first opposed his power in Syria, and that he this settlement, at last yielded, had nothing left, if he wished to from the fear of Austria's secession preserve Egypt, but to submit to from the coalition. The original ihe authority of the Sultan. France, hatti-seheriff, by which the power
and heredité of Mehemet Ali had forming a closer alliance. His been rendered illusive, was actually intention, however, was not to remodified from an anxiety on the commend the renewal of the alpart of the Powers to be agreeable liance with England, as it would to France, and the hatti-scheriff be arraying Europe into two camps of the 25th of May, granting all the despotic against the constithe reasonable demands of the tutional governments. France had Pasha, had been received with gra- assumed an honourable and indetitude at Alexandria. On the 12th pendent position, and if she was of June Mehemet Ali had assured not on friendly terms with some, the French Consul of his satisfac- her relations with all were regular tion at the manner in which the and pacific. M. Guizot in conaffair had been concluded, and he clusion, protested against the prerepeated his thanks to the same tended debasement of France since agent when the intelligence of the 1830, and her dereliction of Poland, conclusion of the convention of the Italy, and other nations who had 13th of July had reached Alex. followed her example, and declared andria.
that at no former period did she M. Guizot then vindicated the hold a prouder rank among namotives which had induced the tions. As respected Algiers, France French Cabinet to re-enter the had proclaimed her firm determi. European concert. It was that nation not to evacuate that country, concert, he said, that had insured, and no power now dared to disturb since 1830, the duration of general her in its possession. Speaking peace; it was that concert which one day with Lord Aberdeen on had erected Greece into an inde. the affairs of Tunis, M. Guizot pendent state, and consolidated the assured his Lordship that France power of Mehemet Ali, without would not stop at any sacrifice to producing the least perturbation. consolidate the security of her M. Guizot next proceeded to give African establishments. Lord Abera glowing account of the advan- deen, after listening to him attentages which France had derived tively, replied that he could make from her intimate alliance with many objections to what had taken Great Britan, that generous nation, place since 1830 with regard to he said, had been the first in 1830 ihat question, but that, assuming to declare in favour of her revolu the direction of affairs in 1841, he tion, and accept her alliance ; and accepted them in the situation in the events which had lately come which he found them, and that he to pass ought not to impair the now considered the occupation of gratitude which the French people Algeria as an accomplished fact. owed to Great Britain. M. Guizot In the month of July, a most then defended the policy which melancholy event occurred, which the cabinet had pursued in respect plunged the Royal Family of of its abandonment of the policy France into the deepest affliction. of isolation, and its re-entering This was the sudden death of the the European concert. He ob- heir to the Throne, the Duke of served that by persevering in the Orleans, who was accidentally policy recommended by the Cham- killed by a fall from his carriage. ber, France would have placed the The event is thus narrated by the four Powers in the necessity of Gazelle de France :
“ This day (July 13) at half- shal Gerard and General Pajol. A past twelve, the Duke of Orleans, Council of Ministers was held. who was to have set out in the “ The Duke d'Aumale, who was course of the day for Plombières, at Courbevoi, having received inwhere the Duchess is at present, telligence of the accident which was returning from Neuilly, after had happened to his brother, wished having taken leave of his family, to come to him in a hired carriage ; when, at a little distance from the but the carriage having broken Porte Maillot, the horses of his down on the road, the young Prince carriage, dragging it with them, proceeded on foot to reach his ran off in spite of the efforts of the dead or dying brother. groom, threatening to overturn it “ The Prince was setting out for into the lower side of the road. Nancy, from whence he was to go The Duke, to escape the danger, to Plombières, where the Duchess threw himself out of the carriage, is at present. He had expressed but so unfortunately, that his great joy at his journey, and great spurs (some say his sword), got preparations were made in several entangled in his travelling-cloak. towns. He was to have taken the This occasioned a fall, by which command of a camp of 40,000 men. the Prince received some contu. Who can reckon on 10-morrow? sions on the temple and the wrist. “ This year has been remarkA congestion of the brain was pro- able for such lessons ; Marshal duced by the shock. He remained Clauzel, M. Humann, M. Aguado, senseless on the road ; and was Admiral Dumont d’Urville, and taken up and carried into the near now the Duke of Orleans !” est house, occupied by a grocer ; The Moniteur Parisien describes whither assistance speedily arrived the manner in which the body was from the Tuileries. He was bled borne to the chapel :almost immediately, but never re “ The body of the Duke of Or. covered consciousness. Dr. Baumy, leans was placed on a litter, and who was there, went into the carried by soldiers to the chapel house, and assisted Dr. Pasquier, of the Château of Neuilly. The the Prince's physician, who ar King, the Queen, Madame Aderived from Paris.
laide, and the Duke d’Aumale fol. “ Louis Philippe, Madame Ade- lowed on foot the melancholy train, laide, and the Duke d’Aumale, ar which was escorted by a battalion arrived from Neuilly and Cours of the 17th Light Regiment. The bevoie, almost immediately. An soldiers had tears in their eyes. ecclesiastic of St. Philip du Roule, Behind the litter, .mingled with and the Curé of Neuilly were sent the members of the Royal Family, for. They could only administer walked the Ministers, officers of extreme unction. The Prince died all ranks, citizens of every class, at three o'clock, in the house into who had gathered on the first news which he had been carried, No. 4, of the catastrophe. Some ecclesiasChemen de la Revolte. His body tics, who had also followed the prowas carried to the Château of cession, recited prayers beside the Neuilly, and deposited in the Royal deceased.” chapel.
The remains of the lamented “ All the Ministers immediately Prince were removed from the repaired to Neuilly, and also Mar- Chapel at Neuilly to their final Vol. LXXXIV.
resting-place in the Cathedral of o'clock, a salute of twenty-one Notre Dâme, on the 30th of July. guns was fired by the battery of The mournful pageant was very artillery stationed at the back of imposing
the cathedral. The body was The procession began its march placed on the superb catafalque, from the Pont de Neuilly; and erected in the church. Vespers was headed by the Gendarmerie of for the dead were then performed; the Seine, followed by numerous and the Princes returned to Neuilly, bodies of troops. Six mourning where the King remained with coaches preceded the car, which the rest of his family. contained the heart of the Prince, The sudden death of the Duke on each side of which rode an of Orleans gave rise to a controofficer. After it came the Arch- versy, which was for some time bishop of Paris and his clergy, and keenly debated in France. This then followed the funeral car, con was the question of the Regency, in taining the body. The cords of case of the demise of Louis Philippe, the pall were held by Marshals during the minority of the young Soult, Molitor, Gérard, and Vallée, heir apparent; an event which, and by the Chancellor of France in all human probability, would and the Minister of Justice. The occur. The choice of a Regent insignia of the Prince's orders to govern France during such miwere borne on cushions by three nority, seemed to lie between the of his Aides-de-camp. Next came Duchess of Orleans, the widowed the Ministers of State, the Mar- mother of the Comte de Paris, and shals of France, and the deputa- the Duke de Nemours, his uncle. tions of the Chambers of Peers and But as this subject was discussed Deputies, the Aides-de-camp and in the chambers, we shall reserve orderly officers of the King and it for our account of the debates Princes, the Secretaire des Com- that took place there. mandemens, and other officers of In consequence of the death of the Household of the Prince. The the heir-apparent to the throne, Duke's charger and his carriage an extraordinary Session of the closed. The Princes and the Mar. French Chambers was convoked shals and Admirals were in two in July; and on the 26th of that mourning coaches; ten more con month the King, accompanied by tained the household officers of the his four sons, the Duke de Ne. King and Princes. Several bodies mours, the Prince de Joinville, of troops terminated the long line. the Duke d’Aumale, and the Duke After passing through the Arc de de Montpensier, opened them in Triomphe, the cavalcade passed person. At that time, the body of along the Champs Elysées, the his eldest son, who had perished Place de la Concorde, the Quays by so melancholy a death, lay un. of the Tuileries, of the Louvre, of buried ; and an unusual interest L'Ecole, the Place du Chatelet, attended this meeting between the the Point Notre Dame, the Quay bereaved father and the representaNapoléon, and the Rue Arcole, tives of his people. to the opening in front of Notre The King entered the Chamber Dime.
amidst deafening shouts of “ Vive On the arrival of the proces- le Roi !" He burst into tears, and sion before Notre Dame, ai three sank down into the chair provided.
for him and for some time was ful. The auditory burst forth into unable to proceed. At length, one long cry of Vive le Roi !' however, he read the following which seemed to give him courage. speech :
He at last found utterance; but
his voice was thick, husky, and “ Gentlemen, Peers, and Depu- broken with agitation. At the ties,
word. consolation, the King could “ Under the grief which op no longer withstand the torrent presses me, deprived of that dearly- of his grief. He laid down the beloved son, whom I considered document, and burst into tears. destined to replace me on the The whole auditory was deeply Throne, and who was the glory afflicted ; and we do not exaggeand support of my old age, I have rate in saying, none present could deemed it imperative to hasten the resist the contagion. "Loud, longmoment of your assembling around continued, and reiterated shouts
We have together a great again grected him. Again be duty to fulfil. When it shall please resumed and his voice became God to call me to himself, it is stronger, until he spoke the words necessary that France, and the 'mon fils,' where it again fallered. Constitutional Monarchy be se. Ató ma tendresse,' tears again precured against being for a moment vented his proceeding; and the exposed to any interruption of the shouts of the auditory were again Royal authority. You will, there necessary to give him confidence fore, have to deliberate upon the to conclude. At the end, his Majesty measures requisite for prevent- rose, crossed his arms on his breast, ing, during the minority of my and, in an effusion of gratitude for beloved grandson, this immense his reception, after bowing to the danger.
Chamber, sunk back on his seat "The calamity that has befallen and sobbed convulsively, hiding me, does not render me ungrateful his features in his handkerchief. to Divine Providence, which still It was altogether one of the most preserves to me my children, worthy affecting scenes we have ever witof all my tenderness, and of the nessed ; and it was long before the confidence of France.
persons present could recover from
their emotion. After the Speech, and " Gentlemen,
after having bowed to the Chamber, “ Let us now secure the réposé the King advanced to the front of and safety of our country. At a the estrade, and repeatedly acknowlater period I shall call upon you ledged his affectionate reception. to resume your accustomed labours The cries of Vive le Roi l' were relative to state affairs,”
again loud aud long-continued at The whole scene was a most his departure. The whole sitting affecting one, and is thus de- lasted exactly twenty-five minutes." scribed in one of the journals of A trial of strength between the the day :
Ministry and the Opposition took “ The King's emotion was so place on the question of the elecgreat, that he found it impossible tion of a President of the Chamber to give utterance to the words. of Deputies. The ministerial canHe made the attempt a second didate was M. Sauzet, and he ultime, and again he was unsuecess- timately succeeded. At the first