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There being no further amendments, the foregoing amendments numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, were ordered printed,

And the question then being, “Shall the bill, as amended, be engrossed for a third reading ?" it was decided in the affirmative.

By unanimous consent Mr. Merritt called up House Bill No. 365, in the order of second reading; and House Bill No. 365, a bill for “An Act making a re-appropriation of an unexpended part of an appropriation made by the Forty-eighth General Assembly for the erection of a monument on the battlefield of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia,"

Having been printed, was taken up and read at large a second time,

And the question being, “Shall the bill be engrossed for a third reading ?” it was decided in the affirmative.

By unanimous consent, Mr. Merritt called up House Bill No. 626, in the order of second reading; and House Bill No. 626, a bill for “An Act to re-appropriate the unexpended balance of appropriations made by an Act entitled, 'An Act in relation to procuring of sites and for the erection of armory building for the use of the Illinois National Guard and Illinois Naval Reserve and making an appropriation therefor,' approved June 9, 1911, in force July 1, 1911, and a further Act entitled, An Act in relation to procuring of sites and for the erection of armory buildings for the use of the Illinois National Guard and making appropriation therefor, and for the purchase of sites and armory buildings at Kewanee and Morrison, Illinois,' approved June 28, 1913, and in force July 1, 1913, and a further Act entitled, “An Act making an appropriation of additional sums for the completion of armories now under construction,' approved June 25, 1913, in force July 1, 1913, and a further Aet entitled, 'An Act making an appropriation of the proceeds of the sale of the building and lands now owned by the State of Illinois and used for an armory by the Second Regiment, Illinois National Guard,' approved June 21, 1913, in force July 1, 1913,"

Having been printed, was taken up and read at large a second time,

And the question being, “Shall the bill be engrossed for a third reading ?” it was decided in the affirmative.

By unanimous consent, Mr. Merritt called up House Bill No. 586 in the order of second reading, and House Bill No. 586, a bill for "An Act making an appropriation to meet a deficiency in the appropriation for the ordinary expenses of the Southern Illinois Penitentiary for the two years, ending July 1, 1915, and declaring an emergency,”

Having been printed, was taken up and read at large a second time.

Whereupon, the Committee on Appropriations offered the following amendment, and moved its adoption:

AMENDMENT No. 1. Amend House Bill No. 586, as printed in the House, section 1, line 6, after the words and figures, “1915", by inserting the following words and figures: "as follows: Food Supplies, Eleven Thousand, Two Hundred Five and 35/100 Dollars

. $11,205.35 Tobacco, One Hundred Twenty-eight and 70/100 Dollars.

128.70 Stationery, Five Hundred Eleven and 71/100 Dollars..

511.71 Salaries, Four Thousand Six Hundred Eighty-nine and 20/100 Dollars ...

4,689.20 Soap, Ninety-two and 55/100 Dollars.


Hardware, Three Hundred Twenty-two and 42/100 Dollars..
Electrical Supplies, One Hundred Thirty-five and 54/100 Dollars..
Telegraph and Telephone, Sixty-one and 86/100 Dollars..
Barber Supplies, Eight and 78/100 Dollars..
Coal, Eight Hundred Forty-six and 35/100 Dollars.
Postage Stamps, One Hundred Seventeen and 94/100 Dollars.
Drugs, Ninety-eight and 26/100 Dollars......
Disinfectants, Fifty Dollars
Oil and Compounds, Four Hundred Forty-six and 13/100 Dollars..
Footwear, Two Hundred Twenty-two and 75/100 Dollars..
Freight, Ninety-seven and 96/100 Dollars...

$322.42 135.54 61.86

8.78 846.35 117.94

98.26 50.00 446.13 222.75 97.96


$19,035.50" And the amendment was adopted.

There being no further amendments, the foregoing amendment was ordered printed,

And the question then being, “Shall the bill, as amended, be engrossed for a third reading ?” it was decided in the affirmative.

By unanimous consent, Mr. Holaday called up House Bill No. 457, in the order of second reading; and House Bill No. 457, a bill for "An Act to amend article IV of an Act entitled, “An Act to revise the law in relation to roads and bridges,' approved June 27, 1913, in force July 1, 1913,”

Havmg been heretofore read at large a second time on April 23, and consideration postponed, was again taken up,

And the question being, "Shall the bill be engrossed for a third reading ?” it was decided in the affirmative.

At the hour of 6:25 o'clock p. m., Mr. Merritt moved that the House do now adjourn.

The motion prevailed,
And the House stood adjourned.

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TUESDAY, MAY 4, 1915, 10:00 O'CLOCK A. M.

The House met pursuant to adjournment,
The Speaker in the chair.
Prayer by the Rev. Samuel Fallows.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.

A message from the Senate by Mr. Paddock, Journal and Executive Secretary:

M Speaker-I am directed to inform the House of Representatives that the Senate has passed a bill of the following title, in the passage of which I am instructed to ask the concurrence of the House of Representatives, to wit:

SENATE BILL No. 164. A bill for "An Act to amend sections 9, 10, 11 and 12 of an Act entitled, 'An Act to establish the Illinois State Reformatory and making an appropriation therefor, approved June 18, 1891, in force July 1, 1891, and to add two new sections thereto to be known as sections 14a and 14b.” Passed by the Senate April 28, 1915.

A. E. EDEN, Secretary of the Senate. The foregoing Senate Bill No. 164, was taken up, read by title, ordered printed, and to a first reading.

The House proceeding upon the order of petitions, Mr. Shurtleff presented the following letter and matter submitted by Mr. Edward P. De Wolf of Waukegan, as to the north boundary line of Illinois, and asked that the same be incorporated in the Journal of the House :

WAUKEGAN, ILLINOIS, April 18, 1915. Hon. Edward D. Shurtleff, Springfield, Ili.

DEAR SIR: Replying to your favor of the 15th inst., I regret that I have not got a decent copy of the manuscript now with the Chicago Historical Society, nor copies of all of the maps. The manuscript is pretty long, about 40,000 words, the copying of which and the maps would take considerable time and entail some expense. The Historical Society is to publish them, but just when, I cannot say. It happened, however, that a neighbor found for me a copy of the Gazette's sort of report, and perhaps there is sufficient in it to enable you to grasp the subject as I have endeavored to present it.

Your county is, by the Constitution, I think, given jurisdiction over a strip that lies north of the marked state line, that is property between 1,700 and 1,800 feet wide, along its whole northern border, but to my mind that the serious part of the error is the line's location, is of that part which lies north of latitude 420.30' from and west of about the center line of Winnebago County to the Mississippi River, conflicting as it does with the jurisdictional prescription of Article I of the Constitution.

May it not be possible, when made public, to resist the jurisdiction of the counties and the State, over the strips mentioned ? The fact that Boone, McHenry and Lake counties do not go as far north as they should is perhaps another matter.

Do you not think that these questions should be investigated? I have submitted the matter to you, as it appears to me, with the ideas that it may interest you, and have mailed to you, under a separate cover, rough tracings of maps showing the extreme east and west relative locations of the State line and the lines of north latitude 42°.30' which may illustrate the subject

better than my words do. Kindly return the map tracings to me after you have got through with them. With regards, I remain,

Yours very truly,


WRONGFULLY MARKED. Mr. E. P. De Wolf, former mayor of this city, and considered an authority on things pertaining not only to the history of Waukegan, but of the State and country as well, in a lecture before the Chicago Historical Society on February 16, brought out some interesting facts bearing on the State line between Illinois and Wisconsin, and as a result of the disclosures made at that time it is thought that there will be some action taken here and throughout the State, to either have the Constitution of the State amended or some other move started to rectify the errors made in the early days of the State's history when the present State line was surveyed and marked.

The subject of the address was suggested eighteen years ago when, as Mr. DeWolf relates, he was interested in plans for a North Shore water system, and had occasion to consult the war department's coast chart of the west coast of Lake Michigan, particularly as to that part of the shore which lies north of Big Dead River to and a little beyond the State line.

That chart placed the Illinois-Wisconsin boundary line, according to Mr. DeWolf, at the shore more than half a mile south of the line of latitude which the State Constitution prescribes as the northern boundary and jurisdictional limits of the State. At first he thought that the government Cartographer had made an error, subsequent investigation there and along the State line west to its western terminal in the center of the Mississippi River proved that the line was not in latitude 420.30' except at the point where it crosses that latitude about half way across the State; that at the Mississippi River where the line survey was started in 1831, a stone monument was erected at a point about five-eighths of a mile too far north; that the line was run that year to the 4th principal meridian, and the next year to the Rock River, was run on a sort of curve, first bearing a little south, and then a little northerly, so that the Rock River was reached at a point about 4,200 feet north of latitude 420.30 minutes.

Mr. DeWolf went on to show what had been done following the discovery of this difference in the line at various points. The boundary commission discovered that they were wrong and decided that they were 5,500 feet too far north, so they made an offset in the line to a point that distance south, really 1,300 feet too far, and then continued their survey easterly bearing slightly to the south for nearly ten miles. After this for nearly fifty miles, their line was run almost due east and parallel to, though south of latitude 420.30'. Then, commencing at a point approximately ten and one-half miles west of Lake Michigan their line bore southerly nearly one and one-half degrees from a true east course, striking the lake shore where the east terminal post was set, about 2,900 feet south of the line of latitude they were to locate.

After they had set the east terminal post the party Mr. DeWolf found went back over their course to the offset on the east bank of the Rock River, 1,300 feet south of the proper point and from there ran what they termed a corrected line back so as to join the original line 18 miles west of the fourth principal meridian, the remainder of the original line they seemed to think was properly located.

The result of the commissioner's work was an irregular diagonal line which began on the east bank of the Mississippi River, 3,200 feet too far north and, bearing southerly as it was produced east, crossed the line of north latitude 420.30 near west longitude 89o.20, and from there was produced on about the same course, through the Rock River offset to a point nearly ten miles east of there, where it suddenly assumed a due east course, parallel with latitude 420.30' but south of it.

At a point within ten and one-half miles of Lake Michigan it struck off with a southerly bearing. Its course for the easterly ten and one-half miles being about one and a half degrees south of east, with the result that the east terminal post set up on the west shores of Lake Michigan was

approximately 2,900 feet too far south; that is, south of the line of latitude designated in the Constitution of Illinois, as well as that of Wisconsin.

Article one of the Illinois Constitution prescribes the northern boundary and limits of jurisdiction as follows:

"The boundaries of and jurisdiction of the State shall be as follows, to wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash River thence up the same with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state; thence east with the line of same state to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north along the middle of said lake to north latitude 420.30', thence west to the middle of the Mississippi River, thence down along the middle, etc., etc.”

The survey of the line described by Mr. DeWolf was made in 1831, 32 and 33 authorized by joint or concurring acts of Illinois and the general government as they were finally amended and passed in February and March, 1831.

Then Mr. DeWolf has found there was no other legislation concerning the work until 1836. In that year a quarrel between Ohio and Michigan over the former's north boundary line was settled by a compromise whereby Michigan received the upper peninsula. A bill was prepared to establish the northern boundary line of the state; this was during a presidential election year, the records do not seem to fully explain the action taken at that time. There was contention over the proviso in the northwest territory ordinance of 1787, in which the northern boundary line of the three southern states to be formed, within its limits of the original Northwest Territory, was to be as east and west line drawn through the southern bend or extreme of Lake Michigan. The introduction of the Indiana and Illinois lines into the bill appears to have been a hurried political move in favor of the three states, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana, and against the territory of Michigan, which, at that time, had territorial jurisdiction over all that part of the United States north of these states.

Neither Indiana nor Illinois were named in the enacting clause of the bill, which read as follows: "An Act to settle and establish the northern boundary line of the state of Ohio." The Indiana section was added as section 2, and then the Illinois section was added as follows:

Section 3. And be it further enacted that the northern boundary line, ascertained, surveyed and marked agreeable to a law of Congress, entitled an Act to ascertain and mark, etc., etc., shall be deemed and taken as the line west from the middle of Lake Michigan in north latitude 42 degrees and 30 minutes to the middle of the Mississippi River, etc., etc., and shall be and forever remain the northern boundary line of said State.”

This section Mr. DeWolf avers, seems to have established two anomalistic conditions, one that the irregular and zig-zagging line, run by the commissioners was a straight line, and the other that the line of north latitude 42°.30' between the centers of Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River has a different relative position from and bearing to the equator, than any other portion of it; in other words, that it is not where it is.

Mr. DeWolf stated that the State line as it is marked and the line of latitude 420.30' are the long sides of two sort of scalene triangular tracts of land; the middle of the Mississippi being the short side of the west tract and the middle of the lake of the east tract. The area of both land tracts, according to the speaker, is about forty square miles, part of which is wrongfully under Wisconsin rule and part of which is wrongfully under Illinois, if the constitution of either correctly defines their boundaries and jurisdictions.

The territorial limits and jurisdiction of the State of Illinois have been judicially determined to include all that portion of Lake Michigan which lies east of the main land of the State to the middle, and south of north latitude 420.30' and since Congress has decreed that on a certain land area that line of latitude is not where it is, an interesting question is raised regarding its physical location, according to the Speaker's statement of the conditions existing there.

"To which north latitude does the court's decision refer?” Mr. DeWolf asked during the course of the lecture, "the commissioner's line produced east, or the geographical one which it was intended to, but does not repre. sent? What is its direction and its location? Does it follow the shore north from the marked State line to latitude 420.30' thence due east, etc.”

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