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sides in the most determined man how worthy it proves itself of your ner, and the whole force emerged love, when, regarding your honfrom the defile with hardly any our as its own, it exerts the power loss whatever.
of its arms to restore to you the The whole of Affghanistan might gates of the temple of Somnauth, now be considered as evacuated by so long the memorial of your British troops, and the war in that subjection to the Affghans. For part of Asia at an end. Lord myself, identified with you in inEllenborough accordingly issued terest and in feeling, I regard with the following proclamation, which, all your own enthusiasm the high both as to its subject matter and achievements of that heroic army, style, we do not hesitate to con- reflecting alike immortal honour demn, as unworthy of a Christian upon my native and upon my statesman :
adopted country. To preserve and
to improve the happy union of “Proclamation from the Governor.
our two countries, necessary as it General to all the Princes and is to the welfare of both, is the Chiefs and People of India :
constant object of my thoughts, “My Brothers and my Friends, Upon that union depends the se-Our victorious army bears the curity of every ally, as well as of gates of the temple of Somnauth every subject, of the British Goin triumph from Affghanistan, and vernment, from the miseries wherethe despoiled tomb of Sultan Mah- by, in former times, India was moud looks upon the ruins of afflicted: through that alone has Ghuznee. The insult of 800 years our army now waved its triumis at last avenged. The gates of phant standards over the ruins of the temple of Somnauth, so long Ghuznee, and planted them upon the memorial of your humiliation, the Bala Hissar of Cabul. are become the proudest record of “May that good Providence your national glory—the proof of which has hitherto so manifestly your superiority in arms over the protected me, still extend to me nations beyond the Indus. To its favour, that I may so use the you, princes and chiefs of Sirbind, power now intrusted to my hands, of Rajwarra, of Malwa, and Gu as to advance your prosperity and zerat, I shall commit this glorious secure your happiness, by placing trophy of successful war. You the union of our two countries will, yourselves, with all honour, upon foundations which may rentransmit the gates of sandal-wood der it eternal !" through your respective territories, In another proclamation, dated to the restored temple of Som "Secret Department, Simla, 25th nauth. The chiefs of Sirhind shall October, 1842,” Lord Ellenbobe informed at what time our vic- rough announces that all the Afftorious army will first deliver the ghans then in the power of the gates of the temple into their British Government should be perguardianship, at the foot of the mitted to return to their own bridge of the Sutlej.
country, and that the Affghan “My Brothers and my Friends, chiefs who were thus released, -I have ever relied with confi- were, before they passed the Sutdence upon your attachment to the lej, to present themeslves at the British Government, You see
durbar (levee) of the Governor. Vol. LXXXIV.
General, in his camp at Feroze. ing of five regiments and a half of pore.
infantry, 1000 horse, and sixteen CANDAHAR AND GhuzNEE. pieces of artillery. The position The insurrection which broke out of the army was formidable, proat Cabul on the 2nd of November, tected in front by canals and a was by no means confined to that march, and both flanks resting on quarter of Affghanistan. The strong gardens. The fire of their whole country participated in it, matchlockmen, posted in the garand in the neighbourhood of Can- dens and about The canals, was for dahar, Ghuzuee, and other places a short time severe, but when bur occupied by our troops, the most troops had crossed the river, and hostile feeling was exhibited. When our infantry advanced to the charge, intelligence reached Candahar of the insurgents broke and fled. The the unfortunate position of affairs enemy's cavalry attempted to make at Cabul, a brigade was immedi. a stand, but were charged and disately dispatched from that place persed in all directions. for its relief, under the command This success produced the most of Colonel Maclaren. After march- beneficial effects on the neighbouring, however, as far as Tazee, ing population, which now no about 114 miles from Candahar, longer flocked to the ranks of the the inclemency of the season com. insurgents, and the city of Candapelled the troops to retrace their har was plentifully supplied with steps, and the contemplated suc, provisions from the surrounding cour ņeyer reached Cabul.
yillages. General Nott was the officer in When General Nott received command at Candahar, and he had the dispatch from General Elphin, with him a force of nearly 10,000 stone, ordering him to evacuate men.
Candahar, and withdraw his troops The hostility of the Affghans in from Affghanistan, in conformity this part of the country soon dis with the terms of the treaty made played itself, and a large body of between the latter officer and insurgents, commanded by Ma: Akbar Khan, as we have prehommed Atta, invested Candahar, viously narrated, he, like Sir Ro, They were joined by Sufter Jung, bert Sale, refused to comply On one of the sons of Shah Soojah, but the 7th of March he again marched Timour, the eldest brother of that put of Cąudahar, to attack the in, family, remained the nominal go: surgents, who retired before him vernor of Candahar. His fideliiy, as he advanced, and when he had however, being afterwards suspect- pursued them between thirty and ed, he was placed in confinement. forty miles from the city, they con, On the 12th of January, Mahom, trived to qutflank him, and place med Atta and Sufter Jung, took themselves between him and Can. up a strong position on the right dahar, taking up a position about bank of the river which runs five miles from the walls. On the through the Achuzye country, night of the 10th they made a desabout five miles from Candaħar. perate attack on the city, but were They mustered about 5,000 men, driven back with great loss. The Major-General Nott determined on next day they broke up their en. attacking them, and marched out campment, and totally disappeared against Them with a force consist from the neighbourhood of Canda
har. On the 13th General Nott Hykulzie, and was received in the returned there, having pursued the most friendly manner by the chiefs Aying enemy and destroyed many of the place, who, however, gave of their villages.
him not the slightest intimation But the situation of the British that any impediments awaited the troops at Candahar, Khelat-i-Gil- troops in their advance to Rujjuk zie, and Ghuznee being thought Pass, although they must have pecarious in the midst of an insur- known that the Pass, a few miles gent population, Brigadier-Gene- in front, was strongly barricaded, ral England, who commanded the and that Mahomed Seedez, the forces in Scinde, determined to commander of the insurgents, was march to the relief of General posted in the hills close by with a Nott. A reinforcement and con- strong force from Candahor. When voy were accordingly prepared in the enemy were first seen on the Scinde and Cutch, in three di- hills, General England supposed visions; one under General Eng. them to be scouts or marauders, land himself, which reached Quet- and thus was led into a snare. ta through the Bolan Pass from The barricades were found to be Dadur, on the 16th March, hav. of great strength; the enemy were ing lost 300 camels in the pas- resolute, and the storming party sage, out of 2,000. This detach were compelled to retire, with ment consisted of 1,200 men, with ninety-eight men killed and woundfour guns. A second detachment ed, including two officers, out of of about equal strength, under Ma. 470 engaged, a large part of the jor Simmons, with 2,000 camels force being left to protect the bagand treasure, likewise reached gage. The insurgents, who sufQuetta by the Bolan Pass from fered severely, are represented to Dadur, arriving at the former have fought with the enthusiasm place on the 4th April. A third of religious zealots, and the acportion of the brigade, under Ma- counts state, that a finer body of jor Reid, left Sukkur on the Indus, irregular horse than that which on the 10th or 12th of April, and charged upon our squares was would have reached Quetta in never seen in Affghanistan. Ma. about a month. This detachment homed Seedez headed the charge consisted of 1,100 men with 2,600 in person, and was wounded. On camels, besides a multitude of other our side the Sepoys manifested beasts, bearing medical stores, am great bravery, and vied with the munition, and treasure. The whole Queen's regiment (the 41st) in deforce when assembled, would have siring to charge up the hill again. amounted to about 4,000 men. It was resolved to return to Quetta, General England, who first are which was reached with but little rived at the place of concentration, molestation, on the 30th. This found it necessary, on the 26th resolution was a prudent one, for March, to move towards the val. it was discovered that the Kujjuk ley of Pisheen, twenty or thirty Pass (sixty-three miles from Quctmiles off, to obtain forage, and to ta, and eighty-four from Candaprotect the people (who were said har) was blocked up, the enemy to be favourably disposed to us,) having for months been engaged against the insurgents. On the in constructing field-works for its 27th he reached the village of defence. This attempt, therefore,
for the relief of Candahar entirely privations, and seeing that there failed.
was no prospect of relief for his Not long before this, we had to devoted band, Colonel Palmer deundergo another humiliation in termined at length on capitulathe surrender of Ghuznee, the tion. The motives which incelebrated fortress which was taken fluenced him will be best underwith such unexampled rapidity by stood from the following letter, the army under the command of despatched by him when he had Sir John (now Lord) Keane, when come to the resolution of surBritish troops for the first time rendering the fortress to the crossed the Indus, and marched enemy :upon Cabul. When the general rising on the part of the Affghan
“ To Officer Commanding at Jel.
lalabad.” population took place in the month of November, 'Ghuznee, which
“ Ghuznee, Ist March 1842. was garrisoned by about 1,000 " Sir, It is with much controops under the command of cern I acquaint you that, from Colonel Palmer, and Khelat-i-Gil. want of water, and by an overzie, in which was a garrison of powering force under cover, and 500 men, were in a short time within fifty yards of us in the surrounded and invested by the city, I have been compelled to insurgents. Ghuznee was closely enter into terms to evacuate the surrounded until the 27th of No. citadel and fort within six days. vember, when, in consequence of The garrison is to occupy the a report that a British brigade north-east corner of the town. was marching to the relief of The garrison is exhausted by fathe place, the investment was tigue and constant duty, and the
men have suffered greatly from On the 7th of December, how. cold, the thermometer having been ever, the enemy returned in in. 14 below zero. The terms are, creased numbers, and commenced honourable treatment and safety a vigorous blockade. The inhabit- whilst here and on the march to ants of the town entered into a Cabul, solemnly sworn to by the treacherous communication with chiefs. In capitulating, I have the besieging forces, and on the only acted up to the orders of night of the 16th of December, Major Pottinger and General Elhaving dug a hole through the phinstone, who directed me, in an wall, they admitted their friends, official letter, to evacuate the citawho poured in by thousands, and del and city on the arrival of Rocompelled the garrison, after fight- hilla Khan, son of Ameenoolah ing all that night and the next Khan, Sirdar of Logur. This day, to retire into the Citadel. chief arrived, and promised to esThe soldiers suffered dreadfully cort us in safety to Cabul. Amooun from the extreme severity of the Shumsoodeen Khan, nephew of cold, and also from the want of Dost Mahomed Khan, has also provisions. In the middle of Fe- arrived as Governor of Ghuznee, bruary, Shumsoodeen Khanarrived, and as political agent. I received and took the command of the be instructions to march immediately sieging force.
on his arrival for Cabul, from the After undergoing the greatest late Sir W. Macnaghten, Bart,
Abandoned as this garrison has Day after day the murderous been in the very centre of the attacks continued, and the unforenemy's country, cut off from all tunate troops were reduced to the communication with any quarter, last extremity of hunger and thirst, and without a sufficiency of water under a galling fire from the sureven at this season, with 200 men rounding multitudes, when the detached to hold an outpost which Sepoys, who were the peculiar obis destitute of water, and must jects of the hatred of the Ghazees, have fallen in forty-eight hours, on the 10th of March, announced nothing but capitulation remained. their determination to force their From the outpost falling into the way out of the town, and endeabands of the enemy, they would vour to get to Peshawur, which command our only well and com they fancied was distant not more manding fort; the whole garrison than fifty or sixty miles. Accordwould have been destroyed in a ingly, the officers seeing that they few days. The bearer has re had lost all control over their men, cived only subsistence on the road, surrendered that night to Shumand is to receive a handsome re soodeen and the other Ghazee ward on delivering this letter. We chiefs, who swore that they should have upwards of 100 sick and be honourably treated, and sent to wounded, and 137 casualties. The Cabul as soon as possible. A large officers, including Captain Burnett, party of Sepoys attempted to put 54th, and Lieutenant Crawford, their plan into execution, but soon S. S. Force, are all well.
becoming bewildered in the snow, “ I have, &c.
were in the morning all cut to (Signed) “ J. PALMER, pieces, or made prisoners. The “Lt. Col. Pol. Agent, commg. unfortunate officers were kept in at Gbuznee.
rigorous confinement in a small “ P.S. There is great reason room, swarming with vermin, and to fear for our safety, as there are Colonel Palmer was tortured, in some thousands of Ghazees in the order to make him give up some city, whom the chiefs cannot dis treasure, which the Ghazees said perse. The snow is still deep. the British troops had buried. It No tidings from the southward; was not until the 19th of August, but report says, the troops hold that the prisoners were taken from the city of Candahar and are daily their dungeon, and sent in camelfighting."
chairs to Cabul, where they joined On the 6th of March, they their fellow prisoners under the marched out from the citadel, and custody of Akbar Khan. were quartered in a portion of the When the time had arrived for town immediately below. But a the advance of the British troops, new proof was immediately given under the command of General of Affghan treachery; for the Pollock, from Jellalabad to Cabul, troops had hardly taken possession General Nott determined to march of the lodgings assigned to them, upon the latter capital from Canwhen they were suddenly attacked dahar, in order to co-operate with by the infuriated Ghazees; and it General Pollock, in case the rewas with the utmost difficulty that sistance offered by Akbar Khan they saved themselves from a total should be of such a nature as to massacre.
render a reinforcement of the Bri